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3 1833 02299 9236 







B. F. BOWEN & CO. 








To the end that the Hfe history of the honorable 
gentleman whose name forms the caption of this article 
and may prove an incentive to the young* man at the 
parting- of the ways, whose record is yet to be made and 
whose destiny is a matter for the future to determine ; 
and also because the host of warm personal friends and 
admirers which his courteous manners, genial disposition 
and g'enuine worth have won and retained, will be glad 
to know more of the personal traits and admirable at- 
tributes of this well-known individual, who is essentially 
a man of affairs, practical in all the term implies, there- 
fore it is just that he be given proper representation. l\j 
Mr. Wolford's clear brain, well-balanced judgment and 
sound business ability many important interests of Greene 
county are indebted for their continuous advancement and 
well-grounded success, for his past record shows him to 
be something of a wizard in the matter of organizing, 
promoting and developing various lines of business, hav- 
ing a keen discernment for the future and the happy 
faculty of seizing an opportunity at the psychological 
moment, and carrying it onward to ultimate success. 

Edwin L. Wolford was born in Linton. Indiana. 
July 7, 1 86 1, the son of John W. \\\:)lford, a prominent 
citizen of this county, a full history of whose worthy 
career is to be found elsewhere im this volume. 

Mr. W^olford received his early mental training in 
the public schools of Stockton township, which he at- 
tended during the winter months until he was twenty 
years old. Being an ambitious lad from earlv boyhood, 



( uf leaving- the imprint i.f his abihty and werth 
.,n the minds of those constituting the world of his per- 
sonal activities. ^Ir. \Volf(M-d applied himself in a most 
assiduous manner to his text-bi.oks and did a great 
amount of general reading, as a result of which he laid 
a broad and deep fiumdation in educational matters, on 
which he has since steadily l)uilded. through home study 
and personal cntact with the world, being an oljserving 
man and having highly developed perceptive as well as 
reflective faculties. At the age indicated above .)ur sub- 
ject came with his parents to Linton, after receiving that 
valuable training on the farm which so many of our 
eminent men in many walks ..f life receive, which in^ 
s.)me inscrutable manner enters into the meshwork of 
their soul-fiber, making them stronger, nobler, broader 
and in every way l)etter equipped for the strenuous sub- 
sequent battle of life. 

His first venture in the business world in which he 
has become so eminently conspicuous was shortly after 
his arrival in T.inton. when he engaged as manager of a 
coal mine, which was conducted at that time on a very 
small scale with twenty men. However, the able man- 
ner m which he conducted the affairs of this mine augured 
that his future was to be replete with success if he had 
an opportunity to show his al)ility in larger affairs. In 
February. 1883. ^Ir. Wolford. in company with his 
father, opened a store, establishing the firm ni Wolford 
& Son. carrying a general line of merchandise on a small 
scale, with a capital possil)ly not exceeding twelve hun- 
dred dollars. This they gradually increased as their 
trade grew, and in time the subject's brothers. T. L. 


and W. F., became members of the firm, which was 
changed to J. W. Wolford & Sons, the business of which 
has continuously increased until now it is far beyond the 
most sanguine dreams of the Wolfords when they first 
began, for they now carry a sixty-thousand-dollar stock 
and erected a large and commodious brick building in 
1903, two stories high, sixty-six by one hundred and 
thirty feet, being- designed for what it is, a complete, 
modern and up-to-date department store, the fame of 
which has penetrated to all parts of Greene county, and 
many customers come from adjoining counties, know- 
ing that here they receive courteous treatment and always 
get the best grade of goods at the most reasonable figures. 
No store in the state is any better or systematically man- 
aged than this, and it has no worthy rival in the field 
which is serves. The success of this great business is 
larg-ely due to the energy and enterprise of our sul^ject, 
who is treasurer and financial manager. 

In addition to this store, which would be enough 
to occupy the exclusive attention of most men, Air. W^ol- 
ford, in 1892, began as a stockholder in the Island Val- 
ley Coal and Mining Company, becoming treasurer of 
the same, which position he acceptably held until the com- 
pany closed its business in 1905. In 1894 ]\Ir. W^DJford 
also became stockholder in the South Linton Coal Com- 
pany, and acted as secretaiy and treasurer of the same 
until its business was wound up in 1905. In 1899 Ed- 
win Wolford was one of the organizers and promoters 
of the Black Creek Semi-Block Coal Company, and was 
secretary and treasurer of this company until they closed 
their business in 1905. Xot being content with the phe- 


innnenal success he had won in this direction, "Slv. A\'()l- 
ford in 1903 organized and promoted the Linton Semi- 
Block Coal Company, at once becoming- secretary and 
treasurer, also general manager, succeeding admira1)ly 
until the business was sold in 1905. ]\Ir. W'olford was 
also one of the organizers and promoters of the United 
Fourth Vein Coal Company, a consolidation of six C(Mn- 
panies, as follows: Island Valley Coal and Mining Com- 
pany, North Linton Coal Company L. T. Dickason 
Coal Company, Black Creek Semi-Block Coal Company, 
Antioch Coal Company and the Black Hawk Coal Com- 
pany, with a capital of one million dollars, and with 
the following officers : Job Freeman, president ; A. B. 
Mever, vice president ; Edwin L. AA'olford, secretary and 
treasurer. This- company has continued business in a 
nidst successful manner, and the present (officers (1908) 
are J0I3 b^reeman, president ; Edwin L. W'olford. vice 
president and treasurer; J. B. Sherwood, secretar}-. This 
company is doing an annual business (d" eight hundred 
thousand dollars, its capacity being six thousand tons 

Our subject is also a stockholder in the Lnited 
States Powder Company, the Linton Rolling ]\lill and 
the Linton Trust Company, being a director in the last 

Edwin L. Wolford was happily married in Linton 
April 8, 1883, to Anna Thorp, of Linton, who was born 
in Terre Haute August 29, 1863. the accomplished and 
highly cultured daughter of Alvin P. and Sarah ( La- 
selle) Thorp, wdio were long reg"arded as people of promi- 
nence and influence of that city, but who have now both 
passed on to their rest. 


Four bright and promising children have been born 
into Mr. and Mrs. Wolford's home, bringing additional 
sunshine and cheer to this already ideal household, for 
the domestic life of this couple has always been most 
harmonious. The names of their children are Earl, a 
young man of much business ability and promise, who is 
in the store at Linton ; Ray, an unusually intellectual lad, 
now (1908) attending Franklin College; Leo is a student 
in the Linton hig-h school, wdiere he is making a brilliant 
record for both scholarship and deportment ; the ^^•in- 
some and talented daughter, w-ho is also a high school 
pupil, where she holds high rank, answers to the name 
of Jessie. 

Mr. AA'olford is an independent Democrat political- 
ly, and while he does not find time from his many and 
exacting business duties to take active part in political 
matters, he is' a public-spirited man, thoroughly interested 
in all movements looking to the betterment or develop- 
ment of his native locality. Fraternally he is a thirty- 
second degree Mason, Indiana Consistory, Murat Temple 
Shrine, being past master of the Linton Lodge, No. 560, 
Free and Accepted Masons. He is also a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, No. 866, of 
Linton. The W'olford family subscribes to the Baptist 
church, where they are held in high esteem by the entire 

Mr. A\'olford still maintains his home in Linton, 
where he has a modern and beautifullv appointed resi- 
dence, but he has his main office in the Terminal Trac- 
tion Building in Indianapolis, maintaining there a fine 
suite of rooms. 


Air. W'olford has been more than ordinarily snccess- 
fnl in the accnmnlation of material wealth, being one of 
the financially solid men of Linton, and to his credit, be 
it said that the handsome competence now in his posses- 
sion and the liberal income of which he is the recipient 
are the result of his well-directed efforts, being in the 
full sense of the term a self-made man and the arclh- 
tect of his own f(>rtune, and ha\'ing been scrupulously 
honest and upright in all his business career, his methods 
have never been assailed or questioned, having long ago es- 
taljlished a firm reputation for sound business principles, 
and in the extensive work he has dcjne in organizing and 
promoting A'arious industries it has been done to the 
entire satisfaction (jf the stf.^ckholders in e\'ery respect, 
for in each instance they seemed to rest assured that their 
investments were safe with him at the helm of the un- 
dertaking. Of course. Air. W'olford. as must many an- 
other successful business man. admit, which he freely 
does, that his worthy father has had much to do in mak- 
ing his own life successful and worth the living, for in 
the earl}- youth of our subject his father took particular 
pains to inculcate such principles in him as would make 
for a successful future in the business world and the es- 
tablishment of an incorruptible reputation and a g-ood 
name, which the AWilfords have always borne and still 


One of Indiana's most notable patriots,, and one 
who was held in high esteem by neighbors and friends, 


was the late Jefferson L. Oliphant, of Bloomfield, Indi- 
ana. He was born in Lawrence county, Indiana, August 
28, 1836, and was the son of Lawson and Ruth (Pen- 
nington) OHphant, both natives of North Carolina, a 
state that has had a generous share in furnishing early 
settlers and pioneers for the Middle West. They came 
to Lawrence county, Indiana, in the early thirties, and 
in 1850 removed to Greene county, settling in Center 
township, where they bought a tract of government land, 
wild and uncultivated. This they soon transformed into 
an improved farm, and here they spent the remainder of 
their days, the father departing this life in i860, being 
survived by his companion until 1888. 

The family consisted of nine children, as follows: 
Frank, now deceased, having passed to rest at Blooming- 
ton, Indiana ; Louisa died in Texas ; Nancy entered into 
rest while living in Dubois county; Joseph, now living 
at Bloomfield; Parentha, widow of Jerry Stokes, living 
in Colorado; Jefferson L., our subject, who answered the 
call of death June 16, 1907; Sarah, widow of Ezekiel 
Stone, and now living at Dugger, Indiana ; Mary, widow 
of Henry Fitzpatrick, of Linton ; Belinda, wife of Riley 
Brinton, of Dugger. Jefferson L. was brought up on the 
farm and learned the rugged lessons of self-reliance 
through contact with problems encountered by this ex- 
perience. His education -was limited to such training as 
was afforded by the primitive schools of the time, the 
conditions of which are quite familiar to present-day read- 
ers. Although these conditions do not seem at first 
glance to be favorable for much fruit, yet it threw the 
young men of those days back upon themselves, and in 


this very fact lies the secret of the strong and independ- 
ent spirit which is such a strong characteristic of the men 
of the times. 

On April 3. 1856, Mr. Oliphant was united in mar- 
riag'e to Sarah A. Dugger, a native of Greene county, 
born February 4, 1838. a record of whose family history 
will be found in the biography of Oris B. Richeson. in 
the present volume. Upon his marriage he devoted him- 
self to fanning and lived on several different farms dur- 
ing his life. He became the father of three children — 
Nettie, wife of J. D. Landis, now living at Linton ; 
Thomas, of Bloomfield, and Marion, of \A\ashington, 

Thomas L. Oliphant was born in Greene county 
April 14, i860, married Mary T. Byers, a native of 
Greene county, and they have seven children — Tessie; 
Charity, wife of Homer Foddrill, of Bloomfield; Charles, 
Dora, Grace, Carl and Claude. 

Marion, whose wife, Allie V. Millen, is now de- 
ceased, became the father of six children, viz. : Glen, Le- 
lia, Elmer, Hazel and Margaret. 

In 1862 Mr. Oliphant responded to the call of his 
country and enlisted in Company E of the Ninety-seventh 
Indiana, and sei-ved in this company until the close of 
the war. He was mustered in at Terre Haute and was 
discharged January 9, 1865, at Washington, D. C. He 
participated in all the important battles in which his reg- 
iment was engag'ed, and this included a great many fierce 
engagements. One needs but mention in this connection 
Sherman's march to the sea, in which this regiment had 
a part, and the reader will picture in his own mind the 


varied experiences of those connected with the history 
of the war in that vicinity, also the grand review at 
\\'^ashing-ton, fomi incidents never to be forgotten in the 
history of our nation. 

The war being over. Mr. OHphant returned to the 
more peaceful pursuit of farming, but later operated a 
flour mill in the outswirts of Bloomfield. At another 
time he conducted a flour mill at Linton, and later one 
at Washington, Indiana. Subsequently he returned to 
Bloomfield and lived in well deserved retirement until 
his demise, as previously mentioned. He was a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic and a Republican. He 
had impressed himself upon all who knew him as a kind 
husband and father and a good neighbor. 


Living- with his daughter, Mrs. Thomas Oliphant. is 
Joel Byers, a retired farmer. He was born January 24, 
1829, being the son of Jacob and Sarah (Young) Byers. 
He was reared on the farm and received his early edu- 
cation in the pioneer schools of the day. 

Li 1850 he was joined in marriage to Elizabeth Rain- 
bolt, who departed this life in September. 1889. ]\Ir. 
Byers came to Lawrence county in 1844, and 1847 ^'^ 
Greene county, settling on a farm in Jackson township, 
continuing- until 1889, when he came to Bloomfield to 
make his home with his daughter. JMr. and ]\Irs. Byers 
reared nine children — Jacob. Martha. Sarah. John ]\I., 


William D., Mary T., Manda, James W. and Nannie. 
Mr. Byers stands well with the neighbors and 
friends. He takes active interest in politics, and affil- 
iates with the Baptist church. 


The subject of this sketch, Henry C. Owen, was born 
in Scotland, Greene county, Indiana, Nnvember 2^, 1^39. 
and, finding his native "heath" sufficient to meet his 
earthlv wants, decided to remain there, devoting his life 
to various pursuits, now spending his declining' years 
as proprietor of a grocery store at Newberr}', Indiana. 

Air. Owen was the son of Henry C. and ]Marv Fran- 
ces (Jones) Owen, the latter a native of Rockbridge coun- 
ty, Virginia, and the former of Kentucky, having been 
born near Owensborough. Henry Owen came to Greene 
county, Indiana, in the early years of the nineteenth cen- 
tury and worked at the carpenter's trade at Scotland. The 
subject was thirteen years old when his father removed 
to Newberry, Indiana, in 1852. This was before the A\'a- 
bash and Erie canal, and only three frame houses had 
been erected there, together with a few cabins. The sub- 
ject's father remained there during the remainder of his 
life. Henry's father. AVilliam Owen, was a native of 
Kentucky, but he came to Indiana, locating on a farm 
near Owensburg-. where he spent his life. Mary F. Jones, 
Henry Owen's wife, died in Newberry. They were the 
parents of seven children, namely: James M., who died 
at Newberrv in ]\lav, iqo8. aged seventA'-three vears ; 


Catherine, now deceased, was the wife of Barton Hines ; 
Henry C, our subject; Mary F., now deceased; Maranda, 
wife of Bazel Hindman, hving at Newberry, Indiana; 
Jane is the wife of John A. Wesner, Hving' in Missouri ; 
Cynthia C. is deceased. She was the wife of Alonzo 
Ouackenbush. The parents of the subject were members 
of the Methodist church. His father was a class leader 
and took a great interest in church affairs. He was a 
Republican and took an active interest in politics, serving 
two terms as treasurer of Greene county, Indiana. He 
did much toward the upbuilding- of the town of New- 
berry and subscribed to the railroad and the canal. He 
was a member of the Masonic fraternity. 

Henry C. Owen, our subject, learned the carpenter's 
trade from his father and followed this at Newberiw, In- 
diana, until 1893. He received his education in the com- 
mon schools, taught in the primitive log houses of those 
days, and was married July 3, 1859, to Anna L. Skomp, 
who was born in Knox county. She died in Newberry, 
leaving six children, as follows : Charles, living in Ohio ; 
James M., who lives in Martinsville, Indiana; Mary Fran- 
ces, wife of W. M. Wesner, who lives in Newberry : Lilie 
A., wife of Clifford Courtney, who' lives in Linton, Indi- 
ana; Lucinda, wife of Edward Brookshire, living in Lin- 
ton; Henry C, living in- Newberry. The subject's sec- 
ond wife was Mary L. Sipley, who was born in New Al- 
bany, Indiana, the daughter of Caroline and Jacob Sip- 
ley. Two children were born to this second union — 
Norma and John D. 

Mr. Owen enlisted in Company B. Twenty-fourth 
Indiana Volunteer InfantiT, in 1862, at Paoli, Indiana, 


and served until the close of the war, having taken part 
in the battles of Baton Ronge, siege oi Mobile, where he 
was nine days in the trenches. He was slightly in.jured 
at Canoe Station. He was then in the Third Division, 
Idnrtecnth Corps, under General Oslerhouse. He was 
slightlv injured before he got to the front in a railroad 
accident at Effingham, Illinois. 

]\Ir. Owen was supervisor of Cass township. Greene 
countv, Indiana, several times, and he served one term 
as county commissioner ; also was postmaster at Xew- 
berrv for four vears. He is a member of the ^Masonic 
fraternity and a member of the Eastern Star: also a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He is now 
(igo8) justice of the peace. Mr. Owen and his family 
are members of the Alethodist Episcopal church. He has 
been trustee of the church ever since it was org-anized in 
that place. The entire Owen family is highly respected 
in Newberrv. 


Although yet a young man, the subject of this 
sketch, the Rev. H. Julian Mathias, has achieved pro- 
nounced success in his chosen profession and has accom- 
plished much good in all his ministerial work. l)eing es- 
pecially liked by the congreg-ation of the Lutheran church 
at Newberry, Indiana, of which he now has charge. 

Rev. Mathias is a native of South Carolina, having 
been born there October 3, 1871. He is the son of David 
J. and jNIargaret (Kleckley) Mathias, who were South 


Carolina people. David was the son of Jesse Mathias, a 
farmer of the last named state. Margaret Kleckley was 
the dang-hter of John H. and Sarah (Montz) Kleckley, 
both natives of South Carolina, where they lived and died 
on a farm. David Mathias died in 1907. His widow 
is still living- in South Carolina. They had nine children, 
born as follows: Rev. H. Julian, the subject; Jesse, Sal- 
lie, Beattie, Simon, Samuel, Andrew, Ora and Tillman. 
The parents of the subject and all their ancestors were 
members of the Lutheran church. 

The subject was reared on a farm, receiving his edu- 
cation from the common schools of the county and the 
high school at Lexington, South Carolina. He then en- 
tered Concordia College at Conover. North Carolina, and 
one year later entered Lenoir College at Hickory, North 
Carolina, where he spent two years. He then entered 
Newberry College, at Newberry, in South Carolina, grad- 
uating in 1896, and graduating two years later from the 
Southern Lutheran Theological Seminary at Newberry, 
South Carolina. 

After leaving school Rev. Mathias accepted a charge 
at Selwood. South Carolina, for three years. He then 
preached two years at St. Luke's, Prosperity, South Car- 
olina. He then preached at Lincolnton, North Carolina, 
for two years. Li June, 1905, he came to Newberry, In- 
diana, where he has remained to the present time (1908). 

The subject was married in 1898 to Minnie Shell, a 
native of Conover, North Carolina. She was reared 
there and met the subject when he was attending school 
at that place. She is the daughter of John S. and Sarah 
(Miller) Shell, the former a native of North Carolina 


and the latter a native of Tennessee. John Shell and wife 
are both dead and Minnie is their only child. 

Four children have been born to Rev. Mr. !Mathias 
and wife, as follows: Hermann, born September 12, 
1899; Mabel, born May 10, 1901 ; Margaret, who died in 
infancy; Julian Voigt. born March 3, 1907. 

The subject is a member of the Chicago Synod of 
the Evangelical Lutheran church. In connection with 
his charge at Newberry he preaches at a church near 
Monroe City, in Knox county, Indiana. He built up the 
charge at that place until a new church was recently 
erected. The subject is an earnest worker and leaves 
nothing undone to better the condition of the people 
among whom he is laboring. He is an apt scholar, and 
he received the senior medal at the Newberry College h? 
South Carolina and second honors there. 


Alexander J. Bays was born October 25, 1838, in 
Center township. He had no opportunity to attend 
school, remaining- at home until he was sixteen. He 
worked for various persons until his first marriage in 
1862 to Lucy Ann Talbot, of Ohio, who is now deceased. 
They had three children — Katie, l-'idelia and Robert. 
He married Levina Bland, of Highland township, a few 
vears later, and thev had six children, as follows : Har- 
ley, Minnie, Maggie, Orrie, Stella and Ernest. He had 
five children by his third wife, Annie Bingham, namely: 
Roscoe. Oscar, Otto, Bert and Don. 


Mr. Bays enlisted August 22, 1862, in Company C, 
Ninety-seventh Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 
After drilling at Indianapolis and Terre Haute the regi- 
ment was sent into Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi and 
Georgia, taking part in many battles, including Vicks- 
burg. Missionary Ridge and Kenesaw Mountain. He 
was seriously wounded by a shell on June 2y, 1863, and 
was sent to a hospital at Rome, Georgia, but rejoined his 
regiment in three months and was with Sherman on his 
march to the sea. He was in the grand parade in Wash- 
ington at the close of the war and was discharged June 
26, 1865. 

After the war he lived in Highland township, Greene 
county, Indiana, until 1873, when he moved to Pleasant 
Ridge, Richland township, where he has since resided. 
He has conducted a store since 1891, at the same time be- 
ing engaged in the poultry and farming business, his 
farm consisting of one hundred and four acres. He is a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic Post at 
Bloomfield, Indiana, a member of the Methodist church, 
and votes the Republican ticket. 

Alexander J. Bays is the son of Hubbard Bays, a na- 
tive of North Carolina. He married Martha Bland. They 
came to Greene county, Indiana, with their parents in an 
early day, being- first settlers in Center township, where 
he entered eighty acres of land, on which he and his wife 
remained until their death. They had seven children, 
namely: Lorenzo, Mordica, Hubbard, Jackson, Eveline. 
Nellie and Jane. Hubbard Bays lived at home until his 
marriage, when he moved to Beech Creek township, 
Greene countv, where thev lived for manv vears. Thev 


moved to Marshall. Illinois, where both he and his wife 
lived until their death, raising- four children, namely: Al- 
exander J., the subject of this sketch; Sallie, who mar- 
ried Jesse Bland, of Richland township, Greene county; 
Tames, who is a farmer in Beech Creek township, Greene 
county ; ]\Iartha, who married Chris Bland, of Terre 


Few states have been as greatly honored in the char- 
acter and career of their public men as Indiana. In Q\evy 
count}' are to be found indi\'iduals born to leadership in 
the various \'ocations and professions, men who dominate 
because of natural intelligence, superior endowment and 
the force of character that overcomes oi)position to suc- 
cess in e\'er}' laudable sphere of endeavt)r. It is always 
profitable to studv such lives, to weigh their motives and 
hold up their achievements as incentives to greater activ- 
ity and higher excellence on the part of those whose 
careers are yet in the future. These reflections are sug- 
gested 1)}' the career of one of Indiana's distinguished 
sons wh(_) has f(M-ged his way to the front ranks of the 
favored few, and who, by strong inherent force and su- 
perior professional ability, directed by well-balanced judg- 
ment and intelligence of a high order, stands today among- 
the representative men of his county and state. It is 
doul)tful if any citizen of southern Indiana has achieved 
more honorable distinction (3r (Occupied a more conspicu- 
ous place in the profession which he represents than Col. 




E. H. C. Gavins, the prominent lawyer, gallant soldier 
and public-spirited man of affairs, to an epitome of whose 
life the reader's attention is herewith respectfuly invited. 

Colonel Gavins is descended from good old colonial 
stock, and points with pardonable pride to the fact that 
both branches of his family were represented in the 
struggle for independence, and later his grandfather 
served iu the Indian war under General Wayne, and his 
father in, the War of 1812. In this connection the fol- 
lowing incident is worthy of note. Some years ago, in 
Bloomfield, his grandfather met the grandfather of Mrs. 
Gavins, who had also been a Revolutionary soldier as well 
as a hero in the last struggle with Great Britain. In the 
course of their conversation these old soldiers were pleased 
to learn that at one time both had served in the same com- 
mand in the latter war, and were near each other in a 
number of engagements, notable among which was the 
battle of the River Raisin, and the battle of Fallen Tim- 
bers under "Mad" Anthony Wayne. 

Elijah H. G. Gavins is one of Greene county's native 
sons and dates his birth from April i6th, of the year 
1832. His boyhood days were passed in such manner as 
to acquire the vigor of bodily powers, clearness of mind 
and firmness of character, which contributed in so large 
degree to his subsequent success, and in the public schools 
of Bloomfield was laid the foundation of a mental train- 
ing which, supplemented by the higher courses of study 
in Asbury University, made him, in due time, a well edu- 
cated and broadly cultured man. Early deciding to make 
the legal profession his life work, young Gavins employed 
his leisure hours t(j a preliminary study of the same, and 


later entered the law department of the State University, 
from which he was graduated in 1853, before attaining 
his majority, being one of the youngest men to finish his 
course in that institution. With thorough mental dis- 
cipline and a critical professional training, Mr. Gavins 
at once engaged in the practice of law at Bloomfield, and, 
in due time, won recognition as a capable, painstaking at- 
torney, who made e\'ery other interest subordinate to his 
calling and spared no eff(M"ts in looking after the interests 
of his chents. From the beginning his rise in the profes- 
sion and success in securing a representative clientele was 
pronounced and certain, his thorough knowledge of law, 
with the al)ility to apply it in the practice causing his serv- 
ices to be in great demand, so much so, indeed, that for 
many years his name was connected with the majority of 
important cases tried in the Greene county court, in ad- 
dition to which he frequently appeared as counsel in cases 
of more than ordinary import in other parts of the state. 
With the exception of three years in the army, Golonel 
Ga\'ins practiced his profession with success and financial 
profit until retiring from active life in 1906, rising in the 
meantime to high standing- among the leading lawyers of 
the state and acquiring- a fame which easily placed him 
at tlie head of the bar, where his greatest success has 
l)een achie\'ed. Since the above year he has been living 
in honorable retirement at his beautiful home in Bloom- 
field, though still keeping in t(Uich with court and other 
legal business, and continuing-, as heretof(3re, to exercise 
his influence as a leader in public matters, and in no small 
degree as a moulder of opinion among his fellow men. 
Golonel Gavins was one of the first of Greene -coun- 


ty's loyal sons to respond to the call of duty when the 
national sky became darkened by the ominous cloud of 
rebellion. On the first call for volunteers in April, 1861, 
he raised a company and was elected captain. By reason 
of the quoto being filled, however, the g-overnor did not 
accept the company until May following, when it be- 
came Company D. Fourteenth Regiment, Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry, the first regiment mustered into the three 
years' service in the state. The regiment was ordered to 
West Virginia in July, 1861, just before the battle at Rich 
Mountain. After that engagement the regiment followed 
the enemy toward Staunton, to the summit of Cheat 
Mountain, where it remained during the summer and fall, 
it being" the extreme outpost on that line. He was en- 
gaged with the regiment in numerous skirmishes and 
what was then called battles, the principal engagements 
in that locality being known in history as Cheat Moun- 
tain and Greenbrier. In the winter of 1861-62 the regi- 
ment was successively under Generals Kelly, Lander and 
Shields, and formed a part of Kimball's brigade, and 
afterward the brigade of General Carroll. The winter 
campaign was along the line of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad, from Grafton to Martinsburg, and embraced 
marches and skirmishes in midwinter. In Alarch, 1862, 
the campaign extended up the Shenandoah Valley, the 
principal engagement being near Winchester, on March 
23, 1862. After numerous marches and countermarches 
up and down the valley, and to and from Fredericksburg, 
attended with many skirmishes, the brigade in June, 1862, 
was ordered to the Army of the Potomac and arrived 
there Julv 2d of that vear. and was assio-ned to the Sec- 


ond Corps. From that time the Fourteenth took part in 
ah the campaigns and battles in which the corps was 
engaged, including the battles of Winchester. Antietam. 
Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, A\'ilderness, 
Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and sixty-six other engage- 
ments, sustaining the remarkable loss of five hundred and 
ninety-two killed and wounded, there being more than 
twice as many killed in battle as died of disease. Captain 
Cavins was promoted to major August ii, 1862; lieuten- 
ant C'.ilonel, January 22. 1863, and commissioned colonel, 
Ala}- 13, 1864. He tocik part in all the campaigns in 
which his regiment was engaged until the battle of the 
Wilderness. At Antietam he had command of the regi- 
ment before the battle closed and was wounded in the 
hand. At Fredericksburg he had command of his regi- 
ment during the entire engagement and was slightly 
wounded and had ten holes shot in his clothing. At Chan- 
cellors\'ille and Gett}'sburg, he also commanded his regi- 
ment, during the latter part of the engagements. At 
?kb3rton's Ford he had command of his regiment, 
with a leave of absence in his pocket, received the 
da}' before, and during the eng'agement, after Colonel 
Lockwood was wounded, took command of the Four- 

ment. A short time before the battle of the Wilderness 
General Hancock detailed Colonel Cavins to cmifer with 
Governor Morton in regard tn filling up the regiment, it 
being greatly reduced in numbers. He failed in his en- 
terprise, however, and on returning to \\"ashington City 
the authorities refused to allow him to join his regiment, 


assigning- him instead to the command of a provisional 
battahon. and soon after he was given the command of 
a provisional brigade, to g'nard the shipping on the Poto- 
mac and along the line of supplies for the Army of the 
Potomac. The last battle in which he was engaged was 
Cold Harbor, where he had command of a provisional 
brigade under General Burnside. His term of service 
expired on June 6, 1864, and on the following'day he 
and his regiment retired from the advance line and re- 
turned to Indianapolis to be mustered out of ser\'ice. 

A few weeks after he was commissioned adjutant 
general and inspector general on the staff of Major Gen- 
eral Hughes, for the Southern Division, of the State of 
Indiana, in which position he served until the close of the 
war. His duty as adjutant general did not take him out 
of the state, except on one occasion, when a part of the 
Indiana Legion volunteered to g'O over into Kentucky, 
near Henderson, to break up some rebel recruiting cam]3s 
and bands of raiders operating- in that vicinity. 

^^'ith a record replete with duty ably and faithfully 
performed, and with a name high in the roster of Indi- 
ana's brave and honorable sons, Colonel Gavins retired 
from the army, and, resuming- his professional labors, 
soon achieved as distinctive prestige in civil affairs as he 
had attained in militaiy life. A pronounced Republican 
in politics and an influential leader of his party in Greene 
county, he was elected in 1858 to the lower house of the 
general assembly and took a prominent part in tlie de- 
liberations of the same, introducing a number of inijiort- 
ant bills, which, becoming laws, ha\-e had a marked in- 
fluence on the subse(|ucnt historv of the state. He is 


Still deeply interested in political atTairs. contributes much 
to the success of his party by judicious advice in its coun- 
sels, and for over a half century his inliuence and stand- 
ing have not been called in question. 

Colonel Cavins has been a member of the Alasonic 
fraternity since 1854, and is an active worker in the 
Grand Army of the Republic Post at Bloomfield. For 
fift}"-hve }'ears he has been identified with the Cumberland 
Presbyterian church, during which time his daily life has 
harmonized with his religious profession, and since 1854 
he has held the office of ruling elder in the Bloomheld con- 
gregation to which he belongs. 

Colonel Cavins was married Septeml^er 27,, 1855, to 
Ann AL Downing, daughter of Alexander and Lycenia 
(Anderson) Downing, the union terminating March 7, 
1907, after a mutually happv wedded experience of fifty- 
three }'ears" duration. Colonel and Mrs. Cavins had f(3ur 
children, the (ildest of whom. Samuel R.. l)orn in j8^(\ 
received a finished literar}- education in Hanover College, 
was trained professionally in the city of Philadelphia, 
where he graduated with the degree of Doctor of Aledi- 
cine and practiced medicine successfully until his untimeh' 
death in 1887. ]\Irs. Carrie B. Schell, the second of the 
family, is the wife of Dr. Schell, of Terre Haute; Mrs. 
Ida C. ALarshall, the second daughter, li\-es at Franklin. 
Indiana, where her husband is past(^r of the Presbyterian 
church: Susie C, the youngest of the number, formerly 
the wife of Charles Drybread, of Franklin, is deceased. 
In addition to his children, who do all within their power 
to minister to his comfort in the evening of his long and 
useful life. Colonel Cavins has nine grandchildren, who 


are also interested in his welfare and delight to do him 


The gentleman whose career we now take pleasure 
in presenting- to the readers of this work is to a con- 
siderable extent a representative of that class of citizens 
who win success in life because they desei-ve to. Such 
men are not modem Don Quixotes, the story-book char- 
acter who was always waiting for something to come his 
way without effort on his part, but such a worthy type 
as Mr. Thomas believes in going out after the things 
that are worth while, rather than wasting time in fruit- 
less waiting, and this principle having been instilled in 
him early in life has had a tendency to moult his subse- 
quent career, which has been not only one of success, but 
also of honor, as we shall see by studying the brief re- 
view that follows : 

Alva R. Thomas was born in Cass township, Greene 
county, Indiana, July 28, 1870. His parents, William 
F. and Nancy (Lester) Thomas, representatives of the 
state's best citizens, are also natives of the Hoosier state, 
the former having been born in Daviess county. May 3. 
1840, and the latter in Cass township, Greene county. 
The father came to Greene county when a boy and set- 
tled in Cass township, where he received what education 
he could in the common schools of those days. After the 
marriage of the subject's parents, August 29, 1869, they 
began their happy career near Newberry. Lidiana. and 


in 1 88 1 moved to the fann where they now hve, having 
made ag-ricuhure a pleasant as weU as profitable pursuit. 
They are both members of the Methodist church and ac- 
tive workers in the same. The father is a Democrat, but 
takes no active part in politics. Their home was blessed 
with the following children : Alva R., our subject ; Laura 
E., wife of Joseph B. Hassler, who lives in Cass town- 
ship, Greene county, Indiana; Oliver P., a farmer, also 
living in that locality. 

Alva R. Thomas spent his early life on his father's 
farm and was favored with such educational advantages 
as could be secured, and he proved to be an earnest 
searcher for knowledge, so that upon maintaining his 
maturity he was well qualified to discharge life's duties 
and also able to impart this learning to the coming gen- 
eration, for he at once took to the profession of teaching-. 
It was in the spring of 1889 that he graduated from the 
common schools and beg^an teaching- in the following fall, 
having been identified with the country schools in his na- 
tive vicinity ever since. His teaching- has been so suc- 
cessful that he has been able to purchase a neat little 
fami of twenty acres, upon which stand clean, cozv build- 
ings. Although he has been in constant demand to fill 
positions as teacher, being- especially well known as an 
able instructor in arithmetic, history and geographv, he 
has found time to improve his farm, making it highh- 
productive. His studiousness is shown by the splendid 
record he has made of ninety per cent, each year in his 

Mr. Thomas has been fortunate in his selection of a 
life partner, having been married to Eliza E. Strausser, 


May II, 1898. She was born, reared and attended school 
in Center township, Greene county, Indiana, the date of 
her birth being- December 23, 1867. She graduated from 
the common schools and is, like her husband, above the 
average in scholarship. When twelve years old she 
moved with her parents, who were pioneers of Greene 
county, to Washington township. 

Two children, Floriene and Goldiene, twins, were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Thomas on March 16, 1900. Both 
he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church at Newberry and active Sunday school workers. 
Mr. Thomas has served as superintendent of the Sunday 
school and is now a steward in the church. He is a mem- 
ber of the Modern Woodmen at Newberry. His wife is 
a member of the Royal Neighbors. The subject is a Dem- 
ocrat in his political belief, but he takes no active part 
in politics. He was at one time elected constable. He 
is considered by all who know him to be thoroughly hon- 
est and upright in all his dealings, as well as a most 
energetic citizen. 


John Hamilton, who was born in Guernsey county, 
Ohio, February 14. 1832, went to school only tlu-ee 
months but has, in various ways, gathered a fund of gen- 
eral information. He lived at liome until lie was nineteen 
years old and remained in Ohio until 1853. when he came 
to Greene count}-. Indiana, after living in Beech Creek 


township fur two years. Then moved to Center township 
where he hved for seven years. After Hving two years in 
Highland township he moved back to Beech Creek town- 
ship, remaining- there thirteen years. In October, 1882, 
he moved to Pleasant Ridge, Richland tuw^nship, where 
he has since resided on a forty-one-acre farm, which he 
has greatly improved. 

John Hamilton married Alary 'SI. Davis, who lived 
in his nati\'e commnnity in Ohio, the daughter of Joseph 
and Elizabeth (Rose) Davis, natives of Pennsylvania. 
She died September 30, 1893, ^"<^^ ^^i'- Hamilton married 
Elizabeth M. Heaton on October 16, 1894. She was 
hnrn in Richland township. Greene county, Indiana, the 
daughter of AA'illiam and Xancy ( Stone) Heaton, the 
former a native of Kentucky, the latter a native of Indi- 
ana. Her paternal grandparents, Kelly and Elizabeth 
Heaton. came to Center township, Greene county, Indi- 
ana, where thev spent their lives, raising se\'en children, 
namelv : Xancv. who married AA'illiam Burns : Katie, 
who married AA'illiam Kennedy: Mahala. who married 
James Stone ; Mary, who married John Stone ; Malinda, 
who married Henry A\'illiams ; AA^illiam, father of the 
subject, who married X^ancy Stone; David, wh) married 
Carev Burcham and later Sarah AA'atson. William Hea- 
ton, who had no schooling, entered one hundred and 
forty acres of wild land in Richland township, Greene 
county, Indiana. He was a Republican, and b;)th lie and 
his wife were members of the Baptist church. He died 
February 5, 1863. Mrs. Heaton died February 12, 1905. 

AA'illiam and Xancy Heaton had the following chil- 
dren : James \A\. who married Carey Burcham, living 


in Bloomfield, Indiana; Sarah, who married Adam 
Harden, Hving- in Richland township, Greene county; 
David J., who married Ehzabeth Anderson, hving in 
Kansas; Solomon, who married Lydia Uland, living in. 
Greene county; Elizabeth, wife of the subject of this 
sketch; John, who married Mary Bullock, living near 
St. Louis, Missouri; William, who lives on the home 
place, married Mattie Fips. 

John Hamilton had eleven children by his first wife, 
namely; Joseph, living in Highland township, Greene 
county, who married Martha Terrill; Hans, deceased, 
who married Nancy Anderson, now living in Bloomfield, 
Indiana; Many, who first married Edward Walker, then 
Monroe Masterson, living in Ackron. Iowa ; Alvina, who 
married Isaac Hunter, of Washington township, Greene 
county; John, deceased; George, living in Cumberland 
county, Illinois, who first married Rosie King, then a 
Miss Yaw; James, deceased; Lyde. wife of George Se- 
crist, living in Worthington, Indiana ; Caleb, of Calberts- 
ville. Indiana; Rosie, deceased, who married George 
Shields, living in Richland township, Greene county; 
Henry, a carpenter, living at Worthington, Indiana, who 
married Jennie Daily. The subject had no children by 
his second wife. 

Hans Hamilton was the father of the sul)ject. He 
was a native of Westmoreland county. Pennsylvania. He 
married Sarah Ratliff. of Westmoreland county. Pennsyl- 
vania. His wife died there and he went to Guernsey 
county. Ohio, in 1822. He was the only child. His par- 
ents were natives of Ireland. His second marriage was 
with Elizabeth Fogle, of German ancestry, who was born 
in Fayette county. Pennsylvania. 


On August 20. 1862, our sul3Ject enlisted for service 
in the Civil war and was mustered in at Camp Thompson 
September 22d, as private in Company H. Ninety-seventh 
•Indiana Volunteer Infantry. The regiment was in camp 
at Indianapolis one month, then went to Louisville. Ken- 
tucky, thence to Beardstown and on to Memphis, Ten- 
nessee. The regiment next went to College Hill and 
then into ^Mississippi with General Grant: then to Holly 
Springs and Fort Grissem. where they guarded supplies : 
next to jMosco. Grand Junction and Lag-rang"e. where, on 
May 22, 1863, the subject was taken sick and remained 
in a hospital fourteen days, and later was in a hospital 
at Fort Pickering" thirty days, when he was transferred 
to a A'eteran reserve corps, sent to St. Louis, and one 
month later was pronounced physically disabled for field 
service and so was on guard dut}'. He was sent to Camp 
Chase. Ohio, then to Chicag"o, Illinois; was a prison guard 
two months, when he became company cook, and after 
the surrender of General Lee was sent to Cairo, Illinois, 
where he was mustered out Julv 14. 1865. 


Ari Fields, a farmer near Bloomfield. Indiana, is 
descended from Kentucky ancestors, who came to South- 
ern Indiana in the early part of the last centur}'. later to 
Greene countv. The subject of this sketch is the son of 
Isaiah Fields, who was born in 1805 in Pulaski county, 
Kentuckv. Leavine his native state, he came to Law- 


rence county, Indiana, in 1848, later moving" to Martin 
county, where he Hvecl for four years, then came to 
Greene county, where he preached in the Christian church, 
also worked a sixty-acre farm in Taylor township. He 
was a Republican and became well known in several coun- 
ties. Both he and his wife died in Center township after 
raising" the following- children : AVesley, living on a farm 
in Martin county, Indiana ; Elizabeth, who married J. 
Wagoner, living in Dresden, Indiana; John K.. a fanner 
in Dresden ; Sally, who married Lewis Hays, both deceas- 
ed; David died during the war near Kenesaw Mountain, 
Georgia, while a member of the Ninety-seventh Regiment, 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry; Ezekiel, a farmer, living 
near Switz City, Indiana ; Nicey Jane married John Tay- 
lor, both deceased; Ari, the subject of this sketch; Mary 
Ann, who married Henry Quinby, both deceased. 

Ari Fields was bom in Lawrence county, Indiana, 
November 18, 1847. He attended school in an old log 
school house, living at home until his parents died. He 
was married to Mrs. Minerva Clemens, January 11, 1894, 
widow of Andrew Clemens and the daughter of M. C. 
Folk, of North Carolina, who came to Greene county, 
Indiana, shortly after his marriage and settled in Center 
township, where he died in 1902. His widow is still liv- 
ing at the old home there. Mr. and Mrs. Fields have 
one son. David Wesley. Mrs. Fields had eight children 
by her first marriage. 

In 1902 Ari Fields came to Richland township and 
bought fourteen acres of land where he resides. He votes 
the Republican ticket and is a member of the Christian 
church. Mrs. Fields belongs to the Baptist church. 



^^^len the Civil war was fully under way, and the 
integrity of the Union seemed in imminent peril, the call 
for volunteers was nowhere met with a heartier response 
than in Indiana. Among" those who rallied to the call 
was the subject of the present chronicle, Lovell R. Fer- 
g'uson, who was bom in Jackson township, Greene county. 
Indiana, on January 24, 1847. ^^"^^ father, James Fer- 
guson, was a native of Kentucky and his mother. Bru- 
cella (McGill) Ferguson, was born in Virginia. James's 
parents were very early settlers in the state. They took 
up government land and finished their days on the farm 
in Jackson township. 

James Ferguson was twice married, six children 
having been born of the first union, viz.: Thomas; 
Washington, deceased; Martha, widow of Milford Da- 
vis, of Jackson township; Mary and Sophia, both de- 
ceased, and Nancy, whose home is now in Kansas. The 
children born of the second union are: AA^illiam, who 
was a soldier of the Eighteenth Indiana 'Volunteers, and 
died while in the service; Margaret and Tissia, both de- 
ceased. Our subject was the next in order of birth. Fol- 
lowing next was Ralph, also deceased. He was a mem- 
ber of the Eleventh Indiana Volunteers. Many died in 

Lovell's parents were industrious, patriotic and pious 
people, being members of the Christian church. When 
Lovell was seven years of ag-e his father died and the 
boy then made his home with his uncle, Ralston Fergu- 
son, of Lawrence county, remaining" there until he en- 


listed in the army. Upon returning- from the service he 
engaged in farm labor, and on December 29. 1880. was 
united in marriage to Mrs. Mary A. Byers (nee Fitz- 
patrick), a native of Greene county. Her parents, Joseph 
and Sarah (Floyd) Fitzpatrick, were natives of Tennes- 
see, and came to Indiana in an early day, performing 
their part in building up the new commonwealth. They 
were the parents of a noble family of eleven children, 
enumerated here in the order of their birth : Henry and 
Dorcas, both deceased ; Jane, of Jackson township ; Kate, 
whose home is now in Indianapolis ; Thomas, a farmer, 
now in Illinois ; Gustav, deceased ; Fletcher, a miner in 
Sullivan county; Margaret, deceased; Mary A., the wife 
of our subject; John, whose home is at Lyons, and Alice, 
residing in Jackson township. 

Mary has been twice married, her first husband be- 
ing Joseph Byers, by whom she had one son, John, who 
married Florence Westmoreland, and is now living at 
Newberry, Indiana, having a family of three children — 
Grodene, Jenny and Alcio. 

Three children have been born to Mr. and ]\Irs. Fer- 
guson, consisting of Marg-aret, Quincy and Oscar. Mar- 
garet married Oscar Peterson, and is the mother of two 
children, Lovell M. and Mary Olive. 

On February 6, 1862, Mr. Ferguson enlisted in 
Company G, One Hundred and Forty-fifth Indiana Vol- 
unteer Infantry, remaining in the service about four 
years, being discharged January 21, 1866. at ^Macon, 
Georgia. The greater part of his time was taken up 
with guard duty and on that account he was not permit- 
ted to see as much of active service on the field as he 


would have liked. He has been a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, is a loyal Republican, and, with 
his wife, lends substantial support to the Christian church. 
Thus he is rounding- out his days as a patriot, citi- 
zen and parent, contributing- in an unassuming- way to 
the welfare of the community and the state. 


The true spirit of enterprise and progress has been 
strikingly exemplified in the career of William B. Mad- 
dock, a journalist of much more than local repute, whose 
energetic nature and laudable ambition have enabled him 
to overcome many adverse circumstances and advance 
steadily to a prominent and influential position in the pub- 
lic life of his county and state. As editor and proprietor 
of one of the leading papers of Indiana he has had much 
to d(^ in moulding sentiment and directing public thought, 
and through the medium of his paper his name has become 
widely known in political circles as a clear and incisive 
writer, a fearless champion of the principles of his party 
and a bold advocate of the right in public as well as pri- 
vate affairs, his influence in these and other respects gain- 
ing" for him a conspicuous place among- the representatives 
of his craft throughout the southern part of the Hoosier 

Mr. Maddock is a native of Franklin county, Indiana, 
a son of William B. and Margaret A. Maddock. the fa- 
ther of Enelish birth, the mother born near Mt. Carmel, In- 


diana. As William B. Maddock, Sr,, was long- a man of 
prominence in this state, filling worthily a number of im- 
portant public positions, it is fitting in this connection that 
something more than incidental reference be accorded 
him in this review. The following outline, abridged from 
an extended obituary notice which appeared in The La- 
fayette Morning Journal, sets before the reader the lead- 
ing facts and characteristics of this most excellent and 
high-minded gentleman : 

"William B. Maddock was born July i, 1832, in 
Staffordshire, England, a son of Robert Maddock. He 
attended school there until fourteen years old, and then 
came to America with his parents, who located at Mt. 
Carmel. He continued his studies at Mt. Carmel for 
four years, and in 1863 began to teach at Brookville, be- 
coming principal of the school. In 1864 he was appointed 
county school examiner of Franklin county and served 
in that capacity until 1872. During the period between 
1864 and 1866 he also seiwed as deputy auditor and treas- 
urer of that county. He was editor and proprietor of 
The Franklin Democrat from 1868 to 1872, and estab- 
lished a reputation as a versatile, forcible and fearless 
writer. He was a clerk in one branch of the Indiana leg- 
islature in the seventies. In religious views he was a 

"In 1872 he left Franklin county and became a citi- 
zen of Benton county, locating first at Raub. and later 
took up school teaching at Fowler. There, in 1875, he 
founded The Benton Review and edited the paper success- 
fully for several years. In 1878 he was appointed county 
superintendent for a temi of two years. He went to La- 


fayette se\eral wears later, where he acted as a real estate 
agent at different times. 

"He was married Oct(^her 14, 1858, to ^Margaret A. 
Portteiis, of r^'anklin county, who st^"^'i^'es. Four chil- 
dren also survive, namely: Airs. R. A. Howell (now 
deceased), and Lewis E. ^Maddock, of Lafayette; \\\ B. 
ALaddcx-k, editor of The Bloomfield News, and D. S. ALad- 
dock, of Lidianapolis, all the boys being- printers. 

"Mr. IMaddock was a stanch Democrat and was ag- 
gressive in politics. He was a man of more than ordi- 
nary intelligence and was well read. He was genial as a 
companion and was a l()}-al and patriotic citizen. His 
home life was contented and it was there he displayed 
the best cjualities of heart and mind." 

W^illiam B. Maddock, the immediate subject of this 
sketch, was born at Brookville, in the county of Franklin, 
nn the 19th day of March, 1869. His early days were 
passed very much like those of the majority oi lads 
reared in the C(iinitry towns, and when old enough he en- 
tered the public schools, recei^■ing his education princi- 
pally in Fowler, the county seat of Benton county, where 
he prosecuted his studies until his se\'enteenth }'ear. In 
the meantime he acquired a practical knowledge (^f the 
printer's trade by working in his father's office, and on 
lea^'ing school at the age indicated he accepted a position 
in the office of The Benton Review at Fowler. In Sep- 
tember. 1886, he accepted a position with The Bloomfield 
Democrat, and after one year wdth that paper Mr. Mad- 
dock went to Rushville. where he spent a similar period 
in the office of The Rushville Republican, then returned 
to the same paper in Fowder on which he had formerly 



been employed, but after a few months gave np his job 
and returned tO' Bloomfield, and early in 1890 accepted a 
position with The Lafayette Journal, remaining with that 
paper until November of that year, when Mr. Maddock 
again came to Bloomfield and, forming a partnership with 
John T. Lamb, purchased The Bloomfield News, the lead- 
ing Republican paper of Greene county, at that time poor- 
ly equipped in the matter of plant, machinery and other 
appliances, all of which were in a dilapidated condition, 
the result of this indifference to the mechanical depart- 
ment being a constant falling off in patronage. Lnmedi- 
ately after taking possession the new management thor- 
oughly refitted the office and equipped it with the latest 
and most thoroughly approved mechanical appliances, 
sparing no expense in the purchase of machinery and tvpe 
nor pains in making the plant first-class in every particu- 
lar and a fit place from which to issue a paper in keeping 
with the demands of the times. The enterprise was not 
long in taking- on new life, and with the first number un- 
der the new regime the paper showed marked improve- 
ment, not only in the mechanical makeup, but in the abil- 
ity displayed in the editorial columns, to say nothing of 
the rapid growth in public favor as a part}- organ and 
clean family newspaper, through the medium of which all 
interesting news, both foreign and domestic, was g-iven 
publicity. Messrs. Maddock and Lamb conducted the 
paper jointly until 1897, when the former purchased the 
latter's interest and became sole proprietor. He has re- 
mained at the head of the concern from that time to the 
present, during which period the paper has steadily grown 
in patronage and influence, being, as alreadx- indicated. 


the official organ of the Repuhhcan party in Greene county 
and recognized as one of the best local papers in the state, 
in many respects Cijmparing favorably with the more pre- 
tentions metropolitan sheets. Air. ]\laddock has added 
greatl}- t(3 the value of the plant by supplying many use- 
ful imprcn'ements. and in point of equipment the office is 
second to no other in the state, outside the larger cities. 

Sufficient has been said to indicate ]\Ir. ]\Iaddock"s 
rei>utation as a newspaper man and editor. While fear- 
less in the support of Republican principles and n ) mean 
antagonist in discussing the questions and issues of the 
da}% his career has ever been characterized l^y the profes- 
sional courtesy which marks the high-minded gentleman 
who takes broad and liberal views of men and affairs and 
who never lowers the moral tone (^f his paper by permit-, 
ting anything undignified or degrading to appear in its col- 
umns. He aims to have it vibrate with the public pulse and 
that it has realized the high expectations of the proprietor 
and its many friends is pro\'en by the constantly increasing- 
subscription list and the growth of its liberal ad\'ertising 
])atronage. In addition to puljlishing his paper Air. Alad- 
dock has the contract for furnishing the county offices 
with all necessary supplies, and also does quite an exten- 
sive business in general job printing, for all lines of which 
work his office is well adapted. 

Aside from his interest in puljlic and political mat- 
ters Air. Aladdock has ever been alive to e\'er}- enterprise 
and movement calculated to advance the material interest 
of his city and county, and is first and foremost in all laud- 
able endeavors for the educational and moral welfare of 
his fellow men. He possesses a strong mentality, an in- 


vincible courag-e and a most determined individuality, 
which qualities combine to make him in no small degree 
a leader of men. a champion for the rights of the people 
should they ever require defense at his hands. His per- 
sonal standing is second to none of his contemporaries, 
his friends are numerous and loyal and his popularity is 
as wide as the extent of his acquaintance. 

Mr. Maddock was married December 30. 1890, to 
Nora A. Lamb, of Bloonifield, daug-hter of John T. Lamb, 
his former business associate and one of the best known 
men of Greene county (see sketch of John T. Lamb), the 
uniou being blessed with one child, a son by the name of 
Paul Lamb, who first saw the light of day on April 9. 
1892, and who is now pursuing his studies in the city high 
school. Mr. and Mrs. Maddock are esteemed members 
of the Christian church, the former holding the office of 
trustee in the Bloomfield congregation. 

Mr. Maddock has served as journal clerk in the lower 
house of the general assembly during the sessions of 1897 
and 1899, in addition to which he has been called to other 
positions of trust from time to time, though never an 
office seeker or aspirant for public honors. He promoted, 
organized and assisted Ernest H. Dugger and Jonas E. 
Meredith in building the present electric lighting system, 
which has grown into the Home Light and Water Com- 
pany, one of Bloomfield's most worthy enterprises. His 
financial success has been commensurate with the judg- 
ment and energy displayed in all his undertakings, own- 
ing at the present time valuable business and residence 
property in Bloomfield, besides interests in mining and 
manufacturing enterprises. Fraternally he is a thirtv- 


second degree ]\'Iason. belonging to the Blue Lodge and 
Chapter at Bloomfield, the Consistory and ^lurat Temple 
(jf the Mvstic Shrine in the city of Indianapolis. He is 
als() identified with several other secret and l)enevolent 
organizations, including the Knights of Pythias and Mod- 
ern Woodmen, and during the past fifteen years has been 
a member of the Republican Editorial Association of In- 
diana, a b.idy in which he always takes an acti\'e interest 
and wields a strong- influence, and is at present the treas- 
urer of that association. 


Frederick Hassler, a retired farmer living in New- 
berr}', Indiana, is a native of Switzerland, having been 
born in Canton Berne in June. 1825. He was the son 
of Peter and Elizabeth (Colp) Hassler. both natives of 
Switzerland, who came with other relatives to America 
about 1845 and settled at Scotland. Greene county. In- 
diana, where they bought a farm and spent the remainder 
of their lives, making farming a success in every particu- 
lar. They were members of the Lutheran church and 
the parents of seven children, namelv : Elizabeth, de- 
ceased ; Peter, who is living in Bloomfield. Indiana ; 
Christ, deceased ; John, living- in Scotland, Greene coun- 
ty; Frederick, the subject of this sketch; Margaret, de- 
ceased ; Jasper, deceased. 

Frederick Hassler was about twenty years old when 
he came with his parents to Greene county, having re- 
ceived a common German education in Switzerland. 
After he came to this country he worked with his father 


on the farm, later hiring out as a farm hand near New 
Albany. Indiana. He saved what money he could and 
bought land together with his other three brothers near 
Scotland, Indiana. He moved on the land and it was 
soon transformed into a good fann, upon which he lived 
until 1895, when he sold out and gave a large part of 
his land to his children. However, he still owns a large 
farm. He has been very successful as a farmer and trader 
and at one time owned over eight hundred acres of land, 
all of which was considered good, fie is now living in 
Newberry, where he moved in 1895. 

Mr. Hassler was married in December, 1853, to 
Barbara Porter, who was born in Stark county, Ohio, in 
1835. She died May 16, 1902, at the age of sixty-seven 
years. She was a member of the Methodist church for 
a number of years. 

The subject and wife had the following children : 
Mary Jane, who died in 1854; Margaret, who lives in 
Bloomfield, Indiana; Anna; Frederick; Daniel, wdio 
lives in Cass township, Greene county; Prasola, deceased; 
Joseph; Benjamin, living in Cass township, Greene coun- 
ty; Christ also lives in that township on a farm; Aaron is 
deceased ; David lives in Arizona. 

The subject is a member of the Lutheran church. 
He is a Democrat, and a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows. He has been road supervisor. 

Mr. Hassler came to America a poor emigrant, but 
he and his family, by hard work, became large land own- 
ers in Greene county, Indiana, and are a highh- respected 



Alva Ellis Hindman. the present postmaster at Xew- 
bern-. Lidiana. and one of the most popular men in that 
vicinity, is the son of William E. and Salvina ( Calvin) 
Hindman. the former a native of Greene county. Lidi- 
ana. while his wife's people are from Ohio, where she 
was born. The father of the subject was reared on a 
farm near Xewbern- and received an elementary educa- 
tion in the common schools of Greene county. Lidiana. 
by attending the best the times then afforded, which 
were ver\- inferior to the present splendid system. When 
he grew to manhood he farmed and later entered the 
harness business in Xewberr\-. Afterward he sold his 
stock of harness and went to farminof. which he followed 
until his death in 1904. He was an elder in the Chiu'ch 
of Christ and a devout Christian. Fraternally he was a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, in 
'which, as well as in the church, he was an active member. 

The parents of the subject of this sketch had three 
children, two of whom are still living — Alva Ellis, the 
subject, and ]\Irs. Emma ^I. Crooke. who lives in Greene 
coimt}-. Indiana. 

Alva Ellis Hindman. the subject, attended the com- 
mon schools in the winter and worked on the home place 
during the stimmer months until he reached manhood. 
He continued farming until he bought a liver\' business 
iu X'eAvberr}-. Indiana, which he conducted for a number 
of years. He finally sold his liven* stock and returned 
to farming, which he followed until he was appointed 
postmaster at X'ewberr}- in 1905. in which capacity he 
is now ser\-insr. 


Mr. Hindman was married Xovember 20/ 1892. to 
Iva Pebble, who is a native of Newberr}-. receiving there' 
a common school education. They are the parents of five 
children, as follows: Glenn D., William R.. Geneve. Leo 
L. and ^larcella. all bright children and making excellent 
records in the Xewberr}- schools in 1908. 

The subject and his wife are members of the Chris- 
tian church. The former takes an active part in Repub- 
lican politics, always standing for clean politics and jus- 
tice to ever}- one. 

Mr. Hindman is a member of the ^lodern \\'<X)d- 
men of America, having sensed in nearly all the offices. 
He is also a member of the Oneida Tribe of Ren Men. 
Xo. 305. 

The subject is an industrious man. of sterling worth. 
being regarded as upright in all his dealings by every 
one. and is highly respected by all who know him, as is 
also his entire familv. 


Xathaniel Emery was bom in Coshocton county, 
Ohio, April 2, 183 1. the son of Ambrose and Mar\- (An- 
derson) Emer}', natives of Pennsylvania and pioneer 
farmers of Coshocton count\-. who came to Greene coun- 
t}-. Indiana, in 1848. settling in Taylor to\^^lship. The 
subject of this sketch is the only one of twelve children 
now living. His grandfather. Ambrose Emer\-. sened 
in the Revolutionary- war and his wife distributed ra- 


tions to General AA'ashington's staff. The subject can 
'trace his ancestors to the sixteenth century, and they 
have all been well known in their own localities. 

Nathaniel Emery had but a meager schooling, re- 
maining at home and taking care of his parents in their 
old ag'e while his brothers were in the army. On their 
return he enlisted and served a year toward the close 
of the war. 

In November, 1855, he married Susan McWhirter, 
who was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, the daughter 
of Robert and Elizabeth (Taylor) McAMiirter, who were 
natives of Pennsylvania, and the first settlers in Taylor 
township, Greene county, Indiana, living' on a farm there, 
but both died in Jackson township. The subject and wife 
had the following children : Jonas A. was first a school 
teacher, later going to West Point, where he studied mili- 
tary tactics and graduated at the age of eighteen years. 
He joined the regular army and traveled over the greater 
part of the world. He was first appointed second lieu- 
tenant, and is now a retired major general, having de- 
voted his entire life to the army. He is now located in 
Virginia. He married Emma Gainey, of Bloomfield, In- 
diana. They have the following children : Robert, now 
a lieutenant in the reg'ular army in Cuba ; Jessie, living 
at home ; Nathaniel, now attending Military College at 
Danville, Virginia. Maiy, the second child of the sub- 
ject, died at the age of nineteen; Jesse is a train inspector 
at Parsons, Kansas, who married Julia O'Daniel ; Charlie 
is a farmer, living in Greene county, and married Minnie 
Hardesty : Harvey, a farmer in Taylor township, Greene 
countv, married Eliza Benham; Lillie is the wife of 


Charles Rayborn, of Bloomfield, Indiana ; Mai-y and Rob- 
ert are both deceased. 

The subject, who is now retired, has Hved in Tay- 
lor township, Greene county, since 1855. He is a firm 
Republican, and both he and his wife are members of 
the Methodist church. 


Robert Douglas Callahan was born in Greenup 
county, Kentucky, March 19, 1834, the son of Charles 
and Nancy (Douglass) Callahan, both of the same county 
and state, where the subject was born. They were mar- 
ried and spent their lives in that county, where they both 
died. Charles Callahan was a farmer and teacher and 
was a justice of the peace for many years, being well 
known throughout his native county. He was a Whig 
when that party was in existence ; later he became a Re- 
publican. He and his wife were members of the Meth- 
odist church. He died in 1873, his widow suiwiving him 
until 1885. Out of a family of sixteen children twelve 
reached maturity. The following were in the Civil war, 
including the subject of this sketch: Clifton G., who 
died at Cumberland Gap in 1862; Otho W. died at the 
same place the same year; William, who became a lieu- 
tenant, died in Greenup county, Kentucky; Wesley, also 
living in Greenup county, Kentucky; Malvina died in 
Lewis county, Kentucky; Henrietta at Portsmouth, Ohio; 
Lovina, in Greenup county, Kentucky ; Salomie, at L'on- 


ton, Ohio; Alilton. George and John are all living in 
Greenup county, Kentucky. 

R. D. Callahan had a limited schooling at his early 
home in Kentucky, where he lived until 1856, engaging 
in farming and teaming-, when he came to Greene county, 
Indiana, and settled one mile east of Bloomfield, where 
he worked for Andrew Downing & Company at an iron 
furnace for two years. He spent some time at Browns- 
town, Jackson count}', Indiana. He was first married 
in 1856 to Sarah Ann Cox. of Greenup county. Kentucky, 
a daug'hter of Joseph and Rosanna Cox, of Greenup 
county. Kentucky. In 1859 they came to Greene county. 
Indiana, and also worked at the Downing- iron furnace. 
Mrs. Cox died in 1864. He married the second time, 
choosing- ^Martia Emery, of Greene count}'. Indiana, 
who still li^■es in Bloomfield. Air. Cox died in 1901, 
He had eleven children, all by his first wife. Four 
are still living. Thev are: Benjamin F.. of Waco. 
Texas: William ]\I.. of Bloomfield: Hattie Maud Shanks, 
of Greene county, and the wife of R. D. Callahan, who is 
a sister to his first wife. He had no children by his first 
wife, but four by his second. The}' are: Ola. wife of 
John Stultz. of Bloomfield. who has one daughter. Nina ; 
O. \\\, a lumberman and well known lodge man. who 
lives at home: Claude C. traveling- salesman at Seattle, 
Washing-ton, who married Mabel Newnian. and who has 
one son, Claude. Jr. : Josephine, wife of Dalton AIcLaugh- 
lin. of Bloomfield. wh(^ has one daug-l]ter. Xina Virginia. 
Mrs. McLaughlin first married Frank Warnick, of 
Bloomfield. They had one son. Claude R. 

On August 8. 1862, Mr. Callahan eidisted in Com- 


pany K, Sixty-seventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry, at 
Brownstown. They went to Madison and completed the 
organization. Then the company went to Murfordsville, 
Kentucky, then to Bowling' Green, Kentucky, later com- 
ing to Indianapolis. In December, 1862, the company 
was sent to Memphis, Tennessee. Later it took part in 
the siege of Vicksburg and at Milliken Bend. On May 
I, 1863, the company went to Port Gibson and was in the 
battle at that place. The subject was in the siege at 
"Champion Hill and at Vicksburg, being under fire for 
forty-seven days. He also fought at Jackson,. Mississippi. 
Later the company was sent into Louisiana. He was a 
prisoner of war for two months, but was exchanged and 
rejoined his regiment near Indianola. He went on the 
Red River expedition and later was in the sieg"e at Fort 
Morgan, Alabama, after which he was sent to Pensacola, 
taking part in a campaign through Florida, then back to 
Alabama and to Texas by boat June 19, 1865, and was 
discharged at Galveston. He enlisted as a private in 
June. 1862, and was promoted to second lieutenant De- 
cember 21, 1864. Later he was promoted to first lieu- 
tenant, in which capacity he served until the close of 
the war. 

After the war Mr. Callahan went to Jackson county. 
Indiana, where he remained until 1875. He was in Lou- 
isville, Kentucky, for two years. He lived in ]\Iartin 
county for eight years and in Dubois county, Indiana, sev- 
eral years, in 1893 moving to Bloomfield, where he con- 
ducted a hotel for some time. He has always been a Re- 
pul)!ican. Mrs. Callahan is a member of the Methodist 



The life of Samuel Hains was worthy of emulation, 
and the example he set the young"er generation of the va- 
rious communities w-here his lot was cast has doubtless 
resulted in much good. He was regarded as one of the 
most liberal men of Greene county, Inchana, although 
he was never blessed wdth an abundance of this world's 
goods, but he was always ready to help the needy or as- 
sist in any worthy cause. He was seriously handicapped 
during the later part of his life by a wound which was 
inflicted during- the Civil war, yet he continued his work 
in a successful manner in the face of all obstacles, hav- 
ing been a man of unusual fortitude. 

He was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, July 8. 
1832, and died in Bloomfield, Indiana, November 14, 
1906. He was the son of Daniel and Sarah (Foster) 
Hains, the former a native of Virginia. They settled in 
Ohio, where Daniel farmed and lived until his death. 
Both he and his wife were members of the church. They 
had the following children : Henry, deceased ; Samuel ; 
Hiram, deceased; Mary, deceased; Hannah; William, 
who lives in Bloomfield, Indiana, and Nancy. 

Samuel Hains was reared on a farm, receiving his 
education in the pioneer schools, remaining at home until 
he enlisted at the outbreak of the war in the Ninety-sev- 
enth Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company H, in which he 
served two and one-half years, during which time he par- 
ticipated in all the battles in which his regiment was en- 
gaged until he was shot in the right elbow during the 
batlle of MissionaiT Ridge, which prevented further 


service. He had many narrow escapes from death dur- 
ing" his army career. 

Returning- from the army he assisted his father-in- 
law on the farm, but he had learned the blacksmith's 
trade prior to the war and in 1866 opened a shop near 
his old home in Coshocton county, Ohio, which he con- 
ducted until 1869, when he came to Greene county, In- 
diana, where he opened a blacksmith shop in Taylor 
township, which he conducted until the spring- of 1875. 
when he moved to Bloomfield. Soon afterward he opened 
a shop, which he successfully maintained, having been 
a fine workman, until his health failed and he retired, 
having been in partnership with Hoyt Nickerson from 
1875 until his death. He and his wife were both mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. He was a mem- 
ber of the Grand Amiy of the Republic and a Repub- 
lican in pohtical belief. 

In 1865 Mr. Hains married Marg-aret Neldon, who 
was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, in 1843. She was 
the daughter of Samuel and Jane f Stewart) Neldon, the 
fornier from Virginia and the latter from Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Neldon was a farmer. They had nine children, all 
now living-: Margaret C, Uriah J., William H., Eliza- 
beth J., Georg-e M., Samuel F., Joseph R.. Robert H. 
and Oda F. Elizabeth's husband was John Demoss. who 
was a veteran in the Fifty-first Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 
He was a prisoner for eighteen months in Libby prison. 
He narrowly escaped death in a boat which was trans- 
ferring the prisoners. 

Five children were born to the subject and wife: 
Sarah J. lives at Bloomington. Indiana : Lavada, of 


Bloomfield : Arzalia lives at Linton. Indiana ; Adella lives 
in Richland township, Greene county, and Ridgway H. 
now lives in Linton, but he was for three years in the 
regular arm}-, artillery corps. Twenty-second Battery, 
stationed at Fort Douglass, LTah. He was seriously in- 
jured, barel}- escaping death in a runaway of a six-horse 
team hauling an artillery wagon, from which he has 
ne\er fullv recovered. 


The name Owen has been intimately associated with 
the history of Greene county since the first pioneers pene- 
trated the wilderness, from which remote period to the 
present time representatives of this sturdy family have 
contributed to the development of the country and to the 
establishing of a community which in all that concerns 
material advancement and a high state of civilization and 
enlightenment is not surpassed by any like area within 
the bounds of the Hoosier state. They have not only 
been active participants in promoting the material inter- 
ests of the respective localities where they lived and bore 
their parts, but. realizing the needs of their fellow men, 
they have supplied the same with unsparing hands, and 
today there are few names so closely interwoven with 
the progress of the county and none more influential in 
enterprises for the general good or more highly honored 
by the public at large. 

According to well authenticated genealogical his- 

V c<>i-</*ea<_^ 


tory, this founder of the American branch of the Owen 
family came to this country as a soldier in the army of 
Lord Cornwallis during the war of the Revolution, but 
shortly after his arrival deserted his command, refusing 
to fight a struggling people, the justice of whose cause 
appealed to him with peculiar and irresistible force. This 
act precluding the possibility of his return to England, 
he subsequently settled in Surry county, North Carolina, 
where he married, secured a tract of land, and in due time 
became a well-to-do planter and public-spirited citizen 
whose influence tended greatly to the material develop- 
ment and moral advancement of the community in which 
he located. Beyond the fact of his having established a 
home in North Carolina and reared a family, but little is 
known of the life of this soldier and patriot save that, as 
already indicated, he was a man of high character and 
sterling worth. Among his immediate descendants was a 
son by the name of John H., a native of the Old North 
state, who married Susan Elrod and in 1817 migrated to 
Indiana and settled near the town of Paoli, thence, after a 
brief residence, moved to Greene county, of which he was 
an early pioneer. Entering land, John Owens cleared 
and developed a form which continued in possession of 
the family until within a comparatively recent date, being 
owned at this time by the heirs of Simon Bland, who mar- 
ried the widow of Amistead Owen and purchased the 
place of the latter's children. 

The family of John H. and Susan Owen consisted 
of four children, one of whom, a son by the name of 
John G., whose birth occurred on the eighth day of Au- 
gust, 18 18, was the first white child born within the 



present limits of Greene county. John G. Owens was 
reared amid the rugged scenes of the pioneer period and 
at the age of twenty-seven married his cousin. Margaret 
Mock, locating on the farm now owned by his son, John 
D., where he lived a number of years in the peaceful pur- 
suit of agriculture. He was a man of mark in the com- 
munity, sensed as township trustee and county commis- 
sioner and was long an active and influential member 
of the Baptist church. The fidlowing are the names of the 
children born to this estimable couple: Roxanna, whose 
Ijirth occurred in 1846. married George W. L(ivall and 
died a few years ago; Emily, born in the year 1849, de- 
parted this life in childhood; Susan E., born in 1855, 
also deceased, was the wife of Cyrus Knox; John D., 
l)orn in 1858, is a farmer living on the family homestead; 
Stephen, born in 1861, is deceased; Thomas C., of this 
review, who first saw the light of day in the year 1852; 
and Margaret, who was bom in 1864 and died in 1908. 

Thomas C. Owen was reared on the home farm 
and received a practical education in the public schools. 
At the proper age he began life for himself as a tiller 
of the soil, which, in connection with the raising of li^•e 
stock, occupied his attention until 1890, when he moved 
to Bloomfield to take charge of the auditor's oflice, to 
which he had been elected in the fall of that vear. At the 
expiration of his official term he changed his residence 
to \A^orthington and became identified with the Commer- 
cial Bank of that place, in which capacity he continued 
during the ensuing three years, meeting with encouraging- 
success the meantime and earning honorable repute as 
an able financier and capable business man. Mr. Owen 


severed his connection with the bank in 1897 and since 
that time has given his attention to his large agricidtural 
and Hve stock interests, owning a fine farm of three hun- 
dred and eighty acres of fertile and highly improved 
land, the greater part under cultivation and admirably 
adapted to the purposes to which it is devoted. He still 
resides in Worthington, where he owns a beautiful, mod- 
ern home, but personally manages the farm, which, un- 
der his direction, has become one of the best and most de- 
sirable country places in Greene county. As fanner, offi- 
cial and business man, Mr. Owen's career has ever been 
characterized by mature judgment, wisely directed en- 
ergies and kindly regard for the rights and privileges of 
others and with spotless integrity and an honored name, 
he occupies today a conspicuous and influential position 
among his fellow citizens, enjoying in full measure the 
confidence of all with whom he has relations, business and 

Mr. Owen was married November 10, 1875, to Miss 
Josephine Stalcup, daughter of George B. and Mary 
(Buckner) Stalcup, of Greene county, and has a family of 
five children, namely: Maude, a teacher in the Worth- 
ington high school, born in 1877; Mary, wife of Carl G. 
Smith, born in 1880; Corwin S., born in the year 1885; 
Grace, born in 1886, and John G., who was born in 1889. 

Mr. Owen is one of the influential Republicans of 
Greene county and a leader in his party. The Presbyte- 
ian church represents his religious creed, to which denom- 
ination his family also belong. 

Mrs. Owen's people, like those of her husband, were 
among the earliest white settlers of Greene county. Isaac 


Stalcup moved to this part of tlie state from North Car- 
(ilina in 18 17. His wife bore him twenty-two children. 
among the number being a son, Isaac, Avho was l^orn 
in 1786 in Xorth Carohna, came to Greene county two 
years after his father's arrival and died here in 1872. 
(icorge B. Stalcup. t)ldest son of James, also a native of 
Xorth Carolina, became a resident of Greene county in 
1834. }Ie married !\Iary Buckner, whose l)irth occtu-red 
in the Old Xorth state in 18 13, and who accompanied 
her parents to Greene county when a child. She became 
the mother of fourteen children, of whom Airs. T. C. 
Owen and a sister, Alary C. Bucher. are the only 


In the person of the subject of this review, Israel 
\\olkie, we have another striking example of a noble 
patriot and commendable citizen. He was born in Greene 
county, Alay 12, 1840. and was the son of William and 
Sally (Buckner) A\'ilkie. both natives of Xorth Caro- 
lina, who came in an early day to Greene county with 
their parents, who were among the first of the early 

Israel's grandfather married Keziah Pickard and 
they established a claim to government land. Later they 
removed to Iowa, wdiere Mr. Wilkie died. The family 
consisted of William, father of our subject; George W., 
Alary, Nancy, Edward and John. 

^^'illiam Buckner, maternal grandfather of our sub- 


ject, also took up g-overnment land in Greene county and 
rounded out his days there as a farmer, seven children 
being- born to him, consisting of Harhn, Anderson. John 
WilHam, Sally, Jennie and Polly. 

\\'illiam Wilkie, a successful farmer, was a member 
of the Old School Baptist church. He was tiie father of 
ten children, as follows : Charles, a farmer, died in 1907 ; 
Zeno was a soldier and died after the war; Emily, wife 
of P. Monk, both deceased; Mary Jane, wife of Benjamin 
Turley, deceased; Israel, our subject; Keziali, wife of 
Isaac Workman, of Bloomfield. Indiana; Louisa, married 
to John Workman, died at Bloomfield; John, deceased, 
was a member of Company E, Fifty-ninth Regular Indi- 
ana Volunteer Infantry; William, a farmer in Greene 
county ; Marg-aret, deceased, was first married to Andrew 
Cowen and after his decease to John Jensen, of Fair Play 

Israel Wilkie had but a meag-er education, since the 
opportunities, of the times were quite limited. He re- 
mained at home on the farm until twenty-one years of 
ag-e. On November 22,, 1865, he was married to lo- 
hanna W^orkman, daughter of John and Lucy (Shields) 
Workman, of Richland township, Greene count^^ Her 
parents came from Virginia and settled on a farm near 

Israel and wife are the parents of one daughter. 
Nora Josephine, who became the wife of David F. Bland, 
a retired farmer and stock dealer of Bloomfield. She is 
the mother of three children. Nina Ava. John A. and 
Rachael Gaynell. 

On August 10, 1862, Israel Wilkie enlisted in Com- 


panv H. Seventy-first Indiana A'olunteer Infantry, at Tu- 
lip. Indiana, and soon saw active service in Kentucky, 
being- taken prisoner twice. An attack of typhoid fever 
confined him to liis bed for nine weeks, but in December 
of 1862 he returned to his regiment and was put on guard 
dutv. He fell into the hands of ^ilorgan. the raider, but 
was later paroled and then sent back to Indianapolis. He 
returned to camp in 1863 and was mustered into the cav- 
alrv. He was in the engagements at Richmond and Alel- 
rose Hill. Kentuckv. and while doing scout duty was 
wounded while near Hazel Green, a bullet from the 
guerilla rifles liaving passed through his right jaw. tear- 
ing out seven teeth and passing- out throug"h the neck. 
Xo hospital being- nearer than fifty miles, he was taken 
to a private house ten miles from camp and later re- 
moved to ^It. Sterling. After a short time he was sent 
home on a thirty days' furlough and then came to the 
City Hospital at Indianapolis. 

Later he was transferred to the veteran reseiwe 
corps, continuing- in that capacity until the close of the 
war. being mustered out Jmie 30. 1865. He reached 
home on July 4th. receiving a most heartv greeting of 
welcomie upon his arrival. But the exposures and hard- 
ships incident to the war left in their trail the wreck- 
ages of health undermined, and 'Mr. AA'ilkie found him- 
self a victim of heart disease and rheumatism, the rav- 
ages of which deprived him of active work for many 
years. In the course of time he took up farming, locat- 
ing in Highland township. Greene countv. continuing 
there until November 6, 1892. at which time he retired. 
He arranged for a small tract of land at Bloomfield and 
here he has since made his home. 


Mr. Wilkie has an abiding faith in the efficacy of 
the Gospel for the betterment of mankind, and has cast 
his rehgious influence with the people of the Baptist 
faith. He has been an active promoter also of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, having personally assisted in 
widening the field of its activity and usefulness. Thus 
through his wide experiences, altruistic motives and per- 
sonal integrity he has won a most worthy place in the 
hearts of a host of warm and appreciative friends. 


Joseph Douglass Leavitt was bom December 3. 1845, 
at Flemingsburg, Fleming county. Kentucky. His father 
was Christopher Leavitt, of Onondaga county. New 
York. His mother, who came from the same countv, was 
Eliza Douglass. After their marriage they sought the 
then known West, coming first to Ohio and later to Ken- 
tucky, where, under a patent right to build cisterns, he 
plied his business until 1855, when he moved to Jefferson 
county, Indiana, where he engaged in fanning until 
i860, and then came to Beech Creek township, Greene 
county, Lidiana, where he remained for eight years. In 
1868 he moved to Bloomfield, where he was appointed 
postmaster by President U. S. Grant. 

Christopher Leavitt was a Presbyterian religiously 
and a Republican in politics. His father was the Rev. 
Joseph Leavitt, of New York state. He married a sec- 
ond time to Fannie Rose, who still sun-ives him and is 


living- in Arkansas. Christopher Leavitt had five chil- 
(h-en by his first wife. George B., now living in Georgia, 
was a merchant in Bloomfield. He fought in the Civil 
war, joining Company B, Eighty-second Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantiy; Ellen, who died in 1872: Joseph D., the 
subject of our sketch: Oliver C, a dairyman, now living 
in North Indianapolis, and Carrie, wdio married Martin 
T. Templeton. By his second wife there were born to 
him three children — Jennie, who became the wife of Jo- 
seph Cattern, a druggist in Van Buren. Arkansas: Julia 
L., wdio went as a missionary to Osaka. Japan, in 1881. 
under the auspices of the Cumberland Presbyterians, and 
after several years returned, and then went liack to Tho- 
keoda. Japan, under the management of the Presbyterian 
church : Laura, who married Rev. \\". Dyer, of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and now li\-es in Arkansas. 

Joseph D., the subject of this sketch, had a limited 
education, obtained in the old-fashioned log school house. 
On November 15. i8r)4. he enlisted in the Civil war 
at Terre Haute, in Company B, Fifty-seventh Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, and was first sent to Pulaski, Ten- 
nessee. At Spring Hill, November 29. 1864. he encoun- 
tered his first skirmish, and on the day foll(-)wing at 
Franklin was in his first hard-fought battle, his regiment 
losing forty-five per cent, in this engagement. On De- 
cember 15 and 16, 1864. lie was in the two davs" battle 
at Nashville, and followed Hood on to Huntsville, .Vla- 
bama. Here the army went into winter quarters until 
March, 1865. Marching orders were (mce more g-iven, 
and Knoxville and Greensburg were on their route. At 
the latter place they heard of Lee's surrender, but our 


subject's regiment was hustled down to Texas as a tem- 
porary guard during the closing scenes of the war. He 
was discharged at Victoria, Texas, in November, 1865, 
after a short but vigorous campaign. While receiving no 
wounds, he had several close calls, having had holes shot 
through his clothes. In June, 1865, he was appointed 
and detailed as an orderly under General Elliott and Gen- 
eral Conrad, and served with distinction in this capacity 
until the close of the war. 

On his return home he labored as a hand on a farm 
and in saw-mills until 1868. He then went into a plan- 
ing mill at Bloomfield, where he labored until 1891, when 
he purchased a farm of twenty-three acres just north of 
Bloomfield, where he now lives. 

Mr. Leavitt was married September 10, 1871, to 
Julia Wilkie, daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Wilkie. 
His wife's ancestors came from North Carolina in an 
early day, settling in Highland township. The mother 
died in 1892, the father living until February, 1907. 
They had six children : Julia, the wife of our subject ; 
Jenetta, wife of C. Covert, of Tulsa, Oklahoma ; Leroy, 
living, north of Bloomfield and engaged in farming, and 
is bailiff; Edmond, who died at the age of twenty-one 
years ; Ida, wife of Daniel B. Long, marshal of Bloom- 
field ; Sadie, who married Rush Harris, of Linton, In- 

To Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Leavitt were born four 
children: Frank L., who married Myrtle Richardson 
and lives in North Bloomfield, to whom were born three 
sons, Albert Linley, Cobert and Joseph A. : Gertrude. 
wife of Joseph A. Fawcett, living in Bloomfield. and who 


has one dano-hter, Julia: Nina, wife of Charles Laughlin, 
a rural mail carrier, who is a baker by trade, and during 
the Spanish war was in the heavy artillery serA'ice. They 
have one son. Luverne : Herbert D.. the youngest child, 
is a first-year student in the high school. 

'Sir. Lea^'itt has been a niemljer <if the Presbyterian 
church since 1869, and has been an elder in that church 
since 1880. He has also served as Sunday school super- 
intendent for a numl)er of years. Airs. Leavitt is also a 
niember of the Presbyterian church, having united there- 
with at the age of twelve rears. 


John D. Combs, one of the most progressive farm- 
ers of Richland township. Greene countv. I'idiana. owes 
his success to a l'^« of hard work. Having been born 
in Center township, this county. December 28, 1862. he 
was educated in the home schools and taught school for 
several years, living at home until he was twenty-three 
years old. In the fall of 1883 he located on the place 
where he now lives in Richland townshi]). Greene county. 
a part of his farm now consisting of two hundred and 
ten acres, one hundred and sixty of which are in culti- 
vation, was owned by his father. He has greatly im- 
l)roved the place until it is one of the best in the neigh- 
borhood, raising mostly corn and hay. and he keeps a 
large number of fine cattle, hogs and horses. Formerly 
working a great deal at the carpenter's trade, he has built 


a fine house on his farm. Although a stanch Democrat, 
he has never aspired to office. He is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias Lodge at Newark, Indiana; also a 
member of the Masonic Lodge at Bloomfield. He mar- 
ried Amanda Dailey, a native of Ohio, on June 22, 1883. 
They had two children, namely: Bonny D. and Ray- 
mond L.. both living at home. 

The subject is the son of John J. and Elizabeth 
(Stone) Combs, the former a native of North Carolina 
and the latter of Indiana. He came west with his par- 
ents when six years of age to Monroe county, Indiana. 
They had seven children, namely: Brantley, deceased, a 
teacher and a graduate of Valparaiso (Indiana). LTniver- 
sity, also a stock raiser and farmer; Pleasant, who mar- 
ried Irene Oliphant, was a farmer and stock raiser, now 
cashier in a bank at Famiersburg, Indiana ; Eckley, who 
married Arminte Hunt, is a farmer on the old home- 
stead in Center township ; Amanda, deceased, was the 
wife of Dr. O. F. Gray, of Spencer, Indiana ; Sadie is the 
wife of James Shanner, of Page, Holt county. Nebraska ; 
Meek married Joseph Evans, of Beech Creek township. 
Greene county. John J. Combs was educated in the 
common schools and taught several terms of school ; also 
in early life he was a carpenter. He was a justice of 
the peace for twelve years and also practiced law and 
did a great deal of public work. He owned a large tract 
of land at one time in Center township, a fine farm of 
one thousand and fifty-six acres. He was well known 
and highly esteemed, and died February 14. i8gi. after 
reaching the age of fifty-nine years. His widow survives 
and is living with a daughter in Beech Creek township, 
in the old neighborhood. 


Charles Comljs was the subject's grandfather, who 
got a farm of unimproved land in Monroe count_v, In- 
diana, where he lived and died. To him and his wife 
were born the following children: Aaron, Bird, John, 
Pleasant and Silas. His maternal grandfather was Enoch 
Stone, a native of Virginia. Coming to Indiana, he set- 
tled in Greene county, conducting a tavern, store, grist 
mill and a farm where they both died. Fidlowing are 
the names of their children : John, a farmer and car- 
penter in Center township; Elijah, a carpenter and farm- 
er; Joseph, a teacher, farmer and stock raiser; Elizabeth, 
mother of the snliject of this sketch ; ^lartha married 
George Bird, of Center township; Malisse married Frank 
East, an attorney, of Lincoln, Nebraska; ^linerva mar- 
ried Sam Rntledge, of Center township ; Sarah married 
Simon AMiite and resides in Nebraska. 

The sul)ject's wife is the daughter of Robert and 
Maranda (Kane) Dailey, who came from Ohio to Greene 
county, Indiana, and settled in Highland township in 
1865, where they bought a good farm and are both still 
living there. Thev had ten children, four of whom are 
dead. Those living are: Thursa. widow of Frank Ham- 
ilton ; Winfield, living in Center township, Greene county; 
Augusta, who married John Tribby, of Jasonville, In- 
diana : A\'illiam, a farmer in Richland township. Greene 
county; Jennie, who married Henry Hamilton, of Worth- 
ino'ton. Indiana. 


Eminent in his profession and of high standing as a 
citizen, the name of this distinguished physician and sur- 


geon is a familiar sound in nearly every household in 
Bloomfield, where he has practiced the healing art for 
forty consecutive years, which, with the seven years of 
active service prior to his removal to the city, makes him, 
in point of continuous residence, the oldest as well as the 
best known and most successful medical man in Greene 
county. Few physicians in the state have had as long 
and honorable record and none enjoys more distinctive 
prestige among- their professional brethren or stand high- 
er in the esteem and confidence of the public. 

Dr. John Wesley Gray is a native of Lawrence coun- 
ty, Indiana, born in the town of Springville on the 28th 
day of November, 1839. His grandfather, John Gray, 
a North Carolinian by birth and one of the earliest set- 
tlers of Lawrence county, was a typical pioneer of the 
period in which he lived, coming to Indiana Territory 
while the feet of the red men still pressed the soil, cut a 
road through the wilderness from Blue River to the 
Springville settlement and in due time became one of the 
successful farmers and leading citizens of that locality. 
He lived to be over a hundred years old and departed this 
life at Springville in 1852. His father, also John Gray, 
was a Revolutionary soldier and lost his life in the battle 
at Cowpens. The family was of Scotch origin, and 
of the nine sons of the Revolutionary patriot, eight set- 
tled in the Southern states, the Doctor's grandfather be- 
ing the only one that came to Indiana. 

Ephraim Gray, the doctor's father, was a native of 
Lawrence county, a farmer by occupation, and a man of 
sterling worth. Phoebe Scott, who became his wife, 
hailed from the same part of the state and bore her hus- 


band a family of nine children, of whom five are living, 
namely: Dr. John AA'.. of this review; Mrs. Mary Short, 
of Tampa, Florida; Simeon Gray, M. D., who practices 
his profession at AVorthington, Indiana ; Jacob, a retired 
farmer residing in Linton ; Ephraim, whose present 
whereabouts are unknown, and Mrs. Maggie ]\Ioffett, 
whose home is in the city of Vincennes. The father of 
these children spent the greater part of his life in his 
native county, but about five or six years prior to his 
death, which occurred at the ag"e of fifty, removed to 
Kansas, where he spent the remainder of his days. Mrs. 
Gray sunnved her husband a number of years, departing 
this life at the home of her daughter in Bloomfield at 
the ripe old ag-e of seventy-six. 

Dr. Gray recei^'ed his preliminary education in tlie 
public schools and later attended the State University, 
where he prosecuted his studies with the object in view 
of preparing himself for a professional career. Having 
decided to make the medical profession his life work, he 
first attended the University of Michigan, the training 
thus received being- afterwards supplemented bv a full 
course in the Jefl:'erson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
from which institution he was gTaduated with the degree 
of AI. D. in 1S64. Actuated by a laudable ambition still 
further to increase his professional knowledge, he sub- 
sequently entered Bellevue ^Medical College, New York, 
and after completing the prescribed course in 1867 re- 
sumed the practice which he had previouslv commenced 
in Greene county, and in due time built up the large and 
lucrative patronage which, during the past forty-seven 
years, has in no wise diminished, winning, as alreadv in- 



dicated, wide repute as a skillful physician and surgeon 
and a conspicuous place among the distinguished medical 
men of the state. 

Dr. Gray is an influential member of the Greene 
County Medical Society, which he has sei-ved in various 
official capacities and in the deliberations of which he has 
long taken a leading part. He is also actively identified 
with the State, District, National and Wabash Valley 
Medical Societies, being president of the District Society 
at this time. He has frequently read carefully prepared 
papers before these various organizations, his thorough 
and critical knowledge, wide experience and unifonn suc- 
cess commanding the respect of his associates and giving 
weight and influence to all of his utterances. 

While making his profession the prime considera- 
tion, Dr. Gray has not been unmindful of his indebted- 
ness to the public, and it has ever been his aim to dis- 
charge the duties of citizenship in a manner befitting a 
loyal American and true son of the Hoosier state. From 
1885 to 1888 he was in the United States Indian service, 
medical department, aside from which he has held no 
public office, never having aspired to honors at the hands 
of his fellow citizens, although a Democrat in politics and 
active in the support of his party. Fraternally he is a 
Royal Arch Mason, and religiously subscribes to the 
Methodist faith, holding at this time the office of trustee 
of the church at Bloomfield, to which he belongs. 

Dr. Gray was married in the year of i860 to Eliz- 
abeth Gainey, daughter of John P. Gainey, of Springville. 
Indiana, nine children resulting from the union, seven of 
whom are living, namely: John P., a farmer in Greene 


counlv: E. E.. a practicing- physician; Edmund B.. em- 
ployed by the Standard Oil Company in Pennsylvania; 
Mrs. Kittie Brooks resides in Kansas : Carrie, who lives 
with her father and manages the home ; William and 
Fred, both under the parental roof, the former an agri- 
culturist, the latter a harness maker. Mrs. Gray, an ex- 
emplary wife and mother and a woman of high ideals 
and beautiful Christian character, died in the month of 
December, 1903. Dr. Gray has been United States pen- 
sion examiner for this county during the past three years. 


A \'eteran of the Civil war, a business man of hig-h 
standing, an enterprising citizen wIkt discharged high 
pul)lic trusts, a husband and father whose presence and 
influence made the home circle almost ideal, and the 
meuKjry of whose estimable qualities, loving ministra- 
tions and kindly deeds are a priceless heritage to his fam- 
ily and friends, is one of whom the biographer essays to 
write in this connection. 

James Edward Bull, late of Greene county, who, for 
man_\- years, was identified with the business interests of 
L}'ons, was born January 11, 1845, in Greene county, 
Ohio, the son of Robert Scott and Ann (Reid) Bull, who 
were also natives of the Buckeye state. His mother dying 
when he was quite young, James E. Bull became an in- 
mate of his uncle's home and remained with that relative 
until al)out his seventeenth year, working on the farm and 
attending- the public schools in the meantime. At the 



above youthful age he responded to his countiy's call 
for volunteers, enlisting August 12, 1862, in Company 
H, Ninety-fourth Ohio Infantry, with which he shared 
the fortunes and vicissitudes of war in some of the most 
noted campaigns in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia and 
other states, participating in a number of battles, among 
which were Perryville, Stone River, Chickamauga, Chat- 
tanooga, Lookout Mountain, Missionary Ridge, the siege 
and fall of Atlanta, including the bloody engagements of 
Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and later 
was with the command at Jonesboro and the capture of 
Savannah. His military experience covered three years 
of strenuous sei*vice, replete with duty faithfully and 
honorably performed, and at its conclusion he retired 
from the army with a record of which any brave man 
might feel proud, receiving his discharge on the 5th of 
June, 1865. 

Returning to Ohio at the end of the war Mr. Bull 
resumed agricultural pursuits with his uncle, but four 
years later accompanied the latter to Greene county, In- 
diana, and during the ensuing- twelve years was associ- 
ated with him in business near Lyons. At the expiration 
of the time he engag'ed in the mercantile business at 
Lyons in partnership with James Carpenter, the firm 
thus constituted building- up an extensive and lucrative 
patronage, and in due season becoming one of the largest 
and most successful commercial houses in the county. In 
1886 he was the Republican candidate for county treas- 
urer and after an animated campaign defeated his com- 
petitor by a handsome majority, and filled the ofiice for 
four years, having been re-elected in 1888. proving a very 



capable and popular public servant. In 1892 he moved 
to \Vorthing-ton, and in July of the same year engaged in 
the banking business at that place in partnership with 
T. C. Owen, O. F. Herold and C. C. Ballard. Mr. Bull 
being- elected president of the enterprise. Subsequently 
he purchased the interests of these parties and effected 
a copartnership with Mr. Bilderback, who continued his 
associate until the subject's death, the business growing 
to larg-e proportions the meanwhile, and becoming widely 
and favorably known in financial circles. Air. Bull was 
clear-brained and a man of large business experience; as 
president of the bank displaying executive ability of a 
high order and a familiarity with matters of finance that 
won for him much more than local reputation. He re- 
mained at the head of the bank until his death, which 
occurred on the 7th of January. 1901, and to his 
sound judgment, judicious and efticient management and 
great personal popularity is due the continued success 
and stability of the institution at the present time. 

In addition to the career as a merchant and banker 
J\Ir. Bull also served one term as county C(^mmissioner 
and for two years held the oflice of justice* of the peace, 
in both of which capacities he displayed the ability and 
mature judgment characteristic of all his relations with 
the pul)lic. In social as well as in business and official 
life he was the soul of honor; in brief, an intelligent, 
broad-minded gentleman whose virtues win the un- 
bounded respect of his fellow men and whose influence 
was ever on the side of right, as he saw and understood 
it. The death of Mr. Bull at the time already mentioned, 
after an illness of one year's duration, was felt as a seri- 


OLis personal loss to the community, honored by his citi- 
zenship, while his long and useful life, fraught with good 
to all with whom he came in contact, won an honored 
and permanent place in the hearts and affections of his 
fellow men. 

Mr. Bull, on January 19, 1871, was united in mar- 
riage with Julia Ann Miller, whose birth occurred at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, October 28, 1849, but who was re- 
moved to the town of Cedai-ville, Ohio, after the war, 
where she met Mr. Bull and there married him. Five chil- 
dren resulted from this union, namely : Veniie Irene, ed- 
ucated in Indianapolis and is still with her mother; Nellie 
Reid, also a member of the home circle; Oscar Dunlap 
died August 18, 1875; Roscoe Henderson, bom August 
26, 1882, died on the 23d of September following. The 
youngest member of the family died in infancy, unnamed. 

Mrs. Bull and daughters are stockholders and di- 
rectors of the Commercial State Bank, which the husband 
and father founded, and, like the latter, are devoted to 
the interests of the institution and active in all of its de- 
liberations. They have other property interests, includ- 
ing two fine farms and the elegant residence which they 
occupy, giving personal attention to the management of 
the estate in their possession. 

He was a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. Mv. Bull left a comfortable competencv tn liis 


The subject of this article has been a resident of 
Bloomfield during all of his mature life, coming to this 


town October 26, 1858. when but eighteen years old, 
and has been a resident here ever since. After receiving 
a good common school education he was appointed dep- 
uty county treasurer, serving in that capacity during the 
incumbency of his principal, entering upon the duties of 
that othce at the age of twenty-two. He was engaged in 
mercantile pursuits for a few years, during wdiich time 
he l)egan the preliminary studies in medicine, supple- 
menting this with a course of lectures at Ohio Medical 
College. He began the practice of his profession in 
Bloomfield and continued for a number of years, when 
his energies were temporarily diverted into other chan- 
nels. Dr. Xorvell early manifested an acti^'e interest 
in political affairs and allied himself with the Democratic 
party. He was made chairman (^f the Democratic county 
central committee, and held that distinguished position 
during" several animated campaigns, finally being- chosen 
a member of the state central committee, on which he 
served for eight years, being at one time chairman of the 
Democratic state central committee following the resig- 
nation of Senator J(^seph E. McDonald. In 1869 the 
Doctor was appointed a mem1)er of the board of United 
States examining surgeons for Greene county and served 
several years in that capacity. He has alwavs been a 
public-spirited and active citizen, giving freely of his time 
and means to the advancement of public interests, and 
has been a rec(\gnized leader in local politics during his 
entire life. 

In 1874 he "led a f(M-lorn hope" to victory. This 
was during the Granger days and party lines were closely 
drawn, and he was elected county treasurer, being re- 


elected in 1876 with a largely increased majority. This 
political success for his party was largely due to the 
personal -popularity of Dr. Norvell and to his untiring 
efforts for the success of the principles which he believed 
should prevail. His majority at his second election was 
six hundred and ninety-eight, a victory of no small sig- 
nificance when the county at that time was considered 
hopelessly Republican. 

During the session of the state legislature in 1882-83 
Dr. Xon^ell w^as appointed director of the southern 
prison of Indiana, and held that position for many years. 

Dr. Norvell is a man of strong personality and force 
of character. He is well and favorably known, both as 
a citizen and physician, throughout a large area of South- 
ern Indiana, and his genial disposition and sympathetic 
nature have endeared him to thousands of people. 

Horace V. Non^ell was born in Lawrence county, 
Indiana, Jul}^ 20, 1839. He is a son of R. G. and Aman- 
da H. Norvell, early pioneers of Lawrence county. His 
father was a pioneer physician in that county, and a man 
of more than ordinary professional attainments. 

The subject of this sketch is a member of various 
professional societies and of fraternal organizations. He 
was married October 25, 1871, to Miss Emma A. Smith, 
daughter of Dr. W. C. Smith, of ^^^orthington, Indiana. 
Three sons and one daughter were born to this union : 
Ralph N. is connected with a corporation in Springfield. 
Missouri ; Max W. is a shoe manager and buyer at Chi- 
cago; Horace Raymond is engaged in railroad business, 
now at home ; Bertha died at the age of eleven months. 
Dr. Norvell is a member of the Masonic fraternitv. Roval 


Arch ]\lasons. a charter menil;)er of Knights of Pythias 
and Independent Order of Odd Fehows. His wife is a 
niemher (A the Cumberland Presbyterian church, but was 
f;)rmerly an Ei)iscopahan. 


John T. Doljins. who was b(~»rn December 6, 1835. 
in Washing-ton county, Indiana, was the son of Thomas 
and Xancy (Xicholson) Dobbins, the former a native 
of Xorth Carohna and the latter of Virginia. Their 
union took place in Washington count)', Indiana, but 
Thomas Dol)bins was first married in Virginia, emigrat- 
ing to Indiana in 181 6. taking up a piece of wild land 
\\hich he cleared and developed into a good farm. The 
father of Thomas Dobbins, Jacob, was born in County 
Cork, Ireland, and after coming- to America was married 
in X'orth Carolina, and there ended his davs. 

William Xicholson, maternal grandfather of our 
sul)ject, a native of A\'ales. came to Virginia and there 
plied the trade of a wheelwright. 

ddiomas Dobbins, our subject's father, was a wide- 
awake citizen and allied himself with the Whig part}^ 
He was a member of the "old school" Baptist church. 
There Avere l^orn to him by his first wife seven children. 
viz. : Stephen Jacob. William. Calvin-. Joshua. Delila 
and Sarah. By his second wife he became the father of 
three sons: Thomas, deceased: John T.. our subject, 
and Peter ].. a blacksmith at Salem. Indiana. 


As a boy John had the many difficulties of the times 
to face. It was three long miles to the log school house 
and his educational opportunities were quite limited. 
When he reached the age of eight years his father died 
and it became necessaiy for John to work out by way 
of support, and at this time he made his home with his 
brother, continuing there until he attained the age of 
nineteen years. He began apprentice work at carpentiy 
and worked for ten cents per day until 1861. In 1866 
he was married to Emma Moode, of Richland township, 
Greene county. She was the daughter of \\^illiam and 
Rachael (Cunningham) Moode, the former being a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania and the latter of Ohio, their union 
occurring at Coshocton, Ohio. William Moode was a 
carpenter and farmer, and was one of the pioneer set- 
tlers in Greene county, Indiana. He was gathered to 
his fathers in 1862, his wife having preceded him in 1849. 
Six children graced this union : John lives at Topeka. 
Kansas; Richard, Mary Ann and Amanda are deceased: 
William F. is a hardware merchant in Whatcheer, Keo- 
kuk county. Iowa; Emma is the wife of our subject; 
William Moode was married twice, the second time to 
Maiy Ann Cooper, a widowed lady whose home was in 
Washington county. She passed to rest in 1894, and was 
the mother of three children, viz.: James, of Richland 
township, and Jane and Alice, both deceased. 

Mr. Dobbins and wife became the parents of nine 
children : William O. was for six years a teacher, and 
has now served for fourteen years in the United States 
army, filling the station of sergeant : James A. is a car- 
penter at Waterloo, Iowa; Maiy Jane is the wife of M. 


V. Flater, of Cedar Falls, Iowa ; Lillian was married to 
Ira Stallcup, both now deceased; Alvin, a carpenter in 
Bloomfield, was married to Stella Inman ; Tobias, a 
carpenter, is at home; Jewell is the wife of Fred 
Bnrg-e. of Bloomfield ; Nellie is a stenographer for Dr. 
C. E. Davis, and is at home. In this family we find a 
splendid illustration of the wholesome influence of a g'ood 
home environment. 

In May, 1861, Mr. Dobbins enlisted in Company E 
of the Seventh Indiana V()lunteer Infantry, which was 
mustered in for three months. On August 26th he re-en- 
listed, this time in Company D, which was formed at New 
Albany in the Thirty-eighth Indiana. From here h.e was 
sent to Elizabethtown, Kentucky, for the winter, after 
which he was sent to Spring Hill, that state, taking part 
in a great many open battles and spirited skirmishes, at 
such points as Edgefield Junction, Nashville, Franklin, 
Wildcat and Columbia. On the well known field of Shi- 
lolr he was engaged for two days, and this was followed 
by the contests at IMurfreesboro, Chattanooga, Bridge- 
port, Huntsville, Shelbyville and others. After joining- 
General O. M. Mitchell he saw much close fighting in 
Alabama and Genrgia, after which the company was re- 
turned to Nashville, Tennessee. Then came the sharp 
conflicts at Perrysville, Bowling Green and other points, 
together with stubborn contests under General Rosecrans. 

At Chickamauga T\Ir. Dobbins was wounded in the 
head and was confined to the hospital for two months. 
After getting back to the ranks the company took part in 
the fearful drama at Lookout Mountain, Missionary 
Ridge, Buzzard's Roost, Tunnel Hill, Resaca. Tallahas- 
see, Peach Tree Creek, ending up before Atlanta. 


It may be well to note that after the battle of Mis- 
sionary Ridg-e Mr. Dobbins's company was veteranized, 
becoming a part of the Fourteenth Army Corps under 
Georg-e H. Thomas. They were held in resei-ve until the 
gap was made where General McPherson was killed Ji-^ly 
28, 1864. After some engagements with Hood and a 
sharp fight at Jonesboro, Alabama, where they destroyed 
the railroads, they returned to Atlanta. They joined in 
Sherman's famous march to the sea. and ultimately par- 
ticipated in the grand review at W^ashington. D. C. He 
was discharged at Indianapolis, July 29, 1865. 

After the close of the war Mr. Dobbins returned to 
Greene county and engaged in contracting and carpentry. 
In conjunction with this he has engaged in the raising 
of fruit, finding this an interesting as well as profitable 
side line. In 1904 he removed to Bloomfield. He has 
filled the ofiice of justice of the peace for twelve years, 
and is a thorough believer in the tenets of the Republican 
party. He is a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, and together with his companion is a regular at- 
tendant at the services of the Methodist church. 

This brief survey of the life of one of our hero 
patriots impresses us with a feeling of the great obliga- 
tion we are under to these noble men who have presei-ved 
for us the heritaee of the "land of the free." 


^^'illiam Wilshire Gainey was born near Harm<iny. 
Monroe county. Indiana. June 5. 1S31. He was the 
son of Meredith and Nancy (Sadler) Gainey. His 


mother came from Lexington, Kentucky, first seeing 
the hght of day there November 12. 1805, She moved 
with her parents to Monroe county in 18 15. John M. 
and Frances Alay Sadler settled at the head of the Indian 
creek, near Stanford. The country was new and full 
of Indians and wild game of all kinds. Commercial 
adwantages were few and far between. The nearest mill 
was at Salem, f()rty miles away. He got about fi^'e 
hundred acres of land for sixteen hundred dollars, and 
after keeping it for sixty-one years sold it for sixteen 
thousand dollars. The land was eminently fertile, cov- 
ered with fine walnut, cherry and other fine timber. He 
was a mixlel farmer for that day, a member of the Bap- 
tist church and was widely known. ha\-ing a great rep- 
utation as a singer. She died in 1871. and he lived five 
3'ears longer, his death occurring in 1876, at the ad- 
vanced age of ninety-one. The\' had three sons and 
four daughters, Xancy. William, Elizabeth, Martha, 
John Staten, Joseph and Mary Ann. The latter is now 
living in Centerton, Indiana. 

The grandfather, Aden Gainey, came from Ken- 
tucky in 1 81 5 with his family to Springville, Lawrence 
c;)unty. His wife was Margaret Giles, of South Caro- 
lina, and they had fifteen children, Sarah, Meredith, AA'il- 
liam, J()se])1i. Susanna C. Alexander H., Giles. Riley, 
Ann, Serena, John P.. Wesley S.. Angeline. Edmond B., 
and Samuel, who died in infancv. 

AAdien Grandfather Gainey settled in Lawrence 
county he purchased quite a large tract of land, well 
watered and wooded. He was a member of the Baptist 
church, strong in faith and a model man in almost every 
department of life. 


Meredith Gaine}^ the father of our subject, was the 
second of Grandfather Gainey's children. He possessed 
a hniited education, such as the times and surroundings 
could give him. His mother, who was a fair scholar for 
the time, taught him much. He married in Monroe 
county and started out in limited circumstances, having 
only an ax and some mother wit at trading. This, 
coupled with determination and grit, he made a success of 
life. He obtained a small tract of land in Beech Creek- 
township, on Richland creek, Greene county, in 1833, 
consisting of one hundred and sixty acres. After sev- 
eral years of hard labor he sold this land for five hundred 
dollars, but before he could get another start an accident 
befell him. This sum, together with all he had, burned 
with his cabin home before he could save it. Nothing 
daunting he stai'ted out again, and at his death he owned 
about seven hundred acres of good land. ■ He died Sep- 
tember 26. 1846. She, however, lived until June 30, 
1872. He was a Whig in politics, and an active member 
of the Baptist church. He organized a company at 
Springwille to go to the Mexican war, but the close of 
hostilities prevented the company from going into active 
service. He was afterwards appointed captain (^f the 
state militia. 

They had seven children : Sarah Ann, whose hus- 
band was William C. Clark. Her second husband was 
Ferdinand De Moss Bland, a Baptist minister and secre- 
tary of the Indiana Baptist state con\-ention ; ^Mary Fran- 
ces, who married Major John Hardy; \\'il1iam W.. our 
subject : Aden G., a teacher, and married twice. The first 
time to a Miss Rector, who left one child. His second 


wife was Alary Todd. They lived in Owensburg, Bed- 
ford and then in Union county. Indiana, on a farm. 
During his stay in Bedford he was first a merchant and 
then a grain dealer. He also had an interest in a wdiole- 
sale notion luisiness in Indianapolis, which he traded for 
a farm six miles from Liberty, Union county, where he 
n(n\- lix'es. The}- had five children. 

AA'illiam W'ilshire Gainey seems to be an example of 
what energ'v and determination can do. His mother 
taug"ht him to read and write. His onl_y schooling- was 
three months to Ann Ritter, at Bloomfield. He worked 
eighteen months leaming the cabinet trade and then con- 
tinued in it two years longer. (See biographical sketch 
of \\\ D. Ritter.) He was married April 3, 1855, to 
Eliza E. Ritter. They had seven children : Aden D., 
died in infancy: Emma, married jMajor James A. Emery, 
a retired army ofticer. and n(nv located at Lexington, Vir- 
ginia : Parkie, who died when only five vears of age : 
Louis C, a merchant tailor at Cincinnati. Ohio, one of 
the list nf stores of Schaefer Company. He married 
Viola LIultz and three children were born to them : Nor- 
l)ett, cartoonist on a St. Louis paper: Paul, attending law 
school in Cincinnati, and Helen, at home. William Reed, 
living in Chicago, is manager of the Chicago (^fiice of the 
Detroit Wdiite Lead \\"orks, Detn tit. Alichigan : Eannie 
Alay, wife of Elmer Harrell. a merchant at \\'orthing"ton. 
Indiana; Ettie Ritter. married to Charles E. A\'ylie. a 
hardware merchant, and now living in Bloomington, In- 
diana. They have one son, Charles Reed. 

Our subject was a clerk for five years for Ed. \\'est 
of Bloomfield, Indiana, and was then for three vears a 


member of the firm of Van Slyke «& Gainey, general mer- 
chants, to 1 86 1. He was from 1862 to 1869 engaged 
in the civil sei*vice, and served as assistant assessor of 
the seventh district of Indiana under Judge Farington. 
In 1869 he started a general store in Bloomfield and ran 
it successfully, parting with it by sale in 1890. He held 
a number of official positions, being postmaster eight 
years, township assessor, county coroner, and held other 
minor trusts. 

Mr. Gainey is a Baptist, though Mrs. Gainey is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. He is a 
Master Mason, joining No. 84 lodge at Bloomfield in 
1854. He is a Republican in politics. Though now ad- 
vanced in years and retired from active life, he is 
looked up to as one who has made a success of life, and 
and the community goes to him for that advice which he 
is not only able to give, but which he bestows willingly. 


Nicholas \\ . Osburn. a well known farmer in Rich- 
land township, was bom April 4, 1843, in Highland 
township, the son of Jesse and Charity C. (Hodge) Os- 
burn. the fonner a native of central Tennessee. He was 
the son of Thomas Osburn. also a native of Tennessee, 
who came to Greene county, Indiana, in 18 19 when the 
father of the subject was seven years old. Thomas, the 
subject's grandfather, was a soldier in the War of 181 2. 
He entered land from the government in Hio-hland town- 


ship. Greene county, Indiana, where he spent the remain- 
der of his life, dying at the age of seventy-seven years. 
He was a member of the Methodist church. Jesse, the 
father of the sul)ject, also secured land of the govern- 
ment in that locality when he became a man. on which 
he made a good farm on which he spent the remainder 
of his life. He was a strong- Democrat and a religious 
man. Charity Hodge was a native of North Carolina. 
She was the daughter of Rev. Gentry C. HodgT. a Baptist 
minister, who came to Greene county, Indiana, in an early 
day, locating in Highland township, where he spent his 
life. Charity Osburn, the mother of the subject, died at 
the age of fifty-six years. She was the mother of eleven 
children, nameh- : Gentry, Thomas, Pollv. Nicholas, 
Simpson. Abraham, Isaac, Alargaret, Jesse, ^Martha and 

Nicholas AA". Osburn was raised to manhood on his 
father's farm and educated in the old-time subscription 
schools, taught in log schoid houses. In August, 1862, he 
enlisted in Company H, Seventy-first Indiana Volunteer 
Regiment, in which he served until it was changed in the 
fall of 1863 to the Sixth Indiana Cavalry. His regiment 
scouted in the eastern part of Tennessee and Kentucky 
until the winter of 1863-64. In the following spring it 
was attached to Sherman's army, in which it took part 
in the fighting around Atlanta. It was sent from that 
city on a raid to ]\Iacon, Georgia, and on the way back 
met Joe Wdiceler's cavalry at Clinton. Georgia, where 
they were surrounded but escaped. Three days later 
they were captured near Atlanta and taken first to Au- 
gusta. Georgia, where they remained a while, and were 


later sent to Anderson ville on Aiigust 3, 1864, but in the 
following November the subject was taken back to Ma- 
con. The Confederates started with him to Mellon 
prison, in Georgia, but he made good his escape while on 
the way by jumping off the train. However, he was re- 
captured five days later by bloodhounds and taken back 
to Macon, and from there to Mellon. Georgia, where he 
remained until December, 1864, when he and many of 
his comi-ades escaped, but were captured again several 
days afterward by cavalry and taken to Augusta, Geor- 
gia, where he remained until he and six others made good 
their escape and came to the Union lines at Resaca, Geor- 
gia, May II, 1865. This was after peace had been de- 
clared. He was sent to Nashville, where he joined his 
regiment, but was mustered out at Pulaski. Tennessee, 
and discharged in Indianapolis, June 2y. 1865. 

Mr. Osburn came home after the war and went to 
farming, at first renting land, but in 1887 he bought his 
present fami of forty-three acres in Richland township, 
Greene county, Indiana. On December 6, 1866, he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Sanger, a native of that communitv. and 
the daughter of Thomas J. and Matilda (Terra) Sarver, 
natives of Tennessee. Her parents were earlv settlers in 
Greene county, Indiana. Thomas J. Sarver was tlie s.,n 
of George Sarver, also a native of Tennessee, who came 
to Greene county at an early date. Thomas San-er was a 
farmer, who died in 1864, his wife having preceded him 
by one year. Thirteen children were born to this union, 
as follows : Margaret and John, both deceased ; Rachael, 
who lives in Missouri, in which state George also lives; 
Jane lives in Greene county; William, deceased; Eliza- 


beth. wife of the subject; Jacob lives in Kansas; Eliza is 
deceased ; David is also deceased : Frank is living in Kan- 
sas ; Henn- lives in Nebraska : Carrie lives in Greene 
coimtv : John and Georg'e were soldiers in the Civil war, 
the former dying" while in service. 

The subject and wife had eig-ht children : The first 
two died unnamed ; Andrew, who lives in Portland. Ore- 
gon, married Rosa Clark: Edward, the subject's fourth 
son. who lives in W'orthington. Indiana, married Emma 
Love and they have two children. Iris and Albert : Ade- 
rella is the name of the subject's fifth child, who is the 
wife of Granville Stewart, a farmer in Richland town- 
ship: they have four children. Ruby Dessa. John W.. Dex- 
ter and Lexie Lee. The subject's sixth child is Tona, 
who lives at Jasonville. Indiana. She married Ray Ba- 
ker. They have three children. John D.. ]\Iildred E. and 
Elnora. Charles, the subject's seventh child, died in in- 
fancy, and the last one died unnamed. 

3ilr. Osburn is a Republican and he held the olfice 
of supervisor of his home township for a period of twelve 
years. He is a member of the ]\Iethodist church, while 
3,rrs. Osburn is a member of the Church of God. 


The annals of Greene county would certainly be in- 
complete without a record of the life histor\- of this veiy 
early pioneer, whose life was closely interwoven with the 
history of the count}: in the early da}-s. Numerous rep- 



resentatives of the family are still residents of the county, 
and through their prominence and activity contribute 
much to the history of Greene county of today. 

There is a well founded tradition that the Mcintosh 
family now under consideration are lineal descendants 
of General Mcintosh of Revolutionary fame, and later 
a United States congressman from Georgia, but since 
much of all history back of a hundred years is traditional, 
and often well founded, we may be pardoned for here in- 
troducing this means of tracing a family genealogy. Wil- 
liam J. Mcintosh was a son of William Mcintosh, of pure 
Scotch antecedents, though how far removed is not defi- 
nitely known. 

The subject of this review was born in Bath county, 
Kentucky. July 10, 1802, and died in Greene county, In- 
diana, September 13. 1876. He was reared on a farm 
near the Licking river in Kentucky, and when a young 
man of twenty embarked with his parental family on 
board a house boat, known as a "pirogue." and floated 
down the Licking into the Ohio, thence down the Ohio 
to the mouth of the Wabash, up the latter by poling, con- 
tinuing their way under many hardships and dangers, up 
the ^^'hite river to near the mouth of the Eel river, where 
they disembarked and settled on the east side of White 
river, in 1822. (Another reliable authority fi.xes this 
date as 1821.) This trip, covering eleven hundred miles, 
was made in forty days, though the perils of such a jour- 
ney cannot be estimated in days and weeks. They were 
traveling over unknown waters, through a countrv then 
scarcely known to the white man. the adjacent forests 
abounding in wild animals, and, perhaps, wild men. 



Tliougii the Indians liacl l^een sul^dued and mostly driven 
a\va\', there xet remained parties of prowlers bent on re- 
veni^-e for real or fancied wrongs. Then the country to 
which they were going was wild and unsettled, and their 
"homecoming" was no more alluring than the long and 
dangerous \'Ovage. Establishing a home in the wilder- 
ness, they at once began the laborious work of clearing up 
a farm and producing the means of subsistence. The for- 
ests yielded a rich har\'est in all kinds of wild g"ame, and 
the re\-eries of the finny tribe had scarcely been disturlied. 
Those were the days, too, when there was such a thing as 
"pure maple sugar," and this was a source of satisfaction 
r.ot enjo}'ed to the full by present-day citizens. 

William J. Alclntosh, with whose history this sketch 
has most to do, was a ynnng man of religious turn of 
mind and frecjuently preached to the pioneers with wln^m 
he came in contact, and while tilling an appointment in 
Marion count}- met his future wife in the pers(~)n of Sarah 
Neglev. to whom he was wedded on the 12th of Ala}', 
1829. She was born in Ohio, September 22. 1810, and 
died in Greene county, Indiana, November 12, i8go. 
ddiey estal)lished a h)me near Fall creek, where the}' li\'ed 
for a number of }'ears, probalily until 1837. Four of 
their ele\"en children were born there, the names of their 
family iDeing Peter, Caroline, Elizabeth, Jacob Perry, Dil- 
lian, .\manda. Galen, David Xegley. Celia Buskirk. Wil- 
liam Reed and Edward West. Of this family six are liv- 
ing, viz. : Jacob ePrry (see personal sketch), Dillian. Ga- 
len, Celia. A\'illiam Reed and Edward West. The first 
named. Hon. Jacob P., is a resident of Worthington, In- 
diana ; Dillian is a resident of Mountain \-iew, Oklahoma : 


Galen lives at Hamburg, Iowa ; Celia resides at Newark, 
Indiana ; William Reed is a resident of Los Angeles, Cal- 
ifornia, though not heard from in many years; he is be- 
lieved to be living. Edward West, the youngest of the 
family, is a prosperous attorney at Gotebo, Oklahoma. It 
will thus be seen that the six survivors of this large family 
now represent five difi^erent states and are far separated 
from each other, though no doubt the love of "home en- 
vironments" is with each a precious memory. No friend 
is like the youthful companions of childhood and the char- 
acter-formhig period of early youth. 

About 1837, as previously intimated, William J. Mc- 
intosh removed his family from Marion county to Greene 
and here his days were ended. He was one of the early 
sherift's of the county and served six years in that office. 
He was so closely attached to the peaceful and quiet life 
of the farmer that he did not move his family to the coun- 
ty seat when elected, Ijut continued his home on his farm. 
He was a mm of very strong- domestic ties, an exem]:)lary 
husband and kind and indulgent father, a friend to every- 
body — a man who daily tried to make the world better for 
his having lived. He was a friend to liumanity in general, 
liberal to a fault and helpful in every avenue of human ef- 
fiirt. Unscrupulous persons took advantage of his generous 
impulses and he often rendered aid to unwortln- ap])licants, 
and frequently indorsed with peciple wh(^ left him to" pay 
their debts. Fcir these reasons, he ne\-er accumulated 
wealth, but ])robably enjoyed earning money for others, 
even when unworthily bestowed. The later ^•ears of his 
life were eml)ittere(l In- incurable disease, and from 1861 
until his death he was a heli)lcss cripple from sciatic 


rlieuniatism. thoiig-h he had been partiahy crippled from 
early life. l>iit during the later years of his life he suf- 
fered intensely, and was bed-ridden, or at best only able 
to nio\e al)i-ut with the aid of crutches, and that in great 
pain. But he bore his sufferings with a degree of patience 
seldom luanifested in human existence. He was always 
cheerful. alwa}-s ready to receive calling friends and greet 
them in the old way so well known to them. This bright 
and sunn}- temperament remained with him through all 
his sutTerings. and he went to his grave as he had lived. 
tr^'ing to cheer and Ijrighten the lives of others. He 
ser\-ed the people in different official capacities twenty-one 
years while li\-ing in Greene county, and his record as a 
citizen and official was with;)Ut a blot or stain. 

In religious views he was a believer in the doctrine 
of uni\-ersal salvation, but was not intolerant of others' 
\-iews. and contributed liberally to the support of the 
gospel of whatever name. At the time of his death he 
was a member of the Cdiristian church. 


James Manaugh Cravens, of Richland township, 
was bom in Clark county. Indiana, April 13. 1837. 
In about 1838 the family moved to Jefferson county. 
wdiere he attended the pul>lic schools, working on his 
father's farm during the summer months. In April, 
1862, he came to Greene county, locating one mile north 
of Bloomfield. In 1899 he bought the place where he 
now lives, wdiich was formerly owned by Abel J. Eausett. 


He raises draft horses, Hereford cattle, mules and 
several varieties of good hogs, besides, cari-ying 
on general farming. He was proprietor of a 
drug store in Bloomfield for several years and taught sev- 
eral tenns of school and was county commissioner for 
two terms. He has always been active in Democratic poli- 
tics. He married Elizabeth Martin, of Jefferson county, 
who died in 1863. His second wife was Angelia M. 
Buckner, a widow of Edward R. Buckner, of Worthing- 
ton. She died April 5, 1899. He had no children by 
his first wife, but had three by his second, viz : John A., 
a real estate dealer in Bloomfield, Indiana. He married 
Cora Williams. They have four children : Frank, 
Thomas, George, Mary ; Carrie Cravens died at the ag-e nf 
twenty-one years. James D. was the third child of the 
subject. He married Emma Porter, of Greene county. 
They have four children: Angelia, James, Thomas and 
lone; James D. has always been a farmer with his father. 
The subject's father was John C. Cravens, a native 
of Pennsylvania, and coming to Clark county, Indiana, 
married Nancy Manaugh, of Wheeling, West Virginia. 
John C. Cravens was a son of Samuel Cravnes, of Penn- 
sylvania, who married Mary Coleman. They came from 
Pennsylvania to Clark county, Indiana, in early youth, 
where he followed teaching and farming and where he 
died. His wife died in Jefferson county. They had 
eight children. James Manaugii, the subject's grand- 
father, was a native of Ireland, who came to this countr\' 
when six years old and married Mars^ Hutchinson, of 
Virginia, They moved to Bethlehem, Clark county. In- 
diana, with their parents, where James followed his trade 


of cabinet maker. He also fanned. John C. Cravens 
had but Httle education, preferring to remain at home 
during- his youth and take care of his parents. He went 
to Jefferson county, In(hana, in 1839. where he secured 
wild land, which he cleared and resided on until he died, 
soon followed by his wife. They had twelve children, 
namely: Mary Adeline, who is single, living" on the old 
homestead: James AL, the subject of this sketch: Samuel 
C, a doctor at Blo(^mheld for many vears, died Septem- 
ber 5, 1904: Henriet Angeline, widow of Lee A. Riley, 
living in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma : John L., a real estate 
dealer, who lives in Linton : Elizabeth, single, who lives 
on the old homestead: Thomas, a physician, who lives in 
Oklahoma City: Robert S., a druggist, li^•ing at Roswell, 
New Alexico : William, a Presbyterian minister, li\-ing in 
Chandler, Oklahoma : ^Lirtha, single, living on the old 
homestead: Elmer, a ph}'sician, of Linton, and ]\Iilton, a 
physician of Arlington, Texas. 


By Alice Mansfield. 

The subject of this sketch resides at Bloomfield, Li- 
diana, and was born September 7, 1862, on the old R(^ck 
Spring farm, about one mile east of Koleen, Greene 
county, where he grew to manhood. At the age of 
twenty }ears he was employed as a clerk in a drv goods 
store by the firm of ALaple & Company, at Koleen. After 


one year of service he boiigiit the store and went into 
business for himself and has been in the mercantile busi- 
ness ever since, covering- a period of about twenty-six 
years. He was married to Alice Eding-ton on March 8, 
1884. To them were born three boys, Lester, Vactor and 
Vero. The last two named died when still quite young. 
Lester, the oldest of the family, and only surviving child, 
is now twenty-three years old, living at Bloomfield, and is 
traveling salesman for the firm of Brinkmeyer, Kuhn & 
Company, of Indianapolis. He was married to Dollie 
Ramsey, March 12, 1904, and they have two sons, Wayne 
Lester, two and one-half years old, and Dale August, 
bom in 1908. 

William Henry Mansfield's father, whose name was 
also William Henry Henry Mansfield, was born in Ohio, 
and came to Indiana in the lear 1840. He took part in 
the Civil war, being a member of the Ninety-seventh 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and died within twelve miles 
of Vicksburg, when William H. Mansfield, junior, was 
but one year old. The subject's mother, Jane Baker, was 
the daughter of Robert and Sarah Baker, one of a family 
of twelve children, nine boys and three girls. Robert 
Baker, her father, was born in Tennessee and was at one 
time coroner of the county ; also a bear hunter, and kept 
a pet bear in his home; this bear was very distibedient 
to eveiyone excepting "Uncle Bobby." When he was 
away from home it w^ould get up in the middle of the bed, 
and no persuasion or commanding by the wife could in- 
duce him to leave his comfortable position until his mas- 
ter returned ; then with many snarls and growls he was 
ejected. Sarah Christenbun-, wife of Robert Baker, was 


from Virginia. They were members of the Baptist 

After the death of William Henry Mansfield his 
wife, Jane Baker Mansfield, was married to Jasper N. 
Hardisty, another veteran of the Civil war, who 
answered the last roll call nine years ago the twenty-eighth 
of September. 

William Henry Mansfield, our subject's paternal 
grandfather, Jacob Mansfield, was born in Germany in 
1774. His wife, Christina, in Switzerland. Jacob came 
with his parents to Pennsylvania in 1776, and later came 
to Indiana, settling near Robinson. Greene county, in 
1849. He was the father of twenty-one children. Riley 
Mansfield, the nineteenth in order of birth and the only 
surviving- one of the famil3% is now living in a part of the 
old-fashioned double log house, with an entry between, 
which was his grandfather's home. "Uncle Jakey," 
as Grandfather Mansfield was commonly called, was a 
great bear hunter, and at one time he entered a bear den 
with only a butcher's knife as a weapon and carried away 
two cubs and raised them for pets. In his religion he 
adhered to the Baptist faith, and an old legend is handed 
down through the generations that at one time when 
"Uncle Jakey" was washing his feet with the brethren he 
said to the man next to him, "I God, Brother Rollins, you 
draw my boots, and I'll draw yours." He was a major 
in the War of 1812, and also fought in the Black Hawk 
war: he died at the age of ninety-three. 

Alice Edington Mansfield, wife of our subject, was 
born March 18, 1858, on what is still known as the old 
Edington farm, near Koleen, Greene countv, Indiana. 


She was a daughter of Thomas and Ursula Edington, 
being one of a family of eight children, two of whom 
died in infancy. Those living are Leroy W. Edington, 
near Koleen ; Pearl McGlaughlin in Koleai ; W. ^V. Ed- 
lington, in Bloomfield, sheriff of Greene county; Alice A. 
Mansfield, Bloomfield; E. AV. Edington, deputy sheriff, 
Bloomfield, and Leonard Edington, near Koleen. 

Alice Edington was raised on the farm and had her 
wits ground in the old Edington school house with the 
Edington, Ashcraft and Hardisty children, of which the 
community at that time was principally made up. She 
cliose teaching as a profession and began at the tender 
age of fifteen years. She was the first lady teacher in 
Jackson township, and had to take a girl friend with her 
or be the only woman at the township institutes, which 
were usually held at Owensburg. She taught thirteen 
terms of school, the first as a helper tO' another teacher, 
for twenty-five cents a day and the privilege of reciting 
her own lesson, which she would prepare at night. She 
had the pleasure in after years of seeing some of her 
pupils become very important factors of Greene county 
and elsewhere. 

Thomas Edington, her father, was bom in Ohio and 
came to Greene county, Indiana, in 1855. He was a 
farmer by occupation, but taught in the public schools 
during the winter seasons. Three of his brothers, 
Elijah, Acjuilla and Edward, were in the war; Elijah was 
captain. The ancestors of the Edington's were from 
England. Some of the old Edingtons were immensely 
wealthy, and were quite important factors in the Revolu- 
tionary war. one being a major. Their fortune was lost 


by loaning- tlie g-overnment their money and taking what 
was called "continental mdney," which was repndiated by 
the government and was not worth anything. It was 
said that one Edington had so much gold in a sack that 
his wife could not lift it from the floor. They very prop- 
erl}' belong- to the middle class : as far as we have any 
knowledge of them not one ever had to lie in jail or be 
punished for crime, or l^eg for bread. 

L'rsula ( ^^loore) Edington, mother of ]\Irs. Mans- 
field, was of Sc:)tch-Irish descent, l^orn in Ohio; her par- 
ents, John I. and Penina Aloore, 1)oth dying when, she 
was quite young, she and one brother, W. R. IVloore, be- 
ing all that is left of the family. They were raised by 
their grandparents, the Fergusons, who were from Sc()t- 
land. William R. Aloore was a fifer in the Civil war, 
was also a successful lawyer and a poet of some note, his 
Irish wit being clearly shown in his writings. The grand- 
mother of these children kept a wayside inn in the time 
of stage coaclies. Ursula was married to Thomas Eding- 
ton. and came to Greene county with him, where thev set- 
tled on the alcove mentioned Edington farm in about 


It can truly be said of some of our fathers that they 
were the pathfinders of Greene county. They were not 
exactly the settlers of bear hunting times, 1)ut when the 
country was still a wilderness and wild hogs and tur- 
ke^'s were the principal meat, and [;\g-rolling- and house- 
raising, flax-pulling-, quilting- and liusking--bees the only 
amusements. Our luothers were the Pricillas of the 
county, as they helped to pull the flax: then break, 
"scutch" and "hackle" it; then their John Aldens would 


hold while they wound it on a distaff to be spun by them 
on a little spinning wheel into thread to be woven into 
cloth for various uses about the home. Our mother's 
little spinning- wheel is being- kept as a relic and is the 
propert}' of Alice Alansfield. 


Holding worthy prestige among his fellow citizens 
of Greene county, Indiana, the subject of this article has 
richly earned the respect and confidence of those with 
whom he has been brought into contact. For many }'ears 
he has Iieen actively identified with the material interests 
of this part of the state, contributing" also to its advance- 
ment educationally and morally, but now in the evening 
of a long and arduous life, after retiring from active 
participation in the affairs of men, he is spending the 
residue of his days in the enjoyment of that rest and 
quietude to which his efforts so well entitle him. 

John Stewart is a native of Washington county, 
Pennsyl\-ania, and one of eig-ht children, whose parents, 
William and ]\Iartha ( Mc^ilun) Stewart, were also born 
and reared in the state of Pennsylvania. The subject's 
paternal grandfather was a Pennsylvania farmer and a 
soldier in the War of 1812. He s])ent the greater ])art 
of his life in the state of his nativity and there died a 
number of years ago, honored and esteemed by a large 
circle of neighbors and friends. William Stewart was 
also a tiller of the soil and followed that calling in Pcnn- 


sylvaiiia until 1842, when he moved to Washington 
county, Ohio, thence in 1866 changed his residence to 
Greene county, Indiana, where he spent the remainder of 
his days, departing this hfe September 16, 1876, his wife 
preceding him to the grave in October of the previous 

John Stewart was born May 17, 1830, and spent the 
first twelve years of his life on the family homestead in 
Pennsylvania, accompanying his parents to Ohio m 1842. 
In such subscription schools as his native county affin'ued 
he obtained the rudiments of a practical education and 
after mo^dng to Ohio attended at intervals during the 
winter seasons the public schools until completing the 
course of study then in vogue. In the meantime he was 
taught the lessons of industry and frugality on the home 
farm and attended to the duties of the same until 1865, 
when he responded to the country's call for volunteers by 
enlisting in Company F, One Hundred and Seventy-ninth 
Ohio Infantry, with which he sensed until the latter part 
of the same year, his command the meanwhile participat- 
ing in several battles and minor engag'ements, the most 
important of which being the actions at Nashville and 
Franklin, Tennessee. After his discharge Mr. Stewart 
resumed farming in Ohio, but the following year removed 
to Indiana and purchased eig'hty acres of land in Greene 
county, only a small part of which was improved. To 
the clearing and developing- of this place he now devoted 
his energ-ies, and in due time reduced his land to a suc- 
cessful state of tillage, besides adding to it at intervals 
until the tract was increased to one hundred and forty 
acres, which he has improved with g'ood buildings and 


converted into one of the finest country homesteads in 
Richland township. On this place he lived and thrived 
for a period of thirty-five years, at the expiration of 
which time he disposed of his farm and purchased a com- 
fortable and commodious home in Bloomfield, where, as 
already indicated he is now living- a life of honorable 
retirement, respected and esteemed by all who know him. 
Mr. Stewart was a model farmer, who cultivated the soil 
according to the most approved and modern methods, 
and by good management, consecutive industry and econ- 
omy succeeded in amassing a competency for his declin- 
ing years, being at this time in independent circumstances 
with a sufficiency of this world's goods to render his fu- 
ture free from care. 

On February 3, 1859, was solemnized the marriage 
of Mr. Stewart and Mary Ann Johnson, daughter of AA'il- 
liam Johnson. To this union were born three children, 
whose names are given, as follows: Marg^aret E., de- 
ceased; Martha E., now the widow of Sherman Blivens, 
has three children living; Asenath L., married Owen 
Buzzard, of Linton, and is now the mother of two chil- 

Mrs. Stewart departed this life June 2, 1868, and 
on Februar}' loth of the following year Mr. Stewart 
chose a second wife in the person of Susan Hopkins, who 
bore him one child, Joseph William, who was called to 
the silent land June 28, 1887, being at the time of his 
death just sixteen years and a few months old. 

Mr. Stewart is a Republican in politics and in reli- 
gion subscribes to the creed of the United Presbyterian 
church, to which body his parents belonged, as does also 


his wife. Thus briefly has been set forth the leading 
facts of th'e career of one of Greene county's most praise- 
worthy citizens. He has led a life full of activities and is 
now rounding- out a career of honor and usefulness, living 
quietly in his comuKKlious home in Bloomfield, where he 
is surrounded by all the comforts that ample means can 


William G(^rd(Mi was a native of Monroe county, 
Indiana, born June 21, 1845. ^^ ^^''^s the son ni James 
and Martha (Marshall) Gordon. His father was an 
early settler in Ab^nroe county, coming from South Car- 
olina. The mother was a native of Monroe county. On 
coming to Greene county they settled in Taylor township, 
Avhere they lived until his death in 1880, and her death 
occurred in Nebraska in 1902. They were both mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian church. In politics he was an 
adherent to Republican principles. 

They had six children born t(3 them — William, 
Hugh, Riley. Ann G., wife of James Carey, of Nebraska: 
Sarah J., wife of John Hogue, of Nebraska, and Nancy 
F.. wife of Joseph Erwin, now living in Nebraska. 

W^illiam. the sul)ject of our sketch, was raised on a 
farm in Monroe and Greene counties. Like all those who 
lived in that day, their educational facilities were some- 
what limited, but he a\'ailed himself of the advantag'es 
the common schools of the time afforded, and obtained 
a fair education. He remained at home until after his 


marriage, which occurred April 7, 1872, with Ang-ehne 
Phillips, daughter of Alvin and Sarah Jane ( Hattabaugh) 
Phillips. She was a native of Greene county, of which 
her parents were early settlers, and was born March 9, 
1855. To Mr. and Mrs. Gordon were born three cliil- 
dren — Emma, wife of John Scarbrough, who now lives 
in Newberry, Indiana. To them were born three chil- 
dren. Myrtle, Ora Lee and Mildred; Rena L., wife of 
Robert McCain. To them came one child, Francis. They 
live in Elnora ; and Eva. wife of George Kidd, now lives 
in Bloomfield. 

After Mr. and Mrs. William Gordon were married 
they immediately went on a farm in Taylor township, 
which he improved, making it a desirable home during 
his life. Here the}' lived, beloved by a host of friends 
and neighbors, until his death, which occurred October 
20. 1900. He was an earnest, consecrated Christian, a 
faithful and consistent member of the Presbvterian 
church. He was a loving husband, a kind and indulgent 
father, and had made provision for future days, which 
for some reason he was not permitted to Wxe and enjoy. 
His widow now lives in Bloomfield and is a member of 
the Baptist church. He was a Republican in politics and 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 

Mr. Gordon has an honorable record also, and was 
one of the brave defenders of the Union in the Civil war. 
On May 2, 1864. l^e enlisted in Company K. One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-third Regiment of the Indiana Volun- 
teer Infantry. This regiment hapi)encd to be one of 
short enlistment, for it was organized for a S])ecial pur- 
pose, but our subject remained with it until an honorable 


discharge was made in Indianapolis, September 5, 1864. 
The chief event in the career of this regiment was its 
engagement in the raid of John Morgan through south- 
ern Ohio and Indiana. It follow^ed him through ahiiost 
liis entire raid. This record gave him the rig'ht to show 
his loyalty to the Union cause, as he became a member 
of the Grand Anny of the Republic organization. 

Mr. Gordon was called to his long home in the very 
prime of life, much to the regret of all who knew him. 
He seemed to be just ready to be able to do a vast amount 
of good, for his influence was of that strong, sterling 
character capable of being felt wherever his heart and 
hand touched. 


Not to know the subject of this sketch is to argue 
oneself unknown in Greene county, for he is one of the 
honored and representative citizens of this section of the 
state, having made his home here all his life, over the 
psalmist's allotted three-score years, having been prom- 
inently identified with the material and civic advancement 
and upbuilding- of the county and city of Worthington, 
and he has ever stood for loyal and public-spirited citi- 
zenship, impressing his personality on the community 
where his activities have been confined because of the 
high standard of his living. 

John J. Ballard was born in Greene county, Indiana, 
December 2, 1841, the son of Benjamin C. and Cather- 
ine ( Stalcup) Jones. Catherine Stalcup was first married 

Ji^ % GcJL^c/. 

Residence of J. J. Ballard. 


to John Jones, of Greene county, and his death occurred 
within a few years, and to this union were bom two chil- 
dren, Margaret J., widow of C. C. Howe, of Worthing- 
ton, and a daughter who died young. The former's first 
marriage was to Ellen Fry, of Kentucky. Col- 
onel James Ballard, grandfather of the subject, was one 
of the most prominent residents of Shelby county, Ken- 
tucky, for over fifty years, having served in the legisla- 
ture of that state. He raised the following children: 
Thomas, Harrison, Benjamin, father of the subject; An- 
drew J., Bland and Pauline. Thomas remained single. 
Harrison has six children. Benjamin C, father of the 
subject, was born January i, 1806, in Shelby county, 
Kentucky. He followed farming there until 1837, when 
he came to Indiana, buying land in Highland township, 
Greene county, rearing the following children : James 
F. was the eldest ; Thomas E. was a soldier in the Union 
army and was killed in the battle of Baton Rouge, Lou- 
isiana; Benjamin H. ; Susan, the widow of AA'illiam Stal- 
cup. now of Worthington ; Catherine, the wife of Lot 
Owen, both dead; John J., our subject, was the first child 
of Benjamin C. Ballard's second wife. His other child 
was Ellen, the wife of David H. Wiley. The father of 
the subject passed away October 4, 1844. Andrew J. 
Ballard, a brother of the subject's father, married Fan- 
nie Thruston and they had three sons and one daughter, 
namely: Charles T., a graduate of Yale; Samuel T. ; R. 
C. Ballard Thurston, and Abby, who was a student at 
Vassar, now deceased. Charles T. and Samuel T. are 
members of the firm of Ballard & Ballard Mills at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky. Bland Ballard was appointed judge of 


the federal court by President Lincoln and served until 
his death. He was the father of the following children : 
Austin, Bland, Jr., Mary, Fannie and Susan. 

The early life of John J. Ballard was spent on his 
father's farm and in attending the common schools, where 
he made proper use of his time, later attending the graded 
schools at Point Commerce. His thirst for knowledge 
not being- satisfied, he entered Franklin College in 1873, 
from which he graduated with honor in 1878, since which 
time he has been engaged in farming and stock raising, at 
which he has been eminently successful. He is in posses- 
sion of the valuable tract of land owned by his father, 
which has remained in the Ballard family for seventy 
years. It consists, including' what the mother added after 
the death of her husband, of five hundred and forty acres, 
three hundred and fifty of which are under the plow, a 
large portion of the farming land being situated along- the 
AMiite River. . The present owner has devoted much at- 
tention to this farm and spared no pains in keeping the 
soil in a hig-h state of productiveness, using some com- 
mercial fertilizers, but depending largely on clover, rye 
and timothy, which he turns under to enrich the soil. 
Most all the grain raised on the place is fed by him to cat- 
tle and hog-s. His judg-ment in the selection of good stock 
of all kinds is not excelled in Greene county. He keeps 
the Aberdeen Angus cattle, Poland China hogs and other 
g-ood breeds. He buys some stock cattle and prepares 
both cattle and hogs for market and his shipment of cat- 
tle in 1906 topped the market at Indianapolis. Air. Bal- 
lard also owns one hundred and sixty acres of as fine 
land as can be found in Greene county, adjoining the 


corporate limits of Worthington, where he has resided 
for the past seven years, and on which he has erected one 
of the finest residences in the state of Indiana, a portrait 
of which will be found in connection herewith. It is 
thoroughly modem both in style and workmanship, be- 
ing finished in fine hardwoods, wild cherry, maple and 
black walnut, all sawed from trees which grew on his 
farm, the finishing being equal to that seen in the best 
residences of the large cities, being the best that can be 
made from these fine varieties of trees. The entire house is 
heated by a high-grade system of hot water. A well ar- 
ranged cemented basement extends under the entire house, 
consisting of an ample coal room, a laundiy, large diying 
room, an immense fruit room and a furnace room, con- 
taining a modern heating plant of the best quality. AA^a- 
ter privileges are to be found here equal to the best in the 
city, every convenience being up-to-date. Ventilation has 
been carried to perfection in every part of the house. 
The spacious parlors, dining room, living room and guest 
chambers are models of perfection. The roof is of the 
best grade of slate, and, standing as it does on an emi- 
nence above the city, this magnificent residence is indeed 
imposing, and from it one may gain as beautiful a pan- 
orama as can be found in the state, commanding as it 
does a scene of miles and miles of rich and higlilv im- 
proved agricultural estates and the well laid-out citv of 
Worthington. A fine grove of natural growth is t(T be 
seen some distance away on an elevated knoll on Air. Bal- 
lard's farm, around which is the richest of prairie land, 
the greater part of which is covered with a luxurious 
growth of timothy and clover. There is also a smaller 


but not less beautiful grove just north of his residence 
which adds greatly both to the comfort and beauty of the 
place. It would be hard for one to find a pleasanter 
place in which tO' spend the declining" years of one's ac- 
tive and useful life than that of our subject, and to know 
that it was obtained not throug'h the largess of another, 
but by the industry of the owner, would add much to the 
comforts of such envied surroundings. 

Air. Ballard was happily married in 1898 to Florence 
Owen, the accomplished daughter of H. B. and Eliza- 
beth (Reid) Owen, both natives of Kentucky, who later 
moved to Morgan county, Indiana, where they spent their 
li^'es on a farm. Mr. Owen's people came from North 
Carolina to Greene county. There were two brothers in 
the Civil war from the Reid family. Two exceptionally 
bright and interesting' children have added sunshine and 
cheer to the Ballard home. They are Florence Elizabeth, 
born April 16, 1900, and Wayne Owen, born January 
22^ 1904. Both the subject and wife are members of 
the Christian church. The former was greatl}- interested 
as an official of g'eneral Sunday school work for a period 
of ten years. Politically Mr. Ballard is a Republican, 
but he has never sougiit public ofiice. However, he is al- 
ways willing- to lend a helping- hand to further any cause 
looking to the advancement of his county or the uplifting 
of his community. He was appointed by the commission- 
ers as an appraiser of real estate for one district, and was 
at one time on the advisory board of Highland and Jef- 
ferson townships. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ballard are not only highly esteemed 
by all who know them for their upright and well ordered 


lives, but they have also won the hearts of all their neigh- 
bors and friends through their kindness of heart and hos- 
pitalit}^, taking- pride in making" visitors feel at home, and 
dispensing good will and good cheer to every one with 
whom they come in contact. 


Happy is the man who so shapes his life that he can 
take a retrospective view of the whole course and find 
therein no blemish of noble aims and high ideals, whose 
courage and manliness have always been above reproach, 
and who, at the close of a long and eminently successful 
career, retires from the active arena with the affection and 
respect of all who know him. Such has been the simple 
life story of the well known gentleman and public-spir- 
ited citizen whose name appears above, whose influence 
has ever been exerted on the side of right and who, as 
one of the noted men of his day and generation in Bloom- 
field, is entitled to a conspicuous place among- those who 
have given character and stability to the city and won 
for it honorable repute among the most enterprising and 
progressive cities of the state. 

R. E. Eveleigh, a native of Greene county, Indiana, 
was born at Bloomfield, August 20, 1848, the son of Jo- 
seph W. and Joanna (Shaw) Eveleigh, the father a na- 
tive of Ireland and the mother said to have been the first 
white female child born in the county of Greene. Joseph 
Eveleigh left the Emerald Isle at the age of twentv vears. 


and after a brief residence in Montreal, Canada, went to 
Louisville, Kentucky, where he fullowed the trade of sad- 
dler until his removal to Greene county, Indiana, a few 
vears later. On coming to this state he started a shop in 
Bloomfield, where he worked at his chosen calling for a 
number of years, subsequently opening a house for the 
entertainment of the traveling public, which he conducted 
during the forty years ensuing, his tavern the meantime 
becoming widely known as a popular resort and the pro- 
prietor as a man possessing- all the characteristics essen- 
tial to the makeup of a jolly, accommodating- host, who 
spared nothing in ministering to the comfort and wel- 
fare of his guests. At the expiration of the period indi- 
cated Mr. Eveleigh disposed of his hotel and retired to 
property in Bloomfield, which he had previously pur- 
chased, where he spent the remainder of his days, depart- 
ing this life in the year 1898, honored and respected by all 
with whom he came in contact. He was married in the 
latter place and reared a family of five children, only 
two of whom are living — Mrs. Anna E. Greeves, of 
Bloomington, and R. E. Eveleigh, wiiose name furnishes 
the caption of this review. 

The early life of the subject was spent in Bloomfield, 
and after completing the course of the city schools he 
supplemented the training thus received by entering the 
State University, where he prosecuted his studies and re- 
searches until 1S69, when he was graduated with an hon- 
orable record as a painstaking and conscientious student. 
On finishing his scholastic course he engaged as a drug 
clerk at different places, and to this line devoted six years, 
during- which period he became familiar w'ith eveiT detail 


of the business and earned an enviable repute as a skill- 
ful pharmacist. Meanwhile Mr. Eveleig-h took an active 
interest in matters political and it was not long until he 
became one of the recognized Republican leaders in 
Greene county. His activity in behalf of the cause he es- 
poused both as a safe and reliable counselor in party 
deliberations and as a judicious and influential worker 
in the ranks, led in Grant's administration to his appoint- 
ment as postmaster at Bloomfield, which position he held 
during that administration, discharging his duties of the 
office in a capable and eminently satisfactory manner and 
earning the reputation of an accommodating and popular 
public servant. ^Vhile holding the office he purchased a 
well established drug house in Bloomfield, which he con- 
tinued to manage until 1907, when he disposed of the 
business and retired from active life to enjoy the rest 
and quietude to which his long and strenuous career so 
justly entitles him. 

As above indicated. Mr. Eveleig-h is one of the rep- 
resentative Republicans of Greene county, but despite 
his activity and influence as a politician he has never been 
an aspirant for office, the postmastership coming to him 
in recognition of services rendered the party and not by 
any solicitation on his part. The only elective office he 
ever held was that of township trustee, in which capacity 
he continued four years, discharging the duties of the 
office with the accustomed energy and business-like man- 
ner characteristic of every enterprise he undertakes. 

Mr. Eveleigh is a firm believer in the tmths of re- 
vealed religion, and his life closely conforms to the teach- 
ings of the Presbyterian church, which represents his 
creed. He is an earnest and active meml)cr of the P)1oom- 


field congregation, in which for ten years he has held the 
office of elder, and in addition thereto is a leader and 
teacher in the Sunday school, much of the success of 
which is due to his labors and self-denying consecrated 

In November of the year 1888 Air. Eveleigh entered 
the marriage relation with Emma Freeland, daughter of 
Dr. AA^illiam Freeland, of Bloomfield, the union result- 
ing in the birth of one child, a son by the name of Carl 
P., who is ijow a freshman in the State University and a 
young man of fine mind who gives promise of a bright 
and distinguished future. 

Robert E. Lyons, a nephew of the subject and son 
of Mr. Eveleigh's sister, is an alumnus of the State Uni- 
versity, is at the head of the chemical department of that 
institution, and is recognized as one of the ripest scholars 
and most thoroug'h scientists in the list of professors 
within the great state of Indiana to l(^nk after the educa- 
tional interests of its young men and women. He is a 
warm friend of Dr. Blatchley, state geologist, and has 
been associated with that eminent scholar in prosecuting 
much of the scientific work for which the office calls. 

The subject is a Mason and a member of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, owns one hundred and 
sixty acres of land in the county and is secretary c^f the 
Bloomfield Building and Loan Association, is a charter 
member of the Phi Psi of Indiana University. 


Thomas M. Ryan, head of the firm of T. AI. Ryan & 
Son, funeral directors and- house furnishers, of Bloom- 


field, Indiana, traces his ancestors to Ireland, his pater- 
nal g-randparents having lived there during- their entire 
lives. Their son, Thomas Jefferson Ryan, was raised in 
New York, where he received a fairly good education 
and learned the saddlery trade at Bloomington. Indiana. 
After the death of his father he came with his mother 
and the rest of the children to Monroe county, Indiana, in 
an early day, where his mother died. Then he studied 
for the ministry and was confirmed in 1838. He preached 
in the Methodist churches for many years at Bh^omfield, 
New Albany, in Greene county and in different places ; in 
fact, all over southern Indiana, an old circuit rider. Later 
in life he practiced medicine with equal success. He was 
well and favorably known throug"hout several counties. 
He was a Whig- and a prominent Mason, devoting much 
time to lodge work. He married Ann Iliff, a native of 
Ohio, who died in August, 1863. He suiwived his wife 
until October, 1863. They had seven children: j\Iar- 
garet was the wife of W. J. Cogswell. She died in 1907. 
Owen died at Knoxville, Tennessee, in 1863, while a mem- 
ber of the Fifth Indiana Cavalry. \\'illiam B., who is liv- 
ing in Indianapolis, is a practicing physician, and was 
a member of Company D, Thirteenth Indiana Cavalry, 
serving during the war. Laura, deceased, married Cra- 
ven Hudson. They lived in Cori^don, Indiana. He was 
in the Sixtj^-third Indiana Volunteer Infantiy. Thomas 
\L. subject of this sketch. Mar^^ widow of Wesley Mo- 
bley, lives at Hartsville, Indiana. Alice, who married a 
Mr. \\'iseman. is now deceased. 

Thomas M. Ryan was born April 2, 1850. in Bed- 
ford, Indiana, where he received a common school edu- 


cation. He has quite a war record, ha^'ing• enlisted in 
February, 1863, in Company A, One Hundred and For- 
tieth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He was in the bat- 
tles of Franklin, Tennessee, and Fort Fisher. He took 
care of army supplies at the battles of Kingston. Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and was at the battles of Tom Creek and 
Nash\-ille, and was in other engagements and skirmishes; 
also was with Sherman on his march to the sea. He was 
active in assisting to organize several companies before he 
enlisted. He was discharged Jul}' 24, 1865, having 
served all through the war as a private. .A-fter the war 
he located in Bedford, Indiana, where he learned the cab- 
inet maker's trade. In 1871 he married Lillie E. El- 
dridge, of that place. She was the daughter of Solomon 
and Fannie (Beaver) Eldridge, the former a native of 
North Carolina and the latter of Benton county, Indiana. 
Solomon, who came to Indiana when he was twenty-one 
years old with his parents, was a chair maker, and lo- 
cated in Bedford in 1836, where he followed his trade. 
They were both members of the P'resbyterian church. He 
died in 1870 and his widow in 1890. They had seven 
children — Daniel, Jennie, Mary. \\'illiam, Alice. Emma 
and Lillie. 

From 1869 to 1871 Thomas AI. Ryan lived in Chi- 
cago, where he worked at his trade until he lost all his 
effects in the great fire of that year. He then went to 
Indianapolis, where he remained until 1877, when he went 
to Bloomfield and was foreman for E. P. AA'illiams in a 
planing- mill for one year. In 1878 he started a furniture 
store and undertaking- business in Bloomfield. which busi- 
ness he has since conducted. In 1895 he took his son in 


as partner and started as an- undertaker in Bedford in 
1866. He has an extensive business. He never held of- 
fice, but has ahva3^s been a stanch Repubhcan. He is a 
member of the Bloomfield post of the Grand Army of the 
Repubhc and has held all the offices of the post, having 
been commander during the past two years. He joined 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1878 and has 
held all the offices in the lodge. He is now financial sec- 
retary. He is a member of the Presbyterian church and 
is veiy popular in Bloomfield. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ryan have the following children : 
William H., a partner with his father in Bloomfield; 
Louie P., a steam fitter in Duluth. Minnesota; Frank AL. 
a traveling salesman in New York ; Mabel and Emma 
are both at home. 


James Burcham. of Taylor township, was born 
March 31, 1845, in the same county where he now resides 
and where he received only a limited schooling, remain- 
ing at home until he enlisted, November 15. 1S64, in the 
Sixth Indiana Cavalry, later changed to Company F. He 
served mostly in Tennessee, and was in the battle of 
Nashville and did scout duty and looked after govern- 
ment property. He was discharged September 15. 1865. 
He has long been a member of the Grand Anny of the 
Republic, and has always voted the Rcpul)lican ticket. 

After the war he lived in his old cnmmunitv for sev- 


eral years and then moved to Taylor township, where he 
has since resided on a good farm of one hundred and 
sixty acres, over eighty acres of which are in cnhiva- 
tion. He carries on general fanning and stock raising, 
always keeping- a number of horses, cattle and hogs. 

He was married to Isabelle Coppin, a native of In- 
diana, and a daughter of Joseph and Sarah Coppin, na- 
tives of Ohio, who came to Greene countv in 1861 and lo- 
cated in Richland township on a farm where they l)oth 
died. The subject has five children living and two dead. 
They were: Lolo and Georgie, both deceased; Rollin, 
wdio married .Vlma Carroll on September 22, 1894. They 
li^•e in Taylor township and have the following children: 
Mary, Brantley, Goldie, James, Minnie and Bales. He 
is a farmer and works the old homestead for his father. 
Frank, the fourth son, lives at home: Joseph also lives at 
home ; Almina is the wife of Harley Bucker, of Taylor 
township: Viola is a teacher, living- at home. 

The subject is the son of Robert and Sarah (Roach) 
Burcham, the former of North Carolina and the latter 
of East Tennessee. Robert came west with his father, 
James Burcham, in 181 8, when the fonner was only six 
years old. They secured one hundred and sixty acres of 
g-overnment land in Greene county, Indiana, where James 
lived until his death. 

The father of the subject first married 3.11 ss Dob- 
bins. They had four children, namely: John died in 
infancy: Almins, deceased, wdio married Revi Hanna : 
Joseph, who was in Company H, Forty-third Inrliana 
Volunteer Infantry, sendng as second lieutenant. He 
died at Evansville, Indiana ; William J. was in the same 


company with his brother. He was in prison for nearly 
a year in Tyler, Texas. He returned home and died 
there. The following are the names of the children by 
Solomon Burcham's second wife: John died in infancy; 
James, subject of this sketch; Andrew, contractor and 
builder at Kelso, Washington; Frances, who married 
Robert Coppin, of Richland township; Rollin, a farmer, 
living in Butler county, Arkansas; Henry, a farmer, liv- 
ing near the old homestead; Emily Jane, who is living 
near her brother Henry; Josephine, who married David 
Ockerman, of Richland township ; Morton, a real estate 
dealer in Kelso, Oklahoma. 


There were only three houses in Indianapolis and 
Indians and wild animals infested the dense forests w^here 
the present city stands when Sarah (Waller) Messenger, 
the grandmother of the subject of this sketch, came to 
Indiana with her parents from Pennsylvania, and others 
of his ancestors located in the state while it was yet 
inhabited principally by the red men and denizens 
of the uncut forests. Our subject's maternal grandfa- 
ther, David C. Messenger, a native of Maryland, went 
to Pennsylvania when a young man and there married 
Sarah Waller. They first went to Coshocton county. 
Ohio, and to Greene county, Indiana, in 1829, where he 
took up unimproved land and worked at farming, also 
following his trade as carpenter and cooper. Both he and 


his wife lived there until their death. He was a Repub- 
lican. They were members of the separate Baptist 
church. They had nine children, namely: Henry, Da- 
vid, Eli. John, Elisha, Hannah, Rachael, Mary and 

The subject's paternal grandfather was Joshua 
Roach, a native of North Carolina, who married Mar- 
garet Goad, a native of Tennessee. In 1829 thev came 
to Greene county, Indiana, and settled in Richland town- 
ship, where they bought wild land, cleared it and made 
such a pleasant home that they spent the remainder of 
their lives there. He was a Democrat, and both he and 
his wife were members of the Baptist church. Thev had 
three sons and fi^'e. daughters. 

The subject's father was Henry Roach. He was 
born in Tennessee, Aug"ust 10, 1828. Although he re- 
cei^'ed a very limited education in the pioneer schools of 
those days, he studied at home and was able to teach 
school. He had an excellent war record, having enlisted 
in the United States army when he was seventeen years 
old for the purpose of taking- part in the Mexican war. 
He served during- part of the campaign in Mexico, but 
was taken sick and came home. He had a Mexican land 
grant and in 1852 secured one hundred and s'xt}" ;icres 
of land in Jasper county, Illinois. In 1857 he came back 
to his old home in Indiana, where he worked on a farm 
until August, 1 86 1, when he enlisted in Company C, 
Forty-third Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, was 
commissioned first lieutenant, and was in several hard 
battles. He was badly hurt by a fall and was discharged 
for disability in 1865. After the war he lived in Taylor 


township, Greene county, Indiana, where he farmed until 
his death, February i, 1897. He was a Democrat and 
later a Republican. Both he and his wife were members 
of the Church of God. They were highly esteemed in 
their neighborhood. She died July 4, 1899. To them 
were bom the following children: David C., the subject 
of this sketch; Joshua died in boyhood; Margaret J., who 
married Thomas Acton, of Jasonville, Indiana ; John Lin- 
coln, a farmer in Jackson township, Greene county, In- 
diana, who married America Boaz ; Samuel S., who was 
one of the best school teachers in Greene county, died 
in 1906; Mary Frances married William Ruth, a farmer 
of Taylor township, Greene county ; Alma married Edgar 
Clark and died in Taylor township; Henry Hayes at- 
tended the State University and is a teacher. 

David Chandler Roach was born in Center township, 
Greene county, Indiana, May 29, 1858. He was edu- 
cated in the common and nomial schools and was a 
teacher for several years in his native county. He was 
admitted to the Greene county bar in 1884 and has since 
practiced law there and in Illinois. He has one hundred 
and sixteen acres of land in Taylor township, Greene 
county, and se\^enteen acres where he now lives in Rich- 
land township. He has been justice of the peace eig'hteen 
years and a notary public for six years. He has always 
been active in Democratic politics. He is a member of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and ^Modern 
Woodmen of America. Of the latter he is deputy head 
council in the Bloomfield lodge. He was ordained a min- 
ister in the Christian church in 1884. He has Avorked on 
public works a great deal and he is well known through- 
out his native countv. 


]\Ir. Roach has been twice married. His first wife 
was Isadore Acton, of Johnson county. Indiana, daug'hter 
of Dr. W'ilham G. Acton, of Worthington. She died in 
1888. A few years later he married Frances Culhson, 
the daughter of Jacob and Mary Cuhison. of Center town- 
ship. Greene county. Her father was a native of Ohio 
and died in 1881. Her mother is hving' in Taylor town- 
ship. The sul)ject had one son by his first wife, Daniel 
C., now in the State University at Bloomington. He is 
preparing- f(^r a lawyer's career and has won recognition 
as an orator. ]\Ir. Roach had eight children by his sec- 
ond wife, namely : Vernie. Samuel, Ivan, Lexie, Edna, 
Olive. Leslie and Violet. 


Perhaps no profession exacts such manifold quali- 
fications as that of journalism, and certainly- no calling, 
save the ministr}- alone, has been such a potent factor in 
the upbuilding- of our modern civilization. 

The humble and unpretending- newspaper that g-oes 
regularl}- into the homs contributes imperceptil)ly, but 
none the less mightily, to the moral and intellectual 
growth of all the people therein. To continuously serve 
a clientele embracing the best and most intelligent thoug'ht 
of a large and important county for over a quarter of a 
century is a duty fraught with no slight responsibility. 
The modern newspaper molds public opinion, crystalizes 
sentiment and influences definite action. To properly 



meet and discharge this burden of responsibiHty, high 
ideals must be maintained, requiring ofttimes the ut- 
most of moral courage and the frequent sacrifice of per- 
sonal aggrandizement, to the end that the public good 
may be just and adequately served. This is the office of 
the true journalist. 

Any history of Greene county would be grievously 
incomplete without due credit to- William, M. Moss, who 
stands today as the pioneer newspaper man of Greene 
county, and whose long, arduous and unbroken service 
forms an enduring monument to his rugged honesty, 
boundless energy and public servitude. No brief sketch 
can do justice to the record he has made as a newspaper 
man, for that record is an open book and no chaplet of 
words that the biog'rapher can weave can add to or 
detract from the estimate of the man of those who know 

It is the historian's duty to here record in language 
unbeguiled the life and labor of Honorable William 
Marshall Moss, editor and publisher of the Linton 
Daily Call, the oldest newspaper man in the point (^f ser- 
vice in southern Indiana. 

Born in a little log cabin four miles northwest of 
the city of Linton, March 22, 1852, William M. Moss 
is a product of the county to which he has given lavishly 
of his talent and labor. He is the oldest child bom to 
Daniel LI. and Mary ( Mayfield) Moss, also native born. 
His grandfather. Reverend Aquilla Moss, a Baptist min- 
ister of repute, was one of the earliest settlers of west- 
ern Green county. Mr. Moss attended the district schools 
and had the additional advantage of an academic educa- 



tion at Ascension Seminary (now defunct). Sullivan. In- 
diana, from which institution he graduated in 1872. 
Among- his classmates were Congressman Jolin C. 
Chaney. of Sullivan; the late Samuel R. Hamil. of Terre 
Haute, and Honorable A\ . Cullop. the present Dem(3cratic 
candidate for congress. He began life for himself as a 
teacher at nineteen and taught school for a number of 
years in Greene and Vig'o counties. He taugiit at Riley. 
Indiana, as principal of the high school for four years, 
being- the first man to hold school in the present building. 
As a teacher Mr. Moss was recognized as one of the best. 
alwa}'s holding the highest license. 

In 1880 Mr. Moss came to Bloomfield and in June 
of that year bought fr(^m AV. P. Stropes the Bloomfield 
Democrat. The paper up to this time had ne\'er been a 
financial success and had only twenty subscribers. The 
equipment of machinery was old and wholly inadeciuate, a 
part of which was an old Washington hand press that 
printed the first issue of the Louisville Courier-Jounial. 
A\'ithout previous newspaper training and with no knowl- 
edge of the "art preservative" ]\Ir. Moss, with the energy 
of youth and a determination to succeed. S(~ion turned the 
tide in his favor. He invested the mechanical department 
with new and modeni machinery and under his iDrilliant 
editorial leadership the paper soon gained a state reputa- 
tion. As long as he remained at the head of the paper 
the Bloomfield Democrat was a power to be reckoned 
in all local aft'airs. Be it recorded here that the paper 
was always progressive, fig"hting- valiantly inv ever}- pub- 
lic enterprise. 

Mr. Moss was elected county superintendent of 


schools of Greene county in 1888 and re-elected in 1890. 
He gave up this office voluntarily, as every trustee in the 
county had asked him in writing tO' be a candidate for 
a third term, assuring him a unamious re-election. In 
1893 l"*^ "^^^ appointed by President Cleveland super- 
visor of United States Indian schools and served in this 
capacity three years, resigning in 1896. In January, 1897 
he was appointed postmaster at Bloomfield but retired 
.in September following on account of the change of 
national administration. He was honored by his party 
in 1892 as being selected as a member of the Democratic 
state central committee and is now an advisory mem- 
ber of this committee. 

In 1887 Mr. Moss was a candidate for secretary 
of the state senate, but was defeated by one vote by 
Alonzo Greene Smith. In 1896 he was a candidate for 
the Democratic nomination for congress from the 
second district against R. W. Miers, of Monroe county, 
and Charles T. Aikin, of Sullivan county. He. was de- 
feated by a small margin after an all day's struggle which 
later was found to have been accomplished by fraud prac- 
ticed by the chairman of one delegation. Otherwise he 
would have been nominated on the first ballot and a nom- 
ination at that time was ecjuivalent to an election. 

In t888 ^Ir. Moss purchased the Linton Call, then 
a weekly paper (if uncertain influence. March 4. 1907, 
he established the Lintmi Daily Call, the first daily ]):iper 
in Greene county. This jiaper is now ranked among the 
best daily papers in the state. The office is equi])ped with 
modern machinery and the news ser\'ice and general 
management reflect a pn^ficiency excelled by few daily 
papers in Indiana. 


The subject's career as a progressive newspaper 
man is well exemplified by the following facts : 

He was the hrst man in Greene county to install a 
cylinder printing press, the first to install a two revolution 
press, the first to apply steam and later a gasoline engine. 
He was the first to purchase a paper cutter, a news]iaper 
folder, and the first linotype was brought into the county 
by him. He also established the first daily newspaper in 
the county and his w^as the first newspaper in the county 
to receive a regular telegraph news sen-ice. He is a firm 
belie\'er in progress along- definite lines, else retrog-ression. 

Air. ]\Ioss was married August 24, 1876, to Hannah 
C. Scott, (I'mghter of Matthew W. Scott, a wealth} pio- 
neer citizen of Clinton, Indiana. Constituting- his family 
are the following children: Claude S. and Clyde S., asso- 
ciated with their father in the management of the Daily 
Call, appropriate mention of whom is made elsewhere in 
this volume; Gertrude Dexter and Alary. Two other 
children died in infancy. 

The subject moved his family to Linton in 1904 and 
fraternallv Mr. Moss is a member of the Encampment 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Alasons 
and the Elks. He is also a member of the Christian 
church, and he is not only held in high esteem for what 
he has done for the county through the medium of the 
press and his public. services, but also for the honorable 
and upright life he has lived. 


Born of sturdy New England stock, with a rich flow 
of patriotic blood coursing through his veins, the sub- 


ject of this biography, the late Hoyt H. Nickerson, is a 
worthy example of the strong and self-reliant American 

He was born at Clarksfield, Ohio, February 15, 1838, 
and died at Bloomfield, Indiana, January 26, 1908, lack- 
ing a few days of liis seventieth birthday. He was the 
son of William H. and Charlotte (Hill) Nickerson, both 
natives of New Eng-land. William H. Nickerson was a 
local Methodist preacher and a practicing physician. He 
was chaplain of the Thirty-second Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry during the Civil war, and while in the service suf- 
fered such a failure of health that he was discharged from 
duty. Upon returning to his home he removed to Jasper 
county, Illinois, and there continued the practice of med- 
icine until his death in Februar}^ 1867. He was an. active 
Mason and the father of six children : Samuel died in 
infancy; Hoyt H., our subject; Elizabeth, now residing 
at Hope, Indiana; Mariah died in childhood; William, a 
soldier in an Ohio regiment, died on the way home from 
the South at the close of the war; Joseph, a Methodist 
preacher, now stationed in Illinois, and Charles, deceased. 

Hoyt received a common school education and de- 
cided to prepare himself for the practice of medicine. He 
accordingly attended a course of lectures with that end 
in view, but at this time his eyes failed him, and it be- 
came apparent that this would prove to be a serious han- 
dicap should he endeavor to continue in this profession. 
After due deliberation he decided to abandon the en- 
deavor, and turned his attention to blacksmithing. \Mien 
the heavy war clouds of the rebellion began to lower over 
the land and it became evident that the integrity of the 


flag was to be threatened, no heart throbbed with greater 
patriotic fervor than that of Hoyt H. Xickerson. In 
June, 1861. he enhsted in the Thirty-second Ohio Vohin- 
teer Infantry, Company E, and went inimecbately to the 
field, where for three years he fought in the forefront of 
the fearful conflict, baring his bosom to the storms of 
the shot and shell, never flinching nor wavering. Return- 
ing home on a furlough, he remained long enough to get 
married, luit re-enlisted and returned to the ranks, deter- 
mined to see the conflict through to the finish. He re- 
joined the same reg'iment in which he had fought be- 
fore coming home. It will he impossible to do justice 
to his services in behalf of "old glor}-,"' but an enumera- 
tion of a few of the battles in which he took part will 
convey to the reader a slight sugg-estion of what this ser\-- 
ice involved. In the Virginias Air. Xickerson took part 
in the engagements at Greenbrier, Camp Allegheny, ]\Ic- 
Dowell and Harper's Ferry : in Mississippi, Port Gil)son, 
Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, siege of Vicksl3urg-, 
Baker's Creek and Clinton ; in Georgia we find him at 
Kenesaw Mountain, X^ickajack Creek, Peach Tree Creek, 
Atlanta, Savannah and the famous march to the sea: in 
Xorth Carolina he participated in the battles at Pieau- 
fort. Bentonville and Fayetteville. On the march to the 
sea Air. X^ickerson was smitten, with sunstroke, remaining 
unconscious for three weeks. He was many times taken 
prisoner, but each time w-as paroled. 

On returning home at the close of the war he re- 
moved to Illinois and again took up blacksmithing, car- 
rving- this on tog'ether with farming'. In 1876 he re- 
turned to W^ashinp'ton, Indiana, and followed his trade 


there for three years, and in November, 1879, came to 
Bloomfield, continuing- his trade here until the close of 
his days. 

His marriag'e, made mention of before, occurred on 
March 29, 1864. He was joined to Mary Margaret Cri- 
der, who was born in Massillon, Ohio, December 10, 
1842, being the daughter of Tobias and Mary (Kelken) 
Crider, both of Gemian extraction, both being- natives of 
Pennsylvania. They were hig-hly respected farmers and 
ended their days at Mansfield, Ohio. The family consist- 
ed of eight children, of whom Mary M., the wife of our 
subject, was the eldest. The others, all living, are : John 
S., Elizabeth N., Adaline, Levitt, Jacob K., Laura Jane 
and William Martin. 

. i\Ir. and Mrs. Nickerson became the parents of four 
children: Mary Charlotte died in infancy; William T., 
living- at Linton, married Inez Haywood, and has a fam- 
ily of five children, Hoyt H., Alba, Ruth, Arthur, Emma 
and Margaret; Nellie A., the third child of our subject, 
died in infancy; Laura Lenore, wife of Pierce Jarrell. 
lives at Whitaker, Indiana, and has one son, Frank. 

Mr. Nickerson, as is to be inferred, was a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, and was also a highly 
esteemed Odd Fellow. This brief survey of his life is 
very inadequate, but it will lead us t(^ more greatly ap- 
preciate the heritage we now enjoy. 


Bom under the pure skies of Kentucky, we find in 
the records of James Hai-vey Gilliland some .striking par- 


allels to the life of America's great emancipator. Abra- 
ham Lincohi. He was born, Hke Lincohi, in Kentucky, 
on February 12, 1830, of humble parentage, and emi- 
grated later across the Ohio River into Indiana, which 
became his permanent home. He was the son of Abel 
and Jennie (Gastenew) Gilliland, farmers and successful 
stock raisers. They were emigrants to America from 
Scotland. On a trip south with a drove of hogs. Abel 
Gilliland contracted that scourge of the South, yellow 
fever, and his life was snuffed out like a candle. His 
mother had died when he was still a child, and he was 
sent out among the neighbors to make a living. He re- 
ceived a fair education in the Kentucky common schools, 
and when nineteen years of age came to Indiana, begin- 
ning work here at fanning. He later learned the miller's 
trade. A partnership with Linsey Crirr was formed and 
together they operated the Carr mills on Indian creek in, 
Jackson township, Greene county. In 1856 he removed 
to his farm in the same township and continued there un- 
til his demise. December 19, 1875. His farm, consisting 
of unimproved land, was soon brought up to a high 
standard of productiveness as the result of hard work 
and steady application. 

In 1854 he was married to Rachael Lamb, who was 
born May 29, 1836, in Lawrence county, Indiana. She 
was the daughter of John W. and Patsy (Green) Lamb, 
both natives of North Carolina. They -came in 1836 to 
Lawrence county, Indiana, and later removed to Greene 
county, taking- up a tract of wild, unimproved land, trans- 
forming it into fertile fields by hard and steady work. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lamb were members of the Christian 


church, and were regarded in their community as pious, 
upright citizens. Their family consisted of seven chil- 
dren : Calvin G., living on a farm in Jackson township; 
Hiram, also farming: Rachael, wife of our subject; Eliz- 
abeth, wife of James McDowell, an ex-Union soldier, 
both deceased ; Abigail, deceased, was the wife of Marion 
Dugger; John Thomas, now living in Bloomfield ; Ma- 
tilda, wife of Jerry Hatfield, also of Bloomfield. 

Abel and Jennie Gilliland were the parents of ten 
children. The first five^ — Mary, Margaret, Nancy. Ma- 
hala and James H., our subject — are all deceased. Chris- 
topher is now making his home in Missouri ; the seventh 
in order of birth, Catherine, is also deceased; Frank is 
living in Kansas, as is also Josiah, while the last, George, 
has his home in Missouri. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gilliland became the parents of eight 
children : Josiah, deceased, was married to Martha Gas- 
tinew and to this union were born two children, one of 
whom died in infancy and the other, Othnell, is making 
his home with his grandmother, Mrs. Gilliland ; John C. 
has his home in Bloomfield; Jennie, deceased, was the 
wife of William G. Graham, and to this union were born 
two children, both of whom, Francis M. and Carrie, make 
their home with their grandmother; Zeno, the third child 
of our subject, is now in the state of Washington ; Carrie 
became the wife of Marion Busenberg. and has her home 
at Jasonville ; Florence, having married Sherman Holmes, 
resides in Lawrence county, this state; James H.. a teleg- 
rapher, operates at Carlisle, Indiana; Allie. wife of 
George Mitchell, lives at Jasonville. 

In June. 1861, James H. Gilliland enlisted in Com- 


pail}- F. Fifteenth Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and 
serx'ed throughout the war, receiving his chscharge at In- 
(hanapolis in 1865. Ha\-ing the skih of an excellent 
marksman, he was soon singled (»ut from the ranks and 
was put to ser\-ice as one of the company's sharpshooters. 
In this he sustained a high reputation, and during' the 
greater part of his time in the ser\-ice he was employed 
in that capacit}'. He saw many strenuous times, and took 
part in such engag"ements as Stone Ri\'er, A[urfrees1)oro, 
Green Brier and many other conflicts and skirmishes. Fle 
was singularly fortunate in coming through without a 
wound, l3ut his clothing was frequently rent with bul- 
let holes. 

In 1887 Airs. Gilliland disposed of her farm and re- 
tired to Bloomfield, where she now (occupies a neat little 
residence in the southern part of the city. She has won 
many friends as a result of her genial social spirit and 
her devotion to the comfort and welfare of others. 


One of the children of James H. Gilliland. the subject 
of the preceding biography, was John C. Gilliland. whose 
home is in Bloomfield. He was born June 2j . 1857, in 
Jackson township, Greene county, and has been cl(~)sely 
connected with the business growth of the county. 

He received his education in the schools of the 
c()unty, and remained at Imme on the farm until reaching 
his majority. Fie then took up bookkeeping, lieginning 
with Dugger, Wdiittaker & Company. After some time 



he filled a similar place with other business firms of the 
city, being- connected at one time in a like capacity with 
the Farmers' and Mechanics' Bnilding- and Loan Com- 
pany. For six years he was secretary and treasurer of 
the Home Light and Water Company. These facts point 
strongly tow^ard characteristics that are at once creditable 
and somewhat rare. Mr. Gilliland possessed the faculty 
of managing the records and tabulating proceedings in 
such an exact and methodical way that his services were 
highly appreciated and constantly in demand. 

He won the confidence and esteem of his fellow 
townsmen to such a degree that he was for twelve years 
prevailed upon to act as treasurer for the citv. 

He takes a genuine interest in the religious welfare 
of the community, being an elder in the Christian church. 

On November 26, 1889. he was joined in marriage 
to Ella Hulse. a native of Morgan county, Indiana, a 
daughter of John F. and Elizabeth Hulse, both natives of 
this state. Their only daughter, ALarguerite, died at the 
age of two years. He is a Republican. 


Among the first settlers of Bloonifield, Indiana, were 
Willis D. and Mary (Tate) Lester, parents of Peter S. 
Lester, the subject of this sketch. Willis Lester was one 
of the pioneer merchants of the town, but later in life he 
moved to a farm, and there ended his days. He was a 
man of clean politics, an energetic business man and a 


successful financier. He and his wife were highly re- 
spected members of the Methodist church. Mrs. Lester 
was the mother of the following- children : Elizabeth. Sa- 
rah. Mariah, now deceased; Emil3^ Peter, our deceased 
subject; Oliver, who met his death in the war of the re- 
bellion, and Reed, a farmer in Richland township. 

Peter was born in Bloomfield on March 28, 1839, 
and received his education in the schools of that town, 
applying" himself diligently as the opportunity offered. 
He came up on the farm with his parents, as mentioned 
above, and continued there until he reached his majority. 

On April i, 1858, he was married to Nancy Lyons, 
a native of Ohio and the daughter of Joseph and Mar- 
garet (Herbert) Lyons, also of Ohio. Mr. and ]\Irs. Ly- 
ons came to Lidiana in 1841, settling upon a farm in 
Richland township, consisting of the virgin soil, uncleared 
and uncultivated, where they spent the remainder of their 
days, Mr. Lyons passing to his rest in 1872 and his wife 
in 1852. They were people of sterling integrity and im- 
pressed their personality upon all who knew them. They 
affiliated with the Presbyterian church. Joseph Lyons 
was a Democrat of the most reliable stamp, and took a 
lively interest in the questions of the day, whether local, 
state or national. He had the confidence of neighbors 
and friends, and was called upon by them to fill the of- 
fice of county treasurer. This he did with pronounced 
success, bringing satisfaction to all his constituents for 
loyal and trustworthv seiwice. Eight children were born 
into this family — Franklin, deceased; Daniel, who met 
his death during service in the rebellion ; Matthew, de- 
ceased ; William, who also fell a victim of the carnage 


of war; Nancy, widow of our subject; Margaret, de- 
ceased ; Mary, widow of John Hunt, having" her pres- 
eiit residence in Kokomo; Ellen forms the last. 

Our subject and wife were the parents of eight chil- 
dren also — Franklin died in childhood; Elizabeth, de- 
ceased ; Joseph and Charles, farmers in Taylor township ; 
Margaret, wife of Henry Fields, having their home at 
Lyons, Indiana; Mary, wife of Newton Jeffries, a farmer 
of Greene county; Guy and Ross, who are making their 
home with their mother in Bloomfield. 

Peter Lester was a conscientious workman, who 
won the fullest confidence and esteem of neighbors and 
friends. He was also a pious gentleman, being a mem- 
ber of the Methodist denomination. He did not make 
any display of himself, but preferred to keep in the back- 
ground rather than to try to appear conspicuous. In pol- 
itics he was a Democrat, but stood first of all for a correct 
and economical management of public affairs. He died 
July 4, 1869. 

After Mr. Lister's death Mrs. Lister removed with 
her family to her present neat little home on South Wash- 
ington street. She also is a member of the Methodist 
church, to which she is strongly attached. She has proved 
to be a most admirable character, and her quiet demeanor 
as well as genuine social spirit have won for her an ever- 
widening circle of friends, who hope that many years 
may yet be open to her for greater usefulness and wider 
opportunities. She owns two hundred acres in Taylor 
township and one acre in Bloomfield upon which she 
makes her home. 



Rev. Henry Flory, one of the most useful men of 
Ricliland township, Greene county. Indiana, is both a 
farmer and a minister, a man who is vigilant in regard 
to the moral uplift a{ his community. He was born 
February 26, 1852, and was ten years old when his fam- 
ily broug'ht him to Greene county fnnn Wayne ctumty, 
Ohio. After attending the common schools he began 
to hire out when only eleven }-ears old. and continued to 
work by the m;inth on various fanus until he was mar- 
ried: then he rented a farm which he worked for several 
years, ha\'ing purchased his present farm of eigiity acres 
in Richland township in 1902. His marriage occurred 
in 1872 t(^ Mary Ann Shertzer, who was raised in the 
community where the sul)ject n(nv lives. She is the 
daug"hter (^f William and Elizabeth (Black) Shertzer. 
both natives of Pennsvlvania, who came to Greene coun- 
ty. Indiana, in 1S56, settling in Richland township, where 
they farmed. A\'illiam Shertzer was three times nru-ried, 
first to Elizabeth Bowers, whi) died. lea\-ing' one child, 
John, living at Bloomfield, Indiana: his second wife was 
Elizabeth Black, and seven children were born to this 
union, namely: Ellen, who li\'es in Richland township, 
Greene county, the wife of Franklin Chipman : Alary 
Ann, wife of the subject of this sketch : Samuel, who lives 
in Bloomfield: AA'illiam, who li\'es in Richlar.d tiiwn.ship: 
Ida, the wife of A\'ilson Trent, living in Highland town- 
ship : Margaret lives in the state (^f Washington, the wife 
of William Pope : David also lives in the state of AWash- 
ington. The third marriage of A\'illiam Shertzer was to 
Elizabeth Blaker. Six children were born to this union, 


namely : Reuben, who lives in Bloomfield ; Theodore also 
lives there; Gurtha, the wife of Newton Miller, lives in 
Illinois; Walter lives in Bloomfield ; Hulda is the wife of 
Roy Buckner, living in Greene county, Indiana ; Edwin 
lives in Bloomfield: William Shertzer is a meml)er of 
the Methodist church and a Democrat. 

The subject and wife had ten children, as follows : 
Rosa, wife of Elmer Taylor, li\-ing in ^Martin county, In- 
diana. They ha^'e two children. Pearl and Eloyd. Flor- 
ence F., the second child of the subject, is the wife of 
Charles Sheppard, who lives in Stockton township, 
Greene county ; they have three children, Rovena, Olive 
and Dorotha. William N., the third son of the subject, 
lives in Illinois on a farm, and is single; Homer E., who 
married Lulu Ouillen, also lives on a farm in Illinois; 
James I., who married Ethel McCane. also lives in Illi- 
nois: David E., who married Cora Killinger, lives in 
that state; Harley also lives there; Hazel, Leona E. and 
Delia Marie live at home. 

Henry Flory is the son of Noah and Alariah ( Mil- 
ler) Flory. both natives of Pennsylvania, who came to 
Ohio with their parents while children. There thcv grew 
up and married. Idie grandfather of the subject, who 
was also named Noah Floiy, died in Ohio. The subject's 
father came to Indiana in 1863 and settled in Richland 
township, Greene county. He was a school teacher and 
worked on a farm between terms. Pie was also a cooper 
by trade. He and his wife were members of the Church 
of God and he was a Democrat. They had thirteen chil- 
dren, namely: Catherine, the wife of James Ouaken- 
bush, who lives in Kansas; John lives in Richland town- 


ship. Greene county; Henry, the subject of this sketch; 
Ehzabeth, the wife of WilHam Stalcup, Hves near the 
old home in Greene county ; Mary, Carohne, Mariah and 
Ehen, all deceased; Jacob lives in Richland township; 
Samuel lives on a farm in Illinois; Susan, the wife of 
Elsworth Watson, lives in Richland township ; William 
Thomas also lives there. Noah Flory died in Richland 
township. His widow is still living. 

The subject and his family are members of the 
Church of God. He has charge of four churches, two in 
Clay county, one in Daviess and one in Greene county, In- 
diana. He is thoroughly conversant with the Scriptures, 
and is a convincing and forceful speaker. Many have 
been converted under his teachings, and he wields a great 
influence for good in his community, and, in fact, in the 
three counties in which he is known and in which he 
has been preaching for twenty-three years. He is an in- 
dependent voter and is a member of the Independent Or- 
der of Odd Fellows at Bloomfield. Indiana. He has a 
well improved farm and lives in a neat and cosy cottage. 


One of the most straightforward, energetic and suc- 
cessful business men of Linton. Greene county. Indiana, is 
James Samuel James, a brief review of whose active and 
honorable career we are glad to give prominent position 
in this work, for he is public-spirited and thoroughly in- 
terested in whatever tends to promote the general welfare 





of the community, and for many years he has been num- 
bered among the vahied and highly esteemed citizens of 
the county, having led such a well regulated life in every 
respect that his influence for good has been distinctly felt. 
At present he is one of the best known and most suc- 
cessful merchants of the thriving city of Linton. 

Mr. James is a native of Stockton township, this 
county, where he was bom January 26, 1863, the son of 
William and Elizabeth (Sharp) James, both natives of 
Monroe county, Indiana. The former rendered a valu- 
able sei-vice to his country during its darkest days by of- 
fering his services in her armies, having enlisted in Com- 
pany C, Twenty-first Indiana Volunteer Infantry, in Feb- 
ruary. 1863. and served in all the work assigned to this 
reg"iment until the close of the war. The parents of our 
subject raised three children, of whom James S. is the 
youngest. His two sisters are Mrs. Mary Osborn and 
Mrs. Anna Sherwood, wife of Dr. B. M. Sherwood, ^h. 
and Mrs. W'illiam James died in Grant township, Greene 
county, Indiana, neither reaching old age, the former 
having died when fifty-six years old and the latter at 
the age of forty-one. 

The James family is of Welsh origin, having been long- 
established in America. The family of the subject's father 
came to Indiana from Virginia. James S. James made the 
best possible use of his time while attending- the public 
schools and the Greene County Normal School, in wln'ch 
he made excellent grades and formed habits of close ap- 
plication which have made for his subsequent success. 
After lea\ing school he followed teaching for a period 
of fifteen years in his native countv and his success and 



popularity in this work are attested to by all wh(^ had oc- 
casion to know of it. 

But believing" that the mercantile business offered 
more flattering inducements to his peculiar tastes, he 
formed a partnership with M. J. Aiken in 1898 in a gen- 
eral store, and for ten years they ha\'e continued to wm-k 
in harmony, building up an excellent business and gain- 
ing- the confidence and respect of a large number of cus- 
tomers throughout the township, and, in fact, from re- 
mote parts of the count}'. This firm has always tried to 
give its customers the best article possible at the most 
reasonable figure, thereby being able to hold an excellent 
patronage. They have a large and varied stock at all 
times, their trade being so brisk that no old goods are 
to be found on their sheh-es or out-of-date material in 
their stock. Air. .-Viken is also identified with the under- 
taking business. 

Air. James li\^es just outside the corporate limits of 
Linton, on the west, where he has nine acres of g-ood 
land, which is used for growing- fruits, ^'eg■etables and 
various products as well as for stock and poultry raising. 
Although he is a very busy man in connection with his 
stcM'e and other affairs, Mr. James gives a great deal of at- 
tention to his little farm, keeping it in first-class condition 
and in fine appearance. 

The subject was united in marriage to Ella Osl:)orn 
February 26, 1882, his wife being the daughter of David 
L. Osborn, whose father, \\^illiam Osborn, was one of the 
very early pioneers of Greene county, in fact, the his- 
tory of this county from its earliest records down to the 
present time shows that the Osborn family has been 


prominently identified with it, numerous representatives 
now residing in Linton and vicinity. 

Air. and Mrs. James have four children living, 
namely: Mabel, the wife of John Shaw, of Linton; Wil- 
liam L. and Charles E., both employed at the mines near 
Linton, and Floyd O. is employed in the store under his 
father. Jesse and Lessie died in childhood. 

The subject is associated with various fraternal or- 
ders, the most prominent of which are the Masonic and 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He is the pres- 
ent worshipful master of Linton Lodge, No. 560, Free 
and Accepted Masons, this being his second term. He 
has been representive in the grand lodges of both the 
Masonic and the Odd Fellows, and a delegate to the 
head camp of the Modern Woodmen of America. His 
influence in these orders is widely felt, and he adheres to 
their doctrines in his daily life, as can be attested to by 
his wide circle of acquaintances and friends. Politically 
Mr. James is a Republican and an active worker in his 
party. He is at present ( 1898) the nominee of his party 
for the office of county treasurer, and his nomination is 
generally conceded to be a most fortunate one, owing 
to his popularity throughout the county and his ability 
to take charge of this important work. He is one of 
the trustees of the Inrst Methodist church in Linton, 
which church is the religious home of his family. 

This happy household has long been regarded as one 
of the most worthy and hospitable in Linton. 



John H. Gheen, a resident of Fair Play township, 
was born in Morg'an county, Ohio, on the 5th of April, 
1843. ^'s parents, Thomas and Amy Gheen, were na- 
tives of Virginia, being- pioneer settlers in that section 
of Ohio. Thev spent their days at farming and were 
members of the Christian church. They both reached 
advanced years, Mrs. Gheen acquiring the age of eighty- 
five years, while Mr. Gheen attained the remarkable age 
of one hundred years. 

Their family consisted of the following children : 
William, a farmer and miner of Morgan county, Ohio, 
was at one time a mine superintendent : Georg'e, who w^as 
a farmer, is now deceased; John H.. our subject; Sarah, 
^larv Ann, David, Emma and Charles are all living in 
the home county. 

John received such education as the times afforded, 
and this consisted of the accommodations offered l)y the 
old-time school. The log school house which he at- 
tended had the characteristic puncheon floor and seats 
without backs, and the writing desk against the wall at 
the side of the room. He remained at home until he 
reached maturity, and was married on September 15, 
1864, to Mary A. Thorn, a native also of ^Morgan county, 
Ohio, bom INIarch 20, 1846, and the daughter of David 
and Delila (Kinnison) Thorn, both natives of the Buck- 
eye state. David Thorn was of Welsh descent, while 
his wife was of English extraction. In 1865 the Thorn 
familv came to Greene countv. Indiana, and settled in 


Fair Play township. Mrs. Thorn died in 1870, having 
been the mother of ten children, as here enumerated : 
Frank, now residing- at Corbin Hill, Ohio ; Elizabeth, 
now deceased, was the wife of William Rollison ; Cath- 
erine, wife of John Gregg, is also deceased; William, liv- 
ing- in Cooper county, Missouri ; Lyman, now of Clinton 
county, Iowa ; Ruby, married to Fern Harris, but both 
deceased; Delilah, wife of our subject; Minerva, making 
her home with our subject ; Nancy, now Mrs. Neidigh, 
of Switz City, and Maggie, is deceased. 

After the death of his first wife David Thorn was 
united in marriage with Rebecca Getwood, who still sur- 
vives, and by whom he had one daughter, who married 
George Rollins but is now deceased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gheen have become the parents of 
five children — Eva, William, Lizzie, Margaret and Inez. 
These children were all educated in the home schools, 
and three, Eva, Margaret and Inez, have been eng'aged at 
various times in teaching. One son, James B. Smith, who 
was adopted into the family, is noAV living- at Terre 

In 1864, immediately after his marriage, Mr. Gheen 
and his wife came to Fair Play township and bought fif- 
teen acres of land. On this he began business as a nurs- 
eryman. In 1884 he made an additional purchase of 
seventy-six acres, upon which he now has his home, and 
which he has grealy improved. He succeds in obtaining 
good crops of oats, com and wheat, and manages to cul- 
tivate with marked success such fruits as peaches, apples 
and plums. In addition tO' this he has given careful at- 
tention to the raising of good stock, and takes consid- 
erable pride in maintaining standard breeds. 


But we should fail to make this biography complete 
were we not to make mention of Air. Gheen's military 
record, which forms a most precious heritage for a father 
to leave to his children. On August i, 1862, he enlisted 
in Company C of the Ninety-seventh Ohio Infantry. He 
was sent to Zanesville. Ohio, irnni there t(i Cincinnati, 
and from thence to Covington, Kentucky. After remain- 
ing- at Covington for six weeks the company was sent on 
a forced march to Nashville. Tennessee, where consider- 
able skirmishing took place. Upon falling ill. ]\Ir. Gheen 
was consigned to the hospital at Scnttsville. Kentucky, 
and later was transferred tn Bowling Green, and from 
there to Cincinnati. Here it became apparent that the 
conflict with the disease contracted in the service could 
not be overcome and Mr. Gheen was compelled, reluc- 
tantly, to return to his home. This has been one matter 
of regret to him in subsequent life, not that he was not 
willing to endure the hardships of sickness, but that he 
was thus deprived of the privilege of further meeting ac- 
tive serA'ice in the field in defense of the flag. 

In civil life, however, our subject has had some part, 
having served as coroner for four years and also as su- 
pei'visor for the same length of time. In both of these 
offices he has conducted the affairs devolving upon him 
with straightforwardness and with credit to himself and 


Among the hard-working and genial farmers of 
\\^ashington township, is Helmer Holmes, who was boni 
in Lawrence county, Indiana, April 22, 185 1, the son of 


Jacob and Clemintine (Riddle) Holmes. The fonner 
was boni in Floyd county, Indiana, July 24, 181 3, being 
a son of Martin Holmes, who moved to Lawrence county 
in an early day. Jacob's wife was born in Center town- 
ship, Greene county, in 1822, and died March 25, 1862. 
Martin Holmes, who was killed by a tree falling on him, 
was a native of Maryland. Jacob, who was grown when 
the family moved to Lawrence county, married there and 
spent the remainder of his life in that community, dying 
June 7, 1896. Both he and his wife were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. They had the following 
children : Paris, who died in the army while a member 
of the Fifteenth Lidiana Volunteer Infantry; Mai*y was 
bom September 15, 1844. and died November 24, 1867; 
Almira married Levy Butcher and died in Kansas. 
Frances, the wife of John Richardson, who lives in 
Missouri; Helmer, the subject of this sketch; Ellen is 
living* in Lawrence county ; Milford also hves in tliat 
county; Josephine died in infancy, as did also Sigel. 
Jacob Holmes married the second time, his last wife being 
Elizabeth Dicks. They had five children, namely : 
Oliver, living in Illinois ; Thomas and Howard are both 
deceased ; Laura married Everett \\'ilson and resides in 
Center township, and Isabelle married a Mr. Proct(Tr 
and resides in Terre Haute. 

Helmer Holmes remained at home until he was 
nineteen years old, when he went to Kansas, later to 
Colorado, where he remained three years, fanning and 
teaming. He returned to Indiana in 1873 and remained 
at home three years, when he married and came to 
Greene county, locating on the farm he now owns, which 


he first rented and bought later. It consists of two hun- 
dred and thirty acres. 

The subject's wife was Abby Lamb, who was born 
in 1845 ""^ Jackson township, Greene county, Indiana. 
She was the daughter of Hiram and Nancy (Hatfield) 
Lamb, natives of North Carolina, who were early settlers 
in Greene county. The subject and wife had eleven chil- 
dren, as follows: Thaddeus, who married Tessie Sex- 
son, living- in Smith township, Greene county. They ha^'e 
three children, Kenneth, Hester and Ralph. AA'alter. the 
subject's second child, lives at home, as do also the fol- 
lowing children : Lew Wallace, Dugger, Logan, Roscoe, 
Han^ey, Lenore, Victoria. Dewey and ]\Iax. 

Mr. Holmes follows mixed husbandry and stock 
raising, favoring high-grade Shorthorn cattle and Poland 
China hogs. He is a Republican. Both he and his wife 
are members of the Christian church at Bethany, Indiana. 

Mr. Holmes ranks among the better class of farm- 
ers. He has good buildings, his soil is well tilled and 
everything about him shows evidence of taste and success. 


Daniel Neidigh. one of Washington township's sub- 
stantial farmers, was bom in Richland county Ohio. Au- 
gust 4. 1839. He is the son of Abraham and Elizabeth 
(Branstetter) Neidigh. the former a native of Pennsylva- 
nia, the latter a native of Maryland, who were early set- 


tiers of Ohio, but came to Greene county in 1848 when 
the subject was a small boy, the family first settling in 
Highland township, but moved to Washington township 
in 1853 and bought a piece of land, which was unim- 
proved, but they soon had it transformed into a good 
fanii. which is now owned and occupied by Marion Jack- 
son. The parents of the subject were members of the 
Lutheran church. They had the following children : 
Catherine, widow of Thomas Benham. living in ^^^ash- 
ington township; Barbara, wife of Marion Jackson, liv- 
ing on the old homestead ; Susan is the widow of Andrew 
Miller, who lives in Washington township; Daniel, the 
subject of this sketch ; Abraham, who lives in Arkansas : 
Calvin, who lives in Linton, Indiana ; Mary, deceased. 
The parents of the subject lived on the farm they first 
moved to in Washington township until thev died. 

The subject has spent practically all his life in the 
county. He got only a meager education in the old-time 
subscription schools, having been raised on his father's 
•farm, where he remained until he was twenty-eight years 
of age. In 1867 he married Ellen Casey, a native of Ken- 
tucky, who died about 1889. Six children were born to 
this union, namely : Albert, Lendora, Emma Jane. Wil- 
liam W. and two infants, all deceased. Daniel Neidigh 
married the second time in 1892, his last wife being Eliz- 
abeth Meridath, who was born in Spencer county, In- 
diana, November 14, 1857. the daughter of David and 
Mar}^ (Ault) Meridath, both now deceased. The Meri- 
dath family came from Ohio to Spencer county, Indiana. 
in an early day and later moved to Greene county, set- 
tling in Washington township on a farm now owned by 


the subject of this sketch. The Aleridath family consist- 
ed of ten children : David Meridath was twice married, 
first to Caroline Ralph, to whom four children were born, 
namely: Ananias, who was a soldier in the Civil war, 
now deceased; Benjamin, who was also a soldier, lives in 
Owensburg, Kentucky ; Newton, a soldier of the Twent}-- 
fifth Indiana Volunteer Regiment. Company D. died De- 
cember 20. 1904; William David ]\Ieridath married the 
second time, his last wife being Alary Ault. to wh(3m six 
children were born, namely: Alice, deceased: Elizabeth, 
wife of the subject: John, deceased: Fidelia: Alartlia, 
deceased : Roberta. Mrs. Xeidigh is a member of the 
JMethodist church. 

The farm \\here the suliject now lives was wild and 
in the ^^■oods when he moved on it, but he has cleared it 
and made general improvements until it is a good farm of 
forty acres with a good house which was erected in 1007. 
Other modern liuildings are tm the place. The subject 
and wife ha\-e no children. Init they are raising a child. 
They are highly respected in their neighborhood. Air. 
Neidig-h is a Democrat. 


Henry AA'iginton, cohn-ed. is an energetic farmer of 
W^ashington township, who stands well in his community. 
He was born so long ago that he does not know th.e 
date, having been a slave on a plantation in Xelson 
county, Kentucky, and his history is one of interest. He 
remained in slaverv until freed bv President Lincoln's 


Emancipation Proclamation. His mother, Nellie Wig- 
ing-ton, died in Kentucky. 

After the war the subject came to Indianapolis, 
where he lived and worked at various occupations until 
1870, when he bought a piece of unimproved land in 
A\^ashington township, Greene county, moving thereto 
immediately and has since lived there, having cleared 
the land and otherwise improved it until he now has a 
good farm on which stands a comfortable house and bam. 
He has been raising first-class crops for many years, and 
also handles a good grade of stock. He engages in gen- 
eral farming, his farm consisting of one hundred and ten 

The subject married in Kentucky, his wife being- 
Mary Jane Hunter, a native of that state. She w'as a 
good wife and mother and a member of the Baptist 
church. She met death in 1907 in an unfortunate 
manner, being killed by a railroad train while on a visit 
to her daughter in Gosport, Indiana, when she was chang- 
ing cars. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wiginton had twelve children, name- 
ly: Robert, Melvina. Mary Edna, Myles, all deceased; 
Fabeus lives at Bloomfield ; Elonzo, who is single, lives 
at home and helps take care of the place : two children 
died unnamed; Caldona lives at home, keeping house for 
her father; Frances is the wife of William Joiner, to 
whom three children have been born, namely: Cabin. 
Addie and Lettie. Dell is the yc^ungest child of the sub- 
ject. He married Bertha Allen. They have two chil- 
dren. Beulah and Myrtle. Dell is a farmer living in 
Washington township. The subject votes the Republican 
ticket. His boys are also Republicans. 



AXHien the ancestors of the subject of this sketch came 
to Indiana they found the vast forests inhabited by wild 
beasts and red men, but the}^ feared neither, and forced the 
wild lands to yield a living". That same quality of persist- 
ence has come down to Levi Hanna, who was born in 
Lawrence county, Indiana. January 9. 1835. and who is 
now a farmer in Richland township. Greene county. He 
is the son of Joseph T. and Lucy (Mitchell) Hanna. the 
former a native of Jackson county. Indiana, and the lat- 
ter a native of North Carolina, being the daughter of 
Levi Mitchell and Celia (Davis) Mitchell, who came 
from North Carolina to Lawrence county. Indiana, in the 
dawn of the nineteenth century, and entered the land 
where the town of Bedford now stands, having come to 
this state in wagons over the mountain trails. Joseph T. 
Hanna and Lucy Mithcell were married in Lawrence 
county, and came to^ Greene county about 1858. settling" 
in AA'right township, where thev l^ought wild land and 
raised the following children: .Vmbrose: Levi, the sub- 
ject of this sketch; Elizabeth; Isaac and Jesse, twins; 
Celia. Rebecca Jane. Lemuel. Doctor; Abraham died in 
the army. Joseph T. Hanna was a minister of the 
Regular Baptist church for many years ; also he de\-oted 
much time to farming", and died in 1884, his wife surviv- 
ing until 1895. Levi Mitchell was also a minister of the 
Regular Baptist church. Ambrose. Lemuel and Doctor, 
three brothers of the subject, are ministers of the Gos- 
pel, all Baptists, Jesse, another brother, was also a 


^Vhe^ the Hanna family came to Greene county, 
Levi Hanna. the subject, was a small boy, and he has 
spent his life farming in the same community ever since, 
living forty-three years in Wrig-ht township, and in 1901 
(?ame to his present farm in Richland township, consisting 
of one hundred and forty acres. He married Elmira Bur- 
cham in 1856. Her father, Solomon Burcham, was a 
soldier in the Mexican war. She died in 187 1. TKey 
had the following children : Jasper, living in Portland, 
Oregon ; Joseph, living in Jasonville, Indiana ; Levi, who 
died in infancy; Alice, wife of John Miller, of Stockton 
township; Schuyler, living in Jasonville. The subject's 
second marriage was to Sarah A. Nichalson on August 
21, 1872. She was born in Daviess county, Indiana, in 
1849, the daughter of Levi and Rhoda Jane (Carpenter) 
Nichalson, the former a native of Greene county, and the 
latter a native of Tennessee. Levi Nichalson was a Mex- 
ican war veteran, having performed gallant seiwice all 
through the campaign in Mexico. He was a Repub- 
lican, an an active worker in the Methodist Episcopal 
church. The Nichalson family consisted of thirteen chil- 
dren, namely : Sarah, Isaac, Lucinda, Timothy ; Mary 
and Martha, twins ; Abner, George, Leah ; Manda and 
Maranda, twins; Parnelius, Levi. Mr. Nichalson died 
April 25, 1898. His widow is still living in Daviess 
county, Indiana. 

The subject of this sketch and his second wife have 
had five children, namely : Sarah Jane, the wife of Charles 
Crawl, living in Worthington, Indiana; Lulu, wife of 
Samuel Sparks, living in Richland township; Aden, who 
lives on his father's farm, having married Goldie Shep- 


Jasonville, Indiana. 

Levi Hanna, the subject, enlisted in Company K, the 
Fifty-first Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry, Decem- 
ber i6, 1861, serving three years in the Third Divisirjn, 
Fourth Corps. He was in the following battles: Pitts- 
burg Landing, Savannah, Hall's Gap, Blue Ridge, Vicks- 
burg-, Antietam. Maryville, Alurfreesborough, Sequachy 
Valley, Franklin, and many skirmishes. He was one of 
the six hundred soldiers sent to Rome, Georgia, to burn 
the foundry. He was captured there and sent t(^ Libby 
prison, where he remained seven months. He got out 
of prison bv pretending- to be a Confederate soldier. He 
then came home on a furlough and later g-uarded pris- 
oners at Indianapolis, after which he rejoined his regi- 
ment. He was discharged at Franklin, Tennessee, in 
1864, and came home. 

The subject is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic, and he and his wife are members of the 
Methodist church, and are highly respected in their neigh- 


William Thatcher Stalcup, a modern farmer, found 
the old home place good enough in which to spend his 
life, so he never cared to try his fortune in alien fields, 
spending" his days in Washington township, where he ^^■as 
w^as born May 15, 1841. He got a very limited education 
in the old-time subscription schools and worked on his 


father's fami during- his youth. He married Amanda 
Ellen Chambers in 1866, who was born in Monroe coun- 
ty, Indiana, the daughter of William and Elizabeth 
Chambers, who were early settlers in the county where 
the subject's wife was bom. They remained there sev- 
eral years then came to Highland township, Greene 
county, Indiana, where they spent the remaining days of 
their lives, both dying there. 

The subject and his wife have two children : Alice, 
who is the wife of Otto O'Neal, lives in Washing-ton 
township, on a farm, and they have one child, Ix^n ; 
Wilbur M., the subject's second child, who married Ber- 
tha Arthur, lives with his father and assists in conducting 
the affairs of the old place. 

The subject has one hundred and fifty-five acres in 
the home place, having secured it when it was wild and 
unimproved, but he has spent years in making various 
needed improvements until he now has an excellent fann 
upon which stand many good buildings. 

JNIr. Stalcup is a well read man, keeping up on polit- 
ical and current events. He is an independent voter, pre- 
ferring to cast his ballot for the best candidate rather 
than for any particular party. He has been a constaljle, 
also supervisor of his home county. He is a memljer (^f 
Patrons of Husbandry. Mr. and Mrs. Stalcup are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian cliurcli at Hick's cha])cl. and 
they are a well respected family in the neiglilxM'hood. 

William T. Stalcup is the son of Thomas and Eliza- 
beth Stalcup, the former a native of North Carolina and 
the latter of Tennessee. They married in the last named 
state and came to Greene countN-, Indiana, in the earlv 


thirties, settling in Washington township, where they 
took lip government land on which they spent their lives. 
Thomas Stalciip was a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and he was granted eighty acres of land for his services 
to the government. They had eleven children, namely: 
Hance, James, Solomon, Elizabeth, John, Rebecca, Cath- 
erine, Susan, Andrew, William, subject; Joseph, Thomas 
Stalcup died in September, i860. His wife died some 
years before. She was a member of the Baptist church. 


I am one of the sixty-two living descendants of Dr. 
^^^ F., James S. and Benjamin S. Sherwood, three broth- 
ers, who emigrated from Livonia, Washington county, 
Indiana, to Linton, Greene county, Lidiana. Dr. W. F. 
Sherwood came to Linton in 1848, James S. Sherwood in 
185 1 and Benjamin S. Sherwood in 1854. The great ma- 
jority of these descendants still live in Linton. It is very 
evident that aside from whatever influence they may have 
wielded or assisted in shaping the course and destiny of 
the country, these three brothers were very successful in 
leaving their imprint on the community, and it was long 
known that Linton without a Sherwood would have been 
like love without a sweetheart. 

I was born August i, 1859, as the third son of Dr. 
AA'illiam E. Sherwood and Catherine (nee Ingersoll) 
Sherwood. At the time of my advent into the world the 
nation was about to pass through a great crisis, the end 

^^^^ ■ J-J^M^-L^ 



of which none could foresee — whether it was to continue 
as one and inseparable or a divided nation. And there be- 
ing many southern sympathizers in and about Linton, the 
agitation and conflicts were greater than in the average 
northern home, and though young, there were many flash- 
light impressions of war made upon my memory. After 
the close of the war and up until father's death in 1873 
I followed the course of most boys, occasionally visiting 
schools while attending the swimming holes and rabbit 
hunting. At father's death I was fourteen. Then it be- 
came necessary that I assume greater responsibility. It 
was then I took part in farming. Our farm then com- 
prised that portion of North Linton lying between A 
street North, on the south and Fourth street East and 
Fifth street West, and bounded on the north by the divid- 
ing- line between H and I streets. As the soil was never 
rich, our crops were never very phenomenal, and the time 
divided between the schools and the farm was neither very 
successful, and soon I discovered that I had not been cut 
out for a farmer, and determined to seek some other mode 
of life. It was, perhaps, due to the fact that I was proud 
of the memory of my father and the great success that he 
had achieved in medicine that led me to take up that pro- 
fession. I entered the office of Dr. B. A. Rose, my pre- 
ceptor, April 12. 1880, and continued with him two years, 
during which time I attended two tenns in the Missouri 
Medical College, now known as the Washington Univer- 
sity, St. Louis, Missouri. I graduated there in March. 
1882, and located in Linton, and have continued the prac- 
tice of medicine for twenty-six years, and as to my becom- 
ing a great physician my sincere opinion is that I have not 


achieved such great success. However my opinion may 
dilTer from others, there is one pleasure in the happy re- 
flection in all these years that I have labored to relieve 
suffering humanity — there are many yet to whom I ad- 
ministered and relieved their suffering in the very begin- 
ning of my professional career who still have implicit con- 
fidence in mv ability. And in these many instances the 
practice of medicine ceases to be irksome and becomes a 
labor of love where necessity requires. 

The science of medicine and the healing ait. the no- 
blest profession known to man. is sufficient to inspire one 
t3 high ideals were it limited to the necessity and welfare 
of humanity. But my enthusiasm and zeal in medicine 
lessened after delving into its mysteries and learning the 
methods of so many who practice it to commercialize and 
bring the practice of medicine to the level of a trade, like 
in the competitive systems, in order that they may attain 
the American standard of greatness — wealth. But there 
is still hope that some day the human family w-ill gain 
knowledge. Already Christian Science, the other extreme, 
which should have no place in the human intelligence and 
makes unnecessary- sacrifices of human lives, is beginning 
to even things up. Time and knowledge bring about all 
necessary refonnations. therefore we need not despair, 
even if it requires the sacrifice of some human lives, and 
I am glad to live in this age when the science of medicine 
is making such great strides in the direction of perfection. 

In 1900 I established the Elk Horn drug store in 
Linton, the success of which has been a source of much 
pride and pleasure. _\nd. no doubt, the public's unquench- 
able desire to swallow the manv worthless cure-alls has 


contributed much to the Elk Horn's financial success and 
will likely continue, as intellectual revolutions are ver\- 

Man's success in life is only comparative. Xor do 
those who judge use the same standard of comparison. 
and there is always an element of uncertainty when put 
in the balance of the whole. Yet there are positive con- 
victions of success one may have of self to which no 
standard of comparison will apply, and I doubt if there 
could be much added at this happy moment to the con- 
victions of success which I have achieved when I married 
Hattie Price. September 28. 1882. Her intelligence and no- 
bleness of character have added much to the pleasure and 
happiness and success of the more than twenty-five years 
of married life. And the children which came to bless our 
home have always been a pleasure. We were most unfor- 
tunate to lose four children in infancy, but the three re- 
maining — Ethel. Edith and Elmer William — ^have been 
such a source of happiness I Ethel is the first lady gradu- 
ate of the Linton high school to complete a course in the 
Indiana University. In fact, she was the first lady bom 
in Linton or Stockton township to complete a college 
course. At the age of twenty-one she graduated with 
credit at the Indiana University. Edith, the second 
daughter, is nineteen years of age and is a sophomore in 
Indiana L'niversity (1908). Elmer William at twelve 
gives evidence of great prospects. Like most parents, we 
are proud of our children. Their happiness is our happi- 
ness, and it is our purpose to prepare them by education 
to become good and proficient citizens that they mav not 
only be a joy to us. but that they may be a l)enefit and help 


to mankind and the world be better that they hved He 
who can say "wife," "children" and "home" with an ever- 
increased pleasure has attained the acme of happiness, for 
here is the place and now is the time to be happy. For, 
after all, what is success but happiness? What would 
wealth or fame be without friends or loved ones? 

[ have always affiliated with the Republican party, 
Ijelieving the principles of Republicanism, when inculcated 
into government affairs and honestly administered, would 
result in the greatest good to the greatest number. I 
think e\'ery citizen should be interested in the welfare of 
the government and should ally himself with the party 
which he thinks will best conduct the government to pro- 
mote the welfare and happiness of the people. 

AI}' first ^■enture in joining secret orders was in 1880, 
when I joined the blaster Masons, suice which time I 
found the secret paths which lead up t(3 and through the 
doors of the Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, the Ancient 
Accepted Scottish Rite, the Ancient .Vrabic Order of Xo- 
bles of the Mystic Shrine, Knights of Pythias. Uniform 
Rank, Knights of Pythias, and am at present lieutenant- 
colonel of the Sixth Regiment, Indiana Uniform Rank, 
Knights of Pythias : also bel(nig to the Order of Ben-Hur, 
Modern Woodmen of America, No. 866, Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks, from none of which have I e^'er 
had cause for regrets. The associations have ever been 
pleasant, and I hope may continue so. 

]\Ian usually does not see the great changes which 
time and age bring to himself, and perhaps this is true 
more so when he has lived all his days in one locality 
where still arises in his mind the pictures of the paths 


which lead to the fields, the woodlands and streams along 
which, with happy companions, happy days were spent. 
There ever come the thoughts of youth, and only by the 
changes in the material things of his surroundings is he 
brought to realize age. And so it is widi me. 

As I look back over the nearly half century of fleet- 
ing years and see the wonderful changes wrought by man 
in and about Linton, the wonder is that the transformation 
has been so easily accomplished. 

When in our mind we see the original thirteen homes, 
to which have been added more than two thousand, in the 
fields where the flax grew and the corn waved, in the 
meadows where we gathered the daisies and violets, no 
stand the hundreds and thousands of homes ; when we re- 
member the less than one hundred inhabitants who tread 
the streets of the silent village and the now more than 
ten thousand who race up and down the paved thorough- 
fares of the busy city ; when again we see the old pioneer 
farmer in his homespun jeans and by his side his wife in 
homespun linsey and hand-made shoes, while lagging be- 
hind come the barefoot boy and girl ; when again we can 
hear the call of the wild turkey in the trees on the banks of 
the stream which one time coursed its way where part of 
Linton now stands ; when I think of having eaten bear 
meat killed within three miles of Linton, where the scream 
of the wildcat was heard, the wild hog roamed and deer 
were common — then I awake from the reverie and lo^k 
out upon Linton, the great, thriving metropolis, with its 
fifty-thousand-dollar residence. Grand Opera House, big 
hotels and thousands of pretty homes, with its miles of 
paved streets, over which throngs of busv people C(Mne 


and go. and we marvel at what the master mind and liand 
of man can do. 

We can well remember when many of the inhaljit- 
ants of Linton and Stockton township had never seen a 
piano, and none possessed one. Such vehicles as buggies 
and carriages were almost as scarce as the proverbial "hen 
teeth." The farm wagons with the hickory splint bcUtom 
chairs were the means of conveyance to church and pic- 
nic. The hearse was unknown and he who could be hauled 
to his last resting place in a vehicle with springs, usually 
called a hack, was honored. The political gatherings were 
attended on horseback, with banner and torch flying. 

But as time changes all things, so the development of 
coal marked an epoch in the progress of Linton and its 
surroundings, and the laggard was finally awakened by 
the whistles of the many railroads, mills and mines which 
sent out their millions of tons of black diamonds to warm 
the homes and supply the power that moves the wheels of 
progress, and in its stead there came back the golden 
eagles and filled the coft'ers of Linton's people and they 
waxed strong and rich until the loom was forg-otten and 
the spinning wheels were laid aside, and transformed were 
the woodlands, fields and meadows into streets and lawns, 
along which arose beautiful residences, and business 
blocks reared their tiiwering heads as living monuments 
to the progress of Linton. 

Our advancement has been continuous until we have 
attained almost all the conveniences of the larger city. 
The evidence of prosperity is shown in our thousands of 
miners and Ijusy merchants. The slow tread of the ox 
has long since ceased to be a part of us. We have dis- 


placed the heavy roll of the wagon with the lighter buggy, 
carriage and swifter automobile. And he who was once 
cheered only by the morning songs of birds may now 
listen to the sweet strains of music which come from the 
piano as it flows out from almost every home. And the 
pleasures of his church services are added to by the splen- 
did music which peals forth from the great pipe organ 
which cost thousands of dollars. Is it any wonder, then, 
we sit and ponder over the vast changes which have come, 
and are amazed? To one wdio has followed in the foot- 
steps of his father, who lived with but the single aim, who 
labored with the sincere belief that could railroads be in- 
duced to cross our lands and our coal fields be developed, 
just such results which we have attained were sure to 
come. To these results we have added onr efforts in our 
small way to bring these things about. Then I can justly 
feel proud that I have lived more years in Linton than any 
one, that I have assisted and watched each year, each day, 
each hour, Linton unfold like a flower to bloom forth in all 
her beauty. Xow we can sing- praises and feel that our 
feeble efforts have been crowned with success and, like 
Simon, \\ hen he had beheld his Messiah was ready to die, 
we feel we are now ready to hand the gifts of our ances- 
tors to our children that they may achieve greater things. 
Towns live on and on and grow until some time they 
become great cities, countries develop e\'er on the upward 
stride, and vast waste lands are reclaimed and made to 
bloom with their ever recurring fields of grain, but man, 
who builds and shapes the destinies (^f all these things, 
must die, }ea, he giveth up the ghost and where is he so 
soon, so short the time? 




Asa Burdsall, farmer and stock raiser, of A\^ashing- 
ton township, was born March 22, 1842, in Jackson 
county, Indiana, and Hved at home until a young man, 
attenchng" the local schools in the primitive log school 
houses of those days. He bought and maintained at 
ditterent times several farms in AA'ashington township, 
in 1896 moving to his present home. He enlisted Oc- 
tober 8, 1 86 1, in Company A, Fiftieth Regiment, Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry, at Seymour, Jackson county. After 
remaining in camp for awhile at Bedford and Xew Al- 
bany, Indiana, he was sent to Kentucky and taken prison- 
er at Mumfordsville, where he remained for some time, 
being with about five thousand soldiers who were cap- 
tured there. They were later exchanged at Indianapolis. 
The regiment was sent to Tennessee, then into Arkansas, 
to take possession of Little Rock. After a successful 
campaign this regiment was returned to Little Rock, 
Arkansas, fighting for forty-two days. A long siege 
was also engaged in at Salina River. The subject re- 
mained in that state during most of the war. He was 
discharged January 5, 1865, at Indianapolis and returned 
home, resuming farm work. 

Mr. Burdsall married Martha Landrum in 1873. 
She was a native of Owen county. Indiana, a daughter 
of Wesley and Elvira (McKee) Landrum, both natives 
of Owen countv. Their ancestors came from Tennessee 
and Kentucky. Wesley F. Landrum is still living in 
Kansas. His wife died in 1872. They had three chil- 
dren, Martha, the subject's wife; Mary Mandy, who died 


in early childhood; Anna, the wife of Adam Detamore. 
living in Kaiisas. Wesley F. Landrnm was a cooper by 
trade. He and his wife were both church members. 

Mr. and Mrs. Burdsall had seven children, as fol- 
lows : Charles, living in Washing'ton townsliip. He 
married Mina Shake, and they have two children, Lexie 
and Lloyd. Oscar, the subject's second child, lives in 
Indianapolis. He married Florence Knowel, who has two 
children. Victor and Wayne. Thornton, twin brother of 
Oscar, lives in Indianapolis, the husband of Oma Archer, 
to whom one child was born, Lanore. Rosella is the 
fourth child of the subject. She is the wife of Charles 
Parris, living in Johnson county, Indiana. He is a farm- 
er and has one child, Leno. Edward, the fifth child of the 
subject, married Mamie Yeoman. They live in Lyons, 
Indiana, and have one child. Opal. Mr. Burdsall's last 
two children died in infancy. The subject is the son of 
James and Margaret (Winn) Burdsall, the former a 
native of New Jersey and the latter of Jackson county, 
Indiana. James' parents died when he was small and 
he was brought to Jackson county by the \\'oodniansee 
family, where he was reared on a farm. He married 
there and came to Greene county, Indiana, in 1872, 
locating in Washington township, where he followed 
farming until his death, which occurred in 1876. He was 
a Republican and he and his wife were members of the 
Church of Christ. They had twelve children as follows : 
Sarah and Elizabeth, both deceased ; Moses lives in Jack- 
son county; Asa, the subject of this sketch; Lucinda. the 
wife of William Been, of Washington township. Green 
county; Laura, the wife of Lane Been, living in Indian- 


apolis; George M. li\-es in Elnora, Indiana; Susan is 
deceased; the last three children died in infancy. 

Air. and Mrs. Asa Bnrdsall are plain, honest farm 
people, ^^•ell represented in the community. They are 
members of the Church of Christ. The subject is a 
strong- temperance man. but he Autes the Republican 


Michael Rusher was born in Hardin county, Ohio, 
]\Iarch 14. 1849. 1^1^^' •'^*'" oi John and Matilda ( Runser) 
Rusher. The father came from near Elsac in Germany, 
while the mother came from France, coming to America 
when they were children. Our subject's grandfather, 
whose name was also John, came from Germany and 
finally to Canton, Ohio, where he ended his davs. His 
son, the father nf our subject, was born in German}' in 
1 8 18, and came with his father to Cant(Mi and grew to 
manhood on his farm in Stark county, Ohio, where he 
married Matilda Rusner, who was the daughter of Sora- 
tha Rusner, a native of France. He came to America in 
an earl}- da}- and settled in northern Ohio and engaged 
in farming, finally settling on a farm in Hardin county, 
where he died. Both of these families were Catliolics 
when they first came to America, but later affiliated with 
the Lutheran and Methodist Episcopal churches. The 
father of our subject died when his son, Michael, was 
only six years old. AAdien he was sixteen his mother 
moved to Greene county, Indiana, in September, 1865, 


and settled in Washington township, where she purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, and where they lived 
until 1873, when they sold out and built a flat-boat, and 
on it floated down the Wabash, Ohio and ^Mississippi riv- 
ers to Arkansas, being sixty-two days on the trip. They 
went up A\'hite river and settled in Arkansas county, 
where they remained until September, 1874, when our 
subject returned to Indiana, driving a six-yoke team. He 
was thirty-five days on the road, finally landing in Greene 
county, from whence they started. In 1886 he bought 
a farm here, where he has since resided. 

John Rusher and wife had seven children, Mary, wife 
of William Johnson, in Washington township : Catherine, 
deceased, wife of David Klinger; John, a farmer in Alis- 
souri ; Jerry, living in ]\Iartin county; Alichael, subject; 
Henry, a farmer in ^^^ashington township; and Joseph, 
deceased. The mother of our subject was married a 
second time to Charles Rollison, and to them were born 
four children. Thaddeus ; Ella, deceased wife of Jeriy 
Johnson ; Sherman, who lies in Arkansas. The mother 
of the subject remained in Arkansas and there died. 

In 1872 our subject was married to Emily Cullen. 
daughter of James and Sarah Williams, who came tn 
Greene county in the fifties. He was a farmer and settk^d 
in Washington township and died there. ]Mrs. Ruslier 
was born in Morgan county, Ohio. 

To ]\Ir. and ]Mrs. Rusher were born thre.' children, 
Cora, wife of Frank Stone. They live on subject's farm, 
and have three children, Ray, Roy and Rex; the second 
child is Mary, widow of Charles Porter. She has one 
child. T'auline. She is housekeeper for her father. The 


third child was Seretta. who thed in young- W(imanho(_)d. 
Mrs. Rusher died IMarch 2, 1891. She was a consistent 
member of the Christian church. In 1888 Mr. Rusher 
built a beautiful home, which is considered one of the 
finest residences in Greene county. He has in it all the 
modern improvements that go to make up a convenient 
home. He also has a tine barn. In short, our subject is 
considered a model farmer. Xot only is the farm well 
improved, but it is stocked with the very best pedigrees 
obtainable. jMr. Rusher is a most agreealile companion, 
a Democrat and an enthusiastic supporter of A\'. J. Bryan. 
He is a thriftv farmer, ha^■ing planned well, and his sys- 
tematically laid out fields call forth admiration from 
everv lover of the beautiful. 


Jacob Lavmon was born October 3, 1834, in Shelby 
county. Indiana. He was the son of Lewis and Eliza 
(Doughman) Laymon. The father and mother were from 
Ohio, coming to Shelby county about the year 1830. The 
The land was wild and unimproved, l)ut by dint of hard 
labor and much sacrifice, thev cultivated it until they 
made a respectable farm out of it. Then they disposed 
of it and removed to Owen county, where they remained 
until 1865, when they removed to Johnson count}', where 
they lived until they crossed over the river. 

Lewis Laymon was the son of John Laymon, the 
g-rand father of our subject. He, too, coming- from Ohio, 


settled in Oweii county. He was a farmer and preacher 
of some reputation and success in the Separate Baptist 
church. He baptized hundreds of converts, and was a 
man of wide influence, doing- much good. He had eleven 
children : Lewis, Allen, John, Joseph, Susan, Elizabeth, 
Nancy. Jemima, and three others who died in infancy. 
All four sons were ministers, including^ the father of our 
subject, who was also quite a farmer. To Lewis Laymon 
and wife were born six children, only one of whom, our 
subject, is now living. Those deceased are Mary. Je- 
mima. John, Phelan. who was a soldier in Company H, 
Fifty-ninth Regiment; and Eliza. The parents were 
model characters, and stood high in the community as 
earnest, consecrated Christians. 

Jacob, our subject, was raised on a farm and did 
much towards bringing the country out from its wildness. 
His early education was of the pioneer style. Even the 
school privileges were ancient, puncheon floor and seats, 
and the old-fashioned fireplace and stick chimney, and 
this coupled with several miles walk each morning- and 
evening made education an acquisition with sacrifice. In 
1864 Mr. Laymon enlisted in Company G. Thirteenth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantry, serving until the discharge 
of his regiment at Indianapolis at the close of the war. 
He was in all the skinnishes and battles in which his regi- 
ment participated. 

December 22, 1856, he married Rhoda Landrum, 
from Kentucky. To them were born four children ; 
Lewis, a farmer of Washington township, who married 
Alice Mills; Eliza died aged twenty years; William, liv- 
ing on a farm in Washington township, and Dora, mar- 


ried Hasting Sherrow and died in Greene county. Mr. 
and Mrs. Laymon as Ijoth earnest and consistent mem- 
bers of the Christian church. He is a Repubhcan in poh- 
tics. having- fihed acceptably the office of townsliip super- 
visor. Thev mined to their present h(3me in 1888. and 
are now hving peaceal>ly and retired from the laljorious 
duties of hfe. His present farm consists of one hundred 
and thirt}'-t\vo acres, which he has improved, and in 
190J he built his present comfortable dwelling. He also 
owns sixtv acres in A\'ashington township. Their chil- 
dren run the farms, leaving their parents to enjoy the 
retirement thev so richlv deserve. 


It was Shakespeare who wrote in his Julius Caesar, 
''The evil that men do lives after them, but the good is 
often interred with their bones." That statement is, 
no doubt, cjualifiedly true, lout in presenting the biography 
of Mr. Stewart one is forcibly impressed with the fact 
that lives of industry and honest, such as his was, often 
lend their influence on succeeding g-enerations. 

Da^•id AA\ Stewart was l)orn in March, 1844, i'"^ 
Guernsey county, Ohio, the son of A\"illiam and Alartha 
Stewart, both natives of Pennsylvania. They m(~)ved to 
Ohio in early life and later came to Greene ccumty, Indi- 
ana. (A history of the Stewart familv is to be found 
in this volume under the John Adams caption.) 

\Adiile living in Ohio, the subject of this sketch 


responded readily to the call for troops to suppress the 
rebellion, enlisting in Company D, Seventy-seventh Regi- 
ment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. He made an excellent 
record as a soldier, participating in all the battles in 
which his regiment was engaged, and was mustered 
out at Brownsville, Texas, March 8, 1866. 

The subject was grown when the family moved to 
Greene county. Working on his father's farm for some 
time after he returned from the army, he married Sarah 
A. Timmons in 1869. She was born in Coshocton 
county, Ohio, in 1844, and was the daughter of Emman- 
uel and Susanna (Stitely) Timmons. This family came 
to Greene county, Indiana, in 1845, '^'^'^^^ settled in Rich- 
land township, having made the trip from Ohio by wag- 
on. The land they settled on cost twelve and one-half 
cents per acre. Mr. Timmons mined coal and chopped 
wood until he accumulated enough money to purchase the 
place desired. They had the following children : John, 
William, Mary Ann, Charlotte, Samuel, Sarah, three 
children died unnamed. 

The subject and wife farmed successfully in Rich- 
land township until his death. May 15, 1877. His widow 
is still living on the old fami, which is still very produc- 
tive and well cared for. He and his wife were the parents 
of three children, namely: Susan, the deceased wife of 
Clark Terrell, who left two children. She was first mar- 
ried to Grant Heath. The subject's sec(wd child was 
named Charlotte, who died when seven years old. Gran- 
ville D. is the third child of the subject. He is a success- 
ful fanner in Richland township, and was bom Septem- 
ber 26, 1876. He married Ada Osborn in 1896. a native 


of the above named township. They have four chikh'en 
as foHf^ws : Rub\', John, Clarion Dexter and Lexie. Tlie 
first named is thirteen years old, being- the oldest, and 
the last named is an infant in 1908. Granville Stewart 
is engaged in geiieraK farming, owns one hundred and 
twentv acres of good land and handles considerable stock. 
He and his wife are members of the ^Methodist church at 
Allen chapel. He is a Republican, but is seldom very 
greatly interested in politics. He and his family have 
gained the undivided respect of the community where 
thev live. 


For manv vears a leading business man of Linton, 
and long identified with the industrial interests of Greene 
county, ]\Ir. Terhune ranks among the distinguished citi- 
zens of southwestern Indiana, and Ijy reason of his con- 
nection with large and important enterprises has earned 
a state-wide reputation in business circles. No other resi- 
dent of the community has been so actively identified with 
its material development, and none have so indelibly im- 
pressed their personality (^n the cit}' or exercised a more 
potent influence in directing and controlling the various 
interests which make for its advancement. The Terhune 
familv is of French origin, and Avas first represented in 
America bv several remote ancestors, wdio fled from 
France on account of political persecution and settled in 
the colony of Xew Jersey, a number of years previous to 
the Revolutionarv war. Several of the Terhunes es- 


poused the patriotic cause and served with distinction in 
the struggle for independence, which, being gained, they 
located in various parts of the country, married, reared 
families and became prominent in the affairs of their vari- 
ous places of residence. The branch to which the subject 
belongs settled many years ago in Kentucky, from which 
state his grandfather, Jabel Terhune, migrated to In- 
diana in 1842 and located in Greene county, where, in 
due time, he became an extensive land owner and influ- 
ential man of aft'airs. He took an active part in public 
matters, and did much to promote the development of the 
county and advance its different interests. He died some 
time during the Civil war. David Terhune, son of Jabel, 
was born in Fleming county, Kentucky, 1818, and came 
to Indiana the year following his father's arrival. He 
engaged in the pursuit of agriculture in Greene county, 
purchasing land from the government, also from his 
father, and in the course of a few years had a good farm 
under cultivation besides owning considerable unim- 
proved real estate. Sarah Nealis, wife of David Terhune. 
and like him a native of Fleming county, Kentucky, was 
born in the year 1820, and bore her husband fixe sons and 
one daughter who reached maturity, the subject of this 
sketch being the oldest of the number. Thomas J., the 
second of the family, is a lawyer of Lebanon, this state. 
James T. is a fanner, living in William D., ne.xt 
in order of birth, has not been seen nor heard from for 
the last eighteen years, and in all pn^bability is dead. 
John B. is a stockman of Indianapolis, doing a large and 
successful business. Mary J., the daughter, died at the 
age of twenty years. Both parents died in Greene cnuntv, 


the mother in 1868, the father in 1880. The mother was 
an esteemed member of the Presbyterian church, and to 
the support of both the Alethochst and Presbyterian 
churches Mr. Terhune contributed hberally of his means 
and influence, and for a number of years he was (^ne of 
the leachng citizens of the community in which he hved 

D. J. Terhune was 1)oni on the family homestead, 
near Linton. September 9. 1846, and grew to manhood 
familiar with the rugged duties of farm life. Finishing 
his prehminary education in the district schools, he sub- 
sequent entered Asbury. now De Pauw University, at 
Greencastle. Indiana, where he prosecuted his studies, 
devoting" his vacations to teaching, by which means he 
was enabled to defray the expenses of his collegiate train- 
ing. Having early manifested a decided preference for 
agriculture and rural life, he turned his attention to farm- 
ing while still a young" man. and has ever since been in- 
terested in the same, being at the present time one of the 
largest holders of real estate in the county, owning about 
nine hundred acres in Greene county, all good farm land, 
and seventy per cent, oi three thousand live hundred acres 
(jf valuable coal land in Kentucky. He is also largeh' in- 
terested in the Vandalia C'^al Company, of Indianapolis, 
Indiana, and the Highland Coal Company, the former 
operating twenty mines with an average daily output of 
twelve thousand tons, being one of the largest producing 
companies of Indiana. In addition to the above he is 
director of the Dugger State Bank, a director and vice 
president of the Linton Bank, besides sustaining a similar 
relation to the trust company at the latter place. Pie also 
was the prime mover in organizing the Linton ^^'ater 


Company, of which he is one of the principal stockholders, 
and in addition to the various interests and enterprises 
enumerated, he owns other extensive property interests in 
Linton and elsewhere, being not only one of the leading 
business men of the county, but a successful financier of 
state reputation. His career presents a series of successes 
and advancements such as few achieve, the manner in 
which he has established and conducted his various enter- 
prises showing him to be the possessor of business and 
executive ability of a very high order and of a clear dis- 
criminating- judgment and rare sagacity, which are sel- 
dom, if ever, at fault. He is a natural born leader of men, 
endowed with the power to inaugurate and carry to suc- 
cessful conclusion large and important enterprises, and to 
him. more perhaps than to any one, is due the business 
and industrial prosperity of Linton, and the substantial 
development of the community along other than material 
lines. With a character above criticism and of scrupulous 
integrity, he has won a high place in the esteem and con- 
fidence of his fellow citizens, and all who come within 
the range of his influence bear testimony to his many ad- 
mirable qualities of mind and heart. 

Politically Mr. Terhune is a Democrat, but not a 
politician in the sense the term is usually understood. Vnv 
the last eleven years he has been a member of the lioard 
of managers of the Indiana Reformatory, and for a long 
time has been actively identified with the municipal gov- 
ernment of Linton, besides being one of the trustees of 
De Pauw University. 

He belongs to the Masonic fraternity, in which he 
has long been an active worker, and also holds ni.Mn])cr- 


ship with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. 

Air. d^rhune was married September 12, 1871, to 
Mag-g-ie ]\Inll oi Bainbridge, Indiana, the union being 
without issue. He and his wife are members of the Lin- 
ton Methodist Episcopal church, and move in the best 
social circles of the city, numbering their friends by the 
score here antl else\\here. 


The life of AA^illiam Johnson, wdiich has now closed, 
is one from which many might take a lesson for frugality, 
industry and honesty. He was born in Alontgomery 
count}-, Ohio, September 20, 1830, and was the son of 
Robert and Jane (Pugh) Johnson, both natives of Vir- 
ginia and of English ancestry. Thev came to Montg'om- 
ery county, Ohio, when young and later moved to Logan 
county, that state, wdiere they lived and died. They were 
acti\'e workers in the Methodist Protestant church. To 
this union seven children were born, namely: Eliza, who 
was the wife of John Davis, died in Logan county, Ohio; 
Evaline, who was the wife of \\'illiam Harriman, died in 
Kenton, Ohio; W^illiam, the subject of this sketch; 
Thomas, died in Paulding county, Ohio; Jane, wife of 
John Killinger ; Elizabeth died in young womanhood ; 
Lydia died in Kenton, Ohio, and her husband, Henry 
Bures, died in the Civil war. 

The subject of this sketch was raised on a farm and 


educated in the common schools. January 21, 1865, he 
married Mary Rusher, daug'hter of John and Matilda 
Rusher. The subject lived on a fami for eighteen years 
in Ohio, and in 1883 he moved with his family to Wash- 
ington township, Greene county, where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. He was a man of good physique, 
being six feet in height and weighing one hundred and 
eighty pounds. His death occurred January 21, 1902. 

He had eighty-four acres of good land on which his 
widow is now living. By hard work he impro\Td the 
farm and made it not only highly productive, but also 
attractive to the eye. 

The subject and wife never had any children. The 
subject was first a Methodist, but later in life he affiliated 
with the Friends church. Mrs. Johnson is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal church. Mr. Johnson was a 
Democrat, but he never took any part in politics except 
to vote. He wasi regarded as a good neighbor and hus- 
band, as well as a good farmer, his farm always being- 
clean and well tilled. 


the subject, was born in Law- 
rence county, Lidiana, February 18. 1822. and his long 
and worthy career on eartli closed January 30, 1907. 
His parents, types of the staunch citizenship of the old 
colonial days, were natives of Virginia, v/ho migrated to 
Kentucky and in 1814 came to this state, when most of 


their neighljors were the red men. none too friendly, 
many of them. The old log cabin which these hardy 
pioneers built, being aided by the Indians, is still pre- 
served as a relic of "ye olden tyme." 

The subject availed himself of the earliest oppor- 
tunitv to fight in defense of the conntr}- he loved so well, 
and at the outbreak of the war l^etween the states enlisted 
in Company B, Twenty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infan- 
trv, and rendered gallant service as a corporal throughout 
the war. 

Naturally Silas P. \A^aggoner learned farming, since 
he was born on a farm and worked with his fatlier clear- 
ing and preparing the virgin soil in Lawrence county 
for agricultural purposes, but he also learned the miller's 
trade and operated a mill for some time in Alartin coun- 
ty : later coming- to Greene county where he farmed for 
many years in Taylor township. Although his early edu-' 
cational advantages were very limited, he applied himself 
as best he could and his success in whatever he undertook 
after he reached manhood was proof that his native 
abilit}' had l^een strengthened and cultivated through his 
early application of mind. His farm in Greene county 
was, even in those days, considered in advance of those 
of his neighbors in man}' respects. 

The sul^ject was twice married, first to ^Nlary Ann 
Kelly, who died, leaving- five children, as follows: Mar- 
garet, Charles, Ira, James, Nancy. The subject's second 
marriage was to Mrs. Margaret J. Cattron, nee King, 
native of Blooming-ton, Indiana, where she was born 
Alay 4, 1832, the daughter of Ivan and Matilda (Wal- 
den) King, both natives of Kentuckv and Ohio, and 


early settlers in Monroe county, Indiana. Ivan King- and 
wife had nine children, as follows: William, who was a 
soldier in the Mexican and Civil wars, is now deceased; 
Jesse H., a soldier in the Civil war, is also deceased; 
Margaret, the widow of the subject of this sketch ; John 
and Benjamin, both soldiers in the Union army, are 
both deceased; Granville is a farmer in Taylor township; 
Alfred, Amanda and Ann Eliza are all deceased. 

Margaret Jane Waggoner, the subject's widow, was 
three times married, first to John Bogart, a farmer. They 
had two children, both now deceased. Her second mar- 
riage was to Zachariah Cattron, and by this union seven 
children were born: Matilda Ellen, who married Mark 
Liles, died in Arkansas; Joel B. died in infancy; John 
Mack is a farmer in Taylor township; Laura married 
Martin Boling, of Scotland; Benjamin C. is a railroad 
man in Missouri; Heni-y H. is a merchant in Arkansas; 
Margaret Alma married Ed. Vest and died at Oklahoma 
City, Oklahoma. Her third marriage was to the subject 
of this sketch, but no children were born to this union. 
She is now living in Scotland, Greene county, Indiana. 

Silas P. Waggoner was a Republican in politics and 
at one time was his party's choice for sheriff. Fraternally 
he was a Mason and a lo3'al member of the Christian 


The subject's birth occurred in Sullivan county, In- 
diana, September 24, 1844, the son of lames and Sarah 


(Smith) Bennett, the latter a native of Kentucky, the 
daughter of Ehjah and Pohy ( \\'alker) Smith, who were 
earh' settlers in Sullivan county, Indiana. James Ben- 
nett, the subject's father, was the son of Roland Bennett, 
also a native of Kentuck}-, who came with his parents t(^ 
Greene county, Indiana, and took up government land 
in an early da}', settling- in Richlantl township. ?Ie was 
a Whig and later a Repul^hcan. He was supervisor for 
some time. He and his wife, whom he married in Greene 
county, were Baptists and the parents of eight children, 
namely: Maiy Jane, deceased; Marion, the subject; 
Lovel, deceased; John, who lives in Kansas; Jason, de- 
ceased ; Roland, who lives in Iowa ; Hiram and Sarah. 
both deceased. 

Marion Bennett has spent nearly all his life in 
Greene county, having- been raised on a farm, recei\ing 
his mental training in the old-time public schools. In 
1866 he married Sarah Bland, a native (^f Greene county, 
Indiana, and the daughter of Robert H. and Chloe 
(Hodges) Bland, the former of North Carolina and the 
latter of Greene county. Both the Blands and the Hodges 
were early settlers in Highland township, Greene county. 
Five children have been born to the subject and wife, 
namely: John, who married Deby Sinclair, and is liv- 
ing in Fair Play township, Greene county; Joseph, who 
lives at home with his father; Allie. the wife (^f Oliver 
Marley, who lives on a farm in h\air Play townshi]-); 
Cora, who died in childhood; Alma, whn is the wife of 
Ollie Owen. Robert H. Bland, grandfather of the sub- 
ject, was a soldier in the Forty-third Regiment, Indiana 
Volunteer Infantrv. He had eieht children, namelv : 


60 1 

Rebecca, Sarah, Nancy, Mary. Joseph, James, W'ilham 
and Catherine. 

Although a lad of only sixteen years vvhai the na- 
tion called for troops to suppress the great rebellion that 
threatened her very foundations, our worthy subject could 
not restrain his patriotism and enlisted in 1861 in C(Hn- 
pany D, Fifty-ninth Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infan- 
try, at Bloomfield, rendezvoused at Camp Huges, Gos- 
port, Indiana, and served with such courage that he was 
raised to the rank of orderly sergeant. After going to 
New Albany, Indiana, wdiere the regiment remained for 
a short time, it was sent to New Madrid, Missouri ; then 
it reported to General Pope at New Madrid, and was or- 
dered to Shiloh, but did not reach there in time for the 
battle. The regiment had a skirmish at Hamburg and 
Tiptonville, Mississippi, and was in the battle at Corinth. 
Later was at Helena, Arkansas, and Jackson, Mississippi. 
The subject has in his possession the flagstaff that his 
regiment carried until the battle of Champion Hill. He 
was also in the battles of Raymond, Port Gibson, Black 
River or Champion Hill, and in the siege of Vicksburg 
for forty-five days. On May 22d of that year the subject 
had the pocket shot out of his blouse jacket, but was not 
injured. He was later in the battles of Missionary Ridge 
and Atlanta. Buzzard Roost, in the famous march to 
the sea under Sherman and was finally in the grand re- 
view in Washington City. 

After being honorably discharged the subject went 
to farming in Highland township. Greene county, In- 
diana. After working for three years he came to his 
present location in 1870. This farm now consists of four 


hundred acres, which is considered as good as any land 
in Fair Play township. He is a careful farmer and ex- 
ercises splendid judgment in raising crops and handling 
stock of all kinds. 

]\Ir. Bennett is a Republican in political belief. He 
has been school director and supervisor, justice of the 
peace and constable; also trustee of Fair Play township. 
He takes a lively interest in political affairs. Fraternally 
he is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
at Switz City, passed through all the chairs, and has rep- 
resented the Itical organization at the grand lodge. He 
is a member of the Grand Army of the Republic and 
both he and his wife are members nf the Baptist church. 
They are well known and held in highest respect by the 
entire communitv. 


Elsworth AA'atson, a progressive farmer of Rich- 
land township, was born January 15, 1877. i" Center 
township, the same county. He was onlv two vears (^Id 
when his father died. He went to school during the win- 
ter months, working for his board and serving as a farm 
hand during the rest of the year. He married Susan 
Flory. February 21. 1889. lifter which he farmed in Cen- 
ter township. Green county, for two vears. and for a 
short time in Richland township. In 1892 he went to 
Douglas county. Illinois, and farmed there for a period 
of ten years. In 1903 he returned to his native township 


and boug-ht over three hundred acres of land, where he 
still lives. He has a fine farm, over two hundred acres 
of which are in cultivation. He raises a great deal of 
stock of all kinds and carries on general farming. He is 
a Democrat. His wife was the daughter of Noah E. 
and Maria (Miller) Flory. He is a native of Pennsyl- 
vania. He came to Ohio, near Dayton, and then to 
Greene county, Indiana, locating near Tulip. He was a 
cooper by trade. He died in 1892. His widow is living 
in Richland township, Greene county, Indiana. She went 
to Ohio with her parents when young. Her grandfa- 
ther was John Flory, a native of Pennsylvania and a pio- 
neer of Greene county. Indiana. Noah E. Flory and wife 
had thirteen children, namely: Catherine, who married 
James Ouackenbosh, of Vermilion. Kansas; Elizabeth, 
who married William Stalcup. of Richland township; 
John, a farmer of the same locality, who married Fla 
Null; Henry, a preacher and farmer, who also li\-es 
there; Mary, Gallic, Riley, Noah and Ella, all deceased; 
Jacob, a farmer in Richland township; Susan, the sub- 
ject's wife; Samuel, a fanner of Douglas county, Illi- 
nois, who is married; Thomas, who married Alverta 
Hunter; they live in Tulip, Indiana. The subject and 
wife have seven children, as follows: Dexter, Charles 
and Harley. twins; Clyde. Nettie, Vesta and Albert. 

The subject of this sketch is the son of Daily and 
Ouintella (Payne) Watson, natives of Greene county. 
He died in September. 1879. She married James M. 
King, of Tennessee, who died in a few years, and she 
married a third time. Christopher Horn was her last 
husband. They lived at Koleen, Indiana. The Watsons 


were natives of Virginia and were pioneers of Greene 
conntv, Indiana. Daily Watson grew up in Center town- 
ship and attended the neighborhood schools, working on 
his father's farm. He was always a farmer, and a mem- 
ber of the Christian church. He and his wife had three 
cliihh'en. They are: Marion, an attorney and real es- 
tate dealer at Arthur, Illin()is; he married Josie Gamron ; 
Elsworth, the subject of this sketch; Daily, a farmer near 
Chesterville, Illinois, who married Esther Owens. There 
^^■ere live children from the second marriag'e of the sub- 
ject's mother, namely: Ir^'in, deceased: Lusette. wife of 
Franklin Stillens, of Arthur, Illinois: Rosetta, wife of 
John Troy, and Viola, single, l>oth of Arthur, Illniois : 
Albert, a carpenter, who married Delia W'inings, of Ar- 
thur, Illinois. 


Henry Hassler, who lives on a farm in Washington 
township, was born in Taylor township, this county, Feb- 
ruary lo, 1852. He is the son of Christian and Sarah 
( Stone) Hassler, the former a nati\'e of the Canton of 
Berne, Switzerland, being a young- man when the family 
came to America. Christian was the son of Peter and 
Elizabeth ( Kolp) Hassler, l^oth natives of Switzerland, 
who early settled in Taylor township, Greene county, In- 
diana, being- hig-hly respected among the other pioneer 
families at that time. Christian Hassler died in Taylor 
township on a farm in 1898. Both he and his wife were 
members of the Baptist church. They were successful 


farmer people and much liked by their neighbors. Chris- 
tian Hassler had three children by his first marriage. They 
are: Margaret, the wife of John Gilkinson, who lives in 
Jackson township; Henry, the subject of this sketch; 
Elizabeth, widow of George Ledgerwood, living in Cass 
township. Christian's second wife was Margaret Fitz. 
One child, Isabella, who is now deceased, was born to 
this union. She was the wife of Daniel Homerickhouse. 

Henry Hassler was raised on a farm and educated 
in the common schools in Taylor township. He remained 
at home until he was twenty-one years old. In 1877 ^^^ 
married Sarah Collins, who died in 1879, leaving one 
child, Catherine, the wife of William Osborn, who lives 
in Martin county, Indiana. The subject's second mar- 
riage was to Martha Waggoner. She died in 1898. leav- 
ing five children, namely: Florence, the wife of Harle}^ 
Hardin, who lives in Washington township; Elmer, Ra- 
sho, Fred and Henry, all at home. The third marriage 
of the subject was to Grace Wesnidge in 1890. She was 
born in Smith township, and was the daughter of Henry 
and Nancy W^esnidge. Two children were born to the 
subject's third wife, namely : Cora and John. 

After the subject's first marriage he began farming 
on his present farm, which was at that time wild, being 
covered with native forests. He has cleared and drained 
the land; also erected modem buildings on it, including 
a splendid residence, an ample barn and convenient (Uit- 
buildings, until he has an attractive place, his home farm 
consisting of ninety-six acres of land, besides his other 
farms in the same township. Mr. Hassler raises a good 
grade of stock cattle and a large numl^er of mules. He 


is a model farmer and makes a success of whatever he 

The subject is a Democrat. He and his family are 
members of the Baptist church at Shiloh, Indiana. 


In the life history of Mr. Fields we find qualities 
worthy of admiration, for he has had to "hoe his owm 
row" and make for himself a home and a reputatiiMi, both 
of which he has done admirably well, as we shall see. 
He was born in Owensburg", Greene county. Indiana, 
where he has preferred to live during his entire life, the 
date of his birth occurring on October 14. 1866. He is 
the son of Hans and Charlotte ( Hatfield) Fields, the 
former a native of Lawrence county. Indiana, where he 
was born June 29. 1832, coming- to Greene county in 
1854, where he married and worked at his trade, that of 
a stone and brickmason. He was a member of the Chris- 
tian church and a Republican. Eight children were in 
this family, seven of wh(^m are living. fi\'e in Greene 
county. They are : Forest Rose, the wife oi Th(3mas 
Sweney, of Xew Albany. Indiana; Admiral F.. postmas- 
ter at Owensburg; Otis G.. the subject: Pauline is de- 
ceased ; Christy is the wife of John Riley, living- in Bloom- 
field; Effie is the wife of Charles Page, also of Bloom- 
field; Commodore lives in Owensburg; Erie is the wife 
of Dr. Samuel Snider, of Indianapolis. 

Otis G. Fields attended school at Owensburg, where 
he spent his youthful days in close application to his books 


for five years. Then he went to work in a store for 
Noah Brown, where he worked for seven years, giving 
entire satisfaction as a clerk. After this he farmed for 
several years. On May i8, 1895, h^ began work as a 
section hand; later he was promoted to foreman, whicli 
position he now holds, being considered by the company 
for which he works one of the best in their employ. 

The subject was married March 21, 1889, to Attha 
Hennon, who was born and raised in Owensburg, where 
she received a common school education. The date of 
her birth was March 21, 1873. Her parents were old 
settlers in that vicinity. Seven children have been born 
to this union, who have survived infancy, namely : Ida 
Fay, deceased ; Estella, Nola, Pansy, Mildred, Velma, 
James and Clayton, all living at home. The subject and 
wife are members of the Church of Christ, and the for- 
mer is a Republican in political belief, but takes no ac- 
tive part in politics. Mr. Fields is a great lodg'e man and 
his many friends say his daily life is clearly indicative 
that he lives up to the doctrines embodied in the laws 
governing the lodges with which he is affiliated. He 
joined the Masonic lodge at Hobbieville. Xo. ■^6'/. in 1902. 
He is also a member of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, having been noble grand six times and twice a 
representative at the grand lodge. He has been through 
all the chairs of the Red Men's lodge, which he also 
represented at the grand lodge. He is a charter member 
of the Rebekah Lodge, No. 563. Mrs. Fields is also a 
member of the Rebekahs. having been past grand master. 
Mr. and Mrs. Fields own a comfortable home in 
Owensburg, where they number their friends by the 



This enterprising business man and representative 
citizen is a nati\-e of Greene county, born in Stockton 
township on Xovember 26. 1867, his family being among 
the earhest settlers in this part of the state, and for many 
}'ears acti\'ely identified with the growth and development 
(if Stockton t«nvnship. where his father, Thomas Alexan- 
der Craig, a well-to-do farmer and a man of substantial 
worth departed this life in 1873. Jane ^IcClaren, wife 
of Thomas A. Craig, and like him, a representative of 
one of the pioneer families of the above township, died in 
the year 1874, ha\'ing- borne her husband eleven children, 
of whom four are li\'ing. namely: Isaac F.. a farmer 
residing near Fredonia, Kansas; Amanda A., wife of C. 
D. Hixson. of Linton ; Sarah E. who married Rev. E. 
Coffin, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal church, 
stationed at Anderson, this state, and A\'illiam A., who is 
the youngest of the family. 

John Craig, a brother of the subject, was killed in 
the army during the Civil war. five of the children dying 
in infancy: ^^lary E.. who married H. M. Sherwood, 
died in 1908. 

The father was also a soldier during the war between 
the North and the South, serving in an Indiana regiment 
from the beginning to the end of the struggle. 

William A. Craig- received his preliminary educa- 
tional training in the public schools of Greene county, and 
in the town of Spencer, and later fitted himself for a 
business career by completing a full course in Bryant & 
Stratton's Commercial College at Indianapolis. In the 



meantime he worked for a limited period in a furniture 
factoi-y at Mound City, Illinois, and after finishing- his 
business course returned to the same place where; during 
the ensuing two years he was employed as clerk in a 
grocery house. Severing his connection with that line 
of trade he engaged with a mercantile company at 
Knightsville and Brazil, Indiana, but after a year at 
those places went to Cairo, Illinois and accepted a posi- 
tion with the New York Dry Goods Company, a wholesale 
and retail house, which he represented for a part of the 
time as traveling salesman, and a part of the time in 
the wholesale department, remaining with the company 
about two years. At the expiration of the time indicated 
he entered the employ of the Andrew Lohn Bottling 
Company, in the city of Cairo, but after a year with 
that concern took seiwice with the Backrow & Block 
Drapery Company, of St. Louis, where he remained three 
years, the meanwhile becoming familiar with the details 
of the business by a practical experience such as falls to 
the lot of few within so short a time. 

In 1893 Mr. Craig engaged in business at Linton, 
Indiana, opening a grocery and feed store in connection 
with a bakery, this being his first venture as an independ- 
ent factor in the business world. After four years as 
proprietor of the establishment he became a member of 
the firm of Craig & Bryant, general merchants, and dur- 
ing the nine months this partnership lasted these gentle- 
men laid out an addition to Linton known by their names, 
this being the first important boom in the history of the 
place. Disposing of his interest in the business to his part- 
ner, Mr. Craig turned his attention to real estate and in- 


surance, in both of which he has buiU up an extensive and 
hicrative patronage, doing- the largest business of the kind 
ill the city, and in magnitude and importance second to no 
other man or firm in the c<iunty similarly eng-aged. In the 
matter of insurance his agency includes all the principal 
companies operating in the state and the business has 
grown steadily until it takes a very wide range represent- 
ing many thousand dollars annually with every prospect 
of still greater increase with each succeeding year. In the 
real estate he has in connection with the general business 
handled several additions to the t(3wn, and met with most 
gratifying success, the best evidence of his continuous 
prosperity being various material improvements which he 
has made to the town, notably, the substantial building in 
which the Linton Trust Company is located, the tine 
stone front in which he has his office, the beautiful modern 
brick dwelling on A street. Northeast, and others in dif- 
ferent parts of the town. 

Mr. Craig was instrumental in org-anizing- the Home 
Loan and Savings Association, of which he was secretary 
from 1902 to 1907, and was also the leadhig spirit in 
organizing the First XaticMial Bank of Linton, the Union 
Lumber Company, the Linton Opera House Company, 
the First National Bank of Jasonville. and the Linton 
Trust Ccnnpany. of which he has been president since it 
was established in 1905. 

At this time he is president of the New Union Lum- 
l)er Company, organized in 1904. director of the Linton 
and Jasonville banks, sustains the same relation to the 
Home Loan and Savings Association, besides being sec- 
retary and treasurer of the Linton Opera House Com- 


From the foregoing it can be easily seen that Mr. Craig 
is a man of wide and varied business experience and as the 
various interests with which his name is so intimately 
associated have fuhy met the high expectations of their 
founders and proven successful in all the term implies 
it is a compliment worthily bestowed to class him among 
those men of mature judgment, wise discretion, rare 
foresight and discriminating sag'acity to whom the pub- 
lic naturally look for leadership in large and important 

Mr. Craig, as already indicated, is first of all a busi- 
ness man and has had little time or inclination tO' devote 
to political matters, having- never aspired to public honors 
or sought official position at the hands of his fellow citi- 
zens. Nevertheless, he keeps in touch with the trend of 
affairs, is deeply interested in the success of the Republic- 
an party, which he has supported ever since old enough 
to wield the elective franchise and is consciencious in 
the discharge of all the duties devolving upon him as 
a man and citizen. 

He has a beautiful and refined home in Linton, the 
presiding spirit of which is the intelligent and estimable 
lady to whom he was united in the bonds of wedlock 
December 4,1898, and who, prior to that time, bore the 
name of Grace M. Freeman. Mr. and Mrs. Craig have 
one daug'hter who^ answers to the name of Martha Gray 
Craig, born May 22, 1900. 

Fraternally Mr. Craig is identified with the Benevo- 
lent Protective Order of Elks and the Pythian Brother- 
hood, belonging to the uniform rank of the latter organ- 



Thomas Sharpies, who Hves in Taylor township, is 
among- the man}- foreigners who have come to this state, 
and, finding- conditions so favorable for making an hon- 
est li\ing-. ha\e preferred to remain here rather than re- 
tnrn to their native land. He was born in Lancashire, 
England, Jannary 7, 1820. Althongh he went to school 
only one month, the subject is fairly well educated, having 
applied himself during spare moments throughout h'S life. 
He was compelled to work hard when a boy. coming with 
his parents t(j West V'irginia when he was ten years old 
and remained with them until he was twenty, then moved 
to Ohio, but went back to West Virginia for a sht^rt 
time. Later he returned to Ohio, antl in 1842 came to 
Greene county. Lidiana. and in 1844 he entered eighty 
acres of land in Martin county. He married Catherine 
Xichols. a nati\-e of Lawrence county. Indiana, in 1843. 
She died in Taylor township in November. 18Q4. and 
he married Sarah Porter, widow of John Porter and a 
daughter of John Waggoner and Charity (Baily) A\ ag- 
goner. the former a native of Kentucky and the latter a 
native of Tennessee. They located in ^lartin count}-. Li- 
diana. where he lived by farming and where thev both 
died. The subject had no child by either wife. His sec- 
ond wife had six children by her first husband, John 
Porter, namely : Charity. AA'illiam. Christopher, de- 
ceased : Alma, Lla, Mary, deceased. 

Thomas Sharpies lived in Alartin county, Lidiana, 
until 1898, when he moved to Scotland, Litliana. and re- 
tired. He has four hundred and eie-htv acres of well ini- 


proved land. After selling- his farm in Martin county he 
bought two hundred acres in Washington township, 
Greene county. Later he purchased twelve acres near 
Scotland. He is a Democrat politically. His wife is a 
member of the Baptist church. 

Thomas Sharpies is the son of David and Alice 
(Waller) Sharpies. The former was a fai-mer who came 
to America in 1830 and located in Wellsburg-. W^est Vir- 
ginia. His wife and five children joined him the follow- 
ing year. He worked in the glass works as a mixer for 
two years, then he rented a farm and worked it for three 
years. He went to Coshocton county, Ohio, where he 
lived on a farm for ten years. Then he came to Greene 
county, Indiana, locating in Taylor township on a farm. 
Later he went to Monroe county, this state. His first 
wife died in Ohio. His second wife, who was Jane Mc- 
Kane, a native of Ireland, died in Monroe county. He 
was a Democrat and an Episcopalian. He had nine chil- 
dren by his first wife, namely: Ellen, John died in in- 
fancy, James, Mary, Thomas, David, William, Sarah and 
John. He had two children by his second wife. Robert 
and Andrew. He died in Monroe county, Indiana. 


Among those in Greene county whose labors have 
profited alike themselves and the community in which they 
live is the gentleman whose name appears at the head 


of this sketch. Although Mr. Swango is not a leader 
in politics or a plunger in great industrial enterprises, he 
is regarded as a farmer who possesses sound judgment 
and great energy, the two qualities that go to make the 
successful man more than any other. 

Abraham Swango^ was born in Kentucky, August 
28, 1S44, his birth occurring after his father's death. 
He was brought up on the old homestead, and being 
busily engaged in farming, had scarcely any time to at- 
tend school, consequently he has never been able to write, 
which fact he greatly regrets. However, he has suc- 
ceeded remarkably well for one being thus handicapped. 
He remained with his mother, helping support her after 
she moved from Kentucky to Dearborn county, Inrliana, 
and his love and care for her was one of the noblest traits 
shown by our subject. 

Although not yet seventeen years old when the dark 
clouds of rebellion gathered over this country, Mr. Swan- 
gx) left mother and friends, responding to President Lin- 
coln's call for loyal citizens to save the Union, and en- 
listed in Company D, Third Indiana Ca^'alry, and took 
part in all the engagements in which this regiment was 
involved while a part of the Army of the Potomac, the 
most notable engagements being the battles of Gettys- 
burg, Fredericksburg- and the cavalry raid sent against 
Richmond. He passed through all this and was ncA'er 
wounded or in the hospital. He was regarded as a brave 
and efficient soldier, always ready to go into the hottest 
part of the battle if he was ordered to do so. After the 
war Mr. Swango returned to Dearborn county, Indiana, 
and resumed farming. In 1868 he was married to Per- 


villa Dill and to them was born one son, Forest A., a 
resident of Limsetone, Indiana. After they had been 
married less than two years the hand of death was laid 
upon the young wife and he was left with this son. His 
second marriage was to Kate Buhrlage, who also died 
in eighteen months from the date of her marriage. The 
subject's third marriage was to Julia Jackson, who also 
died early. His last marriage was to Rachel A. Rose, 
with whom he is now living. They were married July 
30. 1877. She was born and reared in Greene county, 
her natal day falling on May 2t^, 1853. Her parents 
were natives of Kentucky, her father dying before she 
was bom, leaving her mother with a family. School ad- 
vantages were denied the wife of the subject. 

Nine children were born to this union, namely : 
Alta, the wife of Ernest Lehman, residents of Owens- 
burg; Dick, who also resides in Owensburg; Sallie, wife 
of Fred Rush; Bitha, wife of George Porter; Ella, wife 
of Delmer Foddrill; Grace and Maggie. All these chil- 
dren received a fairly good common school education. 

Mr. and Mrs. Swango have numerous friends in the 
neighborhood where they reside, being regarded among 
the most honest as well as hard-working citizens of Jack- 
son township, and their children are all honored and well 
spoken of by their neighbors. 



the gentleman whose name appears above. The state- 
ment that improvements on Mr. Porter's farm are equal 


to any place in this part of the county is sufficiently in- 
dicative of the fact that he is progressive in the broadest 
sense of the term, all the external features of his property 
being- in his favor. He is decidedly a public-spirited man, 
always being ready to lend his time and advice to any 
movement that looks to the betterment of his community 
in any way. 

Mr. Porter is a native of Jackson township, Greene 
county, where he still resides, having believed from the 
first that better opportunities for him were to be found 
right at his cloor than in any other locality. The date 
of his birth occurred on December i8, 1839. He is the 
son of John T. and Elizabeth (Work) Porter. Members 
of the Porter family were orig-inally from Germany, who 
settled in Maryland after they came to America. The 
father of the subject came to Virginia where he died, and 
his wife moved to Indiana, settling in Jackson t(^wnship, 
where she resided until her deadi. When she first came 
to this county she had only eleven hundred dollars with 
which to invest in land, but being' a woman of rare thrift 
she soon had a comfortable living. The Work family 
originated in Ireland. 

M. A. Porter was married October 10, 1861, to 
Catherine Pugh, the wedding occurring in Pennsylvania. 
The subject and wife have six children, all married and 
doing well from a financial standpoint. They are John, 
Sarah, Mary, Joseph, Emma, Charles. While Mr. Porter 
had only a limited text-book education, yet he has educat- 
ed himself by general reading and study and by coming 
in contact with the world. He first learned the black- 
smith's trade, which he worked at in connection with 


his farm for a period of twenty-eight years. He was con- 
sidered one of the best blacksmiths of the township. 
He now owns two hundred and twenty-one acres of land 
which is kept in first-class condition. He finds time to 
raise excellent stock, being a breeder of Polled Angus 
cattle, having recently purchased some very fine speci- 
mens of this well known stock. He has always been a 
lover of horses and keeps a number of good ones about 
the place all the time. His judgment on horses and mules 
is regarded by his neighbors as being unexcelled by that 
of any man in the county. 

Mr. Porter takes an active part in the political af- 
fairs of his county and he is a well known figure at local 
conventions, being a strong Democrat. In 1874 he was 
elected trustee of Jackson township by a vote of one 
hundred and seventy majority. The township was 
Republican by twenty votes. His official career lasted 
four! years and was a success in every respect. In 1900 
he was re-elected by a majority of thirty-nine votes, when 
the township went one hundred and eight Republican. 
This remarkable showing certainly speaks well for his 
standing in the township. He was the nominee of his 
party in the spring of 1908 for commissioner of the first 
district, and his nomination for this important position 
was generally regarded as a most fortunate one. Mr. 
Porter is a Royal Arch Mason. 

Although his life has been a busy one, he has found 
time to travel some. He is a man regarded by everyone 
who knows him as being broad-minded and far-seeing, 
as well as thoroughly trustworthy. 



Georg-e Francis ]\Iyers. one of the nn 
\voochv( »rkmen that ever labored in Greene county, who 
is just now closing a long career in this profession and 
entering upon the quiet life of a farmer, was born in 
Bloomlield August 30, 1869. He attended the common 
schools of that city up to the seventh grade. From 1886 
to 1890 he was on a farm. Then he learned the carpen- 
ter's trade under his father, which he made his life work. 
He was employed in L. H. Jones' planing mill at Bloom- 
field from 1892 until 1902. He worked for a time in the 
employ of Xordyke & IMarmon as a millwright. In 1903 
he left this company and took charge of a planing mill at 
Jasonville. Indiana, which he operated for eighteen 
months, when the mill was moved to Linton. He then 
went to ^lartinsville, Indiana, where he worked for the 
Southern Indiana Ltimber Cr)mpany for eighteen months. 
The company sent him to Benton Harbor. Michigan, 
where he remained a short time. Fie retiuTied to Greene 
county and later went to Shelb}ville. Indiana, where he 
worked in !McClaren"s lumber mills. But his health be- 
gan to fail and he g'ave up his W()rk, moving back to 
Bloomfield in 1907, working at his trade until the spring 
of 1908, when he traded f«ir thirty acres of land near that 
city and moved thereto in April, 1908. He is novr en- 
gaged in farming in connection with his trade. 

The subject was married December 24, 1891, to 
Georgia E. Catt, a native of Knox county, Indiana, and 
the daughter of George A\'. and Lidia (Glass) Catt, both 
natives of Knox count^^ who came to Greene countv and 


purchased the flour mills at Bloomfield. In 1902 they 
moved to Oklahoma, where they now live on a farm. 
They are the parents of the following children : George, 
Granger, Royal, Laura, Nora, Bertha and Georgia, wife 
of ^Ir. ]Myers, our subject. Hiram Glass, grandfather 
of the subject's wife, was a soldier in the war of the 
Rebellion and died in Knoxville, Tennessee, of smallpox. 
Jacob P. Catt, the paternal grandfather of the wife of our 
subject, spent his entire life in Knox county, having been 
an extensive land owner and stock raiser, where he died 
in 1902, having been eighty-two years old. 

George F. ]\Iyers is the son of ^Mlliam Henry and 
Susanna ( Plummer ) Myers, the former having been born 
in Pennsylvania in 1845. He came with his father, Wil- 
liam D. flyers, to Greene county, Indiana, in 1856. set- 
tling in Washington township, where the grandfather of 
the subject died in 1874. There the father of the subject 
grew to manhood, where he learned the carpenter's trade 
with his father, which he followed until five years before 
his death. His disabilities resulting from his sen-ices 
in the army from 1861 until 1865 finally caused him to 
abandon his trade and he moved to a farm inherited by 
his wife, which is located in Washington township, ^^l^en 
the first call for troops was made to suppress the rebellion 
Mr. Myers made an effort to get to the front, but he was 
too young and was rejected. He later applied and was 
assigned to Company C. First Indiana Heavy Artillery. 
He was wounded at Fort Spanish, Alabama. After the 
war he returned to Greene county and followed his trade, 
manwing in 1868 Susanna Plummer. Seven children 
were bom to this union, all of whom are living and all 


being educated. They are : George F., the subject of this 
sketch; John W., Ora PL, Laura G.. Ralph W'., Wihiam 
T. and Rena E. They are all married. 

Two children have been born to George F. Myers, 
our subject, and wife. They are Mabel B. and Laura G.. 
each living at home and attending the public schools. The 
former is studying music. Both the subject and his wdfe 
are active members of the Presbyterian church. The for- 
mer is a Democrat but he does not take a very active part 
in politics. Fraternally he is a Royal Arch Mason and 
a member of the Lidepeudent Order of Odd Fellow^s at 
Bloomfield, having first united with this lodge at Lyons. 
He has served all the stations in the lodge and has twice 
been representative in the grand lodge. He is a meml^er 
of the Sons of Veterans. He is also a member of the 
Modem Woodmen. 

Mr. Mvers lives up to his church and lodge beliefs, 
as any one who is accjuainted with his daily life will tes- 
tify. Consequently he has justly gained the high esteem 
of a large circle of friends and acquaintances. 


The subject of this review is one of the strong char- 
acters who has contributed largely to the material wel- 
fare of the township in which he resides, being a lumber 
dealer and saw-mill man, and, as a citizen, public-spirited 
and progressive in all that these terms imply. For a 
number of years he has been prominently identified with 


the lumbering interests of Greene county, and as an im- 
portant factor in promoting its progress along social and 
moral lines as well as industrial his name well deserves 
a place in the record of its representative citizens. 

Robert Smith is a native of Floyd county, Indiana, 
his natal day being September 30, 1866, the son of John 
and Mary Smith, both of whom died when he was four- 
teen years old, and he was thrown upon his own re- 
sources. He went "from pillar to post" and never had a 
chance to gratify his ambition and thirst for knowledg'e, 
but Mr. Smith had strong innate cjualities that made up 
for his lack of text-book training and he went to work on 
a farm, later doing railroad work. So quickly did he be- 
come acquainted with the details of roadbed work that he 
soon became a contractor on his own account and fur- 
nished ties for the company constructing the road. He 
thus became familiar with the timber business, having 
been a keen observer and always looking out to better his 
condition. He located at Owensburg about 1874, having 
made and saved money enough tO' operate a saw-mill. So 
successfully did he manage this business that it has stead- 
ily grown until he now has four saw-mills in operation, 
and from a start with no capital whatever he has accu- 
mulated at least twenty thousand dollars, all of which he 
has made unaided. Mr. Smith is the owner of a fine 
home with every necessary convenience, pleasantly lo- 
cated in the best residential district of Owensburg. 

The subject of this sketch was happily married 
March 15, 1888, to Minnie Eaton, who was born and 
reared in Greene county, where she attended school, re- 
ceiving a fairly good education. Three interesting chil- 


dren lia\-e been lK>ni into tliis home to add to its sun- 
shine. They are Curtis, Jessie and juanita. 

I'^'aternaily Air. Smith is an acti\e member of the 
Red Men. having- passed all the ehairs of the lodge at 
Owensburg'. While he is a loyal Rei)nblican and stands 
for elean polities, he seldom takes much interest in po- 
litical affairs. 

The subject is admired by all who know him, be- 
cause he is a man of pleasing- atldress and commendable 
traits, having mastered the details of his business him- 
self, learning" it by careful observation and experience, 
and he is regarded by the people of the beautiful little 
village of Owensburg as being one of its most \alued 
and best citizens in ever}' respect. 


At the outset of the career of the gentleman whose 
life record we briefly call attention of the reader to he 
did not seek any royal road to the g'oal of prosperity and 
independence, but l)egan early in life to work earnestly 
and diligently to adxance himself, and the result is that 
he is now numbered among the intluential farmers of 
Jackson townshi]). where he has a farm which has been 
developed from wild soil by the untiring eff: trt n{ the 

Seth Laughlin was born October _'_>. 1S34, in Ran- 
dolph county, Xorlh Carolina, and he forms one of that 
large class of fellow workers from the old Tar Meel 
state who have benelited Indiana, the state of their ad;~ip- 


tion, to such a very great extent, for among them is al- 
ways to be found the highest type oi citizenship that the 
nation affords. The parents of our subject were Lind- 
say and Nancy (Briles) Laughhn, both natives of North 
CaroHna, who came to Indiana in 1861 and remained 
here during^ the remainder of their hves, making a suc- 
cessful venture in farming and raising five children, only 
two of whom now survive, our subject and John Laugh- 
lin, a resident of the state of Oklahoma. 

Seth Laughlin was seven years old when his par- 
ents brought him to this state. He worked diligently on 
his father's farm in Greene county. He did not go to 
school until nineteen years old, then attended the com- 
mon schools of the neighborhood. Then he taught school 
for eight terms, becoming one of the popular teachers of 
Jackson township at that time, in which all his labors 
in this line were confined. 

In 1883 the subject was happily married to Amanda 
Byers, whose paternal family came to this state from 
Pennsylvania. Nine children were born to this union, as 
follows : Ora, Butler, Nannie, Lester, Frank. Han-ey, 
Charley, Edna and Wade. 

Mr. Laughlin's farm in Jackson township consists 
of two hundred and seventy acres, which is worth, con- 
sen'atively speaking, ten dollars per acre. It yields the 
subject and family a comfortable living, being product- 
ive and well managed. General farming is carried on, 
much small grain being produced. Air. Laughlin also de- 
votes some attention to stock raising. Politically he is 
a Republican, but does not devote much time t(^ politics. 
However, he always stands for the best principles anct 
best men. 



An enumeration of the men who have won honor 
and recognition in the past and added hister to the com- 
munities in which they have acted their parts in Hfe would 
be incomplete without due notice of the widely known 
and popular citizen whose biograph}^ is herewith pre- 
sented ; a citizen, who, by the master strokes of a vigor- 
ous personality and sheer force of character, has risen 
to an enviable place among- his fellows and gained more 
than local repute as an enterprising and progressive man 
of affairs. 

Henry Baker is a native of Niag^ara county, New 
York, and descended paternally from \\>lsh antecedents, 
while on the mother's side he inherits the characteristics 
of a long line of sterling New England ancesti-y. His 
father, Nathan Baker, was an only child, who first saw 
the light of day at East Hampton, Long Island, New 
^'ork, and when a young man learned cabinet making 
and carpentry, in both of which trades he acquired great 
proficiency. He also served in the War of 18 12 and par- 
ticipated in a number of engagements during- his period 
of enlistment. Nathan Baker married in his native state, 
Prudence Walker, and in 1839 moved to Greene county, 
Indiana, where he entered land, cleared a good farm and 
spent the remainder of his life, dying in 185 1. He was 
one of the earliest pioneers of the county, took an active 
part in the development of the community in which he 
resided and is remembered as a man of strong character 
and unblemished reputation. He was three times mar- 
ried and reared a family of nine children, seven of whom 



were born to his union with Prudence Walker. Nathan 
Baker and wife died only three weeks apart and were 
buried at Bloomfield when the subject was nineteen years 
old. In the spring of 1908 their remains were removed 
to the cemetery at Worthington. 

Henry Baker was born August 24, 1832, and at the 
age of seven years accompanied his parents on their re- 
moval to Indiana, since which time his life has been 
very closely identified with the growth and development 
of Greene county, of which he is now in point of con- 
tinuous residence one of the oldest living settlers. Dur- 
ing his childhood and youth he became familiar with all 
the varied and rugged duties of pioneer life; assisted by 
his father and brothers tO' clear and improve the home 
farm and in the indifferent schools of those times ob- 
tained the rudiments of a practical education. The first 
school he attended was taught in a house without win- 
dows and as open between the logs, of which it was com- 
posed, as a rail pen. At that time there was not a build- 
ing in the county erected especially for educational pur- 
poses and for several years various means were resorted 
to to supply this need. The first heating apparatus was 
a large iron kettle placed in the center of the room and a 
fire built in it and from this was obtained the only heat 
they had. In due time, or about six years later, a house 
was built two and one-half miles from the subject's home, 
the aggregate cost of which did not exceed five dollars 
for the entire structure, the door hinges and latch being 
composed of wood. The huge fireplace, which occupied 
the greater part of one end of the building, was supplied 
with wood cut from day to day by the boys in attendance. 



but ihe chimney prove>i s-.^ fault}- tliat to avoid being 
strang-led by ilie large amouni of smoke that escaped into 
liie r.>?m the QlVt had to be kept open for hours at a 

time tC' the great disccinfort of teacher and pupils. In 
ti:ose early days there was no systematic course of study. 
and for a number of years reading was principally taught 
frc'm i::e Xev%- Tesianieit. tliC'Ugh occasion.aih- otlier 
books f:und their way t'? the scb>:'l. one of which tlie 
subject remembers to have been a patent me^iicine 

Mr. Baker assisted with the labor of the home farm 
unril about years oi age and then turned his at- 
tention to the carpenter's trade, which he followed for a 
peri'>5 of eight years, during which time he saved suifi- 
cien: fr^om his earnings to purchase a tract of wild land. 
to the clearing and improving of which he at once ad- 
dressed himself. By energetic and persevering toil he soon 
succeeiied in reducin^g a gi>:»dly p-ortion of his place to 
cultivation, besides adding many other substantial im- 
provements until in the c<ourse of a few years he not only 
had a line farm with all mc^dem access-ories. but had also 
increased his holdings by the purchase c-f otlier valuable 
real estate in the vicinity. During his prime 'Mr. Baker 
cleare^i and 'Otherv>-is€ improved two gc«od farms, and 
tliis. t<>o. from heavily timbered land, which represented 
an amo'unt C'f lab-or and sacrifice difficult for 'One unac- 
quainted with primitive cc>nditions to understand or ap- 
preciate. It was by working early and late, frequently 
far into the night, by the light of his blazing log heaps, 
and by expending a vast amo'unt of well directed energy 
that his eii'Orts were finailv rev>-ardeti and he became one 


of the leading- farmers of the communir>-. also oae of its 
most enterprising- and pr<>gTessive citizens. He continued 
the purstiit of agriculture until 1892 when he turned his 
farm over to other hands and moved to \\'orthington. 
where he has since lived a retired life. 

^Ir. Baker has always been public spirited, and as 
an influential factor in the affairs of his count)- is a rec- 
ognized leader among- his fellow men. His life has been 
singularly free from fault, and by a career of honorable 
endeavor he has earned the confidence of those with 
whom he ming^les. while few of his contempijraries oc- 
cupy a more conspicuous place in the esteon of the public. 
He has always been a firm belie\-er in the gospel of cor- 
rect living, and althoug-h exceeding- the Scriptural allot- 
ment of three score and ten by six years, he is still a re- 
markably well preser\-ed man physically, being free from 
the infirmities incident to those of his age and a stranger 
to nearly all the ills and pains to which human flesh is 
heir. In early life he formed those correct habits which 
have their legitimate fruitage in healthful bodies, clear 
brains and well balanced judgment, and he attributes 
much of his rugged energ\- and splendid vitality- to the 
fact of his having always abstained from the use of to- 
bacco in all its forms, and all kinds of intoxicants, drugs, 
tea and coffee, and to the temperate use of the legitimate 
blessings with which nature so b«:>uatifully surrounded 
him. Mr. Baker is a Prohibitionist in politics and an 
earnest advixrate of princi()les which he espt^uses. Al- 
though no seeker of public honors or em«:>lum€nts of 
office he served se\-eral years as justice of the peace and 
made a creditable record in that capacity-, a^ is anested by 


the hwgc amount of business transacted in his court and 
the clearness and fairness of his ruhngs and decisions. 

- Air. Baker owns thirty acres close to Worthington, 
which supplies his home and his residence and business 
property in Worthington and can truthfully say that he 
owes n(j man in the world a penny. Since twenty years 
of age he has been a contributor to newspapers and jour- 
nals and has some very spicy articles, some of which will 
be fcmnd within this volume, and he has kept a diary for 
thirt}'-six years. 

On December 3, 1858, he married Sarah Inman. of 
Greene county, daughter of Robert and Rhoda ( \\'ines) 
Inman, live children being the fruits of the union, 
namely: Lizzie, Ijorn April 11, i860, died February i6th 
of the year following; John, born November 20, 1862, 
died in infancy; Nettie, born July 15, 1865, is the wife 
of Erastus Price, of Linton, and the mother of three liv- 
ing children; George L., born July 24, 1868, is engag'ed 
in the mercantile business at A\'orthington ; Frankie, the 
youngest of the family and the wife of Fletcher Owen, of 
Worthington, was born November 9. 1870. Like her 
husband, Airs. Baker is highly esteemed by a large circle 
of friends and acciuaintances and possesses the cjualities 
of head and heart that win and retain confidence and pop- 
ularity. She is a zealous Christian, an active worker in 
the Alethodist Episcopal church of Worthington and 
has been unremitting- in her efforts to impress the prin- 
ciples of morality and true piety upon the minds and 
hearts not only of the members of her household, but of 
all with whom she comes in contact. 



He to whom this sketch is dechcated is a member of 
one of the oldest and most honored pioneer famihes of 
Greene county, where, by habits of industry, he has 
builded a comfortable home in all that this mag-ic word 
implies to a man of simple and healthy tastes. 

Joel Hatfield is the son of George and h^lizabeth 
(Snider) Hatfield, having been born Februan- 8, 1841, on 
the farm where he now lives. His parents were natives 
of Tennessee, who came to Indiana in an early day. They 
are described as simple, hard-working people ni fine 
moral principles and active in church work. The father 
of the subject took a very active part in the Republican 
politics of those early days and made his influence for 
good felt in this field. They were the parents of ten 
children, seven of whom are now (1908) living. 

Joel Hatfield, the subject, labored on his father's 
farm and attended the common schools of his neighbor- 
hood until he was twenty years old, when he readily re- 
sponded to the wave of patriotism that swept over him 
when our martyred President called for troops to save 
the Union, and this subject enlisted on April 22, 1861, 
in Company B. Eighteenth Indiana Volunteer Regiment, 
for a period of three months, after which he returned 
home for a short time, then re-enlisted when it was seen 
that the rebellion was growing in power, his second temi 
of enlistment 1>eing for one year, and later re-enlisted for 
three years, or during the war. He served in Missouri 
in the campaign against General Price, rendering gallant 
service as corporal until he was unfortunately seized with 


rheumatism, which rendered it necessary to discharge 
him from the sen'ice in about a year after his euHstment. 
His g-overnment now rememljers him with a suljstantial 
pension. Two brothers of the subject. Jerry and Jasper, 
were also in the army. 

After his service in the army Air. Hatfield returned 
licime and resumed farming-, and in 1864 married Didly 
Brown, who was born and reared in Greene county, her 
parents ha\ing migrated to this state from Tennessee in 
an early day. To this happy union seven children were 
born, five of whom are still living. They are : Carey, 
Hiram, Kiah, Noah, Cora and Jesse. Each of these 
children had the advantages of an early common school 
education. AMien he was married his only earthly pos- 
sessions were a horse and saddle, and now he is the owner 
of eigiity acres of good land on which is a cozy dwelling 
and other convenient buildings. He has made all this 
by his unaided eftVn'ts. Politically he is a Republican and 
was at one time supervisor of roads, wdiich office he filled 
in a most acceptable manner. The subject is a member 
of the Christian church at Owensburg, Indiana, and both 
he and his wife are not only well known in their com- 
munit}', l>ut no people in Jackson township are more high- 
ly respected for their uprightness. 


He to wdiose career we now direct attention is num- 
bered among the prog-ressive farmers of Richland town- 


ship, where he has spent his hfe and gained a reasonable 
degree of prosperity through his own honest efforts in 
connection wath the development of the natural resources 
of this favored section, his chief deligiit being in owning 
and maintaining up to a high state of efficiency the old 
Warren homestead, consisting of one hundred and sixty 

Mr. Warren comes of stanch Irish lineage, being 
of the second generation of the family in America, his 
father, ^^^illiam Warren, having emigrated from the Em- 
erald Isle. The subject was bora February 22, 1868. 
He made proper use of his time while a youth in the com- 
mon schools of his neighborhood and laid the foundation 
for the careful thinking and planning he has been obliged 
to do during his manhood years in order to make life a 
success and train his family in the paths of virtue and 
achievement. During the summer months he worked 
assiduously on his father's farm and delighted in taking 
care of his w^orthy parents until he reached manhood's 
estate, when he married Lizzie Xeidigh. with whom he 
lived happily for a period of ten years, when she was 
called to her eternal reward. The subject's second mar- 
riage was to Jennie Baker, widow of Joseph Corns. She 
was bom ]\Iarch 6, 1861, in Madison county. Indiana. 
She had received a good common school education and 
has proved a faithful helpmeet. She is a member of the 
Dunkard church. The subject's son, Areld Walter, was 
born August 23, 1898. 

Mr. Warren, by the exercise of his splendid gifts as 
an agriculturist, has kept the old farm on which he now 
resides in a remarkably good productive state; in tact, it^ 


abundant crops from year tro year have not depleted the 
soil to any appreciable deg-ree. Instead of wearing his 
land literal!}' out by forcing it to produce all it will each 
season of the staple products, he has diversified com with 
clover and other grasses, which has prevented the soil 
from becoming thin and washing away. Politically he is 
a Republican. 

This sketch should not be closed until something be 
told the reader regarding the life of the subject's hon- 
ored father. William Warren, who was born July i. 1816. 
in Wexford county, Ireland. When twenty-one years old 
he came to America, working in New York City for a 
time. A year later he came to Louisville, Kentucky, 
where he was married in 1840 to Xancy Ann Johnson, 
who was bom near Salem, Indiana. They lived in that 
city for five years, where he performed the duties of l>0(^k- 
keeper for a hardware firm. In 1845 l^^ came to Greene 
county, Indiana, settling in Richland township, where he 
remained until his death, September 2=^, 1873, dying com- 
paratively young but not until he had made a success. He 
was a Republican and both he and his wife were members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. They were the par- 
ents of eleven children, George W., the subject of this 
sketch, being the young-est. 


This enterprising business man and gallant ex-sol- 
dier, whose name has long been intimately associated 

pr O ) ^ CU) 




with the industrial interests of Greene county, is an hon- 
ored resident of Bloomfield and a citizen of much more 
than local repute. The family of which he is a repre- 
sentative is traceable through several generations to 
Mark Dugger. who came to this county in a ver\- early 
day, but of whose life and antecedents little is known. 
The Duggers have long been noted for splendid and sym- 
metrically developed physique, the men l)eing unusually 
tall and erect, of fine presence and vigorous constitutions, 
while their mental and moral characteristics appear to 
have harmonized with their bodily powers — honorable 
and upright in their relations with their fellow men, scru- 
pulously honest in all their dealings, and possessing in a 
marked degree the qualities of head and heart that in- 
sure good citizenship. They have ever exercised a whole- 
some moral influence and always stood high in the es- 
teem of the people with whom they mingled. Thomas 
Dugger, father of Francis M.. was bom in this state in 
18 1 7. He was an honest, hard-working man, having 
cleared a farm from the primitive forest and devoted his 
life to the pursuit of agriculture, in which he was more 
than ordinarily successful. He accumulated a handsome 
competency and became one of the well-to-do men of the 
community in which he lived. Originally a Whig in pol- 
itics, he afterwards became a Republican, and for many 
years was an active and influential member of the Chris- 
tian church. Sabra Floyd, wife of Thomas Dugger. was 
bom in 1816. in Tennessee. She bore her husband nine 
children, and departed this life in Bloomfield, August 26, 
1903, Mr. Dugger dying at Joneslx^ro ( now Hnbbie- 
ville) on June 6. 1874. Of their nine children, seven 


are living- at the present time, namely : Sarah, widow 
of J. L. Oliphant: Hettie, widow of Ambrose Meredith; 
Francis M.. our subject; Elizabeth M. wife <if O. B. 
Richeson ; Xancy 1^., wife of J. T. Laml) ; William R.. 
and Thaddeus H., all of whom have families and are well 
situated in the matter of worldl}- wealth, 'idie two mem- 
1)ers of the famil}- deceased were twin sisters, ]\Iary and 
Susan, the former dying- in childhood, the latter when a 
young woman. 

Francis AL Dug'ger was born June 6. 1841, in 
Greene county, Indiana, and spent his childhood an.d 
}'outh on the home farm in Jackson townshii), remaining 
under the parental roof until his twentieth year. In the 
meantinie he attended the district schools during- the win- 
ter months, de\'oting the rest of the year to labor on the 
farm, and in this way he passed the time until the l)reak- 
ing out of the Civil war. On Julv 28, 1861. he enlisted 
in Company B. Eighteenth Indiana Infantry, and imme- 
diately thereafter accompanied his command to the frc^nt. 
seeing his first service in Missouri under General Jeffer- 
son C. Davis. Later his regiment served in the com- 
mands of Fremont and Curtis, and while under the lat- 
ter general ^Ir. Dugger participated in the battle of Pea 
Ridg-e. Arkansas, and he was also in the engag-ement at 
Helena, that state. Subsequently his regiment joined 
Grant's army and took part in the siege and capture of 
Vicksburg, going thence to Texas, where he re-enlisted 
December 31. 1863. the entire regiment veteranizing, after 
which he returned home on a furlough, where he cast his 
first presidential 1:)allot f(ir Al)raham Lincfdn. Rejoining 
his command, which had been tran.sferred to the army un- 
der General Sheridan, he was with that intrepid leader in 


all the battles of the Shenandoah Valley, and afterwards 
went to southw-estern Georgia, where his military sen-ice 
terminated, with an honorable discharge, bearing date nf 
Angnst 28, 1865. He entered the army as a private, but 
later rose to the rank of brevet captain, in which capacity 
he continued a little over one year, liut was never mus- 
tered in as captain, and was mustered out of the service 
as first sergeant. 

Returning to his home at the close of the war, Mr. 
Dugger turned his attention to the pursuits of civil life, 
and in 1866 was elected sheriff of Greene county, which 
office he held two terms of tw^o years each, or four years. 
At the expiration of his term he removed to Jonesboro, 
this county, where he engaged in farming and stock rais- 
ing, but in 1872 he was again elected to the office of sher- 
iff, the duties of which he discharged for a period of four 
years more, in all eight years, proving an able and fear- 
less as well as a very popular public servant, as is amply 
indicated by his long term of office. 

In the year 1876 Mr. Dugger engaged in the grain 
and milling business, which from the beginning proved 
remunerative, and later, in 1882, he began developing the 
coal industry, which he conducted in connection with his 
other interests, producing coal principally from his own 
lands in Sullivan and Greene counties, associated with 
the late Henry T. Xeal, opening what was known as the 
old Dugger mine, establishing the town of Dugger. whicli 
was so named in honor of Mr. Dugger. In 1885 they 
opened a mine named Champion in that locality, and in 
1888 purchased one-half interest in the Summit mine, lo- 
cated just west of Linton, which they succcsstully <'pe- 


rated for several years, and opened what is known as 
the Xew Snmniit mine, which was sold upon the death 
of Henry T. Xeal. Mr. Dngger then associated with his 
brother, William R. Dngg'er, opened the Sunflower mine 
near Dng-g^er, and of this company our subject is the 
president and a heavy stockholder, with the home ofiices 
at Bloomfield, and the company is in a flourishing condi- 
tion. After opening the first shafts in the Greene-Sullivan 
coal fields he sold a portion of his grain and milling inter- 
ests and for some time thereafter conducted the coal in- 
dustry upon cjuite an extensi\-e scale, opening mines at 
Midland, Lattas Creek and Letsinger. near Jasonville, and 
the Clover Leaf at Cass, all of which proved verv pr(^- 
ductive and added greatly to the liberal income of which 
he was then the recipient. After some years he disposed 
of all his mining interests except the one at Dugger. 
which he still owns, and which now yields a daily output 
of twelve hundred tons. 

In the meantime Mr. Dugger became interested in 
banking at Dugger and Bloomfield, being instiiimental in 
organizing the Citizens' State Bank at the latter place, of 
which he is still president and principal stockholder, be- 
sides doing a general banking- business at the former town 
in connection with merchandising. He is also interested in 
various other business enterprises, including the Farmers' 
and Mechanics' Building, Loan and Savings Association, 
which he organized and of which he is president, and the 
Linton Water Works Company, in wdiich he is a heavy 
stockholder. Li the management of the various lines of 
business in which he is engaged Mr. Dugg^er displavs ex- 


ecutive ability of a high order, sound judgment and sa- 
gacity, which enable him to foresee with remarkable ac- 
curacy the outcome of the present action. In his under- 
takings he has not been content to follow the dictates of 
others, but invariably takes the initiative, his ability to 
plan and lead being recognized and appreciated by his as- 
sociates, who' are ever ready to defer to his judgment and 
act in harmony with his directions. Few men of Greene 
county have risen to the commanding position he occu- 
pies, and none exceed him in the ability to turn apparent 
defeat into decided success, and without invidious com- 
parison it may truly be said that he is today not only a 
leader in business and industrial circles, but an influential 
factor in moulding and directing public opinion among 
his fellow citizens. He has affiliated with the ■Masonic fra- 
ternity, Lodg-e No. 84, including- the Roval Arch degree, 
and also held membership in the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows of Bloomfield. In politics he is pronounced 
in his allegiance to the Republican party and in religion 
is identified with the Christian church, for the org-aniza- 
tion of which in 1874 Mr. Dugger was largely responsi- 
ble, and of which he has been an elder continuously since 
and contributing largely to the constniction of their ])rcs- 
ent church home, as well as in its support. 

On Xovember 2. 1865, \h: Dugger and Abbie Lamb, 
daughter of John W. and Patsy Lamb, were united in 
the bonds of wedlock, Mrs. Dugger dying March 26. 
1904. November 2, 1906, he married his present wife, 
whose maiden name was Nora Hatfield, a native of 
Greene county, and a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jeremiah 
Hatfield, for many years prominent residents of Jackson 



Pn^minent among- the worthy representatives of the 
pioneer element of Greene county is the weh known gen- 
tleman to a review of whose life the attention of the read- 
er is now invited. For many years he has been a f(^rceful 
factor in the growth and prosperity of Jackson township; 
in fact, he is the oldest man in the township save one. 
John R. Hudson, who was born here, and as such his 
name and reputation have extended beyond the limits of 
the locality in which so many years of his life have been 
spent. This picturesque character, now in the golden 
serenity of old age, having passed his eighty-second mile- 
stone, has the comforts of a cozy home, which the in- 
dustry of his sturdy earlier years won. and he also has 
the cheer of his aged and honored compani(on, the part- 
ner of his life's joys being- in her seventy-ninth year. His 
father, Emanuel Hatfield, was a mighty hunter, being- 
one of the few nested characters in the class with Daniel 
Boone. When he came in 183 1 to the vicinity where 
the town of Owensburg. Indiana, now stands, during the 
fall and Avinter of that year, he killed two hundred deer 
and twenty-seven bears. The fame of his unusual skill 
as a huntsman spread far and wide, and he was a terror 
to the red man. Within a few months in that year he 
found time from his hunting- to clear ten acres of timber 
land. He traded a horse for five acres of land, on which 
was a cabin. He entered adjoining- land until he had four 
hundred acres. The only object he had in buying one 
fine tract of land was because it had a good spring- on it. 
which to this day is called the "Emanuel Hatfield spring." 
This land is in Jackson township, where he and his wife. 


Nancy (Anderson) Hatfield, located when tliey came to 
this state from east Tennessee. Ale Hatfield, the o-rand- 
father of the subject, was a native of Virginia. Emanuel 
Hatfield and wife were the parents of fourteen children, 
ten of whcMii lived to raise families. Emanuel was twice 
married, his first wife having died at the age of fifty- 
two. His second wife was a widow Williams. The fa- 
ther of our subject lived to the ripe age of eightv-six 
years. He was active both in the Democratic partv and 
the Baptist church. 

Jeremiah Hatfield, who was born in Cam[)bell county. 
Tennessee, February 8, 1826, was six years old wlien he 
was brought by his parents to Jackson township, Greene 
county, Indiana. He assisted in clearing the land on 
which they settled and attended school until he cnuld 
read, Av rite and cipher a little, remaining at home until 
he was twenty-one years old. He was married A [arch 
28, 1848, to Nancy Spears, who was born in Lawrence 
county, Indiana, where her parents settled after coming 
to this state from Kentucky. Four children were b)rn 
to Jeremiah Hatfield and wife, namely : Eliza Jane, 
widow of Hanagan Lewis, who lives with her parents: 
Milton Howard, a farmer in Jackson townsliip: I^manuel. 
Jr., a farmer living in Kansas; Sherman, a farmer living 
in Washington township. 

The subject, who has always been a fanner, at one 
time owned two hundred acres of land, but in his old age 
he did not care to be burdened by its management, so 
he has sold all his land except twenty-two acres near 
Owensburg, Indiana, where he now lives. 

Mr. Hatfield is a typical representative of that class 
of loval citizens who. when the tocsin of war sounded in 


the dark days of our country's history, sacrificed the 
pleasures and profits of home to defend the flag, having 
enhsted in Company H, Thirty-first Regiment, Indiana 
Volunteer Infantry. His first engagement was at Fort 
Donelson under Grant. Later he was under Sherman 
and fought at Shiloh, Nashville. Stone River, Chicka- 
mauga. Chattanooga, Missionary Ridge, Lookout Moun- 
tain, Resaca and Peach Tree Creek, and he saw his last 
sen-ice at Atlanta. After faithfully sei-ving as a soldier 
for over three years he returned home in September, 
1864, and resumed fanning-. He receives a pension from 
the government in recog-nition of his services. He and his 
wife are members of the Baptist church, in which he 
served as clerk for some time. Mr. Hatfield is a Demo- 
crat and was a candidate for recorder of Greene county, 
but was defeated in the convention by only one-half a 
vote. He was assessor of Jackson township four times 
for a period of eight years. Mr. Hatfield has found time 
from his active life to travel and regale himself by coming 
in contact with the outside world. Both he and his 
worthy wife are highly esteemed for their honesty and in- 
tegrity throughout the community where they live. 


Lemuel Boone Sexson, one of Greene county's 
best known citizens, lives in Switz City, being a pio- 
neer retired farmer. He was born in Whitley county, 
Kentucky, October 16, 1824, being the son of Joel 

Tt, ^, MyJ-^^^X^^^ -g^-^^^ 


and Abigail (Davis) Sexson, both natives of Virginia, 
who came to Indiana in 1827 on pack horses and set- 
tled in Monroe comity, in the woods in a log house, 
where they lived on a farm until 1831, when the family 
came to Center township, Greene county. Joel bought 
government land, the land office at that time being at 
Vincennes, Indiana, where he made the trip partly on 
foot and partly on horseback. 

Joel Sexson was a Whig and was elected county 
commissioner and later associate judge of the county. 
He was a public spirited man, active in politics, and he 
was a successful farmer. He started with nothing and 
accumulated rapidly all through his life. He and his 
wife had thirteen children, namely : Rebecca ; Lemuel 
B., the subject; John G., Eliza L., Mary Ann, Oleva, 
Joel B., Benjamin S., who lives in Missouri; Carl Speed, 
who died in the army ; William Alexander ; Isaac F. ; two 
died in childhood. Joel Sexson was bom in 1800 and 
died in 1868, and his wife, who was bom in 1805, died 
in 1888. They were members of the Old Line Baptist 

Lemuel Boone Sexson was only seven years old when 
the family came to Greene county, and he has made his 
home here ever since, having attended school here in 
an old log house which had puncheon floors and seats. 
Greased paper was used for window panes. He tells 
many amusing and interesting stories of his early school 
days. After receiving a meager education he teamed or 
wagoned from Point Commerce to Bloomfield and New- 
berry, Indiana, to Louisville, Kentucky, from the time he 
was fourteen years old, hauling much tobacco to Louis- 


ville, from which place he would bring back all kinds of 
goods for the home merchants. In making such trips he 
often camped out ; at times he had several hundred dol- 
lars in his possession, which had been sent by the mer- 
chants with which to buy goods. He also carried the 
mail on horseback from these towns to Terre Haute for 
five years, beginning in 1837, during wdiich time he had 
many thrilling experiences owing to high waters and no 
bridges. It took a man with nerve to be a mail carried in 
those days, for the countiy was at times infested by rob- 
bers, but the subject managed to successfully elude them 
without harm to himself or the valuables with which he 
was intrusted. He found time to do some farmingf while 

years on Indian creek. He bought his first farm in Jack- 
son township in 1847 and still owns the place. He 
cleared the land and did much hard work on it. How- 
ever, he hired much of the work done while he teamed. 
From time to time he added to his farm until it embraced 
three hundred and twenty acres. He lived there until 
1894. a period of forty-seven years, when he moved to 
Switz City and retired. 

In 1847 the subject married his first wife, Man- 
Alexander, a native of Monroe county. Indiana, who be- 
came the mother of four children, namely : William, who 
lives at Owensburg'; John S., who lives in Fair Plav town- 
ship; Mary L., who lives in Smith township; Emma is 
living in Switz City. His first wife died in July, 1866. 
and his second marriage took place in June. 1867, to 
Nancv Leonard, a native of Greene countv, who died in 


1868. The subject's third wife was Kate Leonard, a na- 
tive of Jackson township, who was a sister to the sub- 
ject's second wife, and a daughter of Joseph and Safrona 
(Lyons) Leonard, both natives of North Carohna, who 
were early settlers in Greene county, having moved here 
about 1838. They are now both deceased. The last mar- 
riage occurred on February i6, 1869. To this union were 
born four children, namely: Ida, the wife of Ovid 
Fields, living in Washington township on a farm, to 
whom three children have been born ; Ethel, who married 
Harley Rush and who was the second child of the sub- 
ject's third wife, is deceased; two children died in in- 
fancy. The subject has given each of his children a good 
farm. Mr. Sexson has long been regarded as one of the 
most substantial as well as one of the most highly re- 
spected citizens of Greene county. He is a Republican 
and was trustee of Jackson township for many years. 
Both he and his wife are members of the Methodist 


The wants of the gentleman whose name forms the 
caption of this sketch have never been abnormal or er- 
ratic, but he has found life's chief pleasure in sustaining 
a good reputation and doing what he could to help his 
fellow man, believing that a good name is more to be de- 
sired among men than anything else. He was born Sep- 
tember 17, 1856. His father was Garrison Bradford, 
who was also a native of Richland township, where he 


spent his life as a tiller of the soil, having- married into the 
Allen family, who came from Virginia in an early day. 

D. A. Bradford made the best use possible oi his 
early educational advantages, having- devoted the winter 
months to study for a number of years until 1875. When 
he was twenty years old he left his paternal rnof-tree and 
sought his fortune in Iowa, where he settled on a farm 
and worked there for two years, when he returned to his 
native community. He has devoted his subsecjuent life 
to fanning- and carrying- on the g-eneral lousiness incident 
to life on the farm, and he now owns a well managed 
farm of sixty acres in Richland township. His unusual 
ability as an agriculturist has won for him the responsible 
position of president of local order Xo. 80 of the Farmers' 
Educational and Co-operation Union of America, an or- 
g'anization having as one of its main objects the regula- 
tion of prices on the various products raised on the farms 
belonging to its members, especially the prices on sta])le 
crops. ]\Ir. Bradford takes a great interest in this work, 
believing- that it is a worthy movement which will eventu- 
ally result in incalculable good to its meml^ers. 

Politically the subject is a Republican, but he has 
never aspired to positions of honor and trust at the hands 
of his fellow voters, merely preferring- to cast the "honest 
ballot that shakes the land." 

The subject owes much of his success to the encour- 
agement of his wife, who was Sarah Warren, a native of 
Greene county, where she was born April 7, 1858. and 
reared and received a common school education. One 
child has sundved this union from infancy. Fay. who 
was bom November i. 1884. She graduated from the 


Bloomfield high school and taught for three years in 
Richland township. She is at present (1908) attending 
the State Normal School, preparing- herself for more re- 
sponsible positions in her chosen profession. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Bradford are members of the 
Methodist Protestant church, Allen's chapel. The sub- 
ject has always been active in church work and a leader 
in the Sunday school. He is at present trustee at Allen's 
chapel, and is regarded as one of the pillars of that 


It is the pride of the citizens of this country that, 
when the great Civil war closed, all the vast army of citi- 
zen soldiery quietly laid down their amis and returned 
to the pursuits of peace. It was a splendid sight, that of 
the great armies melting away and a reunited country in 
which liberty was a fact as well as a name, the soldiers 
returning to their farms, shops and various other 

Among those sturdy sons of the North who volun- 
teered to fight in the defense of the nation's integrity was 
he whose name appears at the head of this sketch. He 
left 'the school room where he was teaching, bade adieu 
to his wife and three children and organized Company 
C, Forty-third Indiana Volunteer Infantry, August 29, 
1 86 1, and was mustered into service, infusing into his 
comrades something of the patriotism which he himself 
felt. He was elected captain and soon ordered a march 


through to Camp Vigo, from which he was ordered to 
the front, the company first taking part in the battle at 
Helena, Arkansas, later fighting at Jenkins' Ferr}-. On 
the way to Camden, that state, a portion of the regiment 
was captured, but Captain Edington, being on detached 
duty, was not taken. The prisoners who were taken were 
held at Tyler, Texas, for ten months, when they were ex- 
changed. During this time Captain Edington was doing 
provost duty at Little Rock. While here his term of en- 
listment expired and he was ordered to Indianapolis to 
be mustered out October 20. 1864. after serving three 
years and two months. 

Captain Edington, who is at present a resident of 
Owensburg. Indiana, was bom in Coshocton county, 
Ohio, August 12, 183 1, being the sixth son of Robert 
and Margaret ( Hardesty) Edington. The captain comes 
from a military ancestry, his father having been a soldier 
in the war oi 181 2. serving under General Lewis Cass. 
He was taken prisoner at Hull's surrender, and his great- 
grandfather was a soldier in the Rev(^luti(»nary war. The 
latter was of Scotch descent, of the most honorable peo- 
ple, and he was a man of wealth. The Hardesty family 
were also money-makers and people of good morals. 
Captain Edington was a boy when his father died. 

The subject was reared by his grandfather Hardesty, 
on whose fami he labored until he was seventeen y^ars 
old. In 1848 the subject came to Greene county with 
his grandfather, who entered one hundred and sixty acres 
of land in Jackson township near the present tunnel on 
the Monon Route. It was in the woods and the subject 
helped clear the land and make a home, the land costing 


one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre. The subject 
was a studious youth and made the best use possible of 
his time while in school, having- prepared himself for a 
teacher, which work he began in 1849 ^i^*^^ successfully 
continued for a period of twenty-five years except while 
in the United States service, during the winter months, 
farming in the summer. Finding the mercantile business 
more to his liking, he entered this field and built up a 
good trade at Owensburg, also at Koleen, Indiana. He 
left the store in 1884 and taught school during the win- 
ter of 1884-85, when, under Cleveland's administration, 
he received an appointment as railway postal clerk from 
Switz City to Bedford, Indiana, which position he held 
for four years, since which time he has made his home 
in Owensburg. 

The captain was married twice, first in 185 1 to Luti- 
tia Lauter, a native of Kentucky. She died in 1884, leav- 
ing four children, namely : Archibald, a farmer, living in 
Linton, Indiana; Frances, wife of John Deckard, of Lin- 
ton ; Sidney, a miner, also lives in that town ; Margaret, 
the wife of Francis M. Hatfield, lives in New Mexico. 

On November 22, 1884, the subject married Mrs. 
Mary A. Cobb, widow of Samuel Cobb and the daughter 
of Emanuel Hatfield, the famous hunter, whose family 
came from Tennessee to Jackson township, Greene coun- 
ty, Indiana, in 1832. No children were born to this last 
union. Both the subject and wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal church and active in Sunday school 
work. Mrs. Edington was seriously injured in 1896 in 
a train wreck on the Santa Fe near Denver, Colorado. 

Captain Edington is a Democrat and was a candi- 


date for the legislature in 1882. He was nominated and 
was in favor of submitting amendments to the constitu- 
tion to prohibit the sale of liquor in Indiana, but the party 
leaders became dissatisfied with this idea of the subject's 
and nominated another candidate and the county went 
Republican that year by three hundred votes and Captain 
Edington was defeated by sixty-four votes. Following 
out these principles he has become an ardent supporter 
of the Prohibition party and cast the first prohibition vote 
in his precinct. 

Captain Edington is regarded by every one who 
knows him as an honest, upright man. firm in his con- 
victions and trustworthy in all his dealings with man- 
kind, and both he and his wife, who are now in the golden 
evening of their useful lives, enjoy the respect and love 
of a wide circle of friends about their comfortable home 
in Owensburg-. nestled among- the hills. 


Familiarly known as Captain Watts, is one of the 
most highly respected and influential of the ag-ed citizens 
of Greene county, and his home, three miles northwest 
of Worthington, is regarded by all as one of old-time 
hospitality. The subject was bom in Knox county, Ohio, 
September 15. 1832-, the son of Thomas and Rachel 
(Chaney) Watts, both natives of England, who settled 
in Baltimore, Maryland, when thev first came to this 
country, later- coming to Ohio from Maryland, where 

^^^^ <^^^rzUa^^^ "M^caMc^ Q^cO^ 


they lived until their death. Thomas Watts was a shoe- 
maker by trade, which he followed all his life. Both he 
and his wife died when the subject of this sketch was a 
child, having" been one of nine children, all of whom lived 
to maturity, with one exception, the family consisting of 
six daughters and three sons, the subject of this sketch 
being- the youngest of the family and the only one of the 
children now living. 

Captain Watts attended the public schools in Ohio 
three months each year until he was eighteen years old. 
He left that state and came to Indiana in 1851. A year 
later he came to Worthington, working out as a farm 
hand. Later he worked in Worthington as an apprentice 
to a furniture and cabinet maker, receiving forty dollars 
and board for his first year's work. Out of this he fur- 
nished his own clothing- and paid other expenses, and the 
second year he received fifty dollars. Then he gave up 
this trade and worked in Worthington at the joiner's 
trade, later starting a shop there, which he conducted for 
a number of years. He traded for a farm in Wright 
tow^nship in i860, where he remained a short time, when 
he traded it for town property and moved back to Worth- 
ington, where he clerked in dry goods stores until 1862. 
when he enlisted in Company H, Sixth Indiana Cav- 
alry, engaging in his first battle at Richmond, Kentucky, 
serving as second lieutenant. He was commander of 
the company during most of the battle, the captain hav- 
ing been wounded early in the battle, as was also tlic first 
lieutenant. Twenty-three members of his company were 
killed and wounded that day. The subject was disabled 
from exposure, which prevented him from continuing his 


command, and he later resigned. In February, 1865, he 
enhsted in die One Hundred and Forty-ninth Regiment, 
Indiana Vokmteer Infantry, of which he was first ser- 
geant, and was mustered out at the close of the war. 

After the war the subject bought the farm where he 
now lives, consisting of eighty acres, which is underlaid 
with coal, which the subject is having mined. He rents 
his farm on the "shares," as he is himself unable to farm. 
"Captain" Watts was married in 1854 to Hulda Beech, 
• a native of Pennsylvania, who was brought ^to Indiana as 
a child. Ten children have been bom to this union as 
follows : Charles E., deceased; Mary C, wife of William 
Barton, of Worthington, five children having been born 
to this union; Frederick D., who died in infancy; Sam- 
uel E., who is married and has three children. He lives 
on a farm in Oklahoma. Luther E., who died when 
young-, Avas the subject's fifth child; Eva is the wife of 
Ira Maudlin and the mother of five children ; Xora A. 
is the wife of Charles E. Claywell and the mother of one 
child; Emma J. is the wife of James H. Hoot, living in 
Kansas; James H. and William P. were twins, the for- 
mer is deceased; the latter is married and has one child 
living. Two of his children were recently burned to 
death (1908). 

The subject is a member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic, Post Xo. 91, at Worthington, of which he 
has been chaplain for many years. He is a ]\Iethodist and 
has been an active member of the church, being a class 
leader and Sunday school superintendent. His wife has 
been a church member since she was fourteen years old. 
Mr. Watts is a loyal Republican. 


"Captain" Watts is a high-class citizen in ever)' re- 
spect, and he was a brave soldier. His wife proved her de- 
votion and trne nobility by staying" at home and caring for 
herself and children while her husband was ably aiding 
the cause of his country when it most needed help. The 
fact of his having commanded a company of raw recruits 
who withstood the onslaught of overwhelming numbers 
of veteran soldiers in a forlorn hope, and of being the 
means of saving the entire command, even at the terrible 
slaughter of over one-half of his company, showed him 
to be a man and a soldier of far more than ordinary nerve 
and ability. Such a man under such unusual circum- 
stances, who brought about such great results, should 
stand high in the list of those who sen'ed their country 
well, whether in a larg"e or small capacity. He deserves 
as much honor as the greatest of his country's generals, 
for he did well what was entrusted to him to do. 

Although there is a question of the righteousness of 
any war, yet there is an influence for good in recording 
the physical courage of those like our subject, who have 
well performed their part in any one of life's illustrious 


Frederick S. Herzog, son of William and I'redericka 
Herzog, was born May 5, 1836, in Kirchheidc. (iermany, 
and came to the United States in 1857. locating in Knox 
county, Indiana. He was without money when he reached 
there and was compelled to seek emi^loxmein. lie soon 


hired out as a fami hand, which he followed until the 
breaking out of the Civil war, when he enlisted in 1861 
and sen-ed four and one-half years in Company B. 
Twenty-sixth Indiana \'olunteer Infantr\-. having seen 
ser\-ice in both tlie \\'est and the South, being in several 
engagements, among which was Prairie Grove. Arkansas. 
[Mobile Bay, siege of \"icksburg and many minor skir- 
mishes. At the close of the war he returned to Knox 
count}-. Indiana, and learned the cabinet maker's trade, at 
which he worked for a period of twelve years, after 
which he went into the milling business, which he suc- 
cessfully followed for a period of thirty years. 

The subject came to \\'orthington. Indiana, in 1872 
and worked at the cabinet maker's trade for six years. 
In 1884 he came to Bloomfield. Indiana, and re-entered 
the milling business, which he has conducted continuous- 
ly and successfully ever since. 

Mr. Herzog was first married in 1866 to Frances 
Keith, a native of Knox county. Indiana. She died 
March 3. 1879. Four children were bom to this union, 
three of whom are living. They are: Hubbard, who 
lives in Nebraska : Ollie is a teacher in Clarkstown. 
Washington. He is a graduate of the \\"orthington high 
school and the State Normal at Terre Haute. lona. the 
third child of the subject, is deceased : Hemian is a paint- 
er by trade, living at Clarion. Indiana. 

The subject's second wife was [Mrs. Harriet Dean, 
widow of Samuel Dean. She was bom in Bloomfield. 
Indiana. October 22. 1856. She is the mother of five 
children. Two daughters and one son live at home: 
three are srraduates of the local hisrh school. 


Mr. Herzog is a member of the Baptist church. He 
is also a member of W'orthington Lodge. Xo. 137. Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows. Mrs. Herzog is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. They are highly 
respected in their home town. 


Conspicuous among the progressive business men of 
W'orthington is Arthur Lowe. who. as a parmer in a 
large mercantile establishment and assistant cashier of 
the Worthington Exchange Bank, has won recognition 
as a man of broad views and discreet judgment, whose 
experience has contributed largely to the advancement 
of the enterprise with which he is identified. Mr. Lowe's 
paternal grandfather was a native of North Carolina, but 
early migrated to Indiana and entered land in Monroe 
county, of which part of the state he is a pioneer. He 
reared a family of two daughters and one son. the latter. 
William J. Lowe, the father of our subject. William J. 
Lowe was three years of age when his parents moved to 
Indiana, and grew to manhood in the county of Monroe, 
where he married Lucy Ann A\'alker. whose father is sup- 
posed to have come to this state from Kentucky during 
the pioneer period. Mr. Lowe was a farmer and lived 
for a number of years in Lawrence county, but later 
moved to the old family homestead in Monroe county, 
thence some years later to a farm near Harrisburg on 
which he spent the remainder of his life, dying April 26. 


1899, his wife preceding him to the grave January 3. 
1878. The foHowing are the names of the children born 
to this estimal>le couple : Catherine, whose birth occurred 
in 185 1, and who is now living in Lincoln, Nebraska; 
Elmer, born 1853, ^^ a farmer and business man residing 
in Missouri; Simpson B., born 1854, is an attomey-at- 
law, practicing- his profession at Bedford, Indiana ; John 
R., bom 1856, lives in Newton, Kansas, where he prac- 
tices dentistry; Henrietta, wife of E. E. Foster, of 
Worthington, was born in 1858; Edward, born in 1861, 
lives on the old homestead in Lawrence county; William, 
born 1863, died in Kansas; Luther, born 1866, resides on 
the home farm, and Arthur, the subject of this review, 
whose birth (Occurred August 13, 1869. 

Arthur Lowe spent his early life on the family home- 
otead near Harrisburg and attended at inter^'als the public 
and high schools of the vicinity. The training thus re- 
ceived was afterwards supplemented by a course in a 
commercial college at Terre Haute, where he prepared 
himself for a business career. After finishing his educa- 
tion in the latter institution, he spent two years with a 
grocery house in AA'orthingion, at the expiration of which 
time he affected a co-partnership with J. M. Foster in the 
furniture and undertaking business at the same place, the 
firm thus constituted being- afterwards dissolved. Mr. 
Lowe taking charge of the undertaking- department and 
his associate the other line of trade. 

During the three years following- Mr. Lowe devoted 
his attention exclusively to undertaking, and built up 
cjuite a lucrative patronage which, in company with A. 


oughly equipped with every convenience, and the only one 
of the kind in Worthington at the present time. At the 
expiration of the period indicated he accepted the position 
of bookkeeper in the Exchange Bank, and after chscharg- 
ing the duties of the same in an able and creditable man- 
ner for about seven years, was promoted assistant cashier 
of the institution, which place he still holds. 

Mr. Lx)we's business career presents, a series of con- 
tinued advancements, and by a steady application, wise 
foresight and sound judg"ment he has pushed steadily 
forward, until he now occupies a conspicuous place 
among the enteiprising men of the town and county. He 
is an able and accomplished accountant, familiar with all 
the details of banking, and, by reason of faithfulness and 
efficiency in the discharge of his duties, has the implicit 
confidence of his employers, besides enjoying to a marked 
degree the esteem of his fellow citizens. 

Mr. Lowe is a Republican, and as such wields a 
strong influence for his party, having served as a mem- 
ber of the municipal board and at this time holds the 
office of town treasurer. He also manifests an abiding 
interest in public affairs, is untiring in his efforts to 
promote the advancement of Worthington along material 
and other lines, and is justly regarded as one of the 
enterprising men of the place and a leader in movements 
having for their object the general good. 

Mr. Lowe was happily married on the eighth of 
June, 1893, to May L. Short, of Worthington. daughter 
of Dodderidge and Loraine (Kelsey) Short. iM-atcrnally 
the subject belongs to the Knights of Pythias, and reli- 
giously is identified with the Christian church. Mrs. 
Lowe is a Methodist. 



De\'(")te(l to the iK^ble and humane work of alleviat- 
ing' the suffering- and bringing- sunshine and happiness to 
the home of the sorrowing and afflicted, the subject of this 
sketch has achieved distinction in his chosen sphere of 
endea\-or. and among- his professional brethren as well 
as by the general public, he is recognized as a leading 
physician and surg-eon in a field long- noted for the high 
order of its medical talent. A lofty purpose, diligent 
study and devotion to duty are some of the means by 
which he has made himself successful. 

The Cravens family in this country is traceable to 
the Penn Colony, in Pennsylvania, where the Amer- 
ican branch was founded by Low Cravens, a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends, and a man of high charac- 
ter and strong personality. His immediate descendants 
were among the substantial settlers of Philadelphia, in the 
heart of which city they secured possession of five acres 
of land, which long remained in the family name. In the 
course of time representatives moved to other parts of the 
countr}^ and became indentified with the settlement and 
g-rowth of various other states, others remaining in the 
commonwealth where the founder of the family originally 
located. John C. Cravens, the Doctor's father, was bom 
in Pennsylvania in 1808, came to Lidiana when youngf 
and settled near Bethlehem, Clark county, at which place, 
he met and married Nancy Menneaugh, whose birth oc- 
curred in Virg-inia in 18 16. Subsequently he entered 
land in Jefferson county, which he cleared and improved 
and which is still in posession of his descendants. He 

Q), ^' "^ 



followed agriculture for a livelihood, was successful in 
the accumulation of worldly wealth, and departed this 
life near Hanover, this state, in 1886, his wife dying- the 
following- year. Of their large family of twelve children 
eleven are living, namely: Adeline, James, Angeline, 
John, Elizabeth, Thomas, Louisa, William. Robert, Mil- 
ton and Elmer R. ; the only one deceased being a son by 
the name of Samuel C, M. D., of Bloomfield (a sketch of 
whom is elsewhere in this volume). 

Elmer R. Cravens was born February i, 1862, in 
Jefferson county, Indiana, and spent the early part of 
his life amid the healthful airs and rugged discipline of 
the farm. After a preliminary training in the public 
schools of his native place he entered Hanover College, 
where, in due time, he was graduated, as were also three 
of his brothers, who were students at the same 
time, all acquitting themselves with honor and becoming 
distinguished in the calling to which their talents are 
devoted, four entering the medical profession and one 
becoming a minister of the Gospel. Finishing his literary 
education, the Doctor took up the study of medicine, and 
in 1888 was graduated from the Kentucky School, of 
Medicine at Louisville, immediately after which, in July 
of the same year, he opened an ofhce at ^Marco. Greene 
county, where he practiced c(^ntinu()usly for twelve years, 
meeting with, signal success the meantime, and achieving 
honorable repute in his profession. At the e.xpiration of 
the period indicated he found a larger field for the exer- 
cise of his talents in Linton, to which city he removed in 
September, 1900, and in which he has .steadily advanced in 
the line of his calling until he now ranks, as before stated, 
not only among the leading men of his prefcssion in 



Greene county. 1)ut also enjoys worthy prestige among- tlie 
most (listingnished physicians and surg-eons of the state. 

Dr. Cravens has a large and lucrative practice and 
in addition to his general practice he is local examiner for 
several fraternal organizations and life insurance com- 
panies, besides being a leading member of the Greene 
County Medical Society, the Indiana State Medical Asso- 
ciation and the American Medical Association, with each 
of which he keeps in close touch and in the deliberations 
of which he is a frequent and influential participant. From 
the beginning of his professional career to the present 
time Dr. Cravens' advancement has been rapid and per- 
manent. The result of constant research has made him an 
authority among his professional brethren of Linton and 
vicinity. In the prime of vigorous mental and physical 
manhood, with a professional reputation second to none 
of his compeers and possessing- the confidence and esteem 
of the public he bids fair to achieve still g'reater distinc- 
tion as the years go by, and win a place high (^n the 
roster of Indiana's eminent medical men. The Doctor 
holds membership with the Masonic fraternity, the 
Knights of Pythias, the Ben-Hur and Modern ^^'oodmen 
of America; and in religion is a Methodist, in piTlitics a 
supporter of the Democratic party. 

He was married on the 28th of August, 1888, to 
Nettie Jackson, of Jefferson county, Indiana, the union 
being blessed with three children, Hugh. Elmer and 
James, all students of the Linton schools. He owns one 
hundred and fifty acres of land in Greene county, Indiana, 
and is a stockholder in several of the leading- business 
industries of Linton and is the owner of considerable 
business and residence property in Linton. 



One of the best known men in Greene county in 
public and political affairs, Hon. Wilber A. Hays, has not 
only won a commanding place among his fellow citizens 
locally, but in important official tmsts has made his pres- 
ence felt in shaping and directing- matters in which the 
people of the state at large have an abiding interest, 
having stamped his individuality upon the community in 
measures for the common good. 

Wilber A. Hays is a native of Jefferson county, 
Indiana, and dates his birth from December 30, 1847. 
His father, Alfred Hays, was a Kentuckian, and by 
occupation was a farmer. In early life he moxed to 
Scott county, Indiana, where he resided a number of 
years, later changing his abode to Greencastle. where his 
death occurred in 1869. Pennelia Reed, who became the 
wife of Alfred Hays, was born here and spent her entire 
life in this state, dying in 1878 while on a visit to her 
son, the subject of this sketch. Seven children consti- 
tuted the family of Alfred and Permelia Hays, namely: 
Edwin, deceased; Francis A., retired merchant and ex- 
soldier of the Civil war; Wilber A., subject of this 
review ; Silas, a lawyer of Greencastle and ex-state 
senator; Mary O., deceased, who married John C. l>rown- 
ing. and two children that died in infancy. 

The youthful life of Wilber A. Hayes was similar 
in many respects to that of the majority of country lads, 
having spent his boyhood amid the bracing airs and acti\e 
scenes of the farm, with the rugged duties of which he 
earh' became familiar. During the spring and summer sea- 


sons he labored in the fields, and after the harvests were 
garnered he attended the public schools of the neig'hbor- 
hood. where he laid the foundation of the higher order 
(^f intellectual discipline which he subsequently received 
iu Asbury, now De Pauw University, at Greencastle. 
After prosecuting- his studies at that institution, during 
the greater part of four years he engaged in the general 
mercantile trade in Greencastle with his brother; the 
firm thus constituted lasted three years, meeting with 
success the meanwhile. At the expiration of the period 
indicated. ]\Ir. Hays disposed of his mercantile interests 
and moved to Greene county, where he purchased a farm 
and turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, to which 
vocation his energies have since been largely de^'oted, 
owning at this time a tract of three hundred acres on 
which are some of the best improvements in the county, 
and which is now under the supervision of his son. 

Air. Hays has been a Republican ever since the 
organization of the party, and for many years his position 
as a leader has been duly recognized and appreciated. As 
a safe and judicious advisor in party councils, his sendees 
have contributed to the success of the ticket in several 
hotly-contested campaigns, and as a standard bearer his 
efforts and efficient leadership have won him more than 
local repute as a political worker. He held the position 
of town trustee of Worthington two years, seiwed three 
years as trustee of his township, and for a period held 
the important position of county commissioner, discharg- 
ing the duties devolving upon him in this connection in 
a most satisfactory manner. In the year 1898 Mr. Hays 
was nominated and elected to represent Greene county 


in the general assembly, and, owing to the good record 
he made as a law-maker, in 1906 he was again returned 
to the body, his sei"vices, both in committee and nn the 
floor of the house, being such as to win for him the 
unqualified endorsement of his constituents. He has 
proven an able and discreet legislator, and his name is 
identified with a number of important measures and laws 
that occupied the attention of the house during his 

Religiously \h'. Hayes' family have long been mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church, the interests of 
which they have been active in promoting. 

Mary C. Senseney, who became the wife of the sub- 
ject on the third day of October, 1872, is a native of 
Harrison county, Indiana, and the daughter of Harrison 
and Margaret (Wimple) Senseney, to which union ten 
children have been born, namely: Myrtle C, wife of 
John Owens, of Worthington ; Alaude is residing in 
California ; Ethel married L. M. Barker, and is also a 
resident of that state ; Alargaret is unmarried and still 
a member of the home circle, being at the present time a 
student at De Pauw University; Wilber S. is married 
and one of the representative farmers of Greene county ; 
Mary Blanche is a teacher in the public schools : Silas R. 
lives on the home farm and assists in the running of the 
same ; Edith is a high school pupil ; Francis Edward is 
deceased, and an infant died unnamed. 

Mr. Hays has been a member of the Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows since he was twenty-one years nk\. 
having passed all the chairs, and he served as trustee for 
ten vears. 



This representative business man and honored res- 
ident of \\\)rthing"ton is a native of Greene county and 
the second of two children, whose parents were J. F. 
and Mahulda ( Danely) Ballard. The father of J. F. 
Ballard moved from Kentucky to Indiana a number of 
years ago, settled in Greene county, where he became a 
wel-to-do farmer, and here spent the remainder of his 
days, dying in the prime of life and usefulness. The sub- 
ject's father was reared to agricultural pursuits and fol- 
lowed that honorable calling for a livelihood and de- 
parted this life in the year 1880, leaving three si^ns, as 
already indicated, the older of whom, Christopher C. 
Ballard, served two terms as treasurer of Greene county 
and one term as representative in the general assembly. 
Ira and Olive (Jessup) Danely, parents of Mrs. J. F. 
Ballard, were natives of North Carolina and earlv set- 
tlers of Greene county, with the growth and development 
of which the famil}- was actively identified. ( For the 
history of this large and interesting family, the reader is 
respectfully referred to the biography of William T. 
Danely, on another page of this volume.) 

W. P. Ballard was born in the mouth of February, 
1855, and grew to manhood's estate amid the rural 
scenes, and earh' became familiar with the duties of the 
farm. In the public schools, which he attended during 
the winter seasons during his minority, he laid the foun- 
dation of a mental discipline, which has been supple- 
mented l)v years of close observation. In due time Mr. 
Ballard began tilling the soil upon his own responsiliility, 


and continued the same witli credital)le success until 
1903. when he turned his farm over U) other hands and 
moved to Worthing-ton, where two years later he pur- 
chased an interest in the elevator and eng-aj^-ed in buying 
and shipping grain. Since 1905 he has personally man- 
aged the elevator and in connection with the grain trade 
he handles fuel of all kinds, conducting a general ex- 
change business, which is constantly growing in mag- 

Mr. Ballard owns considerable real estate in Greene 
county, his farm of two hundred and eighty acres being- 
all underlaid with rich deposits of coal. His place is well 
improved, with substantial buildings, fences, etc., and 
the soil, which is of a deep, clayey nature, is admirably 
adapted to all the grain crops grown in this latitude, also 
to fruits of various kinds, which the farm produces in 
abundance. In the matter of live stock he devotes con- 
siderable attention to cattle. In addition to the holdings 
already mentioned, Mr. Ballard owns valuable city prop- 
erty, including a modern residence in W'orthington, be- 
sides other interests which place him among the finan- 
cially strong men of the county. 

Mr. Ballard supports the Republican ])arty and mani- 
fests an abiding interest in i)ul)lic matters, keeping in 
touch with political issues. He is identified with the fra- 
ternity of Odd Fellows, having filled all the chairs in the 
local lodge with which he holds his membership. 

On February 19, 1880, Mr. Ballard and lunma A. 
Fuller, daughter of David and Elizabeth (Guthrie) Ful- 
ler, were made husband and wife, their union being 
blessed with two children: IMvm mth G.. born \ovem- 


ber 19, 1887. a graduate of the Worthington high school, 
is now pursuing his studies in the cohege at Danville 
with the object in view of taking an agricultural course 
in Purdue University: James L., the second son, is de- 
ceased. The subject and wife are active members of the 
Christian church at Worthington. 


The gentleman whose name introduces this article 
is a member of the once larg-e and formidable but now 
rapidly diminishing army which, during the dark and 
perilous days of the rebellion so nobly upheld the cause 
of the Union and after the most sanguinaiy struggle in 
the history of nations crushed the forces of treason and 
by restoring the goveniment as the fathers founded it 
earned the applause and lasting g-ratitude of a reunited 
and gratified people. He has also been an influential fac- 
tor in civic affairs, ever manifesting- a lively interest in 
the material advancement of the county, honored by its 
citizenship and in every sphere of activity to which his 
energies and powers of mind have been devoted his rec- 
ord is above the suspicion of reproach and his name stands 
for what is best and upright in manhood. 

Madison Clay Stephenson, who, on account of his 
genial manners and active work in Grand Army of the 
Republic circles is familiarly known as "Major" Stephen- 
son, w^as born August 10, 1838, in Owen county, In- 
diana, the son of Madison and Sarah (Welbom) Stephen- 


son, natives of Indiana and North Carolina, respectively. 
The father, for man}- )-ears a well known fanner and 
stock raiser of Ow^en county, disposed of his holding-s in 
that part of the state, and after rearing his family re- 
moved to the county of Monroe, where he followed his 
chosen vocation until called from the scene of his labors 
in 1878, his faithful wife and companion dying three 
years prior to that date. The family of Madison and Sa- 
rah Stephenson consisted of three children, the oldest of 
whom, a son by the name of James, served with distinc- 
tion in the Civil war as captain of the Second Arkansas 
Infantry; Mary, the second in order of birth, was twMce 
married, the first time to Anderson Abel, after whose 
death she became the wife of David Van Buskirk. a cap- 
tain in the Twenty-seventh Regiment, Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, who is also deceased; M. C. Stephenson, the 
youngest member of the family, spent his childhood on 
the home farm in Owen county, attended school at inter- 
vals during his minority, and in September, 1861. at the 
early age of twenty-three, he enlisted in Company E. 
Thirty-third Indiana Infantry, with which he shared the 
vicissitudes of w^ar in a number of campaigns in Ken- 
tucky, Tennessee, Georgia and other states, sen-ing under 
General Thomas and taking part in many of the battles 
that made the period during which they were fought his- 
toric. He was with the regiment in the engagement at 
Wildcat, where the Federals and Confederates met for 
the first time on Kentucky soil. He later took part in the 
battle of Resaca. Georgia, thence to Tennessee, where he 
participated in the battles of Franklin and other smaller 
engagements, being under fire in all the engagements 


from Chattanooga to Atlanta, one of the most active and 
sanguinary periods of the war. At the expiration of his 
term of enhstment, covering three years of strenuous en- 
deavor, he was discharged at Atlanta, Georgia, in Sep- 
tember. 1864, and immediateh' thereafter returned to 
Owen county, where, in due time, he engaged in general 
merchandising at the town of Freedom. By carefully 
studying the wants of his customers and otherwise be- 
coming familiar with the details of the business, he soon 
built up a large and lucrati^•e patronage, and during the 
twenty years his attention was devoted to this line of 
trade his success presents a series c^f advancements and 
resulted in the accumulation of a handsome competence. 
Remo\-ing to AW^rthington at the expiration of the 
period indicated, he ag"ain embarked in the general mer- 
chandise business, but on a more extensive scale, and 
during the seven years ensuing met with success com- 
mensurate with the energy, sound judgment and skill- 
ful management display-eel in the conduct of his com- 
mercial transactions. Disposing of his commercial inter- 
ests at the end of the above time, he purchased a farm 
and turned his attention to agriculture, later selling this 
place and investing in other lands in Greene countv on 
which he has made a number of substantial impro\ ements 
and which is still in his possession. 

]\lajor Stephenson ser^•ed as pension attorney for 
a period of fifteen years, and in many other ways mani- 
fested a keen interest in the affairs of the town and 
county, giving his influence and support to all enter- 
prises and the welfare of his fellow men. Having 
amassed a substantial competency to insure his future 


from anxiety and care and with the consciousness 
of duty well done, he recently discontinued active par- 
ticipation in Imsiness affairs, since which time he has 
been living practically a retired life, though still giving 
his attention to private interests and keeping in touch 
with events. As a Republican he is an influential factor 
in the affairs of his party, a judicious advisor in its coun- 
cils and an active worker with the rank and hie, though 
not a strict partisan nor a seeked after the honors and 
emoluments of office; notwithstanding his indifference in 
the latter respect, however, he has at various times been 
importuned by his political associates to stand for public 
place, but the position of township trustee, which he held 
for two years, and the town council, where he sen-ed 
several terms, complete the list of official trusts. In addi- 
tion to the foregoing he was postmaster at Freedom 
fourteen years, and mig-ht have been called to other and 
higher preferment had he seen fit to make the necessarv' 

A Methodist in his religious belief and for a number 
of years an humble and consistent communicant of the 
same, he has always tried to make his life conform to the 
teachings of the church he so much loves and venerates, 
and in the capacity of Sunday school teacher his efforts 
at training the young and implanting in their hearts and 
minds the principles of a pure and simple faith have been 
productive of good results. Major Stephenson's fraternal 
relations are represented by the Free and Accepted 
Masons, Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Grand 
Army of the Republic societies, in all of which he has 
held every official position within the power of his 


brethren to bestow. He is familiar with the work of 
the various branches into which the first two orders are 
divided, takes an active and influential part in furthering 
their interests and by exemplifying their principles in his 
relations with his fellow men, his life may truly be temied 
an exponent of the great basic truths upon which they 

Major Stephenson was married August 13, 1865. to 
Isabella C. Armentrout, daughter of Ferdinand and 
Laura Armentrout, the latter's maiden name having been 
Smith. Four children constitute the family of the sub- 
ject and wife, namely: Adolphus C, born September 17, 
1866. married and lives in the city of Indianapolis; Ona, 
born February 4, 1870, is, the wife of Judge J. B. Wilson, 
of Bloomington, this state, and is the mother of two 
children; John C, born January 13, 1872, has a wife and 
one child and makes his home in Argos, Indiana; Fred, 
whose birth occurred on the 3d day of April, 1874, 
lives at Worthington and has a home brightened by the 
presence of a wife and three interesting- offspring. 


A history of the life and family of W^illiam Thomp- 
son Danely, formerly a w^ell known citizen of Greene 
county, Indiana, but now a resident of Enid, Oklahoma, 
is incorporated in this work because he has led a life 
worthy of representation here and is remembered by a 
large number of people in Greene county for his industry 
and many admirable traits. 


Air. Danely was born near \Vorthington, January 
25, 1836, the son of Ira and Olive (Jessiip) Danely. 
both natives of the Tar Heel state (North Carolina), 
who came to Indiana in 1818, the year this state entered 
the Union. The former was only eleven years old at 
that time. He was raised by a Mr. Clark. The Jessiip 
family were of English lineage, one branch of the family 
settling in Connecticut and the other in North Carolina. 
Thirteen chidlren were born to the parents of the sub- 
ject, and all lived to be married with the exception of one, 
who died in infancy. Their names are: Irdell, who mar- 
ried Jane Dean ; Lucinda. who married Amistead Owen, 
later Simon Bland: Mahulda, the wife of James Ballard; 
Leander. who married Nancy Moore; William T.. the 
subject of this sketch; Benjamin, who married Ann Grif- 
feth; Sarah, who married Will Moore; Alfred, who mar- 
ried Ella Cole; Martha, wdio married Samuel Dickinson; 
Mary, who is the wife of John Kutch ; James died in in- 
fancy: Charles, who married Mai-y Goodwin; Charlotta, 
the wife of David Whittaker. 

\\'illiam T. Danely. the subject, married Sarah Ann 
Dean, February 11, 1858. therefore making the nnmding 
out of a happ\- married life of fifty years on Februan- 
II, 1908. To this union were born John F.. Mahulda. 
Clarissa, William and Alonzo. Only two of these chil- 
dren are living at the present time, John F. and Mahulda. 

The subject went to farming early in life and has 
made a success from the first. In the fall of 1873 he 
moved to Vermillion county. Illinois, where he continued 
farming, later moving with his familv to Oklahoma at 


the opening of the "strip." September 16, 1893. They 
went to Enid in 1901, where they have since resided. 
John F. Danely. the son of the subject, was elected county 
clerk, beginning his services in January. 1903. serving 
acceptably as such until September 16. 1907. He first 
went to Oklahoma in the fall of 1904. and James G. 
Danes, who married the subject's daughter, Mahulda, 
went to that state in the spring of 1903. John F. 
Danely is married and has five children, one of his daugh- 
ters is married and has one child. 

William T. Danely was among' the stanch sons of 
the North who. in the dark days of our nation's history, 
severed home ties and went to fight for his country, en- 
listing in Company A, One Hundred and Fifteenth Reg- 
iment. Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He saw hard serv- 
ice as corporal and remained in the Union army until the 
close of the war. He is a member of the Grand Army of 
the Republic and of the Methodist church. 


Many of the sturdiest of our American citizens trace 
their ancestry to foreign shores. One example of this 
type is found in the person of William G. Roth. wIk^ was 
born at Bloomington, Indiana. Mr. Roth's mother, 
Louisa Renter, was born at Bedford, this state ; l)ut his 
father. Charles Roth, was born in Germany, coming to 
America when still young. He came to Bloomington, 
Indiana, and engaged in business as a clothier, moving 


in 1869 to Worthiiigton, where he engai^'ed in hnsiness 
continuously for thirty-nine years. He is at ])resent 
(1908) over seventy-two years of age, and looks l)ack 
with satisfaction over a well-spent and industrious career. 
One of his brothers, who enlisted in an Indiana regiment 
during- the Civil war, lost his life upon the held of Gettys- 
burg. Six children, all of whom are living, were hn-n 
into the family. 

William, our subject, received his early education in 
the public schools of W'orthington, and upon reaching 
maturity became engaged in the hardware business, fol- 
lowing this for over twenty years. He later began 
handling poultry and produce, and his energetic methods 
and business integrity soon secured iov him a thrifty 
volume of trade. No details are too small to receive their 
share of consideration, and to this careful attention to 
what may seem minor luatters must be attributed much 
of Mr. Roth's success as a dealer. 

The subject has taken an active iiUerest in the work 
of the Odd Fellows and Red Men. He has held im- 
portant offices in both societies, and is regarded as a 
valuable exponent of the principles upon which these 
fraternities are founded. He has also been town clerk for 
eight or ten years. He is a Republican in politics, and 
does much to promote a high standard for i)arty conduct 
in his community. 

Mr. Roth was married in September. 1803. in Owen 
county. Indiana, to Mary K. Heaton. daughter of VArcn 
and Louisa ( Xelson) Heaton. and by this union one child, 
Charles E., was born. The family attend the Methodisi 
Episcopal church. Mr. Roth owns residence and business 



In the roster of Greene county's successful profes- 
sional men and influential citizens the name of James B. 
Filbert is accorded prominent place. As one of the lead- 
ers of the local bar he holds distinctive prestige. As a pro- 
moter of various business and industrial enterprises he has 
kept in close touch with the growth and advancement of 
the city of his residence, and as an official in one of the 
most responsible and exacting of positions he acquitted 
himself with honor and earned more than local reputa- 
tion by his faithfulness in subserving this important trust. 

\\'harton B. Filbert, the subject's great-grandfather, 
was a Revolutionaiy soldier from Virginia, where the 
family originally settled, and his grandfather. Luke Fil- 
bert, a Kentuckian by birth, served in the war of 1812. 
Joel Filbert, son of Luke and father of James B., was a 
soldier in the war with ]\Iexico, and also seiwed three 
years during the late rebellion, as did his two brothers, 
James and AAdiarton, the former in the Thirty-first In- 
diana. Infantr3\ the latter in a Missouri regiment. Other 
members of the family took part in both wars with Eng- 
land, the Indian wars of the northwest and the g"reat 
rebellion, patriotism and love of country appearing to 
have been a family characteristic. 

Joel Filbert was a native of A\^ashington county. In- 
diana, born in 1825. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Ruth Bowen, was born in 1827 in the county of Owen. 
They were married in the latter county, where Mr. Filbert 
was a successful farmer and stock raiser, and had a 
familv of seven children, three of whom died in childhood. 

^ f/?,y^2^^- 


the names of the sui*vivoi-s being as follows: Charles L., 
James B., George F., and Florence, now Mrs. Daniel 
Alembaugh. Both parents are deceased, the m( )ther dying 
in 1876 and the father in 1901 ; they were buried in tlie 
cemetery in Wright township near the farm on whicli 
for many years they lived and prospered. 

James B. Filbert was bom April 12, i860, in Greene 
county, Indiana, and spent his childhood and youth on the 
home farm in Wright township, where in due time he 
developed a well rounded physique and became familiar 
with such rugged duties as life in the rural districts 
entail. In the public schools he acquired a knowledge of 
the common branches, later attended a nomial institute 
with the object in view of fitting himself for teaching and 
in 1877 he taught his first temi of school in Stockton 
township. The following year he taught in Knox countv. 
this state, and then went to Nebraska where during the 
six years ensuing he w^as also engaged in educatit^ial 
work, devoting his vacations the meanwliile to the study 
of law, for which he early manifested a strong liking. 

Realizing that success in any laudable undertaking 
depends vers- largely upon a solid mental basis and proper 
preparation. Air. Filbert disposed of his interests in the 
west and returning to Indiana spent two years in tlie law 
department of the State University, w^here in 1892 he 
completed the prescribed course, although previouslv ad- 
mitted to the bar in Nebraska where he began i)racticing 
in the year 1886. While a resident of that state he also 
embarked in the field of journalism, becoming editor and 
proprietor of the Kenesaw Tribune at the town of Kene- 
saw\ wdiich he afterward moved to and re-established at 


Custer City in the Black Hills country, this being the 
property he sold prior to his return to the Hoosier state. 

On receiving- his deg-ree in the year mentioned above 
Mr. Filbert opened an otTtice in Bloomington, where he 
practiced with a fair measure of success until his removal 
to Linton in 1895, since which time he accjuired an 
extensive leg^al business at the latter place, besides doing a 
lucrative practice in the courts of neighboring counties. 

A Republican in politics he early became an influen- 
tial factor in party affairs and ever since attaining his 
majority he has been an active participant in conventions, 
a worker in campaigns contributing much to the suc- 
cess of his party's candidates in his various places of resi- 
dence. In 1895-6 he was city attorney of Linton, and 
in the spring of 1900 when the city was incorporated, 
he took a leading- part in the proceedings, assisting in the 
reorganization of the new regime by drafting a number 
of ordinances, among which were those for the iirst elec- 
tric light plant and the first cement sidewalks. Later, 
in 1903, he drafted and secured the passage ni an ordi- 
nance for the paving- of the streets with brick and he 
also secured the passage of the gas franchise in 1904, 
besides assisting in promoting various other enterprises. 

In the latter year Mr. Filbert w^as elected prosecuting 
attorney of the fourteenth judicial circuit comprising the 
counties of Greene and Sullivan, and filled the office 
with commendable ability for two years, being the first 
Republican elected to that position in this circuit, a fact 
which speaks much for his ability and g-reat personal 
popularity, irrespective' of party ties. During his incum- 
bency as prosecutor Mr. Filbert was keenly alert and 



and evil doers, of every character. He succeeded in 
convicting twenty individuals charged with felonies, se- 
curing life sentences for four of them, and for ilie others 
temis of imprisonment ranging from one to twent}- years, 
besides securing over fifteen hundred convictions for va- 
rious misdemeanors. Determining if possible to rid Linton 
of the gambling evil, he was untiring in running down 
and bringing to justice this class of offenders, eradicating 
every known place where any kind of chance games was 
carried on, destroying all slot machines and gambling de- 
vices, closing every house of ill-repute and clearing the 
city of various other moral plague spots, and giving it a 
reputation for cleanliness, sobriety and a high grade of 
morals such as it had not enjoyed for years. He also 
cleared up the court docket and turned the office over to 
his successor with all the Inisiness ])raclic;dly tinished. 
Since the expiration of his official term in 1906 Mr. Fil- 
bert has been actively engaged in the practice of his 
profession, forming a ])artnership 'u SeptembL^r of that 
year with John P. Jefifers, one of the talented young law- 
Aears of the Greene county bar with whom he is still 

In addition to his large and growing legal business 
Mr. h'ilbert. as already indicated, has been identified with 
every movement calculated to enhance the interests of 
T>inton, and to him as much as to any one man is due the 
recent remarkable growth of the city. .\s president of 
the Linton Commercial Club for three years, he was 
largely instrumental in securing two railroads for the 
citv, also the fine new opera house in which the people 


take a parclMiiable pride, besides promoting- various impor- 
tant enterprises, including- among others the internrban 
hne which ere long will be constiiicted, the investigations 
l(X)king- to the development of the oil industry in this part 
of the state and the development of the rich coal helds 
around Linton and elsewhere, embracing active opera- 
tions in five counties. While successful in the general 
practice of his profession he devotes special attention to 
law relating to real estate and corporations. He has one 
of the best equipped law offices in Greene county, his 
library being among the largest and most carefully se- 
lected in this part of Indiana, and he spares neither pains 
nor expense in adding- to it by the purchase of valuable 

Mr. Filbert was married September 5, 1893, ^o 
Louisa A. Finley, daughter of George P. Finley, of Alon- 
roe county, the uni(3n being without issue. Fraternally 
he belongs to the Order of Ben-Hur, having been one of 
the org-anizers of the Linton Coiu-t, Xo. 140, in which he 
has held the position of scribe since the year 1898, and he 
is also a charter member of Linton Lodge Xo. 866, 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. 


If a life has been spent in the right wav and there 
has been success in the accumulation of sufificiency to 
permanently keep the wolf from the door, old age may 
be sweetened bv a retirement that will be a well earned 


rest, and the farmer who has toiled hard and long to 
improvements in the condition of the country to bring en- 
joyment to his posterity well deserves the few days and 
weeks toward the end of his life. Retirement is a posi- 
tion of honor which is given a farmer in return for those 
blessings he has brought to the next generation. 

John T. Franklin, now living in Switz City, who 
may be placed on our honorable list, was the son of John 
and Martha (Elliott) Franklin, and bom in Owen county 
November 14, 1847. His mother was a native of Vir- 
ginia and his father came from North Carolina. He was 
but one year old when he was brought in 1848 to Owen 
county by his father. Thomas Franklin, who was one 
of the pioneer farmers of Owen county and spent the 
rest of his life there, dying in 1890. On October 31, 
1843, lie was married to Martha J. Elliott, who died when 
our subject was only three years old. There were three 
children born to this union — James, a retired fanner liv- 
ing in Owen county; John, our subject; Joseph S., liv- 
ing in southwest Missouri. The father was married a 
second time to Susan McNault, the widow of John Mc- 
Nault. To them were born five children — Robert B., 
living in Owen county; Highland, wife of Jacob Patrick, 
living in Morgan county; Dollie, widow of Mac. Ooley, 
living in Owen county; George M., living on the old 
homestead in Owen county, and Dellie married and died, 
leaving one son. 

Our subject was raised on his father's farm in Owen 
county and his education was such as the common schools 
of the time afforded. He grew to manhood, remaining 
at home until he married, and then purchased a farm not 


far from the old home place and settled down to the task 
of making a home for himself. Selling this home in 1878 
he came to Greene county and bought a farm in Fair 
Pla}- township, where he remained until 1903, when he 
retired from the acti\it}' of the farm life and bought a 
home in Switz Cit}'. He still owns his farm of one hun- 
dred an<l twenty acres, making it the basis of support. 

In 1868 our subject married Rebecca J. Shelburn, 
daughter of James and Jane Shelburn, early settlers of 
Monroe county, and natives of Kentucky, who moved 
from ^lonroe to Owen county and thence into Greene, 
settling in Fair Play township. { See sketch of James 
Shelburn.) To Mr. and Mrs. Franklin were born three 
children — Charles, living in Louisiana, wIk) niarried Car- 
oline Danningburg, and has two children, Thelma and 
Pearl. Their second child is Grace, wife of A\^alter Rec- 
tor, a merchant of Switz City. They have been blessed 
with h\e children — Franklin, William, Geneva, Rebecca, 
Mary, deceased, and John. Their third was Emma Jane, 
deceased wife of Carl B. Sexon. 

Mr. and Mrs. Franklin are firm believers in the 
Christian religion, being actively identified with the Bap- 
tist church. In politics he is a Democrat. The people 
of Swdtz City speak of our subject with pride, point out a 
neat, beautiful house as their home, and w'here they ex- 
pect to li\e until the final summons come. 


The subject of this brief review is one of the suc- 
cessful farmers of Highland township, and was born 


there November 12, 1856. He never had the desire that 
seems to have possessed so many of his neighbors to roam 
about the country seeking a better locahty in whicli to 
make a Hving- and a more pleasant place to live, but was 
contented to remain on his native soil, having attended 
school there and spent his life within a few miles of 
where he was born, having alwa}-s been a farmer. He 
married in 1881 Elmira Goodwin, daughter of Abner 
and Darthulian (Padgett) Goodwin, residents of Greene 
county. She had a brother, William Goodwin, who was 
a soldier in the Civil war. He died in Highland town- 
ship. The subject and wife have the following children : 
\\'inona, deceased ; Gertie, deceased ; Fila, deceased ; Lu- 
cretia, the ^vife of W. D. Stalcup, who has three children 
living; Cratsia, the wife of Otis Bedford, who has two 

The subject is the wife of Simon and Rachel (Mock) 
Bland, both natives of Greene county. His grandfather 
Bland was a native of Virginia and came to Greene 
county, where he died. Simon Bland, father of the sub- 
ject, also spent his life in this county, having had sev- 
eral farms in this and Owen ccumties. He died ^)n the 
farm now owned by the subject of this sketch in 1900, 
at the age of seventy-five years. The subject's mother 
(lied when he was small. They were sun'ived by three 

William H. Inland, while a pul)lic-si)irited man and 
particularly interested in the development and welfare 
of his native county, has never aspired to office, although 
he has always been a good Democrat and well known to 
those of a similar faith in his community. He is a mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows. 



A dry recital of a man's career can convey no 
proper notion of what manner of an individual he is in 
his methods, his ideals and his influence among his fel- 
lows. Only those who come in personal contact with the 
subject of this sketch can thoroughly understand how 
nature and training, habits of thought and action have 
enabled him to accomplish his life w^ork and made a fit 
representative of the enterprising farming class of people 
to which he belongs. 

John Benis was born in Stockton township, Greene 
county, March 9, 1855, and he has preferred to make 
his permanent home in his native community rather than 
risk bettering conditions elsewhere. He is a son of Peter 
and Catharine (Stockrahm) Berns, both natives of Ger- 
many, the former emigrating to America in 1848. in a 
sailing vessel, the time required being eight weeks ; forty 
years later Peter Berns made a visit to Germany and the 
voyage required eight days. He settled in Stockton 
township and followed the vocation of a farmer with 
marked success, having been a man of sterling qualities, 
a hard worker and honest in his dealings. The subject's 
parents were married in Germany and to them were 
bom four children as follows : Jacob, a prosperous fanner 
of Stockton township ; Helena, wife of John G. Haseman, 
of Linton : Dr. S. P. Bems, of W'illow Hill, Illinois, and 
John Bems, our subject. 

The subject was married December 25, 187Q. to 
Catharine Linderman. a daughter of William Linderman, 
who also came to America from Germanv in the same 




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vessel with Peter Berns on the date mentioned above. 'Phe 
subject and wife are the prond parents of the following- 
children:' Herman E.. living- at Linton; Ernest J., a resi- 
dent of Detroit, Michigan; Charles H.. Mamie E.. John 
E., Willie, all living- at home; Ethel died at the age of 
eight years. 

Mr. Berns made his home with his parents until he 
was twentv-five years old. assisting- on the farm and at- 
tending school, also studying at home in his spare time. 
for he always had a thirst for knowledge, and by close 
application to his studies gained a good education. Tak- 
ing up the teacher's profession he followed this work in 
an eminently successful manner for a period of fifteen 
years, during which time he was recognized as one of the 
leading educators of the county. He began his first 
school in November, 1873, in Highland townshij), after- 
ward teaching in Wright, Grant and Stockton townships. 
Something of his popularity as a teacher can be realized 
when we learn that during all his years of teaching he 
never solicited a school, his sennces always being in de- 
mand, and he always received good wages. 

After his marriage Mr. Bems bought and moved 
to his present home two miles north of Linton, 
which was soon well impro\ed under his able manage- 
ment, and now owns two hundred and fifty acres, the 
crops being- rotated in a skillful manner so that the soil 
is kept in a high state of ])r(xluctiveness. 

Mr. Bems is regarded as a representative of that 
class of American citizens who are the strength and 
safety of the nation. He is a loyal Democrat, and in 1898 
was his party's candidate for count}' treasurer, and made 


a splendid race, but was defeated by a small majority in 
a county safely Republican. He was county chairman of 
the Farmers' ^Mutual Beneiit Association when this org-an- 
ization was in the zenith of its popularity, and his advice 
was ahvays soug-ht in directing- the affairs of the associa- 
tion during that time. 

Air. and Mrs. Berns worship at the German Re- 
formed church, and no members of that congreg-ation 
stand higher in public esteem or are more highly 


On May ly . 1842, was born, among the rolling hills 
of Daviess count} , Indiana, the subject of this biography, 
Joseph AI. Vails, the son of Lewis Vails, who, Avhen thir- 
teen years of age, came to Orange county, Indiana, with 
his parents, who were among the pioneer settlers of the 
southern part of the state. These parents were sturdy and 
energetic people, who took up government land, and by 
clearing and cultivation transformed the virgin wilder- 
ness into fruitful and profitable fields. She was a mem- 
ber of the Christian church, and they finished their days 
in the county t(^ which they had come. Lewis Vails was 
married to Rhoda Skaggs, a natix'e of Orange cmmty, 
and they chose farming- as their life work, and in con- 
juncticMi with this they brought up a most creditable fam- 
ily, the children born to them 1)eing as follows : A\'illiam 
departed this life in 1881 while farming in Kansas; 
George, also deceased: Joseph, our subject; Nancy be- 


came the wife of James Courtney, now of Daviess coun- 
ty; Lorena, now deceased, was married to Richard Hast- 
ing-s, alsO' of Daviess county ; Jane married J. R. Baker ; 
Ehzabeth, deceased, was the wife of Henry Taylor; 
John died when seventeen years old. 

Joseph was reared on the home farm and received 
such education as was afforded h}' the pioneer schools 
of the day, the conditions of which are familiar to all, 
consisting of the usual log walls, oiled paper windows, 
fireplace and puncheon floors. In addition to this meager 
training he had the good fortune to spend a short time 
in the Newberr}' school, and also took a brief course in 
a select school. 

He remained with his parents until 1869, having, up 
to this time; busied himself not only with grappling with 
the work of managing the farm, but had also engaged 
extensively in handling stock. At this time he removed 
to Greene county and took up quarters on a farm in Fair 
Play township. In 1869 he purchased the one hundred 
and twenty-acre tract which lies in section 25, and two 
years later was joined in marriage to Mrs. Jeretta Fann- 
er, of Owen county. She was the widow of (niidcon 
Farmer and the daughter of Absalom Lnkenbill, a man 
of German extraction, a farmer of h'air Play township 
and one who stood well in the communit}' as a citizen 
and neighbor. 

Joseph and Mrs. \'ails ha\e become the parents of 
two children, viz. : Bessie and Otis. The former is at 
home with her ])arents. Otis married Louisa Hawkins. 
of W'ashington township, and they are the parents of 
three children — Selma, Bonitl and Maxinc. Tliey are 
occupying the old family homestead. 


Til iSSj y\\-. \';iils 111 nod to the farm whicli forms 
liis ])ri'srnt limine and consists of two Inindrcil acres of 
land, all hut ahuut tliirt\- of which arc under cultivation. 
This farm has i)cen the ohject of his exacting;" care, and 
he has spared no ])ains or lahor in his endeavors to bring 
it up to the highest possible state of productiveness. 

He has studied the quaHties of the soil and adapta- 
l)ilit\' tif various crops, and has been a successful producer 
of ha>' and the other various grains. In conjunction with 
this he has devoted much attention to stock raising. His 
knowledge of the demands of the market and the recpii- 
sites of a saleable animal enal)le him to be a leader as a 
stock raiser. He has nf late regularly brought to mar- 
ket tine hogs, whose ready sale bear testimony to their 

Mr. Wails has been called upon by the citizens of 
his t(^\vnship to serve them as assessor, and responded by 
g-iving them judicious and willing service in that capacity. 
Seeing the general need and g'reat advantage of good 
roads, he tcvnk an active i^art in promoting this needed 
inii)ro\-ement in the township, with the result that great 
advancement has been made of recent years in this par- 

A thorough Christian gentleman, a Democrat of the 
cleanest type, and a successful business man, mark him as 
one of the communitv's most worthv citizens. 


Every life has more or less to dt) with the making 
if this country of ours. In all the great struggles that 


settled important questions, many of our fathers were 
eyewitnesses of sacrffice and blood that were made for the 
civilization we now enjoy. Surely the subject of this 
sketch has gone through with more than the average 
share in all that goes to make up a countiy's history. 
Mr. Stephenson first saw the light of day in Jennings 
county, Januarv 22^ 1835. His father, John L. Stephen- 
son, came from South Carolina and settled in Hendricks 
county before Indianapolis was a town. His mother, 
Mary H. (Sullivan) Stephenson, came from Tennessee. 
John L. was a farmer and carpenter and died in 1844. 
The wife lived until 1863. They were of the Baptist 
faith. They had thirteen children — Sarah, Owen, Ma- 
linda, Nancy, Jackson, Mary Ann, William Lawson, our 
subject; Elizabeth, Cynthia, Mehala. Orlena, Elwood, 
and one dying in infancy. The father was a soldier in 
the War of 181 2, and a Democrat in political faith. 
When W^illiam was nine years of age his father died 
and his mother moved to New Albany, Indiana, where 
he went to work in a brick-yard and learned the brick- 
maker's trade. He continued here until he w^as eighteen 
years of ag^e. He then moved with his mother to the 
northern part of Hendricks county, where the woods were 
full of wolves, wildcats and other wild animals, and 
many interesting- stories are told of those days. From 
there they moved to Danville, where his mother died 
while he was in the war. After the war he eng-aged suc- 
cessively in brick-making at Clayton, Mooresville and 
\\'est Newton, where he remained for seventeen years, 
and in 1894 he went to Switz City, Greene county, where 
he has engaged in the tile and brick manufacturing busi- 
ness ever since. 


In January, 1865, he was married to Mary H. Ren- 
nard, a native of Morgan county, born January 2, 1847, 
and daughter of Joel and Nancy (Chew) Rennard. Her 
parents were early settlers of Morgan county and kept 
a h(/tel in Hendricks county on the National road for 
many years. Our subject and wife had five children : 
Charles. li\-ing- in Mattoon, Illinois, and in the railway 
service: Joel, a teleg-raph operator, living in Godfre}\ Illi- 
nois; Catherine, living in West Newton. Marion county, 
the wife of Samuel Allison; Harry, assistant train dis- 
patcher for the Indianapolis Southern Railroad, at In- 
dianapolis; Jessie, living at Indianapolis and wife of 
Daniel Nichols, a conductor on the Indianapolis .South- 
ern Railroad. They also reared a boy. Fred, who, too, 
is in the railwav service as brakeman on the Indianapolis 
Southern Railroad. 

Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson are members of the Mis- 
sionary Baptist church. In politics he is a Prohibitionist, 
and a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. 

Our subject has a military record worthy of men- 
tion. In June, t86i, he enlisted in Company H of the 
Eleventh Indiana Regiment, commanded by General Lew 
Wallace, and served two years and three months. He 
then joined Company A. One Hundred and Seventeenth 
Regiment, as a veteran and served nine months, when his 
time expired. He then went into Company A of the 
One Hundred and Forty-eighth Indiana, serving- as ser- 
geant until the close of the war. While in the Eleventh 
Regiment he was laid up in the hospital for three weeks 
with a broken ankle, and afterwards sent home to get 
well. While in the One Hundred and Seventeenth Reg- 


iment as a veteran he had his right ankle and leg mashed, 
which laid him up for a time. He was also in the bat- 
tles of Fort Donelson. Shiloh, Fort Henry and Blue 
Spring, near New Greenville, Tennessee. Among the 
forced marches was one of three hundred miles, during 
which time they lived on pumpkins and persimmons, 
and after the fight at New Green\-ille they marched to 
the salt works in Virginia, and they were forced to re- 
treat. While retreating they were surrounded on all 
sides at Bull's Gap. in Clinch mountain, by the Southern 
army, but the entire Union army escaped except the regi- 
ment to which Mr. Stephenson belonged, as they were 
five miles in the rear. Some one at last discovered a gap 
not picketed by the enemy, so the Union regiment then 
killed their horses and mules and then crawled five miles 
on the ground until they could rejoin Grant's army. 

The grandfathers of our subject (mi both sides 
fought in the Revolutionary war. His father served in 
the War of 1812. He also had two hnnhers in the Civil 
war, and his son Charles served three consecutive years 
in the regular army. 


To conrpier the wilderness of the early day and 
substitute for it the busy scenes of modem commercial 
life was no easy task, but it had to be done. The light- 
ning express, interurban, telephone and the modern im- 
proved farming implements could have no place in the 


dense forests, thick niulerbnisli, swamps and lakes until 
tlie a\, manl and wed^c had first done their work. Our 
fathers and grandfathers, assisted b}- their noble com- 
panions, were \aliant in the conflict of the pioneer days, 
■dud it pleases us to remember them in these sketches. 
The ancestors of James Shelburn belong-ed to the class 
abo\e referred to. and the hills of Alonroe. Owen and 
(Ireene counties felt their intluence. Jaiues was born in 
Shelby county. Kentucky. July J5, 1826, and was the 
son of William and Jensie (Robison) Shelburn, the fa- 
ther a natixe of \arginia, while the mother came from 
Kentucky. William came to Kentucky when he was but 
a small boy. and his manly ways won for him the com- 
panion of his life. Idiey came to Ab)nroe comity, In- 
diana, in 1830, buying- new, wiUl and unim[)roved land, 
\\hich they made a respectable farm, but did not live to 
enjo}- it in old ;ig"e, as death summoned them both ere 
locks were gra}-. They were members of the Missionary 
Baptist church. They had eleven children — Gustav, 
Mijls. William. S(|uire. Samuel. Alary, Fanny, Sabria 
and Alahala. These are all dead. The only living- chil- 
dren are James, our subject, and Xancy, now living at 
Stinesx-ille. Indiana. 

Our subject was only thirteen years of age when the 
faiuily came to Monroe county. He was raised to hard 
work on the farm, receiving only a limited education, as 
the opportunities were not of the best, and what they had 
were of the old subscription kind, and they had to walk 
three miles to school. Here he remained until past 
twenty-one years of age, when he went to Kentucky, and 
while there found the companion to share life's burdens 


with him. He married Mary Jane Figg. She was from 
Shelby county and the daughter of Thomas and Re- 
becca (Howerton) Figg. The former came from Vir- 
ginia and the latter was a native of Kentucky. They 
finally came to Monroe county, Indiana, and lx)ught a 
tract of wild land and went to improving it, but the sum- 
mons came to them both before very far advanced in life. 
He was a Baptist and she a Presbyterian. There were 
thirteen children in the Figg family— Martha, Elizaljeth, 
Mary Jane, wife of the subject; James, John. Dudley, 
Columbus, Xancy, Sarah Ann. Robert. Mildred and 

After his marriage he bought a farm of eighty acres 
in Monroe county. Indiana, in partnership with his 
brother-in-law. He then moved onto his half and went 
to improving it. He worked on the construction of the 
Monon Railroad to pay for his. but as the contractor 
failed he did not receive any pay for his work, and also 
lost some money he had loaned the contractDr. He then 
purchased a farm in Owen county of eighty acres, on 
which he lived for seven years. This farm he traded for 
another in Owen county and lived on it for five years. 
He then sold this one and purchased one hundred and 
nine acres in Fair Play township. Greene county, in 1878. 
and has made this his home ever since. This farm had 
run down so much that he decided to bring it back to 
fertility and excellence and then return to a retired life. 
Mr. and Mrs. Shelbum have had bom to them seven 
children: Rebecca, wife of J. T. Franklin, of Switz 
City; Gustin. married to Christian Justus, now living in 
Owen county on a farm; James S.. living with his par- 


in Greene county; Ella, wife of Ransom Rodenbeck, a 
Greene county farmer, and Robert, who married Fannie 
Johnson and lives at \\ orthing'ton, Indiana. Mr. and 
Mrs. Shelburn are members of the Baptist church at 
Switz City. His political faith is centered in the Demo- 
cratic party, with which he affiliates. 


One of the most conspicuous and honored figures of 
Greene county, where he maintained his home for more 
than three score years and where he did so much for the 
advancement of the public weal, was the subject of this 
obituary and biography, for he was a man whose life was 
directed along a lofty plane of thought and action, invit- 
ing the closest sciiitiny and offering a lesson to all who 
have appreciation of the ethical values in the scheme of 
human existence. He passed to his reward fmm his late 
residence in Linton. Indiana, on Friday. June 24, 1904. 
rich in honors and respect which ever follow an upright 
life that has been true to its ideals and to its maximum pos- 
sibilities, and thus to his death came a crown to a worthy 
life, having been summoned from the arena of earth's 
endeavors "at the golden sunset of a life of eighty-three 
years. Mr. Humphreys never lacked the courage of his 
convictions, but a lively human sympathy, unvarying- 
kindness and an abiding- charity were dominating- ele- 
ments in his composition, softening and gl(M-ifying- his 


life in every phase. It is eminently fitting- that in this 
volume be entered a memoir to this true and good man, 
whose popularity may have been attributed largely to the 
fact that his individuality stood distinctly apart from 
that of the average citizen. 

Born of a noble parentage, surrounded by the virgin 
forests he was reared in that hardy manner which char- 
acterized the youth of many another man who developed 
a sturdy manhood as a result of such environment. Like 
the average pioneers who hewed their homes in the woods 
his parents were not blessed with an abundance of this 
world's goods, consequently the youth of our subject 
was not one of ease and idleness. But money in these 
early times did not have the intrinsic value it has today, 
owing to the fact that the pioneers had no opportunity 
to buy the luxuries of life, since they were not offered 
for sale in the midst of the boundless forests and wide 
stretch of prairie where they had their homes. 

Though born in Tennessee, March 30, 1821, the 
parents of our subject moved to Indiana when he ^^■as 
quite young, locating in Putnam county, not far from 
the present town of Greencastle, and as a result of his 
long life in tliis state he might be truthfully called a 
typical Hoosier. Through his early manhood Air. 
Humphreys strove to support his parents and the family. 
Cfmsequently he had little time to attend school. IIow- 
e\-er. he was a close obser\'er and did a great deal ni mis- 
cellaneous reading, and as he developed into manhood 
his noble traits began to assert themselves and he was 
looked u])on early in life as a coming leader of men. 
Endowed with an abundance of "mother wit." which is. 


indeed, an essential element in one's make-up. often forc- 
ing men to the front regardless of educational advan- 
tages ; gifted by nature with a strong physique and com- 
manding personal appearance, Mr. Humphreys was des- 
tined to be ranked among the few individuals whose 
characteristics are strong' enough to command the praise 
of his fellows. These facts, which were known and noted 
by his early accjuaintances, were accordingly manifested 
in the course of time. 

Mr. Humphreys was married when only nineteen 
years old to Eliza Johnson, a most estimable Christian 
lady, the daughter of Jerriah Johnson, of Ohio. Re- 
enforced for the battles of life by his faithful wife, ]\Ir. 
Humphreys, in 1841, came to Greene county, where his 
parents had preceded him and where they lived until their 
respective deaths, the mother dying in 1861 and the 
father in 1863. 

Being a typical representative of the noble sons of 
toil and through the necessity of earning a living, Mr. 
Humphreys upon arriving in this county, set up a little 
blacksmith shop where he did smithing for a considerable 
portion of that part of the country. Fate, however, had 
decreed that his career was to be a m;ire noted (Mie than 
that of a countrv blacksmith, and it was but a few months 
until he had taken the first steps into the political tield 
which was afterward to bring him int(^ state and even 
national reputation. In 1843 he was elected justice of 
the peace for a term of three years, and so satisfactory 
was the ottice conducted that at die expiration of his term 
he was re-elected, serving until 1849. 

His experience on the judicial bench had brought to 


Mr. Humphreys a yearning for a broader knowledge, 
and he set about educating himself for the brilliant career 
which was subsequently his. Possessed with an indom- 
itable will, a progressive, energetic and aspiring spirit 
and a thirst for a closer familiarity for politics, he took 
up his work with that zeal which knows no failure, and 
in 1849 he was nominated by the Democratic party for 
the legislature. His opponent was Marcus H. Shryer, 
who at that time was supposed to be a leader of the Whig 
party in this county. The campaign was closely con- 
tested and Mr. Humphreys won by one hundred and 
thirty votes, being a much greater majority than the 
Democratic party leaders had anticipated. When his 
term expired he was re-nominated but was defeated by 
Edward Beasley by one hundred and twenty-nine votes, 
but the action of Mr. Humphreys in the legislature added 
greatly to his popularity among the people, who had 
come to look upon him as their champion, and in 1852 
he defeated R. H. Rosseau by a majority of one hundred 
and ninety votes. In that year he was nominated by his 
party for state senator, defeating Major Livingston by 
thirty-eight votes, and in 1854 he was elected represen- 
tative over Mr. Throop by six hundred majority, and two 
years later defeated Edwin Beasley the second time by 
thirty-two majority. 

Mr. Humphreys' faithful service to his constituents 
and his able and fearless action while in the state capitol 
during these ten years won for him additional laurels, and 
in 1857 he was appointed by President Buchanan Indian 
agent for the territory of Utah, which position he filled 
with hieh credit to himself and the administration until 


1861. when he resigned the oflice. A portion of this 
time, however, Mr. Humphreys served as United States 
marshal of that territory, which position he also resigned, 
returning to his hcsme in Greene county. 

But with so many years of unbroken public ser\'ice, 
Mr. Humphreys was not to remain long from the field 
of politics, and in 1867 he was for the fifth time nomi- 
nated for the legislature, meeting his first defeat by 
Judge Thomas Mason, although the former led his party 
ticket by many votes. In 1874 he defeated Air. Mason for 
the state senate b}' five hundred and sixty-two votes, this 
senatorial district being then comprised of Greene and 
Daviess counties. In 1876 he resigned his seat in the 
senate and was elected to congress to fill the unexpired 
term of "Blue Jeans" Williams, who was elected gov- 
ernor over ex-President H[arrison. He made the race 
ag-ain for the state senate in 1878, although Air. Hum- 
phreys wished to retire at that time. He defeated J. R. 
Baxter by fifty-four majority. At this session of the 
legislature he was made chairman of the committee on 
ways and means, a merited acknowdedgment of his lead- 
ership in the house. After the expiration of his term, our 
subject retired to his farm, where he spent se\-eral years 
in a well-earned respite, but he was again persuaded by 
his friends to make the race for the legislature in 1892, 
but was defeated by Thomas Van Buskirk by a small 
majority. In 1896 he was nominated for the state senate 
and elected. Thus ended a political career that was un- 
surpassed in faithfulness to his constituents, for he was 
always a friend of the people and always fought any un- 
just measure to the bitter end. 


The social and home Hfe of Andrew Humphreys 
was a model one, .and although he was a strict partisan 
he was known to all classes as plain "Uncle Andy." His 
first wife passed to^ her reward in the early eighties and 
several years later he married Julia Rodenbeck, of Switz 
City, who survived him. Six children were born to the 
subject by his first wife, namely : Emeline, who became 
Mrs. John Poe, of Linton, now deceased; Levi, deceased;. 
Albert G., also deceased; Sallie A., who is now Mrs. 
Joseph Moss; James H., cashier of the Linton Bank, 
and Andrew, deceased. 

Taking his life as a whole, from the early battles 
of his youth, throug-h the struggling days of his early 
manhood, through his long and busy, honest and faithful 
public career, Mr. Humphreys was a man to> be admired 
and his life was one worthy of emulation. 


That this is an age of young- men, especially in ref- 
erence to the business world, is shown conclusively in 
many walks of life, and no better example of the success- 
ful young man in business could be found in Greene 
county than the subject of this sketch, whoi is a dealer in 
meats, groceries and provisions at Linton, having an in- 
timate knowledge of how to successfully handle all these 
lines and at the same time please a large number of 

Mr. Maddox was born January 14, 1883, the son 


of Alva D. and Martha J. (Miller) Maddox. both na- 
tives of Greene county. They are now living in Linton. 
Alva D. Maddox is engaged in the manufacture of ce- 
ment sidewalks, in which business he has been successful 
and has built up a good patronage, also doing" other busi- 
ness of a similar nature. The subject of this sketch was. 
the only child born to Mr. and Mrs. Alva D. Maddox, who 
moved from the farm to Linton about fifteen years ago. 
The subject was educated in the pu1)lic sch(X)ls at Linton, 
and also learned the baker's trade there, which he worked 
at for a period of two- years, operating a bakery during 
that time, and he was two years employed by others. He 
has been engaged in his present business for about six 
years, having been in his present location at Fourth street, 
Northeast, for about three years in 1908. 

Clyde O. Maddox was married December 10, 1902, 
to Myrtle H'odges, daughter of F. W. Hodges, a marble 
dealer in Linton. The subject is a member of the Unity 
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Linton. 
He is also a member of the Modern AVoodmen of Amer- 
ica. He votes the Republican ticket. Mrs. Maddox is 
a member of the Christian church, and the two young 
people are well liked by all who know them. 


In studying the life history and untimely demise of 
the lamented subject of this brief memorial sketch, we 
find that he was one of the most indnstri(ms and likable 



young men in Linton. Indiana, where he had hosts of 
friends and no enemies, having- been a young- man of 
brihiant intehect to whom the future seemed to have' 
much of promise. 

Charles O. Morgan was summoned to close his earth- 
ly career June 4, 1907. He would have been thirty-two 
years old had he lived until the following August. He 
was the son of Mr. and Mrs. Henry C. Morgan, of 
Marco, Greene county, people of sterling worth and well 
liked in their vicinity for lives of uprightness and indus- 
try. The wife of Charles O. Morgan was formerly Grace 
Cox, a highly accomplished and estimable lady of In- 
dianapolis. Mrs. Morgan is tlie daughter of George and 
Emma Elizabeth (Scott) Cox. residents of Indianapolis, 
where he was engaged in the commission stock business. 
She with two bright sons, Clifford and Henry, ages seven 
and five years respectively, were left to mourn their irrep- 
arable loss. 

Seldom had a greater crowd been seen at a funeral 
in Linton than that in attendance at Mr. Morgan's, for 
he was not only well known but popular, and the crowd 
came from all directions to pay a last tribute of respect 
and say a kind word for the spirit that had gone. The 
services were held at his late commodious and cozy resi- 
dence on East Vincennes street, in charge (3f the Masons 
and Elks, of which orders he had been a most loyal and 
highly respected member, having shown by his daily 
walk among his fellow men that he believed in carrving 
out the principles of the brotherhood of man and the 
fatherhood of God, taught by these orders. 

The last sad rites were pronounced over the subject's 


remains at his grave in the cemetery at Marco, which i; 
on the farm where he was born and reared, spending 
liis early hfe there, tr 
in the business world. 

He was extensiv 
tracting and in constructing streets and concrete side- 
walks and had three dredgT boats and did an extensive 

Air. Morgan's health had been failing for some time 
and in January, 1907, he made a trip to California in the 
hope that his strength would return and his health be 
regained, but he returned home to die in a few months, 
without ha^'ing• been benefited. 

For one of his age he had an extensive accjuaintance 
and was highlv esteemed in the commercial and social 
world l)y all who knew him, having always borne the 
reputation of being strictly square and honest in all his 
dealings in the l3usiness afi:'airs (^f life. He was enter- 
prising, public spirited, ahvavs standing for progress and 
improvement, and when he was gone his neigiibors were 
heard to say that as a citizen they had none better nor 
more highly respected. As a husband and father he pro- 
vided well for his household and was always kind, indul- 
gent, loving and afi:'ectionate, fostering the wholesome 
principles looking to the ultimate good of his children. 
Although his race was short, he li\-ed long enough to show 
what a man of earnest thought and right principles 
could accomplish, lea\-ing behind him a g'o;)d name, which 
after all, is the richest heritage it is possible for any 
one to leave behind. 



Success, though sometimes apparently flowing from 
caprice of fortune, is, after all, the surest test of real 
merit; and it should be encouraging to the young man, 
who, not repining at the accidents of birth or unfavorable 
environment, looks with a trustful spirit to higher 
spheres of duty and usefulness, and realizes that others 
with prospects no fairer than his own, have moved stead- 
ily forward until achieving the object of their ambition 
and desire. It is the clearly defined purpose and con- 
secutive elTort backed by well balanced mentality and 
discreet judgment, that eventually lead to positions of 
honor and trust, and in following the career of one in 
which these qualities are developed to a marked degree, 
there come into view the intrinsic individuality, which 
have made his achievements possible. The success that 
has made James Henry Humphreys so widely and fav;)r- 
ably known in business circles has also gained for him 
the esteem and confidence of his fellow townsmen, while 
his record, which is one of wisely directed energy, strong 
determination and honorable methods, long since brought 
him to favorable notice among the leading financiers of 
his county and state. Scarcely past the meridian of life 
and possessing unimpaired vigor both of mind and \yK\\\ 
and in the active discharge of important pu1)lic and pri- 
vate trusts he has already passed through a career of use- 
fulness and successful struggle, and his continued ad- 
vancements and signal achievements in the world of af- 
fairs may well be held up for the contemplation and en- 
couragement of the young men whose careers are vet 
matters for the future to determine. 


Mr. Humphreys is a native of Greene county, Indi- 
ana, and a son of Andrew and Eliza Humphreys, the 
father a Tennessean by Ijirth and for many years one 
of the leading" men of southern Indiana, the mnther was 
born in Ohio. ( /\n appropriate sketch of these parents 
appears on another page of this volume.) James Henry 
Humphreys was born July 22, 1853, '^^^ A\ right town- 
ship, where he grew to mature years on the family 
homestead and under the parental roof, was subjected 
to a discipline well calculated to inspire his young- mind 
with the purest principles of virtue and to give it the 
proper bent, which early enabled him to take proper 
views of life and to form his plans in harmony there- 
with. These youthful impressions, some of them insen- 
sibly, but all of them indelibly made, served to keep 
him from evil influence and bad examples, and his early 
years under such wholesome training had much to do 
in forming' and developing a character to which he at- 
tributes the sucess he has attained, and the honorable 
name he has long enjoyed among the representative citi- 
zens of the county of his birth. 

After finishing the common school course, young 
Humphreys entered the schools at Farmersburg, where 
he pursued his studies until he became a student of the 
Indiana State University, which institution he attended 
for two years. With a mind well disciplined by this 
thorough training- he returned to the farm, but finding 
that agriculture was not altogether to his liking he sub- 
sequently discontinued the vocation, and in 1883 engaged 
in merchandising at Linton, where in due time he built 
up quite an extensive and lucrative business. After de- 


voting- about twelve years to this line of traffic he em- 
barked in the large and more responsible enterprise of 
banking, having been instrumental in organizing, in 1895, 
the Linton Bank, of which he was made cashier and to 
the growth and success of which he contributed more 
perhaps than any other man connected with the institu- 

The bank with which Mr. Humphreys has so long 
been identified, does a larger business than any other in- 
stitution of the kind in Greene county, and for much of 
its popularity and growth in public favor it is indebted 
to the judicious policy he has ever pursued, and the wise 
forethought and deep interest he has displayed in safe- 
guarding- the important trust confided to him and in 
making it remunerative to stockholders and a safe place 
of deposit to the business men of the city and public at 
large. Mr. Humphreys is familiar with every detail of 
the business to which he has devoted so much of his time 
and energy, and having- made a careful and critical study 
of the monetary questions in all their bearings, has won, 
as already indicated, much more than local repute as a 
banker, and today there are few financiers in Indiana 
whose abilities are so widely known or who command as 
great an influence. In addition to his large monetary 
and other interests he has always had the welfare of his 
city at heart, every worthy enterprise, for its advance- 
ment, finding in him an earnest advocate and liberal 
patron, while his influence has ever been exerted in be- 
half of measures for the intellectual and moral good of 
his fellowmen. 

Mr. Humphreys has been twice married, the first 


time on April 5. 1877, to Alattie Jackson, daughter 
of Dr. Evan and Susanna Jackson, who departed this 
hfe February 10, 1879, after less than two years of 
mutually happily wedded experience, the union resulting 
in the birth of one child, Guy Henderson Humphreys, 
now one of the most brilliant young att(^rneys of Bloom- 
field and a rising lawyer of the state. The career of the 
young man, though brief, has been attended by success 
such as few of much longer experience attain, and since 
beginning the practice of his profession he has moved 
steadily forward to a commanding position at a bar long 
noted for its high order of leg"al talent, and now has a 
patronage second to few of the attorneys at the county 
seat. Mr. Humphreys" second marriage was solemnized 
Alay 13, 1883. with Eva Schloot, whose birth occurred 
on the 29th of Alay. 1858, and who has borne him five 
children, namely: W'illard, Horace, Anna E., .Vndrew 
and Trella Ruth. 

Politically Mr. Humplireys is a Democrat, and 
while wielding- a stnmg influence for his party, he cannot 
be termed a politician, much less an ofiice seeker, never 
ha\ing aspired to public honors or leadership at the 
hands of his fellow citizens. Like the majority of en- 
terprising and public-spirited men, he is a member of 
the ancient and hi^nc^rable order of Free and Accepted 
Masons, in addition to which he is also identified with the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, while the Bap- 
tist church represents his religious faith, and his wife 
being a consistent and respected member of the German 
Reformed church. 

As a citizen, Mr. Humphreys holds a position which 


but few ever reach. No man perhaps who has attained 
to a high standing among the people of his county ever 
did less than he for the purpose of courting popularity. 
His motives have ever been lofty, his integrity unques- 
tioned and his mind of that self-relying and independent 
stamp which goes forward towards" the accomplishment 
of its ends for their own sake — because it seems they 
are wise and good — and does not stop from motives of 
policy or very often to inquire what others may think 
of them or him. This is a characteristic of every man of 
commanding influence. He acts with reference to laud- 
able ends, nor when he has acted does he pause to gather 
up his reward of human praise. He leaves the action to 
speak for itself and goes about the even tenor of his way, 
anticipating the wants of the community, and to the ex- 
tent of his ability supplying the same generously and un- 
sparingly. In his intercourse with his fellow citizens of 
all classes he is frank and direct, but ever kind and cour- 
teous. Perfectly simple and unostentatious in all his 
habits, warm and confiding in his friendships, sagacious 
and independent in thought, punctual in all his engage- 
ments, modest and unassuming, yet courageous and dig- 
nified, and of strong personality, he bears about him 
every mark of the gentleman and the man of business 
and presents as fair a model as can be found for the en- 
couragement of the youth who have friends, fame, and 
fortune, yet to win, for his example proves that there is 
no royal road to success and that one must be able to 
p'o it alone if the hip-h altitudes of life are reached. 



Good newspaper men. like poets, are born, not made. 
The complex duties of a newspaper man require the ut- 
most in energy, courage and judgment, as well as that 
undefinable quality we call tact. A journalist has many 
opportunities denied those in other walks of life. His 
relation to the community is one of responsibility. His 
profession makes him a public man and his opinion upon 
leading topics becomes of paramount importance to his 
community. A chronicler of events, a dispenser of news, 
he is also the greatest factor in molding- public opinion. 
To assume such onerous duties with gravity and prove 
true to the loftiest ideals should be the ambition of every 
aspiring journalist who accepts success in the larger and 
broader sense. 

It is our mission to briefly sketch here the life and 
labor of one wdio in all these varied relations has met 
them with unflinching zeal and rare abilitv — one whose 
heart and brain and versatile pen have ever been enlisted 
in behalf of the community that bore him. 

Joseph E. Turner, editor and publisher of the Lin- 
ton Daily Citizen, was born in Linton. March 21, 1873, 
the youngest of three children born to the union of 
Thomas A. Turner and Sarah (Moss) Turner, the latter 
a daughter of the late Hon. W. G. Moss, of Greene 
county. The father was a native of the Old Dominion, 
being born in Pulaski county, Virginia, and served with 
distinction in the Civil war as a member of Company K. 
Third Maiyland Cavaliy. He died in Linton, August 
5, 1906. The other tw^o children of this union are de- 



ceased. William F. Turner died September 9, 1871, at 
the age of two years, and Laura A., wife of William J. 
Hamilton, died Januaiy 9, 1892. 

Joe was educated in the Linton schools, graduating 
with honor in 1889. He entered newspaper work at 
eleven years of age and has ever since been identified with 
such work. A brief summary of his editorial work fol- 
lows: Laconic, 1890; the Linton Call, 1893; editor Ly- 
ons Herald, 1904; city editor Bedford Daily Democrat, 
1901-02; managing editor Brazil Daily Miner, 1901 ; the 
Linton Record, 1900; secretarj^-treasurer Linton Call 
Company, 1904-05 ; staff correspondent Louisville Cou- 
rier-Journal, 1906. He established the Linton Weekly 
Citizen in 1906 and the Daily Citizen in 1907. 

Mr. Turners editorial work reflects a brilliancy of 
mind rarely met with outside metropolitan centers. He 
conducts an independent Democratic paper, expressing his 
views on current topics in an able and fearless manner. 
The organ of no sect, the champion of no special interests, 
the paper is void of all clamor and is clean and outspoken 
on all matters pertaining to the public welfare. The me- 
chanical equipment of the office is second to none in 
southern Lidiana, only the most modern machineiy being 

Mr. Turner was married November 20, 1900, to 
Gertrude Cox, daughter of William Cox, of Chicago, who 
'died in 1907. To them was bom (December 19, 1904), 
one son, Eskin Cox Turner, who sunnves. On October 
25, 1902, he was married to Miss Julia E. Mavity, daugh- 
ter of Charles Mavity, of Linton. A son, Loren Adolphus, 
born January 27, 1905. died in infancy. 



Mr. Turner was elected clerk and treasurer of the 
citv of Linton on the Democratic ticket in 1898 and 
served his official term with honor and distinction. In 
1905 he was his party's nominee for city councilman-at- 
large, but A'oluntarily withdrew before election on account 
of business interests which would, in his opinion, con- 
flict with the conscientious discharg-e of his duties. 

Fraternally !Mr. Turner is a member of the Benevo- 
lent and Protective Order of Elks, Free and Accepted 
Masons, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of 
Pythias, ^^'oodmen of the World, Red Men and the Sons 
of Veterans. He was the first great sachem of the local 
lodge of Red ]\Ien, which office he filled with distinction. 


In no profession is there greater need of talent than 
that of the law and in no field of endeavor is there de- 
manded a more careful preparation or more thorough 
appreciation of the ethics of life or of the underlying 
principles which form the basis of human rights and 
privileges. L^nflagging application and intuiti\-e wisdom 
with the determination fully to utilize the means at hand 
are among the concomitants which insure success and 
prestig'e in this great profession, which among all civ- 
ilized peoples stands as the stern consen^ator of justice. 
It is a calling in which none should engage without a 
recoeiiition of the obstacles to be encountered and over- 



come and the battles to be won, for success does not at- 
tend every person who enters the competitive f ra) . out 
Gomes only as the legitimate result of capability and 
painstaking endeavor. Possessing all the requisite'quali- 
ties of the able lawyer and the calm, well-balanced mind 
essential to success in the higher sphere of the judicial 
tribunal, Hon. Charles E. Henderson, of Bloomfield, 
present judge of the fourteenth judicial circuit, stands 
today among the leading men of his profession in Greene 
county, besides attaining high standing in other than the 
particular field to which his practice in the main has been 
devoted. A strong mentality, an invincible courage, to- 
gether with thorough intellectual and professional train- 
mg, have so entered into his composition as to make him 
a natural leader of men. not only in the calling with 
which his life has thus far been identified, but in the pub- 
lic afifairs of his county and state, in which he has ever 
wielded a strong and rapidly growing influence. 

Judge Henderson is proud to claim the grand old 
commonwealth of Indiana as his native soil and. like oth- 
ers of her distinguished sons, he manifests a pardonable 
pride in her hist(^ry and development and is always ready 
to sound her praises as one of the brightest stars in the 
galaxy of states. The family of which he is an honorable 
representative, is of English origin and figured in the 
early history of one of the eastern states, from which his 
grandfather. Charles R. Henderson, migrated to In- 
diana many years ago and settled in Greene county some 
time during the pioneer period. Thomas A. Henderson, 
son of Charles R. and father of the judge, was bom in 
Decatur c.unty, Indiana, and when a young man married 


Xettie ]\Iarkel, a native of Ohio, and daughter of Peter 
]\Iarkel. a veteran of the Civil war, who departed this Hfe 
a few years ag'o in San Bernardino, CaHfornia. Charles 
R. Henderson moved to Greene county in 1872 and en- 
gaged in the hardware trade with his son, Thomas A., 
under the firm name of Henderson & Son. The family 
of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas A. Henderson consists of four 
children, whose names are as follows: Charles E., the 
subject of this memoir; Arthur, who lives in the village 
of Petersburg ; Xellie and Leon, whose present place of 
residence is St. Cloud, in the state of Minnesota. 

Judge Charles E. Henderson was born January 31. 
1871, in St. Paul, Indiana, but when a mere child was 
broug"ht to Greene county, where he received his early 
educational discipline, attending during his youth the 
schools at Bloomfield. Later, in 1886, he accompanied 
his parents on their removal to Oregon and the follow- 
ing year entered the university of that state, which he 
attended six consecutive years without a day's absence, 
making substantial progress in his studies during that 
time and earning an honorable record as a close and 
critical student. The regular term at the above institu- 
tion was nine mondis, and during the remainder of each 
year he worked in a tin shop, thus assisting- to defray the 
expenses of his university course, besides acquiring con- 
siderable proficiency and skill as a mechanic. Actuated 
by a laudable ambition to add to his scholastic knowledge 
so as to fit himself for the profession in which he subse- 
quently achieved such signal success, yiw Henderson 
prosecuted his studies and researches until completing the 


of Arts on June 22d of the year 1893. Subsequently, 
without any sohcitation whatever on his part, indeed 
without his knowledge, the degree of Master of Arts 
was conferred upon him by his Alma Mater, this signal 
honor indicating not only the superior character of his 
scholarship and work, but also his high personal stand- 
ing and popularity with the officials arid faculty of the 
university, between whom and himself the most friendly 
and cordial relations had always obtained. Shortly after 
his graduation he -returned to the East and during the 
summer and fall of 1893 was chair boy at the World's 
Columbian Exhibition, in Chicago, after which engage- 
ment he came to Bloomfield and the ensuing winter taught 
a term of school in Cass township, the remuneration for 
which he afterwards used to defray the expenses of his 
course in the law. 

By husbanding his earnings with the most careful 
economy, Mr. Henderson, in 1894, found himself the 
possessor of sufficient means to carry into effect a desire 
of long standing, to prepare himself for the legal profes- 
sion, accordingly in the fall of that year he entered the 
law department of the University of Michigan, at Ann 
Arbor, where, by diligent and painstaking application, he 
completed the usual two years' course in one year, grad- 
uating in 1895 with a creditable standing among the 
brightest members of his class. Fortified by thorough 
mental and professional training for the calling to which 
he proposed to devote his life, he set about the achieve- 
ment of his heart's desire without delay, by entering, 
soon after his graduation, the office of Emers(in Short, of 
Bloomfield. where, from the very first da}-, he proved 


decidedly successful in gaining clients and adding to the 
business of the finn. Rising rapidly to an influential 
standing in the profession, he soon established an enviable 
reputation for the manner in which he secured business, 
and such was his record for bringing his cause to a suc- 
cessful conclusion, that within an incredibly brief peri<:)d 
he had a practice second to no other young attorney in 
the city, his name appearing in connection with most of 
the important litigation in Greene county during the 
se\'en or eight }'ears foll()wing his admission to the bar. 
By reason of his influence and success in legal matters 
and his popularity with the people. Judge Henderson 
A-er}- naturally gravitated toward politics, and in due time 
became (me of the acknowledged Republican leaders in 
Greene count}-. In 1896 he was nominated for the legis- 
lature and he carried the county by a very decisive vote. 
defeating Seymour Riddle, the candidate of both Demo- 
cratic and P(^pulist parties and establishing a reputation 
as a campaigner that made him feared as a political an- 
tagonist from that year to the present time. His \'ictory 
over a very popular opponent and that, too, when inter- 
est in the Democratic and Populist principles was at its 
height, and success seemed assured, was a signal one. the 
strength developed by his candidacy, pn^.ving a surprise 
not only to the opposition liut to the leaders of his own 
party as well, none of whom at the beginning of the cam- 
paign entertained very sanguine hopes of overcoming the 
well-organized coalition. 

Entering the legislature with the prestige <if a bril- 
liant victory, Ji-idge Henderson at once began taking an 
active part in its deliberations and was soon one of the 


influential Republican leaders of the body. In addition 
to sei-v^ing on a number of important committees and 
bearing- his full share of the more public deliberations on 
the floor, he was chosen secretary of the house caucus and 
joint caucus of his party that nominated Charles W. 
Fairbanks for the United States senate, his activity and 
influence being- such as to attract attention and won for 
him a conspicuous place in the public gaze. His record 
as a law-maker was creditable to himself and honorable 
to his constituency and at the expiration of his term he 
retired with the good will of the people of his county, 
irrespective of political allignment, Democrats as well as 
Republicans recognizing his ability and integrity and ex- 
pressing- themselves not only satisfied with his course, but 
honored by the brilliant record which he made. , 

In the year 1898 Judge Henderson formed a law 
partnership with Colonel Aden G. and \\'illiam L. Cav- 
ins which lasted until 1904, and which, during the in- 
terim, was not only the strongest and most successful 
legal firm in Greene county, but one of the best known 
and most influential in the southern part of the state. 
During the two years following his retirement from this 
partnership, Mr. Henderson practiced alone and built up 
a large and lucrative business, but at the expiration of 
that time his party again conferred upon him a signal 
honor by nominating him, in the year 1906. for judge 
of the fourteenth judicial circuit, composed of the coun- 
ties of Greene and Sullivan. In the ensuing electi(-)n he 
again faced a formidable opposition in a normal Demo- 
cratic majority of one thousand together and the infor- 
mation that no Repul)hcan had ever been cliosen to the 


bench in that district, notwithstanding- which he entered 
the contest detemiined to do all within his power to up- 
hold his cause and if possible undennine the strength op- 
posed to him. The campaign was. indeed, an animated 
and exciting- one. but personal popularity, backed by the 
prestige of fomier success, carried the day. and for the 
first time in its history- the old fourteenth circuit was 
honored by a Republican judge, except George ^^^ Butt, 
who was elected in another circuit and the legislature 
changed the circuit, making A'igo county a circuit by 
itself and Greene and Sullivan constituting the four- 
teenth. The distinction achieved as a practitioner at the 
bar enabled Judge Henderson to come to the bench well 
qualified to discharge the duties of the position and 
since taking the office he has won a conspicuous place in 
the esteem of lawyers, litigants and the general public, 
his career thus far being an eminently honorable one and 
fully meeting the high expectations of his friends and 
justifying the wisdom of his choice. 

As a lawyer. Judge Henderson easily stands in the 
front rank of his profession in his county. At the begin- 
ning of his legal studies he made a thorough elementary 
preparation, and possessing a disciplined mind and a well- 
trained and retentive memory-, combined with brilliant 
tact and readiness of manner, he is enabled to make in- 
stantly available all his learning and experience, with 
the result that he seldom fails to win victories for his 
clients. He excels both as an advocate and as a coun- 
selor and it is largely to this happy union and blending 
of all the qualities necessary to a good practitioner that 
has made him so successful in his profession and won for 


him the high and responsible position which he now holds 
and which he so signally honors. The Judge was a dele- 
gate from the second congressional district to the Re- 
publican national convention at Chicago in 1908. 

First of all, he has the integrity of character without 
which, however brilliant his attainments, no man can 
worthily fill a place fraught with so many responsibilities 
and to which the people look as the arbiter of their rights. 
He also possesses the natural ability and essential require- 
ments, the acumen of the judicial temperament, and is 
able to divest himself of prejudice of favoritism and con- 
sider only the legal and technical aspects of matters sub- 
mitted to him. Judge Henderson is in the prime of life 
and the full vigor and strength of his mental powers and 
bids fair to live many years and to achieve still greater 
distinction and honor in the noble field of endeavor to 
which his time and energies are being devoted. His 
highest ambition has been to excel in the line of his pro- 
fession, to attain to a thorough understanding and mas- 
ter}- of legal science and to this end with a singleness 
of purpose, he has directed the untiring industr}- and 
energies of a life-time. 

The domestic chapter in Judge Henderson's history- 
dates from September 30. 1896. when he was happily 
married to ^Margaret Cavins. daughter of Colonel Aden 
G. Cavins. of Bloomfield, the union being blessed with 
two children: Amelia, bom the 6th day of August. 
1898. and Laurens Livingston, whose birth occurred Sep- 
tember 7th. of the year 1901. The domestic life of the 
Judge and his estimable wife is all that the most critical 
and exacting could desire, their interests being mutual 


and their home the center of a refined circle composed of 
the most cuhtired people of the city in which they live. 
Mrs. Henderson comes of one of the old and higlily es- 
teemed families of Greene county, her father, one (^f 
the most distinguished men of the state, being" an influ- 
ential citizen of Bloomfield and a leader in the various 
lines of thought and enterprise that have given the city 
its wide publicity and the honoraljle reputation which it 
enjoys as the center of education and culture second to 
no other city of the size in Indiana. Primarily a lawyer 
and making his interests as such paramount tn every 
other consideration, Judge Henderson has not been un- 
mindful of his duty to the community and the obligations 
which he owes to the public. Aside from the pressing 
claims of his profession and duties of his office, he has 
done much to promote the material de\'elopment of 
Bloomfield and Greene county, Ijeing identified with a 
number of enterprises which in addition to advancing the 
business interests of the city, have added not a little to 
the liberal income of which he is the recipient. Among 
these is the Henderson Lumber C(^mpany, with which he 
is associated and which owns eight thousand acres of fine 
timber land in Arkansas, where a large manufacturing 
plant has l)een established, the business of the company 
being very extensive and steadily growing in magnitude 
and im])ortance. He is also a director and large stock- 
holder in the Xew Union Lumber Company, «)f Linton, 
and secretary and director of the American Post Com- 
pany, of Bloomfield, besides owning valuable real estate 
in those cities and large holdings in Jasonville and else- 
where, his various property interests representing- many 


heavy investments and making him one of the financially 
strong- and reliable men of his part of the state. The 
Judge is a thirty-second degree Mason, a member of the 
Mystic Shrine and for a number of years has been prom- 
inent in the affiairs of the order in Greene county, hav- 
ing been honored with high official positions from time 
to time and exercising an influence in Masonic circles 
second to that of none of his compeers. He is also iden- 
tified with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
the Knights of Pythias and the Alodern Woodmen, in all 
of which his services have been valuable and greatly ap- 

Personally, Judge Hendersi^i is a man of splendid 
presence, being over six feet in height, with a well-knit, 
symmetrically developed body, strong personality and 
dignified demeanor. He is easily approachable and a most 
courteous and affable gentleman, popular with all classes 
and conditions of his fellow citizens. 

Judge Henderson commenced life with only that in- 
heritance and resource so often the sole dependence of 
the sturdy western boy, viz., himself. By strict integrity, 
laborious study, energetic action and devotion to the du- 
ties and business of the profession he assumed, he has 
raised himself to rank among the foremost men of his 
state and brought no small honor to the dignified posi- 
tion which he now so ably and faithfully fills. Beloved 
with a fervent warmth of attachment by all who know 
him i)ersonally and respected by men of all i)arties. he 
stands today, though still a young man. at the head of 
his ])rofession in the southern i)art of the state and the 
acknowledged leader of the political party with which he 


affiliates. In the coming future, there are no honors to 
which he may not aspire and no place which he would 
not fill with dignity and honor to himself and credit to his 
state and country. 


It is a pleasure to record the life of any good man, 
whose deeds are those of pleasant memory ; when united 
with incidents of great courage and bravery, admiration 
is created, and it is with increased delight that we review 
such characters. Our subject was the son of William 
and Elizabeth (Mitchell) Brown, and was born in Martin 
county, Indiana, October 5, 1843. The father came from 
Virginia and the mother from North Carolina. William 
Brown never knew his parents, for the father died four 
months before he was born and the mother when he was 
but seven days old. He was taken to Tennessee by an 
older brother on a farm. When about eighteen years of 
age he came to Lawrence county, Indiana, and was em- 
ployed by Isaac Mitchell, for whom he worked until Au- 
gust 22, 1833, 3.nd then married his daughter, Elizabeth. 
Buying a wild tract of land in Martin county, he moved 
thereto and soon had a respectable fami In 1846 he 
sold out and moved to Greene county and settled on a 
farm in Wright township, where he remained until his 
death in 1889. His wife preceded him in 1876. They 
were members of the Baptist church. He was first a 
Whig and then a Republican in politics. They had twelve 


children : Fanny, Jacob and Sarah, deceased ; Isaac, our 
SLibject; Harrison and Joseph, Hving in Wright town- 
ship; Nancy, wife of Joseph Humphrey, now hving in 
Spencer. Owen county; James; Anna, deceased wife of 
Benjamin Shaughter; George is on the old homestead in 
Wright township; Noah and Mary Jane, the oldest of the 
family, died in Martin county. 

Our subject was raised on a farm, receiving -a lim- 
ited common school education. In his early day there 
was still in use the puncheon floor, stick chimney and 
greased paper for windows. The first school he ever 
attended was taught by Elder Harring, an old Baptist 
minister. He was only three years old when he came 
with his family to Greene county, and with the excep- 
tion of his army life has lived in this county ever since. 
In September, 1861, he enlisted in the Thirteenth 
Indiana Light Artillery and served with it until dis- 
charged at Indianapolis, July 11, 1865, where he was 
mustered in nearly four years before. He first went into 
camp at Louisville, Kentucky, and drilled for the fight 
at Fort Donelson. But owing to the intemperance of 
the captain they were not in the fight. Returning to In- 
dianapolis, the captain was dishonorably discharged and 
a new one elected in his place. Returning to their Louis- 
ville camp for a short drill, they were then sent to Hen- 
derson, Kentucky, and participated in the battle there. 
They then marched to Shepherdsville, and then with 
three regiments of cavalry and two of artilleiy took after 
Morgan in his raid, and had a little skirmish with him 
south of Louisville, also at Frankfort, and followed him 
in a constant running fight for twenty-one days to Cum- 


berland Gap. They were then ordered back to Eliza- 
bethtown ; then marched to Gallatin, Tennessee, and oc- 
cupied Fort Thomas for some time, and were used prin- 
cipally as scouts all over the country for nearly a year. 
They were then sent to Hartsville, Tennessee. At Mur- 
freesboro a part of the force was imprisoned, but tinally 
released, and finally returned to Indianapolis. In the 
spring of 1863 they were again sent to Tennessee antl 
engaged in the fights at Lookout Mountain, Alissinnary 
Ridge, Chickamauga and Atlanta. After recijnnoitering 
about Atlanta they \vere then returned to Xashville to 
assist General "Pap" Thomas, and in the fight with 
Hood's army they marched and fought alm(«t continu- 
ously for forty days and nights. The remainder of the 
service after returning to Chattanooga was occupying 
various points until their return to Indianapolis, where 
in a few months they recei\-e(l their discharge. Aluch 
might be said in detail of their soldier life, but this l)rief 
review only suggests its intense activity. 

On his return from the war he first engaged in the 
saw-mill business in Sullivan. Alonroe and Greene coun- 
ties. Selling (Hit to his partner, he bought a farm in Sul- 
li\-an countv, later a farm in Wright township, on which 
he staid until 1888, when he removed to Switz City. 

On January 2, 1867. our subject was married to 
Phcebe Clark, daughter of Thomas and Rhoda Clark, 
earlv pioneers of Greene county. She was born in Owen 
county, October 2. 1839. and died Alay 31, 1905. They 
had the following children — Idysses M., who li\'es in 
Terre Haute; Ella, wife of Emmett Gray, now living in 
Terre Haute; Elizabeth Inez, who died in infancv; Anna. 


deceased ; Nora, who' lives at home, keeping- house for 
her father. He is a Baptist in church affihations and a 
Repubhcan pohticahy. He is also a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. 


The subject of this sketch, one of Greene county's 
sturdy native citizens, was born February 23, 1877. His 
father, Martin Speeker, came from Mai-yland, while his 
mother was born in Ohio. Grandfather Speeker was 
also of Maryland, a blacksmith by trade, and came to 
Greene county, Indiana. From there he removed to 
Ohio, completing his days there, with the music of the 
anvil as one of his companions till life's close. He left 
three sons. 

Grandfather Landis was a skillful farmer and came 
to Greene county, from Ohio, where he reared his six 
children, and ended his days here. John Landis, father 
of Mrs. Speeker and grandfather of subject, followed 
both carpentry and farming- and was the head of a fine 
family of ele\'en children, all of whom are still 1i\ing. a 
fact somewhat remarkable. 

Our subject received his early education in the 
schools of Greene county and remained upon the farm 
until twenty-one years of age. Later he became a bridge 
carpenter, continuing at this for several years, whereupon 
he bought a half interest in a livery and sales stable, at 
Worthington, in which business he is still engaged. Since 
entering- into partnership with Marion Mitten in 1(707 the 
firm's business has steadiK- increased, and now easilv 


Stands in the forefront compared with like enterprises in 
the county. This growth has been largely owing to the 
energy and integrity displayed in, the management, these 
characteristics being sufficient to win confidence, esteem 
and patronage. The company owns the property in which 
they are located, and they have a large livery stock and 
give to the public first-class service. 

On April i, 1906, Mr. Speeker was united in mar- 
riage to Ida Blackburn, who was born in February, 1882, 
in Cass county, Indiana, and she has proved to be a most 
estimable companion and holds a high place in the esteem 
of her many friends. She is a member of the Methodist 

Mr. Speeker is a member of the Eagles, lending 
hearty support to the order. Although a loyal Democrat 
he has never sought political prominence, but stands at 
all times for honest service and clean politics. He was 
nominated for trustee of Jefferson township in June, 
1908, by the Democratic party. 


herence to principle and success in their chosen field of 
endeavor have won the confidence and respect of their 
fellow men, is the well-known physician and surgeon 
whose name furnishes the caption of this biographical 
review. The family of which Dr. Porter is a worthy 
member has been represented in this country from a veiy 


early period, but unfortunately, reliable data concerning 
its history is somewhat deficient. It is known, however, 
that the doctor's paternal ancestors were among the early 
immigrants from Ireland and that his great-grandfather, 
John Porter, was killed during one of the predatory In- 
dian wars that were waged at intervals in the eastern 
colonies during the settlement of the country. From the 
eastern part of the United States descendants of the 
original stock gradually moved westward, and early in 
the nineteenth century the name appears in the annals of 
different counties of Ohio in which George Porter, the 
doctor's father, was bom in 1837. Mary McGuyer, wife 
of George Porter, was also a native of Ohio, and pre- 
sumably of Irish descent, as the name would indicate. 
This couple were married in the state of their nativity, 
and about 1858 moved to Martin county, where they lo- 
cated on the farm which the father owns and cultivates, 
the mother departing this life in 1896. Eight children 
constituted the family of George and Mary Porter, all 
but one of whom are living, their names being as fol- 
lows : Thomas J. ; Kittie. widow of Samuel Smith ; Ina, 
wife of Albert Lay; McGuyer; Rosa, now Mrs. Daniel 
McCormick ; Arthur and George C., the one deceased be- 
ing a daughter by the name of Alice, who was called from 
earth when a child eight years of age. 

Dr. George C. Porter was born December 30, 1876, 
in Martin county, Indiana, and received his preliminary 
education in the public schools of his native place. Sub- 
sequently he took a teacher's training course in Mitchell, 
Indiana, and such was the progress he made in his studies 
that before his sixteenth year he was sufficiently ad- 



vanced to take the required examination and secure a 
teacher's Hcense. the youngest teacher in the county of 
]^Iartin when he took charge of his first school. During 
the ensuing five years he devoted his attention to educa- 
tional \V(irk. but not caring to make teaching a perma- 
nent calling-, he tt:>ok up the study of medicine, in the 
meantime, and in 1S99 entered the Eclectic ^Medical Col- 
lege of Cincinnati, where he prosecuted his studies and 
researches until finishing the prescribed four years' 
course, graduating with the degree of Doctor of Medi- 
cine in April. 1903. 

Dr. Porter began practicing his profession at the 
town of ^Midland. Greene county, the year of his gradua- 
tion, but after remaining at that place until 1907. chang-ed 
his field of labor to Linton, where he has since built up 
quite a large and lucrative business, many of his ^Midland 
patrons still retaining him as their family physician, while 
his following at Linton has steadily grown in numbers 
until he has now a business second to none of his asso- 

Dr. Porter is a close student, aims to keep abreast 
of the times in all matters relating to his profession, and 
by his kindly presence and gentle touch, as well as by 
his efficiency and skill in both materia medica and 
surger}'. he has won a wanii place in the esteem and af- 
fections of the many patients who profit by his services. 
He has been successful financially as well as professional- 
ly, having succeeded in accumulating a handsome com- 
petency and placing himself in comfortable circumstances. 

Li politics the doctor is a Democrat, but not a poli- 
tician in the sense the term is usuallv understood, and 



in religion he is identified with the Christian church. 
He belongs to the Knights of Pythias. Improved Order of 
Red Men and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
besides holding membership with the Eclectic Phvlo Ma- 
thian. a college fraternity, in all of which organizations 
his influence is potent and salutary, and in most of which 
he has been honored with important official positions. 
On May 15. 1904. he and :\Iiss Gertrude Morgan, daugh- 
ter of George and :^Iable Morgan, of Greene county, 
were united in the bonds of wedlock, which has been 
blessed by the birth of two children. Jesse and Carl, both 
living. George :\Iorgan is a brother of John and Henr^• 
Morgan, the extensive stock dealers and land owners, of 
Stafford township. 


The worthy agriculturist whose brief life histon- we 
here append first saw the light of day December 3. 1854, 
in Jefferson township. Greene county. He is recorded as 
the son of \\'illiam and Margaret (Inman) Ingersoll. 
They, too, were natives of Greene county. AMlliam was 
the son of Daniel Ingersoll, who also led a verv active 
life. He was a carpenter and built locks in the old canal : 
also built a number of mills, bams and houses, and did 
much to improve the early condition of the countn-. He 
moved west in 1868. going first to Iowa, then to Kan- 
sas, and in the latter state died in 1872. He was a mem- 
ber of the old-line ^^'hig party and later a Republican. 


William, the father of our subject, was raised in 
Greene county, and grew up taking an active part in the 
pioneer struggles of that day. One improvement aided 
him greatly, and that was the introduction of the pub- 
lic schiHtls. Through this avenue he g'ot a good start 
toward an education. In the fall of 1849 he went to Cali- 
fornia, crossing- the plains with an ox team, and was six 
months on the road. He remained there about two years 
and then returned by way of the Isthmus of Panama and 
New York City to Greene county in 1852. He was a 
soldier in the Civil war, a member of the Thirteenth In- 
diana Battery, and was in all the engagements in which 
the battery participated. After his return from Califor- 
nia in 1853 "1^ ^^''^s married to Margaret Inman, a native 
of Greene county and daug'hter of Robert Inman, whose 
birthplace was Ireland, and an early settler in the county. 
William Ingersoll eng'aged in farming until 1868. and 
then went to Iowa, where he lived until 1872, and, re- 
turning, continued farming on a farm now owned by our 
subject. He died in 1879. To them were born five chil- 
dren — Theodore. Oran. Jennie. Lizzie and Jerry — all 
dead except our subject. 

Like his father, our subject was raised on the farm 
and obtained his education from the common schools. In 
addition to farming he also learned the stonecutter's 
trade, and worked at it a great deal. Among many jobs 
he helped on was the Greene county court house. In 
1888 he moved onto his father's old home place in Fair 
Play township and went to improving it still more, though 
it already contained one hundred and thirty-six acres 
of e'ood land, and has lived here ever since. In 1888 our 


subject was married to Belle Day, a daughter of George 
W. Day, an early settler in Putnam county, a native of 
Tennessee and a farmer. To them were born three chil- 
dren — Charles Leon, aged eighteen ; Paul Hays, thir- 
teen, and Mary, ten in 1908. Mr. and Mrs. Ingersoll 
are ardent members of the Christian church. He is also 
an Odd Fellow and belongs to Bee Hunter Lodge, No. 
507. In politics he trains with the Republican party. He 
is at present supervisor of the gravel road system of 
Fair Play township. He is also on the advisory board. 
In 1895 he was elected township trustee of Fair Play 
township and sei*ved six years. He always takes a deep 
interest in politics and in all subjects affecting the general 
good of the country. 


This brief review endeavors to set forth some of the 
salient facts in the life of the subject, who was born in 
Martin county, Indiana, April 4, 1837, the son of John 
F. and Mary (Teverbaugh) Kelley.- The former was 
born on the Island of Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts, 
in 1806. the son of William Kelley, who was born in 
Ireland, coming to Masachusetts and married a Miss 
Allen. In 181 5 they came west and settled on a farm 
where part of Cincinnati, Ohio, now stands. They later 
came to Martin county, Indiana, where they lived and 
died. John F. Kelley was a small boy when his parents 
came to Martin county. He grew up there and married. 


after which he moved to Owen county, where he died 
very suddenly in 1876. He was a successful farmer, 
a Whig, and he and his wdfe were members of the Chris- 
tian church. Alary Te^■erbaug"h Avas the daug'hter of 
Abraham Teverbaugh and wife, both of Kentucky, who 
came to Alartin county, Indiana, in an early day, where 
Mr. Teverbaugh farmed and managed a flour mill, be- 
coming a wealthy man before he died. John F. Kelley 
and wife had the following children : John, William, 
Daniel W.. Alary E., Susan A., Xettie Ann, Cornelia, 
Mesouri Ann, Albert B., the suljject, and Samuel. 

The subject remained at home until he grew to man- 
hood, recei\-ing a meager education in local subscription 
schools in primitive log- houses. He helped his father on 
the hiime place until he was thirty years of age. On No- 
vember 8, 1867, he married Alartha Haden, a native of 
Jefferson township, Greene county, Indiana. She is the 
daughter of Williani and Alatilda ( Clary) Haden, both 
natives of \"irginia. They had eight children, as fol- 
lows: Jane, Alargaret, William Riley, Frances and Sam- 
uel ; the rest died unnamed. His first wife died in 1855 
and William Haden married Hannah Kelley. a A\'idow. 
They had no children. He and his wife came to Greene 
county, Indiana, early in the nineteenth century. He was 
a Democrat and they were both members of the Aleth- 
odist church. 

Air. and Airs. .Albert B. Kelley had the following 
children: Charles, who died in infancy; Fletcher, who 
died when three years of age ; \A"illiam Riley died in in- 
fancy; Harvey Homer died at the age of twenty-seven 
years in 1900. having remained single; Xettie Alice, wife 


of John Herring, living- near Linton, who is a coal miner. 
They have four children — Frederick, Clyde, Mattie, Har- 
vey R. Isabella is the sixth child of the subject and is 
the wife of Leonard Chafey, living in Stockton township. 
They have two children. Hazel and Frank. Charlotte 
May. wife of William Chafey, is the subject's seventh 
child. They live in Washington township on a farm. 
They have one child. May. Mamie Ethel is the wife of 
Elmer Laughlin, and the subject's eighth child. She lives 
on a farm in Taylor township. 

The subject lived for seven years on a farm belong- 
ing to his father in Owen county and then came to Greene 
county, and for the past thirty-three years lived in Wash- 
ington township. 

Li April, 1 86 1, the subject enlisted at Spencer, Li- 
diana, in a company of one hundred and sixty members. 
They went into camp, but there were so man}- volunteer 
regiments waiting to be equipped that this company was 
disbanded and the subject returned home and put in a 
crop. But when the President issued a call for troops in 
June, 1861, he enlisted in Company I. Nineteenth Volun- 
teer Lifantry, in Owen county. They camped and drilled 
there for a short time and went to \\'ashington City. The 
first skirmish of this regiment, of which Solomon Mere- 
dith was colonel, was at Lewisville. near Washington 
City, September ii, 1861, with a part of Fitzhugh Lee's 
cavalry. He was at the battle of Fredericksburg and 
Bull Ruii, in which his immediate companions were 
killed. In the last named battle the subject had six holes 
shot in his clothes, but was not injured. In a fight at 
South Mountain the subject had a tent shot off his back 


while carrying it. He was in the battle Frederick, Mary- 
land, and at Antietam. One of the subject's legs was 
injured from forced marching, which has always disa- 
bled him. He was internally injured by jumping a ditch 
at the battle of South Mountain. He was then put in 
charge of a field hospital, and later sent home after re- 
maining in service until March, 1863. He was dis- 
charged at Frederick City, Maryland. After he returned 
home he was made a home guard and was elected first 
lieutenant, with John Nelson captain. 

The subject is a Republican and cast his first and 
second votes for Lincoln, and for every Republican can- 
didate for President since. He is a member of the 
Grand Amiy of the Republic. 


Among the older residents of Greene county who 
came here in an early day and bore their respective parts 
in the growth and development of the country were the 
Sherwood brothers, Benjamin, James S. and the father 
of Dr. E. T. Sherwood, of Linton, who left their native 
Carolinas many years ago to seek their fortunes and carve 
out their destinies in the comparatively new and undevel- 
oped west. Benjamin located at Linton, where he en- 
gaged in merchandising-, being one of the earlv business 
men of the place as well as postmaster. He also con- 
ducted a hotel for a number of vears called the Sher- 



directly interested in whatever made for the advancement 
of the town, besides taking active part in the general im- 
provement of the county and the welfare of the people. 
James S. was also a public-spirited man and a praise- 
worthv citizen, served with a creditable record in the 
Civil war and is the only one of the brothers now living. 

Hugh Melvin Sherwood, son of Benjamin and 
father of the subject of this sketch, was lx)ni in Bloom- 
field and when a }'Oung man married Mary Craig, whose 
birth occurred in Worthington in 1855. For a number 
of years he, too, was identified with the commercial in- 
terests of Linton, and is now living a life of retirement in 
the town, honored and esteemed by all who know him. 
Of the two children born to Hugh M. and Mary Sher- 
wood, Clinton Thomas, whose name appears above, sur- 

Clinton Thomas Sherwood was born October i. 
1876, in Greene county, Indiana, and has spent his life 
practically within its borders. He was reared to honor- 
able pursuits, grew to manhood with well-defined ideas 
of life and duty, and in due time, after receiving a liberal 
education in the public schools and De Pauw University, 
started out to make his own way. his first business ex- 
perience as salesman in a grocery house continuing five 
years. At the expiration of that time he became associate 
with his father in the hardware trade and was thus en- 
gaged for a period of eight years, during which he ac- 
quired a thorough knowledge of the business, and by his 
gentlemanly and urbane manner was intrumental in gain- 
ing quite a large j^atronage for the finn. 

From liis bnvhood Mr. Sherwood has been keenly in- 
terested in public affairs, and since attaining his majority 


he has given his support unreser\'edly to the Repubhcan 
party and taken an active part in promoting its success. 
On Februar}- 20, 1907. he was commissioned postmaster 
of Linton in recognition of services rendered the party, 
and since tliat time has (hscharged the duties of the po- 
sition in a manner satisfactory to all concerned, proving 
a \-ery competent and affable official, whose friends are 
limited only by the range of his acquaintance. The Lintoii 
postoffice, which has been advanced to the second class, 
requires the services of an assistant postmaster and ii\-e 
clerks, with their cit}' carriers, and seven rural routes, the 
l3usiness in its every detail being methodically arranged 
and managed in such a way as to meet the expectations 
of the department and of the general public. 

Air. Sherwood not only occupies a prominent place 
in lousiness and official circles, but is deserA'cdly popular 
in the social world, standing high in the esteem of his 
fellow citizens of Linton and ranking among tlie most 
enterprising and successful }-oung men in Greene C(3unty. 
He is a m-mber of the Benevolent and Protective Order 
of Elks and Pythian fraternities, belonging to the Uniform 
Rank of the latter society, and at various times he has held 
important ofhcial p xsitions in the same. He has a pleas- 
ant home in Linton, graciously presided over by a lady of 
culture and refinement, to wdiom he was united in mar- 
riage on the 27th of October, 1898, and who, prior to 
that time bore the name of Pearl Price. Ah's. Sherwood 
is the daughter of Levi M. and ALirgaret (Hale) Price, 
her father being a well-to-do and prominent citizen of 
Stockton township and the family one of the best known 
and most highly esteemed in the county. 1die (ml}' child 
of Mr. and Mrs. Sherwood died in infancy. 



William Henry Miller, who was born in Wayne 
county, Ohio, January 31, 1848, is the son of Samuel N. 
and Hannah (Phillip) Miller, natives of Pennsylvania, 
of German ancestry. Grandfather Miller moved to Ohio, 
where he farmed and spent the remainder of his life. 
His wife, who was a member of the Church of God. died 
when eighty-seven years old. She came to Indiana after 
the death of her husband. They had five children, who 
reached maturity. An aunt of the subject is still living 
in Ohio, and although she is eighty-three years old, takes 
a delight in letter writing". Jacob Phillip, brother of 
Mrs. Miller's mother, was a soldier in the War of 181 2, 
having enlisted in Pennsylvania, where the father of the 
subject li\'ed until middle-ag'e, when he removed to Ohio, 
where he lived until 1851, in which year he came to 
Greene county, Indiana, where he b(^ugiit a farm and 
lived on it during the remainder of his life. He died in 
1872. Samuel N. and Plannah Miller had eight chil- 
dren, all of whom lived to raise families. The subject's fa- 
ther was not only a farmer, but a minister in the Church 
of God, in which his wife was also an active worker. 
She died in 1876. at the age of sixty-six years. The 
subject's father owned one hundred and twenty acres of 
land. William H. Miller has the original farm, to which 
he has added eleven acres. He has never made but one 
move — that of being brought from Ohio when ten years 
old to his present home. For a part of two years he 
followed the carpenter's trade. With this exception he 
has preferred to devote his time to farming and stock 


raising-. He sells stock cattle and has many varieties of 
blooded stock, and feeds most of his corn to prepare his 
hogs for market. William H. Miller was married in 
1874 to Ella Knox, of Monroe county. Indiana. They 
have eight children, five of whom are living, namely : 
Thaddeus, who is- married and living at Linton, Indiana, 
being the father of four children ; Claude is a school 
teacher in the Philippine Islands, where he has remained 
two years ; after graduating from the Worthington ( In- 
diana) high school, he took a three years' course in the 
State Universitv at Bloomington ; he is now receiving a 
salary of $1,200 a year; he is married and has one child. 
Berton, the third child, is married and lives on his fa- 
ther's farm, being the father of three children ; Berneith 
is single and living at home; Maggie is the wife of Leroy 
Lofland ; three children of the subject died in infancy. 
The subject was married a second time in 1893, l^is last 
wife being Ann M. Adams, daughter of William and 
Amelia (Arg^o) Adams, natives of Kentucky, who came 
t<3 Indiana many years ago. 

James D. Adams, a brother of Mrs. Miller, was a 
soldier in the Civil war, having enlisted in Kentucky 
and served three years in the Union army. He is now- 
living in Worthington, Indiana. The subject has two chil- 
dren by his second wife — Lealdes, who died in infancy, 
and Kenneth, who is living at home. The subject's wife 
is a member oi the Church of God. Also Maggie Lof- 
land is a member of the same church. Mr. Miller is a 
Republican. He is known as an honest, hard-work- 
ing man, and he has the undivided respect <if all who 
know him owing to his gentlemanly qualities. 



This subject is a progressive farmer, veterinarian 
and minister of the Gospel, hving- in Greene county, 
where he was born October 25, 1841. His father was 
Hugh Allen and his mother Sarah (Owen) Allen, who 
enjoyed the distinction of being the first female white 
child born in Greene county. This was on October 23, 
1822. She died August 19, 1887. Hugh Allen was born 
in Tazewell county. Virginia, September i, 1818. He 
came to Indiana from his native state in 1836 and died 
in 1856. Grandfather Owen was a native of North Car- 
olina, who brought his family to Greene county, Indiana, 
about 1814, where he remained until his death in 1852, 
having devoted his life to farming. The Allen family 
had no less distinguished ancestors than Ethan Allen, of 
Revolutionary days. Grandfather Allen died on the 
farm now owned by the subject of this sketch. 

John D. Allen attended subscription schools in his 
native county when a boy. Being the only son, and his 
father having died when John was only fifteen years 
old, he was compelled to take charge of the home place, 
therefore he had but little opportunity to get an educa- 
tion. His mother remained a widow until she died in 
1887. The subject has spent his entire life on the farm 
where he was born. This farm of two hundred and eight 
acres was jointly purchased by the subject's father and 
grandfather. The subject's fami is only a part of the 
original, which he assisted to clear and improve. The 
farm now owned by John D. Allen and wife consists of 
eighty acres, which is regarded by his neighbors" as be- 


ing the best producing eighty acres of land in Highland 
township. It would sell for the sum of ten thousand 
dollars any time. It is second bottom land. Mr. Allen's 
method of keeping the land in good productive condition 
is by following crops of com with clover and oats — in 
short, he is a belie\'er in di\'ersified farming. The land 
is now producing fully as much per acre as when it was 
first cleared. He feeds nearly all the corn raised on the 
place to hogs, which he prepares for market. He raises 
pure-blood Durham cattle and Xnrman as well as regis- 
tered traveling horses. At the present time ( 1908) he 
has a Xorman fill}- three years old for which he can get 
two hundred and fifty dollars. 

The house where the subject now lives, which was 
built in 1868, is in first-class repair from cellar to gar- 
ret. Idle farm is enclosed and cross-fenced with woven 
and barbed wire fences. All outbuildings are convenient 
and in good repair. 

Mr. Allen was married in 1866 to Margaret M. 
Dixnn. ( A record of the Dixon family is to be found 
elsewhere in this volume.) Nine children have been bom 
to the subject and wife, namely: Ethan, who li\'es in 
the state of Washington, is a g-raduate of the W'orthing- 
ton higii school, possessing a three years' license as 
teacher when he left Greene county for Kansas in 1888, 
where he attended a normal school, receiving- there a 
three years' license as teacher. He spent the year of 1889 
in California in the larger cities. Then he went by sea 
from San Francisco to Seattle, Washington, where he 
spent a few months. He secured a three years' license 
to teach in that state. He taught there for thirty-three 


months out of a period of three years. He is a suc- 
cessful hunter of large game, being a high-grade marks- 
man, having brought down ducks, bears and mountain 
lions. He was superintendent of schools in San Juan coun- 
ty, Washington, for seven years. He is now farming pre- 
paratory to opening up a large fruit farm. He has a 
wife and two children. Sarah Elizabeth, the second child 
of Mr. and Mrs. John D. Allen, is the wife of W'infield 
Van Devanter, a farmer of Greene county, to whom six 
children have been born; Miranda is the wife of Henry 
D. Watta, living in Oklahoma; the fourth child of the 
subject died in infancy; John E., living in the state nf 
Washington, is married and has one child ; Hugh, living 
in Owen county, Indiana, is married and has one child ; 
Margaret D., the wife of Henry Smith, of Worthington, 
has one child; Josephine is living at home; Clayon is 
training for a locomotive engineer. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allen are active members of the 
Christian church. Mr. Allen has been an ordained min- 
ister of the Christian church for thirteen years. His 
wife has always taken an active part in church affairs. 
Mr. Allen is a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, having had a short war record. He was a mem- 
ber of Company H. Seventy-first Regiment, Indiana Vol- 
unteer Infantry, which was changed to the Sixth Indiana 
Cavalry. He was in the battle at Richmond, Kentucky, 
in 1862. He was honorably discharged May i. 1863. 
on account of an injury recei\-ed while in line of duty. 
He has ne\'er reco\-ered from the injury. The subject is 
a Republican in political belief and was township n»ad 
supervisor for twenty-six years. 



James Ritter. the gTandfather of the subject of this 
sketch, was a native of North CaroHna and a true type 
of the sterhng pioneer. He married Violet Burcham, of 
that state, and they raised twelve children, Elizabeth, 
Violet, Polly. Moses, John, Isabelle, Sallie, Nancy, Laza- 
rus, James and Lewis. Moses Ritter, father of the sub- 
ject, married Achsah O'Neil, of Newberry district, South 
Carolina. They lived in Surrey county, North Carolina. 
But tiring of his native community, Moses Ritter came to 
Washington county, Indiana, on foot and alone in 181 7, 
where he remained four years, and in 182 1 moved to 
Greene county, Indiana, where he procured a large tract 
of land. Being a carpenter and wagon maker, he fol- 
lowed his trade together with farming. He was given 
various commissions in the state by Governor Jennings, 
and was a justice of the peace. In politics he was a Whig 
and later a Republican. Coming to Bloomfield in 1827 he 
entered government land, south of the city, and also 
worked at his trade. He was a Quaker and later a 
Methodist. He died in 1870, and his wife died in 1873. 
Moses Ritter's mother came to Indiana in 1823 and lived 
with her son Lewis, seventeen miles from Indianapolis, > 
until her death. Lazarus lived and died in Greene county, 
Indiana ; John lived in the same county, where he owned 
and conducted a mill, later going- to Texas; Lewis lives 
near Indianapolis : Elizabeth lived and died in the noith- 
em part of Greene county ; Isabella lived and died in Jas- 
per county. Illinois; Rosanna lived and died in Hendricks 
county. Illinois; Sallie lived in the same county; Violet 



lived and died in Greene county; Nancy and Polly lived 
and died in Morgan county, Indiana. Five children were 
born to Moses Ritter and wife, most of whom are still 
living. They are : Mary, who was the wife of William 
Mason ; she lived and died in' Richland township, Greene 
county, Indiana; Annie, wife of George Grismore, lives 
in Bloomfield, Indiana; William D., subject; Eliza, the 
wife of William ^^^ Gainey, retired merchant and post- 
master of Bloomfield ; Emma is the widow of Henry Hill, 
who was an attorney of Bloomfield, where she still lives. 

William Drayton Ritter was born at Newberry, 
Greene county, Indiana, April 7, 1827, and although his 
early schooling was meagre, he gained a good education 
by close application, and taught many successful schools. 
He finally attended Depauw University, where he made 
a splendid record for two years, beginning in 1846. Since 
then he has held school offices for eleven years and con- 
tinued teaching. He lived with his parents until 1859. 
In October of that year he married Caroline Tebbutt. 
widow of Robert Tebbutt and a daughter of James 
and Ellen (Fricker) Sawford, of Hampton, Middle- 
sex county, England, where they lived and died. He was 
a blacksmith and for some time postmaster. Mrs. Saw- 
ford's brother, Henry, came to America in 1870, and was 
killed by accident in Chicago, Illinois, in 1903. Mrs. 
Ritter's first husband came to America in 1856, living 
in Bloomfield. Mr. Sawford died in 1857. In 1859 she 
and William Drayton Ritter were married, and they 
have six children. _ They are, Claude, who for the past 
fourteen years has been employed in Chicago, in the 
postoffice, and he is also interested in the street railway 



l)usiness. He married Louise Rickart and they have 
two children, Ruth and Drayton; their second son, Grant, 
also lives in Chicago, being engaged with a manufactur- 
ing concern. He married Anna Johnson and they have 
two children, Herbert and Bernice. Ella lives at home; 
she has been a teacher and dress maker. Emma married 
Adam Bormuth, a tailor of Bloomfield, Indiana. They 
have two children, Gerald and Dale. Annie is the wife of 
David Soames, of Terre Haute, Indiana. Iliev have 
one son, Merrell. William married Catherine Axe. He 
is in the dairy and farming- business. They have three 
children. Morris, Mary and Paul. 

\A'illiam Drayton Ritter lived in BlcKjmfield iov six 
years after he married. In 1865 he mtn-ed to where he 
now lives and bought two hundred acres of land, which 
was only partly improx'ed, but he made many changes on 
it and soon had a hue farm as a result of his industrv and 
sound business principles. He has man}- head of fine 
Jersey cattle and other blooded stock in which he takes 
a great interest, especiallv his horses, being- a splendid 
judge of all kinds of li\e stock. He has always been in- 
terested in the de\'elopment of the county. He was a 
A\'hig and is now a Republican. He is an active worker 
in the Methodist church, of which he has long been a 
member. He has been retired from active business for 
several years. The subject is knt)wn as a histcn-ical 
writer and was named after the Drayton family of South 
Carolina. Mr. Ritter has always stood high in the esteem 
of the people of Greene county, owing to the fact that he 
has maintained a high standard of integrity and has been 
faithful in the ])erformance of his dutv in e\-ery respect, 
both in private and public life. 



One of the striking facts in connection witli the 
growth of the American repnijhc is the harmonions blend- 
ing of people of various nationalities and rank in life 
into one united whole, forming a product which is at 
once unique and unlike any to be found among the na- 
tions of the earth. Mingled with this civilization is a 
generous measure of those who were not only people of 
rank, but of high ideals and broad culture. 

Mere reference to the class that preceded our Revo- 
lutionary heroes is sufficient to illustrate the view here 
advanced. Among others that left their foreign abodes 
to make their home in America were the ancestors of 
Frank Jessup, the subject of our biography, who was 
bom March ii, 1855, in this county. His father, Verlin 
Jessup, was a native of North Carolina, and was a de- 
scendant from an ancestry whose patriotism and merit 
are a just basis of pride on the part of all his descendants. 

The genealogy may be traced to Queen Anne, when 
Judge Jessup handed down man}- decisions that are 

In America we find the records before 1641 showing 
a John Jessup, as a landed proprietor at W'estheld, Con- 
necticut. He, with others, founded the town of Stan- 
ford, and later moved to Southampton, New ^'ork. 

Before 1649 Edward Jessup was settled in New- 
England. Another of the family was Josei)h Jessu]:), an 
intimate friend of William Penn. It was on the farm 
of another of these worthy ancestors, Hiomas Jessu]) by 
name, who settled in North Carolina in \J22. that the 


g-reat l^attle of Guilford Court House, with General 
Greene in command of the patriots and L:)rd Cornwallis 
directing the movements of the British. Jonathan Jes- 
sup, son of Thomas Jessup, was at that time ten years 
old and assisted in taking care of the wounded that were 
brought to the Jessup home. 

Ebenezer Jessup was a sergeant in the American 
army of the Revolution, and left his wife and family in 
the care of an old slave, "Governor Tom," who, when 
danger threatened, loaded the family into the wagon and 
with the ox team retired until all signs of hostility had 

General Sc(^tt said of Sidney Jessup. a veteran of 
the War of 1812, "He deserves everything that conspic- 
uous skill" and g-allantry can win from a grateful coun- 
tr^'." In the Seminole war he was regarded as a super- 
human being by the Indians, and was called the "Double- 
Eved" on account of the glasses he wore. 

Caleb Jessup, grandfather of our subject, was born 
in Xorth Carolina, November 20, 1778. and came to In- 
diana in 1818, ending his days in Greene county, Sep- 
tember 26, 1843. He was three times married and be- 
came the father of seventeen children. His first wife 
was Xancv Clark, and after her death her sister, Alary 
Clark, became Air. Jessup's second wife and was the 
mother of Verlin Jessup, father of our subject. 

Verlin was born in North Carolina, June 2^, 1814. 
and died at AA'orthington, Indiana, October 24, 1878. 
He was married on June 24, 1841, to Charlotte Owen, 
of Point Conner, Greene county. She was born Jan- 
uary 6. 1823. and died February 18, 1899. She was the 
mother of eleven children, all of whom reached maturitv. 


Our subject, Frank, received his early education in 
the pubhc schools of Greene county, and remained at 
home on the farm until twenty-two years of age. Then 
he went to farming for himself, and later purchased the 
tract upon which his present residence stands. He has 
put on high-grade improvements and has succeeded in 
obtaining first-class yields from the land. He now gets 
a better cjuality of crops and a greater yield to the acre 
than in former years, thus demonstrating his skill as a 
student of agriculture. On January 26, 1878, he was 
married to Alice Wilson, daughter of John Wilson, and 
to this union were born three children — Burton, Novem- 
ber 5, 1879; Maude B., April 17, 1881 ; Josie. March 5. 
1882. Burton saw active sei-vice in the Spanish- Ameri- 
can war. Mr. Jessup is a member of the Order of Red 
Men and affiliates with the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Many of the members of the same family, consisting of 
brothers, uncles and cousins, took conspicuous part in 
the Civil war. This family, as is thus shown, desen-es 
a grateful remembrance on the part of posterity on ac- 
count of unselfishness and effective devotion to the na- 
tion's cause. 


One of the substantial farmers of Greene county. In- 
diana is this subject, living one and one-half miles east of 
Worthington, and who was bom in Ross county, Ohio, 
Januarv^ 10, i860, the son of John and Eliza (Ridg- 


\va}) \\'ils(m, the former a native of Guernsey county, 
Ohio, wliere he was horn rVug"ust 31, 1S24. He chd not 
start to school until he was foiu'teen }-ears okl. then he 
attended suhscription schools for a few months during 
the winter of two or three years. He worked on the 
old farm until he was twenty-one years old. when he 
Ijegari learning the carpenter's trade, which he followed 
for eight or ten years. He bought a water saw-mill and 
after running that for some time, purchased a steam saw- 
mill in 18(10 at l*\armers\-ille, Ohio, which he contmued 
to operate until 1884. In 1870 he mo\-ed his mill to 
Greene count}-, Indiana. The following year he Ijought 
the first steam threshing machine to be operated in this 
county and operated that in c^mnection with his saw-mill 
up to 1 89 1, when he Ijought the farm which his son, 
Frank Wilson, the su1)ject of this sketch, now owns, and 
which he managed for some time. Abotit thirty-five 
acres of this land has been cleared since he purchased the 
farm, which consists of one hundred and four and one- 
half acres. It lies about two miles east of W^irthington, 
is in first-class repair and in good productive condition, 
and a splendid residence has been built on it by Frank 
Wilson. }*Iost of the fencing is smooth wire. He is dis- 
carding the barbed wire as fast as possible. Mr. A\"ilson 
turned his farm over to his son, our subject, in 1886, and 
moved to W'orthington. Fle purchased a corn grinder 
and the power to run it, and furnished the power for op- 
erating a planing mill, which he run for tw«T years. He 
sold this property and bought another threshing machine, 
which he continued to run until 1902. when he turned 
it over to Frank, his son, subject of this sketch, and re- 


tired. He lived in Worthington until he died in 1905 
at the age of eighty-two years. He and his wife had 
three children, two of whom are now living, one dying 
in infancy. B(^th John Wilson and his wife were mem- 
bers of the Methodist church. The latter is still living 
in her seventy-fourth year (1908). Grandfather Wilson 
entered land in Guernsey county. Ohio, spending most of 
his life there, and in Noble county. Ohio, where he died 
at the age of ninety-six years. His life and that of his 
wife were remarkable in that they both lived to such an 
extreme old age and both died when ninetv-six. 

The youngest brother of the mother of the subject 
was a soldier in an Ohio cavalry regiment in the Civil 
war. iKu-ing enlisted when only fifteen years old. All 
of the family are now dead but one. 

Frank Wilson, the subject of this sketch, attended 
school first in Ohio, in six different districts, all but one 
in the country. One term was spent at Chillicothe, Ohio. 
After this he came to Indiana and attended school in six 
different districts, all public schools. During this time 
he was working with his father while not in school, com- 
mencing work in the saw-mill when ten years old an<l 
continued in the saw-mill, threshing and farming busi- 
ness with his father as long as the latter was in active life, 
since which time he has managed his own farm without 
any outside business. 

I'" rank Wilson was first married in 1886 to Sarah 
Cowen. a native of Greene county, and the daughter of 
Ephrain-r and Eliza (Tuttle) Cowen. of Kentucky. Two 
children have been born to this union. Harry died in in- 
fancy and Grace died wlicn five years of age. The sub- 


ject's first wife died in 1897. In 1898 Mr. Wilson mar- 
ried Laura Dyer, a native of Owen county, Indiana. She 
is the daughter of Albert and Sarah (Snyder) Dyer. One 
child has been born to this union, Blanche. Mr. Dyer, 
father of Mrs. Wilson, was a soldier in the Civil war in 
the Seventy-first Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry. 
He remained in service until the war closed. His fa- 
ther and his only brother were also in the war. 

Mr. Wilson is a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Rebecca En- 
campment and Red Men. He is a Democrat. Both he 
and his wife are church members, the former of the 
Church of God and the latter of the Baptist church. They 
are both considered excellent neighbors and have a host 
of friends throughout their neisrhborhood. 


Among the men closely connected with the growing 
interests of Greene county was the one whose name heads 
this review. He was bom December 13, 1834, and was 
the son of John and Jane (Johnson) Hill, the fonner a 
native of North Carolina and the latter of Virginia. 
They came to Greene county in quite an early day and 
began life as farmers. 

John Hill was a man that inspired confidence and 
was prevailed upon at one time to take the ofiice of county 
treasurer, which appointment he accepted and filled witli 
singular success and satisfaction. He passed to rest in 
1872, and his wife was called hence in 1874. 



They were devout Christian people, and were loyal 
supporters of the Baptist church. Their family consist- 
ed of the following children : Peter, of Sanborn, Knox 
county, Indiana ; Henry C, our subject; Lewis A., of Cal- 
ifornia; John Wesley, of Sanborn, Knox county; John- 
son, of Greene county, and Sallie, deceased. 

Henry C. was reared on the farm, receiving the 
usual common school education, and later attended the 
private school at New Lebanon, Lidiana. He afterwards 
(1859) graduated from the law department of the State 
University at Bloomington. Following this he came to 
Bloomfield and entered into partnership with Mr. Wil- 
liam Mack. When Mr. Mack later removed to Terre 
Haute Mr. Hill continued the business for himself and 
practiced until his death. May 4, 1865. 

He not only gained success professionally, but took 
an active part in promoting the best interests of the com- 
munity of which he formed a part. He was a member 
of the Methodist church, being a steward in the local or- 
ganization at the time of his death, and an interested 
worker in the Sunday school. He was also school ex- 
aminer for Greene county for one terni. 

On June 25, 1861, he was married to Emma Rit- 
ter. who is still living in Bloomfield, where she was bom 
and raised and has alwavs resided. 


John Oscar Calvert, a farmer of Highland town- 
ship, was born in Kentucky, January 5. 1837, where he 
attended subscription schools when a boy and worked on 


his father's farm until he enhstecl in the army, April 9, 
1865. and was mustered out August 4th the same year, 
after which he returned to farming. He married in 1855 
Le\ina Bryan, daughter of John L. and Alary A. ( Tur- 
le}') Bryan, natives of Kentucky. Levina was born in 
Gi-eene county, Indiana, September 1^. 1837. ]\Ir. and 
J\Irs. Cah'ert had the following children: Alice, who 
died in infanc^': Philander, who also died young; Clara 
I., deceased, wife of Jerry Bender; Robert L., a farmer 
in Highland t( jwnship, to whom were born two children ; 
Allie, wife of W'yatt r^Iiller, a farmer in Highland town- 
ship, to whom one child has Ijcen Ijorn ; Tilman A., a 
farmer in Highland township, who has four children; 
]Mar}- J., deceased; John B., a farmer in Highland town- 
ship, t<T whom was born two children ; Delia, wife of Wil- 
liam Crites, a farmer in Greene count}', to whom has 
Ijeen born fi\-e children. 

The parents of the subject were Roliert AA\ and 
Celia A. ( Russell) Cah'ert. the latter a nati\'e of Alary- 
land. The Calvert family was originally from Virginia. 
Grandfather Calvert went from that state to Kentucky 
and worked as a tailor, d}-ing there when seventy years 
old and leaving- four sons and three daughters, all li\-ing 
to luaturity. He was a Baptist and a Democrat. 

Roljert W. Calvert was born in Culpeper county, 
Virg'inia, and attended subscription schools in Kentucky. 
He was a farmer; also owned and managed a saw-mill, 
which was o])erate(l I3)' waterpnver. He left Kentucky 
in 1842 and settled in Highland township, Greene coun- 
ty, Indiana, where he bought a farm consisting of one 
hundred acres, which was added to from time to time 


until he had six hundred acres, partly improved. Later 
he had most of it cleared. When he first bought the 
place the buildings on it v/ere log and the fences were 
rail. He married Celia A. Russell and the}- raised a 
family of four boys and three girls, all but one boy and 
one girl reaching maturity. The subject of this sketch 
was the second in order of birth. Robert \\\ Calvert 
died in 1857 and his wife died a few years later. The 
former was a Democrat. The latter was a member of 
the Methodist church. 

Two brothers, Constantine Calvert and William O. 
Calvert, were also soldiers in the Civil war. Mr. and 
Mrs. Calvert are members of the Baptist church. He is 
a Democrat and seiwed five years as trustee of Highland 
tow'nship. Robert L., his son, js now a trustee of High- 
land towaiship. 


At this point we enter a brief record concerning an- 
other of the representati^■e farmers of Greene county. 
Interest is attached to the resume of his career from the 
fact that he is a pioneer of the section where he now 
lives, having maintained his residence in this county for 
a combined period of nearly half a century, which fact 
implies that he located here as one of the adxance guard 
of progress and material advancement. 

John W. Cisney was born in Guernsey county, (^hio. 
November 19, 1841. the son of Stephen and I'llizabelli 
( r;il)l)(,ns) Cisnev. His grandfather Gibbons was a na- 


tive of Pennsylvania, who moved to Ohio, working- as 
a farmer, a Ijlacksmith and later as a manufacturer of 
wagons. He was' a poor boy and was "bound out." 
Later, bornjw^ing- money from his parents, he entered 
eighty acres of land, riding on horseback fifty miles to 
pay the money back ; but his mother reloaned the money 
to him and he fiM'thwith entered another eighty, and 
finally became well fixed financially, having had some of 
the sterling traits of his Pennsylvania ancestors, who 
were of Dutch descent, being known as people of thrift. 
Both grandfather Gibbons and his wife were active mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. They were the 
parents of five children. The former died in Iowa, where 
he was on a visit. 

The subject's father, Stephen Cisney, was born Sq)- 
tember 11, 181 1, and remained in Ohio until 1855, where 
he attended the common schools, which w^ere of a very 
primitive sort in his day. Having learned the tinner's 
trade, he followed this while he remained in his native 
state. Coming to Indiana in 1855 he settled on one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of partly improved land in Greene 
county, for which he paid one thousand dollars. He 
cleared and improved this farm and lived there in com- 
fort the rest of his life, dying in August,' 1867, at the 
age of fifty-six years, leaving- a widow and six children, 
the mother dying- in 1877, at sixty years of age. Both 
she and her husband were known to be active members 
of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

John W. Cisney, our subject, attended the public 
schools in Ohio until he was fourteen years old, w4ien he 
was brought to Indiana by parents, with whom he re- 


mainecl until reaching his majority, when he rented a 
farm and continued this manner of work for thirteen 
years, when he went to IlHnois, remaining one year, after 
which he returned to Greene county and bought forty 
acres of good farming land, which was later joined by a 
twenty-acre field which he purchased of a neighbor. In 
time he sold this fann and bought another consisting of 
seventy-five acres. Then his wife inherited seventy-three 
acres adjoining it, all of which was sold and another 
farm purchased. In fact, the subject traded in farm 
lands for several years before he located on the farm 
where he now lives, having made a trip to Nebraska and 
bought an eighty-acre farm, which he managed for three 
years, when he went to Kansas, bought a farm and there 
remained for three years. Returning to Greene county 
in 1904, he purchased the farm of two hundred and 
twenty acres where he now resides. 

Mr. Cisney was united in marriage to Nancy Ann 
Larue, August i, 1863. ^^ho was born in Greene county, 
of French extraction. Two children were born to this 
union, one now living, Joseph D., who was born No- 
vember 7, 1864. who is in Tennessee engaged in the 
lumber business. His first wife died in 1879 ^"<^1 the 
.subject was again married October 30, 1880, to Margaret 
L. Crites, daughter of \\'illiam and Mary Crites. natives 
of Pennsylvania, of German descent. One of the brothers 
of the wife of the subject was a soldier in the Union army 
from Indiana. Three children have been bom to the sub- 
ject and his second wife, namely: Zelma L.. the wife of 
widely and favorably known for his industry and up- 
rightness at all times. 


aiul the wife of Lee Harris, of this county: she also has 
one child. Rex. Ruby Pearl, the youngest child, is living- 
at home. 

The subject enlisted in Company I. Fifty-fourth In- 
diana \"olunteer Infantry, in 1862. feeling that it was his 
duty to sacritice the pleasures of home and his business 
to save his countiy. sen-ing three months, and he came 
near losing the sight of or.e of his eyes from disease 
contracted while in line of duty. It has always troubled 
him and he is now practically blind in it. but he does 
not regret his senice to his country. His brother George 
was also a soldier in Company A. Xinety-seventh Indiana 
\'olunteer Infantry, who served three years and was 
with Shemian on his march to th.e sea and in man}- bat- 
tles. Another brother. Joseph, was a private in Con-ipany 
I. Fifty-ninth Indiana Regiment, who served three years 
and two months, when he was W(uuided before \'icks- 
burg ^lay 22. 1863. after which he was never able to do 
soldier duty and was assig-ned to the invalid corps, never 
fullv rec:ivering- from the wound. He was in hfteen 
battles and always acquitted himself with honor. He 
died in 1896. 

The subject is a member of the Independent Order 
oi Odd Fellows. For founeen years he has preached, 
from time to time, having been licensed to the ministry 
in the Church of God. in which he has always taken an 
active part. He has also been Sunday school superin- 
tendent. His wife is also a member ?i the same church. 
as are also his children except the oldest, who is a ]^Ieth- 
odist. Politically Mr. Cisney is a Republican. He is 
widely and fa^-orably kni^wn fos his industry and up- 
rightness an all times. 



The business-like mana.g-ement of the affairs at the 
postoffice at W'orthington is owing to the care and (h's- 
cretion of the present postmaster, whose name initiates 
this sketch. This gentleman was born at W'orthington. 
August 2^, 1866. His father. Merritt C. Taylor, was 
a native of Greene county, but his mother. Emily (Top- 
ping) Taylor, was born in Ohio. Merritt C. Taylor was 
a merchant of this city and died here September 24. 189Q. 
His military record is worthy of being preserved. He 
enlisted in the Fifty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantrv in 
1861. and his sterling qualities were soon recognized, 
for he was promoted to the rank of hrst lieutenant, and 
participated in the siege of Corinth, together with all of 
the other important campaigns up to 1862. Later he re- 
sumed the responsibility of raising another compan\-. 
which was mustered in as the One Hundred and Fif- 
teenth Indiana \')lunteer Infantry. Company A. which 
was to serve for six months, and Mr. Taylor was also 
given the rank of first lieutenant of the same, which 
saw active service in eastern Tennessee and elsewhere. 

George D. Taylor received his early education in the 
public schfX)ls of W'orthington and upon reaching ma- 
turity devoted himself to business and farming. .\s a 
merchant he managed his affairs with singular success, 
having the faculty of combining strict business methods 
with a congenial temperament. It was owing largely to 
these qualifications that led his friends to encourage him 
to accept the appointment to the postoffice. where he is 
now acceptably serving his first term. He is a Re])ub- 


lican in politics, but at no time does he place party above 
principle, preferring' rather to win out on the line of 
square dealing with every one. 

Air. Taylor affiliates with the Episcopal church, in 
which he has for several years acted as warden. He is 
a good mixer and finds not only a social welcome among 
his many friends, but quickly inspires confidence on the 
part of newly formed acquaintances. He owns business 
and residence property in W'orthington. Fraternally he 
is a ]\Iason. Blue Lodge, No. ^jy ; also a member of the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks. Jeffersonville 
Lodge. No. 362 : the Knights of Pythias. \A"orthington 
Lodge. No. 253. He is past master of the Masonic 
lodge and has passed the chairs in the Knights of Pythias 
and is keeper of records and seal of the Knights of 
Pythias. He took the office Eebruary 20, 1906, and 
holds same for four vears in the third class. 


A dry recital of dates and events of a man's career 
can convey no adequate notion of what manner of person 
he is in the flesh, of his methods, his ideals and influence 
among his fellows amid the busy scenes of daily life. 
Only those who come in contact with the subject of this re- 
view understand how thoroughly nature and training and 
habits of thought have developed his powers of mind and 
heart and made him what he has long been, a fit represent- 
ative of the large and respectable class of citizens to which 



he belongs, and in no small degree a leader of thought 
and moulder of opinion in the various lines of business 
activity to which his energies have been devoted. 

Levi J. Faucett, for many years a leading business 
man and representative citizen of Bloomfield, is a scion 
of two of the oldest pioneer families of Greene county, to 
which part of the state his grandparents, both paternal 
and maternal, migrated in a ver\' early day, the latter 
as long ago as 1819, settling originally on a tract of land 
in Taylor township, which is now in possession of the 

Abel J. Faucett, father of Levi, was a North Carolin- 
ian by birth, but grew to maturity in Orange county, 
where in his young manhood he married Almira Fellows, 
who was born in Greene county, and who bore him a 
family of nine children, all except two sons and one 
daughter dying in early life. 

The subject's maternal great-grandfather served 
five years in the Revolutionary war, going in at the age 
of fifteen years. 

On the paternal side he was English, and in an early 
day. on account of the religious wars, the family went to 
Ireland and there settled until they came to the L'nited 
States and settled in Carolina until they located in 

The subject's father served four years in the Civil 
war and was with Sherman on his march to the sea. 

The subject's maternal grandfather, whose arrival 
in Greene county is noted above, served with distinction 
in the War of 18 12. and shortly after moving to Indiana 
was made colonel of militia, which position he held for a 



number of years, doing" much the meanwhile to develop 
the system and render etiicient the command under his 
immediate charge. B}- occupation he was a tiller of the 
soil, cleared and brought to successful cultivation a fine 
farm, and in addition to his efforts in promoting the ma- 
terial development of the countiw wielded a wholesome 
moral influence among his fellow men and was long a 
recognized leader in all movements having' for their object 
the advancement and general welfare of the community 
in which he resided. He also was a niillwright. and 
built and operated a mill for many years. The Faucetts 
were also among the substantial people of the county of 
Greene, and for a series of vears the name has been 
inseparal:)ly connected with the material growth of this 
section of the state and closelv interwoven with what- 
ever tends to the intellectual and moral progress of the 

Few lives in recent histoiw more clearly illustrate the 
possibilities of the great American republic and its insti- 
tutions than that of Levi J- Faucett, to a brief epitome of 
whose career the reader's attention is here respectfully 
invited. Born near Bloomfield, Indiana, on the 27th 
day of July, 1843, with advantages in no wise superior to 
those of the majority of youths reared amid the busy 
scenes of rural life, by sheer force of character, indom- 
itable courage and industry, directed and controlled by 
sound discretion and well-balanced judgment, he has sur- 
mounted obstacles and difficulties and steadily forged to 
the front in the business world until he now occupies a 
leading position among his fellows and is recognized as 
one of the influential men of his dav and generation in 


the community long- honored by his citizenship. His 
early opportunities for an education were confined to 
the country schools, but feeling the need of higher mental 
discipline than could there be acquired, he subsequently 
entered Moore's Hill College, where he prosecuted his 
studies until 1869. when he laid aside his books and began 
the struggle of life upon his own responsibility as a part- 
ner of his father in the milling business. The firm then 
constituted, operated a mill which manufactured both 
lum])er and Hour, and, the volume of business continuing 
to increase under the joint management, the enterprise, 
after a few years, was removed to Mineral City, where 
a larger and much better equipped plant, operated by 
steam power, was erected. The patronage now took a 
very wide range, and in due time the business grew to 
large proportions and became the most extensive of the 
kind in Greene county, the reputation of the firm for safe 
and conservative methods and essentially honorable deal- 
ing, obtaining the meanwhile a wide publicity throughout 
a large section of south central Indiana. The better to 
find a still wider field and more enlarged facilities the 
plant was subsequently transferred to Bloomfield. where 
the same line of business was conducted until 1905. at 
which time the mill was thoroughly remodeled and 
equipped with the latest improved machinery for the man- 
ufacture of chairs, which branch of industiy, under the 
personal management of the subject, has since been car- 
ried on, the factors' at this time being the largest and most 
important industrial enterprise in tl-ve city. 

As may be inferred from the foregoing, Mr. Faucett 
is a business man of ripe experience and sound judgment, 


whose enterprising spirit nothing can discourage, and all 
of whose transactions have been characterized by scru- 
pulous integrity and gentlemanly demeanor. He stands 
high in the esteem of his fellow-citizens b}- reason of 
large success, unblemished character, just and liberal life 
and has nobl}' earned the eminent position he occupies 
in business circles and the uni\-ersal respect with which he 
is regarded by the people of his city and county. 

In addition to his business career, Mr. Faucett has a 
military record which, though comparatively brief, is 
eminently honorable and replete with duty bravely and 
conscientiouslv performed. In February, 1865, he en- 
listed in Company C, One Hundred and Forty-seventh 
Indiana Infantr}', with which he served until mustered out 
in the following August, his command, in the meantime, 
being stationed in the Shenandoah Valley and near Win- 
chester, where it was variously employed. His brother, 
George Faucett, was also a soldier, entering the service at 
the beginning of the rebellion, serving foiu" years in the 
Fourteenth Indiana Infantry, Colonel Cavin's regi- 
ment, and falling in the bloody battle of the A\'ilderness 
while gallantly upholding the honor of the Union. 

In his political relations, Air. Faucett stipports the 
principles of the Republican party in state and national 
affairs, but in matters purely local, gives his support to 
the candidates best c|ualified for the offices to which they 
aspire. He keeps in close touch with the trend of current 
thought on all matters relating to the public, is well in- 
formed on the leading questions and issues of the day, 
but has never asked official position at the hands of his 
fellow citizens. Interested in all that is calculated to 


benefit the community, materially, educationally, morally 
and religiously, his influence has ever been exerted on 
the side of right and, from what he has accomplished in 
the various avenues to which his talents have been exert- 
ed, it is easy to see that the world has been made better by 
his presence. The Methodist church, of which he has 
long been an active and consistent member, holds his 
religious creed, and L. H. R. Post, No. 326, Grand Army 
of the Republic, represents his fraternal relations. 

Mr. Faucett's domestic life dates from October 27, 
1 87 1, at which time he was united in marriage with Susan 
Ashton, daughter of Joseph and Marinda (Prather) 
Ashton, a union blessed with the following children : 
Joseph A. ; Charles W. ; John M., deceased ; Wendell H. ; 
Frank F. ; Hattie, deceased ; Aldah ; Mary, Read ; the 
two oldest being associated with their father in business. 

He owns seven hundred and fifty acres of land in 
Richland and Taylor townships. 


Practical industry, wisely and vigorously applied, 
never fails of success, for it carries a man onward and 
upward, brings out his individual characteristics and 
acts as a powerful stimulus to others. The greatest re- 
sults in life are often attained by simple means and the 
exercise of ordinary qualities of common sense and per- 
severance. A man who has profited by the little things 
of life and turned the seeming trivial (^pportum'ties to 


splendid accotmr, rhereby reaping abundant success, is 
me genileman whose honcrable record we now call t}:e 
attention ci the ren-ier ::. William D. Boyd, whose ::2:::e 
forms the C3p:i;n :: this sketch, for it will be seen up-:n 
perusing- ii iha: he is :ne :f ±e m:s: enterprising- agri- 
cnlnnhsrs ri Grant township. 

Air. Byd was b-im in Highland county. Ohio. De- 
cen::-er :u. iSfO. bvn he was n.velve years :11. vshen he 
was brought to Greene ccunty. Indiana, by bis parents, 
where he attended the common scho«:'!s. making go:d use 
oz his tinte. and w-i^rked en his fatl:er"s farm dnring the 
months that the schc-C'ls were n-ic in sessi-in. preferring 
to remain with his parents until he reached manhc^z-d. 
when he engag-ed in farming in the same neighborhocKi 
for s:me time. In :So4 he settle'! rn his present valua- 
ble fartn if two hundred and hve acres, which his min- 
nte knowledge -i-f agricuiriire has made "i^ne of the cho'ice 
farms in this counr\". His success in this respect has en- 
ablevf him zo erert c : nif r^rtable buildings and purchase 
all necessary n»iem farmhig implements to make his 
work hghter and more satisfactory. But INIr. Boyd d=:es 
n-t't deriend up:n the fertile fields c-f his farm alone for a 
livelihc-:«d. dealing extensively in all kinds of g>:*d stc-ck. 
and his excellent judgment in the selection and care of 
stick. est;»ecially h-trses. cannot be questioned. 

IMr. Eoyd was happily married to Ella Himebrio-k. 
a rative of Grant ttwnship. and the daughter :t Fred- 
erick and !Manr Himebrc»ok. the fi-rmer a native cf Ger- 
many, "who came to America -when he was tvrelve vears 
old- Tlie home of the subject and wife has been blessed 
with the following children: Faith C. who is ir h-~h 


school ( 1908 ) : Margareith, Pearl and Helen. They are 
all apt in music and promise to became pr incient in it. 
Their father has presented them with a high-grade piano. 

The parents of William D. Bo^d were Eli B. and 
Elizabeth (Davidson) Boyd, the latter a native of Ohi:» 
and the daughter of Thomas Davidson, a native of Xew 
Tersey. and in politics an old-line ^^ hig. He was a sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary- war and fought at Brand>-wine. 
Eli B. Boyd was the son of Berr\-man Boyd, who was a 
native of Ireland, having come to the United States in 
an early day and settled on a farm in Ohio. Eli lived 
on a farm in Highland county. Ohio, until 1876. whoi he 
came to Greene counts-. Indiana, settling in Smith town- 
ship, where he farmed until his death. He was .Dne of 
the fii>t to respond to his country's call in 1861. when 
he enlisted in Company A. Si-xn-nrsr Ohio Volunteer 
Infantrv. remaining at the front until the dose of the 
war. He was a Republican and cast his first ballot for 
Tohn C. Fremont for President in 1856. He was a Bap- 
tist, while his wife remained in the Christian church. She 
died in 1899. 

Politically William D. Boyd, our subject, is a stanch 
Republican and an actfve worker in that partA". He 
ser\-ed six years as township trustee. Fraternally he is 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, hav- 
ing filled all the chairs and represented his lodge at the 
meeting of the grand lodge. He is also a monber of the 
Modem W<xxlmen of America. Mrs. Boyd is a mem- 
ber oi the Christian church. Mr. Boyd A\-as for a num- 
ber of years a teacher in the conunon schools of Grant 
township. He is a member of the degree staff Rebekah 
lodge at Lyons. 


The Boyd family is spoken of in the highest terms 
by ah who are fortunate enough to be numbered among 
their friends and acquaintances. 


A man of unblemished character and sterling' worth, 
who has stamped his individuality upon the community 
and discharged worthily important trusts, Benjamin B. 
Mitten is distinctly one of the representative men of the 
day and g^eneration in Greene county, and occupies a con- 
spicuous place among those wdio have contributed to the 
standing and stability of the section of Indiana, honored 
by his citizenship. The Mittens are of Irish lineage, the 
branch of the family in America springing from a single 
representative who settled in one of the eastern colonies 
a number of years prior to the War of Independence. 
Little is known of this ancestor beyond the fact of his 
having married and reared a family, descendants of which 
are now scattered over various parts of the United States. 
It is fair to assume, however, that he was a man of good 
mind, consecutive energy and well defined purposes, as 
these attributes appear to be characteristic traits of all 
who bear the family name so far as known. Nimrod 
Mitten, the subject's father, a native of Maryland, was 
born November 22, 18 19, and when a young man married 
Susan Beck, whose birth occurred on April 23, 1823, in 
Pennsylvania. The former, who was educated at West- 
minster, Maryland, devoted the greater part of his life 



lect and deeply religious, having- long been a zealous 
member of the United Brethren church, of which his wife 
was also an active and consistent communicant. De- 
prived of educational privileges in her youth, never hav- 
ing attended school more than three days in her life, Airs. 
Mitten tOok advantage of every opportunity to improve 
her mind, and in due time became not only a practical 
scholar, but by a wide range of reading in many subjects 
acquired a fund of valuable knowledge such as schools 
and colleges fail to impart. She was a diligent and crit- 
ical Bible student and many divines and others well versed 
in the Scriptures were wont to speak in high terms of her 
familiarity with the word of God and bear testimony to 
the clear, original and logical manner in which she in- 
terpreted the same. Profoundly pious and exemplifying 
her family by a life devoted to good words, it was a pleas- 
ure to hear this good woman discuss sacred subjects, as 
she possessed rare ability in the art of public discourse 
and by her expositions and practical deductions never 
failed to interest and edify her hearers. 

Nimrod Mitten died November 21, 1900, his wife 
following him to the unknown world on December 11. 
1901. They reared a large family of fifteen children, the 
oldest of whom. Man- E.. was born July 11. 1841. mar- 
ried Charles Reed, who was killed in the Civil war. later 
becoming the wife of Noah Fiscus. by whom she had 
five children, two children having been lx)rn to her first 
union. William T., the second of the family, was l)om 
January- 12, 1843, and departed this life August 14. 1831. 
Sarah Ann, born July 13. 1844. is the wife of L. C. Ar- 


ney. of Owen county, Indiana, and the mother of six 
daughters and three sons. All hut one of the sons are liv- 
ing. J. P., born March 5, 1846, a farmer of Owen 
countv, married Eliza Heaton, who died in 1890, the 
mother of nine children, five of whom are deceased. Eu- 
reth. the fifth in order nf Ijirth, born August 29, 1847, 
was married the first time to Lawrence Fiscus, by whoni 
she had seven children, one being deceased. Some time 
after the death of Mr. Fiscus she became the wife of 
Thomas Fulk. Avith whom she is now living in the county 
of Owen. Catherine, wife of Alexander Childers, by 
whom she has two sons living, was born January 9, 1849. 
She is now a widow, her husband having died in Janu- 
ary, 1908. Samuel J., born Xoveml^er 2t,. 1850. is a 
farmer in Owen county and has been twice married, both 
wi\'es deceased. To the first union two children were born 
and one to the second, all living. ]\[artha, born May 12, 
1852, is the wife of Lawrence Currie, of Bloomington, 
this state, and the mother of six children, one deceased. 
Amanda Jane, whose birth occurred ^Lay i, 1854, mar- 
ried Solomon Arney, of Owen county, and has two chil- 
dren. ^Margaret ^L, born February 28, 1856, is the wife 
of R. S. Bledsoe and lives in Kansas, being the mother 
of six children, two of whom are deceased. Albert A., 
a resident of Shelby county, Iowa, who was born Febru- 
arv 9, 1858. is married and the father of three offspring. 
Benjamin B., the subject of this sketch, is the twelfth 
in order of birth, after whom is George O., who was born 
May 15, 1863. He liA'CS in Spencer, Owen county, and 
has a familv consisting" of a wife, two sons and three 
daughters. Jesse AA\, the next in succession, also a resi- 


dent of the county of Owen, was born October 19; 1865. 
He married in that county and is the father of six chil- 
dren, four daugliters and two sons. 

James, the youngest member of the large and inter- 
esting family. under consideration, lives at New Castle, 
Indiana, and dates his birth from September 14, 1867. 
He, too, is married and the head of a family consisting 
of one son and two daughters. 

Benjamin B. Mitten, to a brief review of whose life 
the remainder of this article is devoted, was bom March 
16, i860, in Owen county, Indiana, and spent his child- 
hood and youth on the family homestead, receiving his 
early educational training in the public schools, subse- 
quently pursuing the more advanced branches of study 
in a normal institution of higher grade. He was reared 
to agricultural pursuits and when a youth earned his first 
money working as a farm hand in the neighborhood of 
his home, later engaging in tilling the soil upon his own 
responsibility. In due season he moved to a farm of his 
own, which he cultivated in connection with stock rais- 
ing for a period of eight years, at the expiration of which 
time he turned his attention to the manufacture of Hour. 
After operating a mill with fair success for three years 
he disposed of his interest in the same, and. returning to 
his fami, devoted the ensuing eleven years to agriculture, 
meeting with encouraging success the meanwhile. 

At the expiration of the time indicated Mr. Mitten 
discontinued the cultivation of the soil to become clerk 
and salesman with a hardware and furniture firm at 
Worthington, in which capacity he serx-ed until receiving 
the nomination for the office of county treasurer one year 
later. Severing his connection with his employers, he 

enierei i:e:irrily ^nd enihiisiasiicaiiy mro me campaign 

success :f ihe eziire R^ublicar: ncket- Being; quire >:p- 
ul^r irri— liie p-biic. irrespeciiTe of poliiicai ties, he re- 

ii:e r^r-siii:" :f ireisurer .v^s ^ crcnpiim^i- i:. his great 

ddDi'nsiTETei ihe -^is-i'-zn -if the party in Tsaking: him a 
can ii late, it h^ing ri-nce-iei bj the Den3:<:rat:S and Re- 

itis term a= ■-isti-fian id the pabhc ftmds ^Ir. Alirten 

'iisplajei sinni jnigtnenn ^ise -fiscreticn and bnsiness 
ability :t a hig-h irder. and the cr&iitabie recr-rd ntnte 

mnth to re.'i -^T^e nd hint t: the faTorab'e consideratico 
It nis party.' vrnen a ranittate '^2lS neede-i lor tne ntire 
intn»: mant tn^t t? ^hich he ^as aftervrards cl2<:.5€n. 

Mn Alitten has h-esn idcntine'l with the Cc^mmercial 
Stite Bank :t Worthingtin ever sinte it:s organizatiofi in 
lyci'-. and as vice presidert td tltis institution he has con- 
trft-nte-d greatiy to its success and p:-pn!arit}- ami-iig- the 
patrtns and the piibiic at large. His hign stan<iing as an 
able and judidi'tis business n:an and his unbieniished 
citararter in e . ery re'atiin of life have won for him the 
c:n£dence and esteen of his fell-ow citizens of Greene 
countv. and in view of the fact that he has hereto»fore dis- 


charged worthily his e\ er\ dun- and proved lo>-al to ever\- 
tmst reposed in him it is eminently fitting that his numer- 
ous friends and admirers should predict a foture in which 
he shall be called to larger sj^eres of endeavor and more 
signal pubhc honors. 

Mr. Mitten is a member of the Masonic Brotherhood, 
the Odd Fellows Order. Red Men and Woodmen of 
America, in the deliberations of which fraternities he is an 
active participant and in which he has at various tmies 
been elevated to positions of hcoor and trust. To all mat- 
ters relating to the well-being of fellow men or the ad- 
vancement of the interests of the cranmunity he has coo- 
tributed of his time and influence unsparingly and, being 
public-spirited in all the term imj^es. he is natur2.''y 
looked to as a leader in measures and enterprises f r :'-e 
ccaranon good. 

On March 31. 1881. Mr. Mitten was happily mar- 
ried to Martha ^I. Miller, of Owen count>-. daughter of 
Da\nd and Catherine Miller, four children resulting from 
this union, namely: Marion E.. bom January 16. i88j»- 
is married and lives in Worthingtoo: James Ralph was 
bom December 22. 1886. and is still under the parental 
roof: Rhoda J. was bom August 24, 1888. and is still a 
member of the hc«ie circle: Floyd M-. a student in the 
schools of Worthington. was bom September 13. 1S98. 
^Ir. and Mrs. Mitten have a pleasant home, which is a 
favorite rendervous of the best social circles of \\ orth- 
ington. and their popularir\- is bounded only by the liimts 
of their acquaintance. They are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, as is also the older son and sis- 
ter, and active in all benevolences and other laudable work 
under the auspices of the same. 



The ancestors of the subject were farmers and he 
has preferred to follow in their steps rather than choos- 
ing any other line of work, and owing to the fact that 
he has de\oted his life to the study of agriculture he has 
made farming successful in nearly all its diversified 
phases. His farm in Highland township contains about 
three hundred acres. 

The subject was born in Wayne county, Ohio, in 
October, 1845, ^'""6 son of William and ]\Iary ( Dorrough) 
Crites. Georg-e Crites, grandfather of the subject, was a 
nati\'e of Pennsyh'ania, who moved to Ohio in the early 
thirties and bought a farm there, which he worked until 
he moved to Indiana in i860 and bought a farm in 
Greene county, where he made his home up to the time 
of his death in 1870. when he died in the Union station 
at Indianapolis from heart failure, grandmother Crites 
having- passed on to the next existence before him. There 
were eight children in that famil)- who grew to maturity, 
one of whom, Eli Crites, was a soldier in the Civil war. 
Grandfather Dorrough died about 1850 in Ohio, where 
he had come from his native state, Pennsylvania. His 
widow came to Indiana in 1857, where she lived until 
her death in the early sixties. They had fourteen chil- 
dren. AA'illiam Crites, father of the subject, spent his 
early life in Ohio, having" been brought to that state 
by his parents when he was but a child. He was de- 
prived of early educational advantages. He owned a 
farm of one hundred and sixty acres in Ohio, which he 
conducted until he came to Indiana in Mav. 18^6. having 


traded his Ohio farm for a farm consisting of three hun- 
dred and sixty acres in Greene county. The farm on 
which the subject of this sketch now Hves, consisting- of 
one hundred and sixty acres, is a part of his father's old 
farm. About one-half of the original tract has l^een 
cleared. All the present buildings on the place have been 
erected by the subject, except the dwelling house, which 
is the one in which his father lived. John Crites has 
never lived more than one and one-fourth miles from 
that place. His father also spent all his days while in 
Indiana on that farm, dying there in 1886, at the age of 
se\'enty-one. His widow sunnved until 1895, dying at 
the age of seventy-five. She was a member of the Church 
of God. 

John Crites. the subject of this sketch, attended 
three terms of school in Ohio. After he came to Indiana 
he worked on his father's farm up to 1863. In 1864, 
shortly after the first of the year, he began his career as 
a soldier, enlisting in Company A, One Hundred and 
Forty-ninth Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He spent most 
of the time of his enlistment in garrison duty at Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, and Decatur, Alabama. He was mus- 
tered out in September, 1865. He was disabled by con- 
tracting a disease while in the line of dut)- and he was 
not able to work for a year after returning home. Then 
he began work on his father's farm on the "shares." 
where he continued to work until 1870, when he went 
to, where he remained for nearly a year, working 
as a fann hand. Then he came back to the home farm 
and conducted that until i88t. when he moved onto a 
farm which he had ])reviously bought, remaining on this 


until 1893, '^vhen he sold it and purchased a part of the 
old homestead, on which he has since resided. He has 
added sixty acres to the one hundred and sixty he origi- 
nall}' purchased. His farm is now in an excellent condi- 
tion, being- well improved, and it is now producing as 
much as it did when first cleared, and is underlaid with 
about two thousand rods of tiling. 

Air. Crites, while he managed the farm, dealt in 
stock and cattle, handling a good grade. He fed about 
all the corn that the place produced to- hogs. He is now 
fencing altogether with wire. He has since bought 
eighty acres, principally of White River bottom land, 
which is rich, the soil needing no fertilizers, having de- 
posits of silt spread over it occasionally by high waters. 

The subject was married in 1871 to Julia Hodges, 
a native of Greene county and a daughter of William and 
Alary J. ( Turley) Hodges, natives of North Carolina. 
Her father was a soldier in the Civil war, having enlisted 
from Indiana. They had six children who grew to ma- 
turity, namely: Alma A., wife of Reuben Devilbiss, to 
whom four children have been born ; Alice is the wife 
of Clarence Chipman. They have four children. Charles 
E. is the third child of the subject. He is married and 
has three children. George, the next son, has been twice 
married. He had one child by his first wife. Sarah, the 
fifth child, is the wife of John AI. Rose. She has one 
child. Julia, the last child, is single and living at home. 
Her twin sister died in infancy. The subject's wife died 
Alarch 4, 1883. 

Air. Crites was married a second time to Airs. Fran- 
ces AI. Long. December 23, 1883. She had three chil- 


dren by a former husband, one of these Byron F. Long, 
serving in the United States regular army, and remained 
with the subject for some time. He is now in New Mex- 
ico, as is also George Crites, who served in the Spanish- 
American war and later three years in the United States 
regular army. The subject had no children by his last 
wife. He never affiliates with any political party, but 
he and his wife are members of the Baptist church and 
they are regarded as hospitable and upright people by 
all who know them. 


Henry T. Jewell, a well known agriculturist lix'ing 
near Worthington, has spent his life in Greene ccnintv. 
having been born in Highland township, Sq>tember i8, 
1 84 1. His father was William P. Jewell and his moth- 
er's maiden name was Mariah Miller. Grandfather Jew- 
ell was a native of Ireland, having been born there in 
1776, who came to America when young and settletl in 
Ohio, moving from there to Kentucky and then to Indi- 
ana in 1836, settling in Highland township, where he 
worked both as a farmer and a miller, having established 
the first mill to be run by horsepower in Greene county. 
It ground both corn and wheat, the latter being bolted 
by hand power, the bolt having been turned with a crank. 
The grandfather of the subject continued in the milling 
business during the remaining years of his life, then one 
of his sons managed the mill until other mills of a more 


modern type were established in the county. The com- 
pensation for grinding the corn and bohing it was a 
part of the corn. His grandfather also owned a farm 
which is supposed to have been entered from the govern- 
ment. He died about 1843. Grandmother Miller lived 
and died in Kentucky, ^^'illiam P. Jewell, the subject's 
father, got what etlucation he could from the Kentucky 
public schools. He worked on his father's farm during 
his boyhood days and later entered one hundred and 
sixtv acres <^f land in Greene county, Indiana, which he 
cleared and imprm-ed. He lived there the balance of his 
life and was assisted in improving the place by his sons. 
He and his wife were members of what was then called 
the Regular Baptist church. He died March 11, 1890, 
at the age of seventy-eig'ht years, and she died September 
29, 1845, "^^ thirty-six years. 

Henry T. Jewell, the subject of this sketch, was edu- 
cated in the district schools of Greene cc^unty. working in 
the meantime on his father's farm, (^n which he remained 
until i860, when he began working out as a farm hand, 
which he continued to do for two years, when he enlisted 
as a private in Company E. Fifty-ninth Indiana Volun- 
teer Regiment, on August 12, 1862. He was drilled at 
New Albany, Indiana. The regiment was moved a month 
later into Mississippi and took part in the battle of Cor- 
inth. October 3d and 4th of that year. The subject was 
in the battles around A^icksburg and Port HudscMi and 
Jackson. The colors of this regiment were the first to 
be hoisted on the state house there. It then engaged in 
the battle of Champion Hill. Mississippi, after which it 
was sent to Vicksburc: and remained durino- the remain- 


cler of the siege until that city surrendered on July 4th. 
The regiment was next in the battle of Missionary Ridge 
and was sent to Knoxville with General Thomas' com- 
mand and wintered at Huntsvile, Alabama. In Febru- 
ary, 1864, the subject came home with his regiment on 
veteran furlough, returning to the front in thirty days. 
The regiment assisted in the Atlanta campaign and 
joined Sherman's army there and went with it to the sea. 
The subject was in the battle of Savannah, after which 
he went through the Carolinas with the regiment, visit- 
ing Raleigh. Richmond and Washington, participating in 
the grand review, and where he was mustered out May 
30, 1865. 

After the war the subject went to work as a fann 
hand at one dollar per day, which work he continued for 
one year. Them he rented a farm, which he worked for 
twelve years, then bought it and has since lived on the 
place continuously. It was an improved farm, consisting 
of fifty-five acres. There are now one hundred and 
twenty-one acres in the farm, comprising both bottom 
and upland. He now rents the farm out, but superin- 
tends it. 

The subject was married December 13. 1866, to 
Laura S. Allen. fA complete history of the Allen fam- 
ily is to be found under the sketch of John 1). Allen in 
this work.) 

Fifteen children were born to this union, namely: 
Italy, living at Worthington ; Mary R., deceased: Hugh 
E., living at Devil's Lake, North Dakota ; William, who 
is married and has one child, lives at Champaign, Illi- 
nois; Daisv, living at home: Malcolm IT. is married and 


lives on a farm near Vermillion, Kansas ; the seA^enth 
child died unnamed; Heniy, living at Evansville, Indi- 
ana; Laura Adella is the wife of Edward Reed and the 
modier of one child, living- on a farm near Jasonville, In- 
diana ; James A., deceased; Newton L. is also deceased; 
Sarah J. is the wife of Lee Hixson, of Linton, and the 
another of one son ; Louisa Edith, wife of Charles Bloom, 
of Indianapolis ; Jessie L. died in childhood ; the last 
child died in infancy. 

The subject's wife is a member of the Baptist church. 
Mr. Jewell is a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public, Post No. 91, at Worthing-ton, Indiana. For many 
years he has been senior vice commander. He is a Re- 
publican and has served as township trustee and supei"-. 
visor. Air. Jewell and his family are highly respected 
peciple and are regarded as good farmers and good neig'h- 


It is always pleasant and profitable to contemplate 
the career of a man who has made a success of life and 
won the honor and respect of his. fellow citizens. Such is 
the record of the well kn(^wn gentleman whose name 
heads this brief article and who is now occupying- a high 
standing among- the progressive ag-riculturists of Grant 
township. James A. Deckard was born in Sullivan coun- 
ty, this state, October 24, 1850, the son of John and Ala- 
hala (Butcher) Deckard, the former a native of Vir- 
ginia and the latter of Alonroe c(^unty, Indiana, where 
the subject's father came with his parents when a child. 


having been among the early settlers there. John Deck- 
ard was raised in Monroe county, and after his marriage 
moved to Sullivan count}', where he lived on a well cul- 
tivated farm until his death. His wife died at the home 
of the subject. The former was a Presbyterian and the 
later a Methodist. Mr. Deckard was a Democrat and a 
.member of the Masonic fraternity. They had born to 
them the following- children : James, the subject of this 
biography ; George, who lives in Sullivan county ; Ma- 
tilda also lives in that county; William, a resident of 
Bloomfield ; Kizzie Arbell is deceased ; Martha lives in 
Georgia ; John lives in Grant township on a farm ; Samp- 
son, Andy. Jane and Daniel V. are deceased. 

James A. Deckard was reared on a farm in Cass 
township, Sullivan county, and received what education 
he could in the common schools, remaining- at home until 
he married Elizabeth Walters, a native of his own com- 
munity. She is the daughter of Sampson and Elizabeth 
W^alters. Sampson Walters was a native of Kentucky 
and an early settler in Sullivan county. They had the 
following children : Coatney. deceased ; John, who lives 
in Sullivan county; Frances, deceased; Elizabeth, wife 
of the subject; Mary Ann, living- in Sulh'wan count}', and 
Sampson also resides in Sullivan county. 

To the subject and wife the following children were 
born: Laura, the wife of \\'illiam Winter, a fanner of 
Grant township; John. wIk^i married Ella Courier, living 
in Grant township; William Ezra, who lives with the 
subject; Clara, the wife of Roy Frakes, who lives in 
Sullivan county; James G., Elizabeth, Fanny Jane. 
Charles. Rosa May. all live at h(^me ; four children died in 


Mr. Deckard's lite has been one of close application, 
but it has yielded rich resnlts. He came to the farm in 
Grant township on \\hich he now li\'es in 1890. It con- 
sists of one hnndred and forty acres of highly improved 
land. He also owns sixty acres in another tract. But 
few farmers in that community seem to understand how 
to successfully manage a general farm better than the 
subject, since he always reaps splendid har\^ests from his 
fertile fields and is able, year by year, to raise some stock, 
usually of an excellent quality. 

\h'. and Mrs. Deckard are members of the Chris- 
tian church at Lyons. Indiana. Fraternally the former is 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and 
the Knights of Pythias lodges at Lyons, being a charter 
member of the latter. 


A farmer and stock raiser, living near Worthington, 
Indiana, was -born in the county of Durham, England, 
April I, 1854. His father was Georg-e Alderson, who 
was accidently killed in 1861. His mother, who was 
Margaret (Scott) Alderson, died in Clay county, Indiana, 
in 1904, in her nint)-iifth year. The parents 
of our sul)ject had eight children. William died 
just as he was preparing to emigrate to America. 
He was married and left two children : Eliza- 
beth married a Scotchman and died in England, leaving 
seven sons : Charles came to the L^nited States : he lived 
in different states and died while working in 1903 ; John 


Still resides in his native country ; Jane married and re- 
sides in Shamokin, Pennsylvania ; Mary Ann died in 
England, leaving one child; Sarah married and is liv- 
ing in England ; George was accidently killed in 
a coal shaft in Parke county, Indiana ; Thomas, our sub- 
ject,- and Ralph reside in Shamokin, Pennsylvania. 

Our subject came to the United States in 1879 and 
settled first in Brazil, Clay county, Indiana, where he 
worked as a stationary engineer in the coal mines. He 
was with the Brazil Block Coal Company for twenty-two 
years. Then he came to Greene county, Indiana, where 
he bought a small farm, and since [903 he has been the 
manager of his brother Charles' farm, which is near his 
own. Charles is deceased. Thomas spends most of his 
time managing the affairs of the two farms and rents 
most of the tillable ground. Having begun working in 
the mines in his native country when but nine years old, 
he had but little opportunity to attend school. He also 
worked at the blacksmith's trade in England for four 
years ; then he was a fireman for two years, and was an 
engineer on a railway train for an equal number of years. 
Later he was a boiler tender for sixteen boilers for two 

Mr. Alderson married Sadie Triplet in 1897, the 
daughter of John and Esther (Underwood) Triplet, na- 
tives of Clay county, Indiana. Bush Triplet, an uncle of 
Mrs. Alderson, was a soldier in the Civil war. who after 
receiving an honorable discharge, returned to Indiana, 
and is now living in Nebraska. Mr. Alderson is a 
Mason and a Repul)lican. He and his wife are members 
of the Methodist church, and are highly respected and 
influential citizens in their communitv. 



A broad-minded man of affairs, whose enterprising 
spirit and large business experience have contributed 
much to the material advancement of Worthington and 
given his name wide publicity throughout the greater part 
of Indiana, is the well known gentleman of whom the 
biographer writes in this connection. Josiah D. Myers 
is a native of Ohio and dates his birth from December 7, 
•of the year 1854, being the second of two children that 
constituted the family of George and Anna (Delp) Myers, 
both parents born in Pennsylvania. George Myers was 
reared in the state of his nativity, where he carried on 
business for a number of years and in 1866 came to Indi- 
ana, where he has since lived, being at this time a resident 
of Worthington. His wife is the daughter of a Pennsyl- 
vania Quaker who migrated to Ohio in an early day, 
thence at a later date to Owen county, Indiana, where he 
spent the remainder of his life, dying a number of years 
ago, leaving a family of six children, of whom Mrs. 
Myers was the second in order of birth. 

Jacob H. Myers, the older of the two sons of George 
and Ann Myers, was bom in 1852, and is now connected 
with a manufacturing institution where wagons and car- 
riages, automobiles and other vehicles are made, operat- 
ing quite an extensive establishment in Cleveland, Ohio. 
He is a married man and the father of three children. 
Josiah D. Myers, who name furnishes the caption of 
this article, was about twelve years old when brought 
by his parents to Indiana, since which time he has 
been very closely interwoven with the histoiy of Greene 
county. After devoting his early years to study in the 


public schools, he took a hig-h-school course and while 
prosecuting" the same, worked at intervals in a printing 
ofhce. After two years at the printing business he took 
up the stud}^ of telegraphy, in which he soon acquired 
proficiency and for seven consecutive years this constitut- 
ed his principal line of work. 

Discontinuing- telegraphy in April, 1875, Mr. Myers 
accepted the position of bookkeeper for J. E. Miller, 
of Worthington, who was engaged in the grain and wool 
business, in which capacity he continued until the death 
of his employer, in 1899, when he purchased the estab- 
lishment, and in due time built up a large and steadily 
growing business, which he now conducts. To say that 
the enterprise under his able and judicious management 
has been more than ordinarily successful is but a consen*- 
ative statement, as all cognizant of the facts freely admit. 
Beginning on a modest scale he has steadily extended 
the scope and volume of the grain business until it now 
extends throughout four counties and has nine agencies, 
and the wool business extends nearly over nine counties, 
requiring twenty-two agencies, the two representing over 
half a million dollars annually, and in 1902 lacked but 
very little of one million bushels of grain. In addition to 
the buying and shipping of grain Mr. Myers deals very 
extensively in all kinds of field seeds. His career 
throughout presents a series of successes, such as few 
achieve and the prominent place in business circles which 
he has reached is due to sound judgment, wise discreti(^n 
and rare foresight, together with the strict integrity and 
high sense of honor which have ever been among his pre- 
dominant characteristics 

In his political relations Mr. Myers is a Republican 


and as such has rendered valuable service to his party 
in recognition of which he has been honored at different 
times with positions of trust, including four years' ser- 
vice as president of the city council, one term as city 
clerk, eight vears" membership on the school board and 
councilman at large for the county, which office he still 
holds. He has long been an Odd Fellow, having joined 
that fraternity in 1880, and besides filling all the chairs 
in the local lodge to which he belongs, he has twice been 
elected a member of the grand lodge. In matters religious 
he has firm belief and well founded convictions, being 
identified with the Christian church of W'orthington, to 
which his wife also belonged. 

Emma AI. Sanders, who became the wife of Mr. My- 
ers on the 4th day of Alay, 1875, was born October 12, 
1855. in Greene C(iunt}', the daughter of Addison G. and 
Louisa ( Xeedy) Sanders. She bore her husband three 
children, and after a happy wedded experience of twenty- 
five years' duration, departed this life Juh' 10, 1900, es- 
teemed by all who knew her for her beautiful Christian 
character and many estimable qualities of mind and heart. 
Louie Edith, the eldest of the children born to this couple, 
whose date of birth was April 9, 1878, is deceased; Ma- 
rien A., born December 3. 1883, is the wife of George C. 
Ellis, of Louisville, Kentucky: Charles A., whose birth 
occurred on ]\Lirch 14, 1883, is associated with his father 
in business. 


The subject of this sketch belongs to that class of 
newspaper men whose motto is, "He never fails who 


never gives up," and with that l)it of okl-time homely 
philosophy constantly before him he has become one of 
the leading citizens of Greene county. 

Mr. Weems was born in Bartholomew county, In- 
diana, and when a child came to Vincennes with his par- 
ents, James A. and Martha V. ( Prather) Weems, both 
of whom have long been dead. The subject of this 
sketch was reared on a farm within sight of that his- 
toric old town, wdiere he attended the c<;)mmon scliools. 
Later he attended Hanover College, at Hanover, Indiana, 
after which he taught school in Knox county for several 
years, beginning with a common district school and clos- 
ing as principal of a town graded school. In ]\Iarch, 
1884, Mr. Weems accepted a position on the staff of "The 
Daily Commercial" in Vincennes, Indiana, and remained 
with that paper continu(Uisly for eighteen years, filling 
acceptably in succession positions as collector, solicitor, 
reporter, city editor and editor. His long sei-vice and 
devotion to his labors while in the journalistic field gave 
him a wide acquaintance. He has been correspondent for 
several large metropolitan papers, besides doing consid- 
erable magazine writing. 

In the spring of 1902 j\Ir. Weems resigned his po- 
sition on "The Daily Commercial" to take up the prac- 
tice of law, having devoted his spare time to the study 
of law while doing regular newspaper work, and he was 
admitted to the bar in Knox county a month after he 
left his editorial post. He fonned a partnership with 
his brother. James P. L. Weems. Shortly afterward 
Robert W. Weems was elected secretaiy of the Knox 
Countv Bar Association. Although busy in the exac- 


tions of his career as a lawyer, Mr. \A'eems found time to 
continue some journalistic work. He has always taken 
an active part in political affairs, being a loyal Repub- 
lican. He sei'\'ed as secretary of the Knox county Re- 
publican central committee for two terms and was a well 
known figure in all of the gatherings of Republicans for 
many years. 

The suljject was appointed deputy oil inspector for 
the second congressional district of Indiana and four 
years later he was reappointed for another term of four 
years. At the Republican county convention in 1902 he 
was renominated for the legislature, and he made an ac- 
tive canvass of the county. Although he was defeated, 
he made a splendid race, and reduced the Democratic 
majority from one thousand to two hundred. 

The subject is a well known secret carder man. He 
belongs to the Masons, Odd Fellows. Knights of Pythias, 
Royal Arcanum, ^Modern A\^3odmen and the Xoble Order 
of Buft'aloes. He filled two terms as national recorder 
of the last named order and was the first editor-in-chief 
of "The Buffalo," the official organ iof the order. 

Robert F. Weems was married June 16, 1884, to 
Minnie Cassady, a teacher at Oaktown, Knox county, 
Indiana. Two children have been born to this union — 
Chester F. and, Caroline L. The former is a sophomore 
(1908) in the University of Indiana and the latter is a 
teacher in the city schools at Linton, Indiana. Both are 
graduates of the high school at Vincennes. 

At present the subject of this sketch is devoting most 
of his time and attention to "The W^irthington Times," 
of which he is editor and proprietor. It is a semi-weekly. 


established in 1853, and it has a large job printing de- 
partment. Mr. Weems purchased this paper in July, 
1905, at once becoming editor and manager. There 
were two papers in that town then, but the .other left 
the field two years later, leaving "The Times" the en- 
tire field. Mr. Weems has greatly improved both the 
mechanical appearance and tlie editorial quality of this 
paper since he assumed its management, and its circu- 
lation has rapidly increased. 

The subject and his wife are both members of the 
Presbyterian church, and they are among the most fa- 
vorably known people in Worthington and vicinity. 

Mr. Weems is recognized as a local historian at 
Vincennes. He wrote a history of Vincennes which was 
published by Hardacre & Company which has been pro- 
nounced both authentic and entertaining. This history 
was adopted by the board of education and a copy was 
placed in every school room in Knox county. 


This well known physician and surgeon, who prac- 
tices his profession at Worthington and throughout the 
northern section of Greene county, has achieved honor- 
able distinction in the line of his calling, and by com- 
mon consent is accorded a high place among the suc- 
cessful medical men of the part of the state in which 
he resides, having gained the confidence of the public 
as to build up a large patronage and gained for himself 


more than local repute in a section of Indiana noted for 
the high order of its medical talent. Dr. Gray comes of 
g-ood old colcMiial stock, and traces his lineage back to a 
remote peri(xl in the histon- of New England, where his 
])aternal ancestors lived a number of years prior to the 
War of Independence. The g-reat-grandfather Gray 
joined the patriot army at the beginning' of that struggle, 
was in A\'ashington's c(immand at Boston when the hos- 
tilities commenced, and fell in the battle of Bunker Hill. 
Ephraim Gray, tlie doctor's father, was a native (^f Or- 
ange county, and when a young- man married Phcebe 
Scott, of Shelby county, Kentucky, a near relative of Gen- 
eral AA'infield Scott, and a lady of many sterling- qualities 
of head and heart. Ephraim Gray was born while his 
parents were en route to Indiana. Th.e family settled in 
Lawrence count^■, where he was reared a farmer, which 
occupation he followed until his death at the age of lifty- 
three. Airs. Gray survived her husband and departed 
this life at Bloomfield at the ripe old age t^f seventy-six 
vears. Of the ten children born to this estimal)le couple, 
the doctor is the fourth in order of birth and the only one 
h\-ing- in the town of AA'orthington. 

Dr. Simeon Gra}- is a native of Indiana and was 
l)orn in Springville, Lawrence county, April 20, 1S47. 
His earlv life, under the wholesome influences and acti\'e 
duties of the farm, was conducive to healthful moral dis- 
cipline and well rounded ph}-sical development, an.d in the 
district schools, which he entered at the proper age, he 
laid the foundation of the 'substantial intellectual train- 
ing which he subsequently acquired while preparing for 
his professional career. Having decided to make the 


healing art his Hfe work, he began his prehminary course 
of reading at the age of eighteen, and after spending 
three years under the direction of a competent preceptor 
he entered the medical department of the University of 
Michigan at Ann Arbor, where he prosecuted his studies 
and researches with commendable zeal for two years and 
then beg'an the practice of his profession at Hobbieville, 
Greene county, Indiana. After spending two years at 
that place and winning well merited success as a. general 
practitioner, he sought a wider field for the exercise of 
his talents in southern Kansas, where for a period of 
eight years he devoted his attention very closely to his 
chosen calling, with the result that he soon acquired a 
good patronage. 

Disposing of his interests in the West he returned 
to Indiana and located at Worthington, where during 
the past twenty-nine years he has ministered to the ills 
of suffering humanity, his name being known in nearly 
every family circle within a radius of many miles from 
his place of residence. 

His career since engaging- in the practice of medi- 
cine has been steadily progressive and, as previously 
stated, his series of continued advancement have been re- 
warded, not only with professional success of a very 
high order, but also with financial emolument that has 
made him independent and one of the solid men c>f the 
community in which he lives. 

Politically Dr. Gray supports the principles of the 
Democratic party, being a student and thinker. His 
wide range of reading- has made hini familiar with the 
leading questions and issues of the day, cm all of which 


his opinions carry weight and command respect. He has 
ser\'ed as secretary of the county board of heahh, of the 
town board, and for a period of three years was president 
of the local pension board, besides serving for some time 
as Indian agent at Colville. Washington, prior to the ad- 
mission of that territoiy to statehood. In matters reli- 
gious he is a Methodist. He is one of the leading spirits 
of the Greene County Medical Society, in which from 
time to time he has been honored with important offices. 
^[ay 16, 1866, the doctor was happily married to 
Jane Louder, of Lawrence county. Indiana, daughter of 
Hiram and Sallie Louder, the union being blessed 
with children, as follows: Walter E., born September 
2T,, 1867, is in the railway sendee and resides at Terre 
Haute, having a wife and two children ; Maggie, bora 
]\Iay 17. 1871, is deceased; Earl E., also deceased, was 
born October 24, 1874: Everett H., born April 4, 1876, 
is engaged in the coal business as Sturgis, Kentucky, be- 
ing unmarried: Lizzie, whose birth occurred on the 17th 
of August, 1878, married John H. Griffith, of Worth- 
ington, and died in 1899, leaving a husband and one child 
to mourn her loss. Edith, the youngest member of the 
family circle, born March 30, 1886, is still an inmate of 
the household and her mother's assistant in the manage- 
ment r)f the home. In addition to his own children the 
doctor and wife have taken to their home their little 
grandson, Lyle Gray Griffith, whose mother died when 
he w^as three and one-half years old, being at this time 
(1908) nine years of age, an intelligent lad with a prom- 
ising future. The uplifting influence of this worthy sub- 
ject is far reaching. 



The present is essentially a utilitarian age and in 
every avenue of activity the young man of practical ideas 
is very much in evidence. To his thorough training and 
wisely directed energy are the leading industries of the 
country larg^ely indebted for their continuous success and 
solid financial standing, and in this connection it is a 
compliment honorably earned to give fitting recognition 
to a young man of the type suggested, whose abilities 
have achieved commendable results, and whose influence 
in business circles has done much to advance the varied 
interests of his town. 

Edward E. Miller, cashier of the Commercial State 
Bank, of Worthington, was born December 6, 1876, at 
Point Commerce, Greene county, Indiana, being the old- 
est of three children, whose parents, Fred N. and Flor- 
ence (Brown) Miller, were also natives of the Hoosier 
state. The former was born in the county of Greene, the 
latter at Spencer, Indiana. The subject's paternal an- 
cestors were Carolinans. His Grandfather Miller left 
the south when a young man and located at Point Com- 
merce, Indiana, where he engaged in the milling busi- 
ness, having learned the miller's trade in his native state. 
He was a man of industrious habits and sterling worth, 
contributed largely to the material development of the 
community in which he resided, and after a long and use- 
ful life was called to his reward in the year 1873. The 
maternal antecedents of the subject were natives of Indi- 
ana. The grandfather, Fred T. Brown, was judge of the 
common pleas court in Owen and Greene counties for a 



number of years, and among its most highly respected cit- 
izens. In addition to the subject, Fred N. and Florence 
Miller had a son by the name of Carl F., now a resident 
of Urbana, Illinois, where he holds a position in the lab- 
oratory department of the University of Illinois, and a 
daughter by the name of Jessie, who married J. T. Molt, 
also a resident of that state. 

Edward E. Miller was reared in the county of his 
birth and enjoyed liberal educational advantages, at- 
tending the public schools until completing the prescribed 
course of study, graduating from the high school at a 
comparatively early age, after which he obtained his first 
experience in practical affairs by accepting a position 
with his uncle, James E. Miller, who was engaged in the 
grain business at AVorthington. After five years in this 
capacity and after the death of his uncle, he became book- 
keeper in the Commercial Bank of that city, which place 
he held for one year, when he was promoted to the more 
responsible position of cashier, the duties of which he 
has discharged in an able and eminently satisfactory 
manner for a period of seven years, during which time 
he has achieved marked prestige as a financier, being not 
only familiar with the varied details of the banking busi- 
ness, but also manifesting a lively interest in whatever 
tends to the advancement and general prosperity of the 

Mr. Miller possesses sound discretion and well-bal- 
anced judgment, has borne an influential part in shaping 
the policies of the institution with which he is connected 
and to him, as much as to any other, is due its undimin- 
ished credit, and continuous growth in public favor. He 


is also secretary for the Greene County Building, Savings 
and Loan Association and the Greene County Telephone 
Company. An accomplished accountant and able finan- 
cier, his manifold duties are so systematically arranged 
as to cause him little inconvenience, while as head of one 
of the most important departments of the bank, his rec- 
ord has ever been honorable and upright. While making 
every other consideration secondary to his business af- 
fairs, Mr. Miller has not been unmindful of the duties 
of citizenship, as is manifested by the interest he has ever 
taken in the public welfare, all enterprises having for 
their object the good of his fellow men finding in him an 
earnest advocate and liberal patron. While not a politi- 
cian in the strict sense of the term, he is well informed 
on the leading questions of the times, and as a Repub- 
lican has contributed not a little to the success of his 
party. Fraternally he holds membership with the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, and since becoming iden- 
tified with the same has passed all the chairs in the local 
lodge to which he belongs, besides adding much to its 
numerical strength and making his influence a tangible 
good in the community. Mr. Miller is a believer in re- 
vealed religion and makes his life conform to the faith 
which he professes, for a number of years having been an 
influential member of the Episcopal church, and at the 
present time holds the position of treasurer in the Worth- 
ington parish. 

The Commercial Bank of Worthington, with which 
Mr. Miller is identified, was organized in the year 1892 
as a private enterprise with a capital of eight thousand 
dollars, the following well-known business men being the 
promoters : James E. Bull, Otto F. Herold, Thomas C. 


Owen and C. C. Ballard. Later ]\Iessrs. Bull and Owen 
purchased the interests of ^lessrs. Herold and Ballard 
and became exclusive proprietors of the enterprise, which, 
under their joint management, grew steadily in public 
favor and in due time took high rank among the lead- 
ing local institutions of the kind in the southern part of 
the state. Still later Mr. Owen disposed of his interests 
to Isaac Bilderback. who subsecjuently. on the death of 
Air. Bull in 1901, sold out to Airs. Bull and daughters, 
following which, in 1906, it was reorganized as a state 
bank, with an increased capital of twenty-five thousand 
dollars, with Joseph Moss, of Linton, as president, and 
B. B. Alitten, vice president, since which time the bank 
has become one of the leadings institutions of the kind not 
only in A\'orthington, but in Greene county, its standing 
being second to no other local bank in the state, and its 
management under the capable and conservative business 
men who now constitute the official board and directorate 
afir'ording the best evidence of its continued success and 

Following are the officials in 1908: Joseph Moss, 
president; B. B. Mitten, vice president; E. E. Miller, 
cashier; directors, Julia A. Bull, Vernie I. Bull, Joseph 
Moss, B. B. Mitten and E. E. Miller. 

The following- is self-explanator}' : 


Report of the condition of the Commercial State 
Bank at Worthington in the state of Indiana, at the close 
of its business on Alay 14, 1908: 



Loans and discounts $89,192.80 

Overdrafts 2,328.19 

Other bonds and securities 6,182.08 

Furniture and fixtures 1,000.00 

Due from banks 21,632.37 

Cash on hand 6,9 11. 27 

Cash items 792.54 

Current expense 148.34 

Total $128,187.59 


Capital stock — paid in $25,000.00 

Surplus 1,500.00 

Undivided profits 1,212.91 

Exchange, discounts, etc 594-22 

Demand deposits 99,880.46 

Total $128,187.59 

State of Indiana, County of Greene, ss : 

I, E. E. Miller, cashier of the Commercial State 
Bank, do solemnly swear that the above statement is 
tnie. E. E. Miller, Cashier. ' 

Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 21st day of 
May, 1908. Fred E. Dyer, Notary Public. 

My commission expires January 24, 19 12. 



The subject of this :?ketch was born in Greene 
county, Indiana, ]\Iay 5, 1875. His father, \\'iniam L. 
Green, was born in AA'ashington county. Inchana. in 1824. 
but his mother, Ehzal)eth (Grimm) Green, was born in 
Ohio. On the paternal side our subject's grandfather 
was a native of North Carohna. while the grandmother 
hailed from Delaware. \\'illiam L. Green, Joseph's fa- 
ther, was a graduate from the Cincinnati Eclectic Col- 
lege of Aledicine, and began the practice of his profes- 
sion at Graysville, Illinois, continuing there for six years. 
He then followed his profession for eighteen years, there 
purchasing in the meantime a farm of two hundred and 
fortv acres, upon which he made his home in 1869, con- 
tinuing in active work at medicine fi'r twelve years 
li>nger. At this time he met with an accident which pre- 
vented further professional work. He remained on the 
-farm until 1905. whereupon he removed to his residence 
at W'orthington. and where he died in 1908. at the age of 
seventy- four. His worthy companion in life, Elizabeth 
( Grimm) Green, bore him six children. fi\-e of whom are 
still living. 

Alice, born in 1869. is deceased, leaving tw^o chil- 
dren : Alonzo was bom in 1872. and now resides at Lin- 
ton. Indiana. Our subject was the third child in the 
order of birth; Oren B. was born in 1878 and has his 
home in \\'orthington ; Byron was born in 1880 and is 
the father of one child; Sophrona, bom in 1883, wdio is 
at Redlands. California, having charge of the local tele- 
phone exchange. 


Two uncles of our subject, Lewis Green and John 
A. Green, saw much active service in the Civil war, hav- 
ing taken part in many of the hard fought contests. 

Joseph W. Greene, whose name introduces this bi- 
ography, was educated in the public schools of Worthing- 
ton. For two years he attended the State Normal at 
Terre Haute, and taught for five years in Greene county 
and four years in Edgar county. Illinois ; also attended 
one year at State Normal at Normal, Illinois, and one 
year at State Normal at Charleston. Illinois. He then en- 
tered mercantile work at Linton, Indiana, remaining 
there for one year, after which he conducted a similar 
business for two years at Elnora, Indiana. He then be- 
came a traveling salesman and after one year of life on 
the road he came t(^ Worthington. Here, in conjunc- 
tion with his brother Byron, he opened up a grocery and 
meat market, and this they are engaged in at the present 
time. The finn has built up a splendid trade, having es- 
tablished a good reputation for fair and honest dealing, 
as well as progressive business methods. 

In 1895 Mr. Green was united in marriage to Ethel 
Coke, who was bom in Worthington, being the daughter 
of William and Sarah (Hatfield) Coke. She is a mem- 
ber of the Christian church, and takes an active interest 
in the advancement of the best interests of the community. 

Mr. Green is an Odd Fellow, and his quiet tempera- 
ment and unassuming manner have given added force to 
his effectiveness as a force in the lodge. He is also a 
member of the Modern Woodmen of America, having 
served as venerable counsel. In politics Mr. Green is a 
believer in the fundamental principles of Jeffersonian 



The worthy and enterprising subject of this brief 
review was born in Jackson township. Greene county, 
September 2. 1853. He worked on the home place and 
attended the rural schools until he was twenty years old. 
In 1877 he married Lucy ]\I. Landis. who was born Octo- 
ber 6, 1861. a native of Ohio and a daug-hter of Dr. B. F. 
Landis, who came to Greene county, Indiana, and settled 
in Joneslx)ro. where he practiced medicine for several 
years and where he and his wife both died. They were 
the parents of six children — Sarah Elizabeth, de- 
ceased ; John D.. living- in Linton, a merchant; Charles 
L., of Linton ; Joseph, deceased ; Lucy M.. wife of subject ; 
Anna Belle, deceased. After his marriage the su1)jcct 
lived in his native community until 1888, when he came 
to Richland township, and bought a half interest in eight 
luindrcd and twenty acres of land. He now has seven 
liundred and twciUy acres of land and there are one hun- 
dred and fifty acres in Jackson townshij). He carries on 
general farming on an extensive plan. He raises large 
numl)ers of Tolled Angus cattle and deals extensively 
in mules, horses and Poland China hogs. Barred Plym- 
outh Rock. Bull and White Plymouth Rock chickens, 
and a fine variety of turkeys. He is regarded as one of 
the most successful farmers in his community. He is a 
staunch Republican and a member of the Christian church. 

Mr. and ]\Irs. Dugger had eight children, namely: 
Bertie and William Everett, both deceased: Marion Gar- 
field, who married Lulu Cox. He is a farmer living in 
Richland township. Greene county. Indiana. They have 



one child, Helen. Roscoe L., who married Clone Lutz. 
They have one daughter, Mina. He is a farmer and in the 
telephone business. Thomas is a student in the Univer- 
sity at Valparaiso. Benjamin Harrison is farming at 
home. Curtis McKinley died in infancy. Eunice is at 

Thomas Dugger was the father of the subject of this 
sketch. He married Sabra Floyd, a native of East Ten- 
nessee, and came to Jackson township, Greene county, in 
an early day, and engaged in farming. He was a Repub- 
lican and a member of the Christian church. He passed 
away in 1872, his widow surviving until 1905. They had 
the following children : Sarah Ann, living at Bloomfield, 
Indiana ; she married J. L. Oliphant, now deceased ; Hes- 
ter who married Ambrose Meredith, deceased; she now 
lives at Dugger, Indiana; F. M., of Bloomfield, Indiana; 
Elizabeth J., who married O. B. Richardson, of Bloom- 
field ; Nancy, living at the same town, the wife of J. T. 
Lamb; Mary and Susan, twins, both died in infancy; 
William works in the mines at Dugger; Thaddeus 
Homer, the subject of this sketch. 

They are members of the Christian church and 
esteemed throughout the community for their personal 
traits, which are of a high order. 


The large measure of success achieved by the well- 
known subject of this review and the influential and 
honorable position to which he has risen among his fel- 


low men indicate ihe sirc-ng n:ienral:Ty anc -well-ba'anced 
JTidgTDeni ^ih -vrhich he is endc-wed. Fe^- in a mncli 
loncfex ':fe have accr-mplished such signal results or so 
inrr.ressed their persc-nality .>n tite pubhc and it is a 
ccn^jilrment -vrc-n'o-'j bestL'?re«d tc- class him with the 
strcng-. virile and far-sigrhted men who have given char- 
i-rttr and stability to Greene conntv and high mc'ral 
staniing ti- the p-rtralace. 

The Vretnight family had its c-rigin in <jermany and 
was first repres-enteid in the United States by Jacob ^^'et- 
night- the subject's gran^diather. who settled in ^lary- 
land many years ag-o. He was a pc-tt er by trade and 
f;>ll':'wed the calling to the end ci his adc'ption. Of his 
family of ei^ht ciiLiren. Sarrruel AA'etnight. father of 
David was the first Iz-i-m. Samnel AVetnight married 
Lydia Selsman. whcs-e parents came frc-m Germany and 
seTtle>d in Z^Iarvland. where the father ca Mrs. "\Ve-might 
wc-ked at the trade of shc-ernaking. Samuel and Lydia 
Wetnight had a family of frpuxteen children, eight sc-ns 
and siv ^daughters, all bui two c>f whomi are living. David 
being the first in crder C'f birth. The father, a man of 
high character and, sterling W'Ctrth. was a zealc>iis worker 
in the ' jerman Refc-rroed chiirch. and for years held the 
'omce -:f d-eac-on in the Ic-cal congregaticfrL to which he and 
his wife belonged- He spent his entire life in iNLaiyland 
and died there March 20. 1876. at an advanced age. 

David AA'etnight was l>:tm in the ab'Ove state Sep- 
tember 16. 1 85 1, and remained under the parental roca 
until attaining his majc'rit}-. attending- scho-ol at inter- 
vals during- his childhc»3d and youth, and when old 
enough to turn his labcr to acco<unt vrcrked as a farm 


hand among his neighbors. In 1872 he came to Indiana. 
and during- the four years «i5uing found emplo^Toent as 
a farm laborer near Cambridge Cirv'. at the expiration of 
which time he rented a farm not far from Indianapolis, 
where he lived for a peri^od of eight years. He n-ext em- 
barked in general merchandising at Brazil, which, oot 
proving successful, he discontinued at the end of four 
years and in 1898 opeied a general store in Jasonville, 
Greene coimty. Disposing of his stock about eighteen 
months later he again turned his attention to agriculture. 
which he has since pursued with success and financial 
profit, owning at the present time a farm in Greene cc'un- 
ty, one in Daviess countv' and two in the county of Owen. 
his real estate in the aggregate amoimting to one thou- 
sand acres, the greater part under cultivation and highly 
improved and all under his personal management. 

;Mr. Wetnight is a farmer of advanced ideas and 
modem methods, familiar with the soils, the productive- 
ness of which he neintains by judicious rotation of crops 
and in addition to agriculture he is also quite extensively 
engaged in the raising and selling of Live stock. The im- 
provements on his farms are first class in every particular 
and he spares no expense in keeping his land up to the 
higest standard of fertility.-, expending every year large 
simis for artificial fertilizers, besides clovering quite ex- 
tensively. Recently he has given considerable attoitioo 
to horticulture, and now has a number of acres tn fruit, 
making a special of apples, pears and peaches, which he 
raises in large quantities and of the finest varieties. In 
all of his undertakings he displays clear judgment and 
rare forethought, and his success has been such as to 


since followed with most encouraging- success. As already 
indicated, Mr. Dempsey displays distinctiye ability as a 
newspaper man. wielding- an elegant and trenchant pen, 
is eminentl}' fair in discussing- the leading questions and 
issues of the times and his "influence in streng'thening- the 
local Democracy and shaping the policies of the party has 
been fruitful in salutary results. His career thus far 
has been eminently honorable and praiseworthy and the 
conspicuous place to which he has risen in his chosen field 
of endeayor may be taken as an earnest of still greater 
achieyements and a more extended sphere of usefulness 
in years to come. 

On the 1 2th day of February, 1905, Mr. Dempsey 
was married to Emma Stine, of Jasonyille, Indiana, 
daughter of John and Sarah Stine. and their union has 
been blessed by the birth of two children, a son named 
Leon and a daughter who answers to the name of Olga. 
Mrs. Dempsey is a member of the Christian church and 
a lady of many estimable qualities, who mo\-es in the best 
social circles of the town in which she resides. Althc^ugh 
not identified with any church. Mr. Dempsey has pro- 
found respect for religion and morality and gives his' in- 
fluence and material support to all legitimate means for 
their adyancement. His public spirit also manifests an 
abiding- interest in the material prosperity oi Jasonyille 
and Greene county, and he takes great pride in the hon- 
orable reputation which this section of Indiana enjoys. 


This gentleman, whose life and energies are being 
devoted to the noble and humane work of alleviating hu- 


mai:^ suffering, has achieved success in his chosen sphere 
of endeavor and occupies a prominent place among his 
professional brethren of Greene county. His ancestors 
on both sides of the family were among the sterling pio- 
neers of North Carolina, from which state in an earlv 
day they migrated to Kentucky, and as long ago as 1828 
his paternal grandfather, Ambrose Marshall, moved to 
Washington county, Indiana, where he entered land and 
improved a farm. Grandfather Marshall was a typical 
pioneer of the period in which he lived — sturdy, brave, 
fearless and industrious, and the possessor of those home- 
ly but sterling virtues that made so many of the early 
settlers noted in their day and generation. He died some 
time in the sixties, leaving a family of nine children, of 
whom Singleton Marshall, the Doctor's father, was the 
oldest. Singleton Marshall accompanied his parents 
upon their arrival in Indiana, spent all of his life as a 
tiller of the soil and reared a family of nine children, six 
of whom are living at the present time ( 1908). His wife, 
wdio bore the maiden name of Mary Allen, was born in 
Washington county, Indiana, and, as above indicated, 
sprang from one of the pioneer families of North Caro- 
lina, her father and grandfather both moving to Indiana 
many years ago. 

Alfred F. Marshall, a native of \\'ashington. Indi- 
ana, was bom February 11, 1855. and spent his child- 
hood and youth with his parents on the home fami. He 
early learned to appreciate the dignity of t(^il, and in the 
public schools laid the foundation of the mental training 
which, subsequently strengthened and increased by a 
course in the seminarv at Farmersburg. enabled him to 


prosecute successfully his preparation for the profession 
which later became his life work. After teaching two 
terms of school in his native county he entered the In- 
diana [Medical College at Indianapolis, where he pur- 
sued his studies and researches until completing the pre- 
scribed course, l)eing graduated from that institution in 
1880 with the degree of M. D. 

Dr. ]\Iarshall commenced the practice of his pro- 
fession at Jason\ille immediately after graduating, and 
in due time overcame the difficulties and embarrassments 
which young physicians usually encounter and built up 
(juite an extensive and lucrative patronage. After four- 
teen years of continued successful practice at that place 
he removed to Hymera. where he remained until Alarch. 
1903, when he returned to Jasonville. where he now 
enjoys a large and remunerative professional business. 
The Doctor keeps fully abreast of the times in all mat- 
ters relating to his ])rofessi(Mi, being a close and critical 
student, familiar with the leading auth;>rities on the heal- 
ing art and ready at all times to take advantage of mod- 
ern researches and discoveries which, of recent years, 
have done so much to modify and change methods of 
practice long in vogxie. Entering in his efforts to ad- 
vance the welfare of his patients and ever ready to re- 
spond to the call of suffering, he has won an abiding 
place in the hearts of the people and his future is bright 
with promise. 

Dr. Marshall in the year of 1890 was united in mar- 
riage with Alice Rogers, of Greene county, daughter of 
Oliver and jMartha (Shepherd) Rogers, the union being 
blessed with one child, Lucile, a bright and promising 


young- lady, now (1908) attending- DePauw University. 
The Doctor is a Democrat in politics and fraternally be- 
longs to the Masonic and Pythian brotherhoods. Mrs. 
Marshall was a member of the Christian church and a 
lady of high social standing. She died in Septem- 
ber, 1895. 


An enterprising business man of Greene county and 
postmaster of Jasonville, is a representative of two of 
the oldest pioneer families of southwestern Indiana and in- 
herits many of the sterling- {(ualities for which his ancestry 
was long- distinguished. On the father's side, Mr. Nash 
pei>ple were Tennesseans. His grandfather, Obadiah 
Nash, of that state, migrated to Greene county, Indiana, 
as early as 1824, and after following various kinds of in- 
dustry during the fifteen or twenty succeeding- years, 
entered forty acres of land which he cleared and improved 
and on which he spent the remainder of his life. He left 
a family of seven children, the fourth of whom, George 
W., father of the subject, was born in Beech Creek town- 
ship, and when a young man, married Phidelia Gaston, 
whose parents, also pioneers, came to this state some time 
in the early twenties, from Kentucky. According to the 
most reliable data obtainable, Mrs. Nash's grandfather, 
Hugh Gaston, entered land in Greene county about the 
year 1820 and was one of the first settlers of the commun- 
ity in which he located his home. He reared a family of 
children, one of whom, the subject's grandfather, James 



M. Gaston, taught school during the pioneer period, 
teaching the first school in his native toAvnship, sen-ed as 
township trustee and justice of the peace for many years, 
was long a man of influence and local prominence in the 
community and departed this life at the ripe old age of 
eighty-four. George W. Nasli was a farmer by occupa- 
tion and a man of excellent parts and honorable repute. 
He was a soldier in the Civil war, sen'ing from the begin- 
ning of the struggle to its close and took part in a number 
of campaigns and battles which made that period historic. 
His brothers, William and Jeremiah, were also in the 
army, as were his brothers-in-law, Hugh and James H. 
Gaston, in addition to whom he had five cousins who did 
noble sennce in defense of the Union. William Nash 
was killed in the battle of Stone River and Jeremiah died 
at Lagrang"e, Tennessee, while in the discharge of his 

George W. Nash was mustered into service as pri- 
vate of Company C, Twenty-first Indiana Volunteer In- 
fantry, which was later transferred to the First Heavy 
Artilleiy and at the end of his three years' service veteran- 
ized and seiwed until discharged on account of physical 

William O. Nash, son of George ^^^ and Phidelia 
(Gaston) Nash, was bom August 25, 1867, in Greene 
county, and has spent the greater part of his life near the 
place of his birth. After attending the public schools un- 
til finishing the prescribed course of study, he de\^oted 
three years to teaching and at the expiration of that time, 
embarked in merchandising at Newark, where he re- 
mained ten years in the enjoyment of a successful business. 


In 1899 he disposed of his interests at that place and 
removed to Jasonville, where he continued merchandising 
two and a half years and then turned his attention to real 
estate and insurance in which he built up quite a lucrative 
patronage. April, 1907, he withdrew from these business 
interests to take charge of the postoffice at Jasonville, 
which position he has since held and the duties of which 
he has discharged in a very able and acceptable manner, 
proving an efficient and accommodating official, one of 
the most popular, indeed, that Jasonville has ever known. 

Mr. Nash exercises a commanding influence in pub- 
lic and political affairs and for a number of years, has 
been one of the Republican leaders in Greene county. He 
is also active in fraternal and benevolent work, being 
prominent in Odd Fellowship, having filled all the chairs 
of the lodge with which identified, besides contributing to 
its growth and success in various other capacities. 

Eva Robertson, who became Mrs. William O. Nash 
in 1890, is a native of Owen county, Indiana, and daugh- 
ter of George W. and Sarah (Lovas) Robertson. She 
has borne her husband four children whose names are as 
follows: Fern, Wayne, Doretha and Helen. Mr. Nash 
is a methodist in his religious belief; his wife being identi- 
fied with the Baptist denomination. 


Success comes from practical industry wisely and 
vigorously applied which leads a man forward, bringing 


ont his individual character, at the same time acting as a 
stimulant to the efforts of others, and the greatest results 
in life are often attained hy simple means and the exercise 
of the ordinary (|ualities of sound sense and persevering 
industrv. The everyday life with its duties, cares and ne- 
cessities affords ample means for acquiring' experience of 
the best kind and its most beaten paths provide the true 
worker with abundant scope for effort and self-improve- 

Abraham Lincoln ]\Iilam. the subject of this brief 
biographical mention, is a leading business man of W'orth- 
ington, to the material advancement of which place he 
has contributed largely of his time and energies. His 
ancestors on the paternal side were natives of Tennessee, 
and his mother's people were among the early settlers 
of Kentuckv. John Alilam. the subject's father, was born 
in Indiana, and some time in the early fifties married Airs. 
Xancv Owen, who was formerly Xancy ^filler, later l)e- 
came one of the Ica'ling farmers and stock raisers of 
Greene ci'nnt\-. T'lte 'a, nil)- of this excellent coupV con- 
sisted of two children, the older of whom, a daughter by 
the name of ]Mary, is the wife of Andrew Bucher, of 
Greene county, the other l)eing the subject of this sketch, 
whose birth occurred Septemljer 30. i860, and who was 
reared on die farm where he early developed a strong and 
vigorous phvsicjue and the independence of mind which 
have since enabled him to take advantage of opportunities 
and discharge successfully the duties of a very active 
business life. His preliminary mental discipline acquired 
in the public schools was supplemented by a course 
in Franklin College, after which he engaged in the pursuit 


of agriculture on the family homestead which in due time 
came to him by inheritance. This place consisted of orig- 
inally two hundred acres of highly improved land, forty 
acres of which he sold but later made other purchases 
until the area was increased to three hundred and twenty 
acres, making it one of the best and most valuable grain 
and stock farms in the county. On this place Mr. Milam 
lived and prospered for a period of twenty years when 
he disposed of it and purchased a half interest in a furni- 
ture and undertaking business at Worthington, becoming 
a partner of Arthur Lowe, with whom he is still asso- 
ciated with. 

The firm of Lowe & Milam have the only establish- 
ment of the kind in Worthington, and do a large and lu- 
crative business, which under the management of the 
subject, has steadily grown in magnitude and importance 
until it is now one of the leading commercial enterprises 
of Greene county. They handle a full line of furniture 
and a finely equipped undertaking department sup- 
plied with the latest and most approved appliances used, 
owning a commodious two-story building, the ground 
floor devoted to the business of the firm and the second 
story consisting of an Opera Hall of ample dimensions, 
furnished with fine scenery and otherwise well equipped. 
This is also under the immediate direction of Mr. Milam, 
who has spared no pains to provide a first class place of 
entertainment, and like his other enterprises, it too, has 
proven a very remunerative investment. 

Politically Mr. Milam gives his allegiance to no par- 
ticular party, being independent in all the term implies, 
and casting his ballot for candidates best qualified for the 


positions to which they aspire. Fraternally ]\Ir. }\Iilam 
is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
and is active in the work of the lodge which meets at 
Worthingtun. The domestic life of Mr. ]\Iilam dates 
from November, 1880, when he was joined in the holy 
bonds of wedlock with Avis L. Sanders, daughter of 
Leroy and Frances (Vest) Sanders, their home being 
blessed by the presence of three children. Hazel, born 
March 4, 1888. was graduated from the W'orthing-ton 
high schools with the class of 1907, John S., a 
student of the city schools, and Pat : the two younger 
were born in the years of 1895 and 1903, respectively. Mr. 
Milam and his wife are esteemed members of the Baptist 
church at AA'orthington, in which he holds the office of 
trustee, the daughter being an efficient and popular teach- 
er of the Sundav school. 


Although one of the youngest professional men in 
Greene county, the subject has achieved marked success 
in his responsible and exacting calling and today there 
are few physicians and surgeons in his place of residence 
as widely known and as universally esteemed. The pa- 
ternal branch of his family came from Pennsylvania and 
settled at Bloomfield a number of years ago, where his 
grandfather, George W. Osbon, grew to maturity and fol- 
lowed the trade of harness making. This ancestor served 
twenty consecutive years as justice of peace, lived to a 
good old age, dying in 1903 and leaving! a family of six 
children, of whom Emmett L., the Doctor's father, was 
the fourth in order of birth. 


Emmett L. Osbon was born and reared in Bloomfield, 
learned saddle and harness making in his father's shop 
when a youth, and later became a telegraph operator, 
which calling he followed until engaging in the mercan- 
tile business at Indianapolis, where he now resides. Mary 
Wines, who became the wife of Emmett Osbon, was also 
born in Bloomfield, where her father was quite a promi- 
nent resident and an influential man of affairs, having 
served as clerk of the circuit court, besides holding at 
various times other important trusts. 

Guy G. Osbon, the only child of his parents, was 
bom November 13, 1878, in Bloomfield and received his 
education in the city schools, graduating from the high 
school at quite an early age. During the five years ensu- 
ing he clerked for a mercantile firm of the town and in 
1896 entered the State University, where he prosecuted 
his studies with the object in view of preparing himself 
for a professional life. Having early manifested decided 
predilection for medicine, he took up the study of the 
same in due time, and the better to fit himself for its ar- 
duous and exacting duties, became in 1899 a student of 
the Barnes Medical College, St. Louis, Missouri, which 
he attended four years, graduating with the degree of M. 
D. in 1903. 

The same year in which he finished his professional 
course, the Doctor opened an office in Bloomfield, but after 
eight months removed to Jasonville, where he has since 
practiced with a large measure of success, having at this 
time his share of professional patronage with encourag- 
ing prospects of greater achievements and larger sphere of 
usefulness as the years go by. A critical student, keeping 


in close touch with professional thoug-ht and abreast of 
the times concerning modem discoveries in the domain of 
medical science. Dr. Osbon has won the confidence of 
the public and, being enthusiastic in his efforts to alle- 
viate suffering and minister to the comfort of afflicted 
humanity, his friends feel justified in predicting for him 
a future fraught with great good to his fellow men. 

Although making eveiy other consideration subor- 
dinate to his professional work, the Doctor has not been 
remiss in the duties of citizenship, or to the debt which 
every intelligent man owes to the public. He is deeply 
interested in the material growth of Jasonville and the 
welfare of its populace, and as a Republican wields an 
influence for his party, but has never aspired to official 
honors at the hands of his fellow citizens. He is prom- 
inent in various lines of fraternal work, being identified 
with the Masonic. Red Men and Eagle orders, and a 
leader in the Sons of Veterans at Bloomfield, which he 
has served as captain, besides filling other official stations. 

The Doctor is a married man and has a beautiful 
home, the presiding spirit of which is a lady of culture 
and refinement, who formerly went by the name of Lily 
Lowder. but who since April 30. 1901. has been known to 
the world as Mrs. Osbora. Mrs. Osborn was born 
near Springville. Indiana, and is the daug-hter of James 
and Mary ( Holmes) Lowder. 

Mr. and Mrs. Osborn's home is often the mecca of 
numerous admiring friends and acquaintances, and their 
hospitality is never stinted, which fact renders them 
among the most popular residents of Jasonville. 



Rev. George S. Henninger, the subject, is pastor of 
the First Methodist Episcopal church, of Linton ; which 
forms an important Hnk in the rehgious prosperity of 
this city and Greene county. It is the largest and most 
progressive religious organization, with a membership of 
about seven hundred, and a Sunday school numbering 
in excess of four hundred pupils and seventeen teachers. 
The church edifice was erected in 1903 at a cost of 
thirty-five thousand dollars and is the handsomest church 
building in the city. A beautiful parsonage costing three 
thousand dollars adjoins the church property, but the Rev. 
Mr. Henninger is worthy of all these advantages in his 
religious work. Before coming to Linton he was never 
transferred to another field without its being an advance- 
ment and also against the protest of each circuit or sta- 
tion in which he formerly labored. 

Mr. Henninger was born in Vemon, Indiana. Jen- 
nings county, September 22, 1871. His father and 
mother were both born in Germany and are now living 
in Vernon, and they are both unstinted in the praise of 
their youngest child, the subject of this sketch. Mr. 
Henninger had two brothers, who each died in infancy. 
He has two sisters, each of whom is married and now 
living in Vernon. His education desen-'es no little hon- 
orable mention, which, in addition to his superior natural 
endowments, has been a great aid to him in his profes- 
sional career. He graduated as the valedictorian of his 
class in the Vernon high school in 1888, after which 
he took a five years' course preparing for the ministry, 


as provided by the Indiana conference, and in a class of 
fifteen, he carried off the honors as second. 

In 1897 he was ordained as deacon and two years 
later he was advanced to the eldership. His first charge 
was New Washington, where he remained one year. 
Everv change from this one was made with a view of 
advancement. His next place was Crothersville, where he 
stayed for two }-ears. From here he went to Port Ful- 
ton, leffersonville, remaining there three years; thence 
to the Indianapolis Trinity church, staying there, too, for 
three years, and Hall Place ^Methodist Episcopal church, 
also of Indianapolis, for two years, going from there 
to Linton. 

He is beloved by every member of his congregation 
and wields an influence for civic righteousness that is 
felt in all circles. 

On June 21, 1894, he was married to Miss Carrie 
Xelson, daughter of Dr. H. G. Nelson, a prominent 
physician, of Vernon. jNIrs. Henninger received a su- 
perior education at P)Utler high school and at ]\Ioore's 
Hill College, which eminently aided her as a fit helpmate 
for her husband. She also possesses by nature these rare 
graces that make her attractive and beloved by all. Each 
one of this couple being thus endowed by both nature 
and education for their work reveals the secret of their 
success. This, coupled with the spirit of earnest conse- 
cration, cannot fail to ally them to every laudable eft'ort 
to uplift humanity. They have no children. In fraternal 
affiliations Mr. Henninger is a Royal Arch Mason, and 
also a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
These afiiliations aid him greatlv in his work, as it brings 


him in touch with the men who so greatly need spiritual 
guidance and comfort. In politics he is an independent 
voter, leaning to the Republican national politics. 


David M. Dickinson, a farmer and stockman of 
Taylor township, was bom June 8, 1849, in Tuscarawas 
county, Ohio. He had but little opportunity to become 
educated. He remained on his father's farm until he 
enlisted. October i, 1863, in Company H, Twenty-first 
Regiment, Indiana Heavy Artillery, at Indianapolis. He 
was sent ot New Orleans and was in the battle of Fort 
Spaniard, Fort Blakeley and many skirmishes. He also 
served in Kentucky and Tennessee and was in the Anny 
of the Gulf. He was incapacitated through an attack of 
fever at Dolphin, Alabama, and he also contracted sore 
eyes, which have given him trouble ever since. He was 
discharged at Mobile, Alabama. After the war he came 
home and later went to Martin county, Indiana, where 
he lived until 1877, then he married Viola Hannah, who 
was born in Greene county, the daughter of Alex and 
Rachel (Mathews) Hannah, the former of Pennsylvania 
and the latter of Jefferson county, Indiana. They came 
to Greene county in 1850, locating in Taylor township, 
where he conducted a farm. They were members of the 
United Presbyterian church. They had the following 
children : James, deceased, who was in the Fifty-ninth 
Regiment, Indiana Volunteer Infantry; Agnes, living at 
Oglanta, Nebraska: Elizabeth, deceased; William, who 


lives in Owen county, Indiana ; Anna, deceased ; Viola, 
wife of the subject of this sketch. Mr. and Mrs. David 
M. Dickinson are the parents of the following children : 
James, living in Daviess county, Indiana, who married 
Maude Woodrow ; Clyde, a barber in Scotland, Indiana ; 
Elsie, who lives at home; Jennie, the wife of A. Laugh- 
lin, of Linton, Indiana; Carl, who lives at home; Lulu 
also lives with her parents. 

Mr. Dickinson moved to Martin county, Indiana, in 
1877, where he remained one year. Then he went to 
Daviess county, Indiana, and farmed there for five years. 
He then moved to Chase county, Nebraska, where he 
lived for six years. He returned to Scotland, Indiana, in 
1893, where he has since resided. He is a Republican and 
a member of the LTnited Presbyterian church. 

David M. Dickinson was the son of George and 
Mary (Watson) Dickinson, Ijoth natives of Pennsylvania. 
They moved to Ohio when children. They grew up and 
married in Indiana. George Dickinson was a farmer, 
locating in Martin county. Indiana, in 1853, where he 
bought a farm (^f two hundred acres, partly improved, 
where he lived for twenty-five years. He then moved to 
Crawford county, Illinois, where he died in 1875. His 
widow returned to ]\lartin count}-, Indiana, and died 
there in February, 1895. They were members of the 
Methodist church. He was a Republican. They were 
each twice married. To their union was born the follow- 
ing children: David, subject of this sketch; Emanuel, 
living in Port Orchard, Washington, working in the 
government navy yard; Samantha, the wife of Robert 
Stiles, living in Martin county. Indiana ; James, who is 
living in Sidnev, \A'ashington. 



March 15, 1857, our subject was born in Greene 
county, the son of John R. and Lucy (Bunton) Fry. the 
fomier a native of North CaroHna, and the latter of West 
Virginia. Philbert's paternal grandfather, Bryant Fry, 
moved from North Carolina to Tennessee, and from 
there to Greene county, Indiana, in 1825, and here ended 
his days near the city of Worthington. Mr. Bunton, 
maternal great-grandfather of our subject, was a man of 
high patriotic ideals, and took an active part in the Revo- 
lutionary war. He passed to rest while residing in what 
is now West Virginia. 

John R. Fry, father of our subject, was born in 1820, 
and was left an orphan when nine years of age. When 
a little older he made his living by working on a canal, 
and later took up fanning. He entered the Civil war, 
sennng in the Eleventh Indiana Volunteer Infantry and 
continued in the service until the close of the struggle, 
after which he operated a saw mill in Vigo county, In- 
diana, continuing at that until 1877, when he returned 
to his farm in Greene county which is now partly included 
within the corporate limits of Jasonville, having been 
sold by the heirs. Here he passed to rest in 1898. He 
and his companion were active workers in the Christian 
church, and contributed materially to the welfare of the 
community in which they lived. 

Their family consisted of eleven children, Philbert 
being the eighth in the order of birth. He was educated 
in the public schools of Vigo county, and as a lad worked 


in his father's mill, continued at that until he reached his 
majority. He finally devoted his attention to farming, 
and has followed that to a greater or less extent ever 
since. In addition to the managing of the farm, how- 
ever, he has taken up insurance and still writes fire insur- 
ance as opportunity ofl:'ers. Being a registered pharmacist 
he conducted a drug store for a time in Jasonville, con- 
ducting it on a clean and successful hasis. He was also 
the first assessor elected under the new tax law and sen'- 
in this capacity for six years. In 1900 he took up the 
handling of real estate and began leasing properties for 
mining purposes, and through his activity in this par- 
ticular field the discovery and development of the coal 
lands in this vicinity were begun. In 1901 he sank the 
Fry mine, practically the first coal mine established here, 
and this venture was followed by the activities of such 
corporations as the Lattice Creek and the Green Valley 
Coal companies, the result being a great advance in the 
property value of this section. In 1907 ]\Ir. Fry pur- 
chased a stock of gents' furnishing's and has since con- 
ducted the business with abundant success. Although a 
busy man Mr. Fry has not been indifferent to his duties 
as a citizen, and is now seiwing as treasurer of the school 
board, his service on the board having been marked by a 
progressive and straightforward policy. 

In 1880 Mr. Fry was united in marriage to Jennie 
Love, of Clay county, Indiana, daughter of James and 
Harriet (\A'right) Love. Philbert and Jennie Fry have 
eig"ht children, here enumerated in the order of birth : 
Lura H. ; Lena, wife of Everett M. Ingleman and the 
mother of one child ; Clippeng-er, the second child, is living 


at Jasonville and has two children; the third child died 
in infancy; Robert J. was born March 5, 1886; Grace, 
born in August, 1888, is the wife of Ira Rogers; John A. 
was born in September, 1890; Paul P. was born July 18, 
1892, and Madge H., born June 1894. Mr. Fry has 
traveled extensively throughout the United States and 
has tried all means and methods of getting over the 
country, varying from the parlor car to the box car, pro- 
fiting by, as well as enjoying his experiences. He is an 
active Mason and is also a member of the Tribe of Ben 
Hur. He and his wife are members of the Christian 


Great Britain has ever been the home of a sturdy 
and independent j)eople, strong in their convictions and 
fearless in their undertakings and among the various clas- 
ses that have made this island their home and have there 
forged their nationality from the fires of war and conflict, 
none have emerged with a more creditable record than 
the inhabitants of Wales, where may yet be found the 
old-time loyalty to conviction and the valour that would 
not down before oppression or defeat. It is from such 
an ancestry that we have among our citizens one whose 
name forms the caption of the present review. 

George R. Anthony was bom in Maryland in 1861, 
son of Reuben and Ann Anthony, both natives of Wales. 
George's paternal grandfather, a shoemaker by trade, 
came to America in 1846. leaving his native hills to try 


for himself the reahties of a land reputed to be 
second to none on the globe. He settled in the state of 
Maryland, and there he lived out his allotted years, 
passing to his reward at the age of seventy-six. Our sub- 
ject's maternal grandfather, j\Ir. Llewellyn, belonged to 
the mining class, plying his occupation in the busy coal 
fields of Wales, and after coming to America in 1848, 
continued in that work in the state of Alaryland, later 
removing t(3 Wyoming, where he finished his- days. He 
was the father of four children. 

Reuben Anthony, father of our subject, was reared 
and educated in the state of ^Maryland and became en- 
gaged as a bookkeeper, following that work until his 
death at the age of seventy-one. Eight children were 
born into the family, of which George was the third in 
order of birth, and the only son. He received his educa- 
tion in that state, and after reaching maturity became 
engaged in mining also. In time he arQse to the position 
of superintendent of mines, and for twenty years was 
employed in that capacity. 

In 1883 he emigrated to Indiana, and after a time be- 
came eng-ag'ed in mercantile work. He soon went into 
business for himself and at once demonstrated his broad 
grasp of affairs by the successful issue of his under- 
taking'. He established at Farmersburg-, and commanded 
not only success, but also the deepest respect among his 
associates as a man of the highest business integrity. He 
closed up his affairs at Fannersburg in August, 1907, 
and came to Jasonville. and became the manager of the 
corporation known as the Jasonville Mercantile Company. 
His previous successful experience was a guarantee of his 


fitness for the responsible duties there devolving upon 
him, and the subsequent business prosperity of the com- 
pany has demonstrated the wisdom of the arrangement. 
In 1884 George Anthony was joined in marriage to 
Ramsay Scott, who was bom in CaHfornia, and is the 
daughter of Robert and Jennie (Robb) Scott. This home 
has been adorned with a family of five children, who have 
found the family hearthstone a most precious heritage, 
and the cradle of noble ideals and lofy aspirations. Wil- 
iam, born in 1885, is a commercial school graduate; Eula, 
born in 1887, is the wife of Carl Baxter, and is the mother 
of two children: Leroy and Lavinia, twins, born in 1893, 
are at home in 1908 and attending school; the fifth child, 
Margaret, is of recent birth. 

Mr. and Mrs. Anthony were also keenly alive to their 
opportunities and obligations as members of society and 
are active participants in Christian work, being members 
of the Methodist church, and have been a great help in all 
the phases of church work. In politics Mr. Anthony is 
a Republican and maintains that the first duty O'f every 
office holder is to have an eye single only for the impar- 
tial and honorable discharge of the duties entrusted to 


In 1678 there was born at Londonderry, Ireland, 
John Bamett, ancestor of our subject, who, with his fam- 
ily, emigrated to America prior to 1730, settling in Han- 
over township, at that time Lancaster county, Pennsyl- 
vania, being among the first settlers in that section. One 



of the descendants of this family was a major in the 
Revolutionary war. 

Allen Barnett. father of our subject, was born at 
Hanover, Pennsylvania, in 1799. He was the only mem- 
ber of the family that came to Indiana in 1840, settling 
in Clarke county, where he remained until his death in 
1879, attaining- the age of eighty years. He was a copper- 
smith by trade and possessed considerable skill as a me- 
chanic, being the inventor and constructor of the first 
cooking stove put into use west of the Alleghany moun- 
tains. This was patented in Louisville, Kentucky, in 
1827. In 1838 he associated himself with Judge Read, 
purchased a steamboat and entered into the Arkansas 
river trade. Later he became a good land speculator, 
operating in several of the western states. Later he was 
made the managing officer of the First National Bank at 
Jeffersonville, Indiana. His farm at Charleston, Indiana, 
was known as the Elk Park farm, and this was his- home 
at the time of his death. This land was a part of a patent 
grant to one of the soldiers of George Rogers Clark. It 
was left to the mother of our subject and is now in pos- 
session of Barton Barnett, the youngest son of the family 
and the brother of Clarence. 

Allen Barnett's first marriage was to Elizabeth 
Shaffer, of Louisville. Kentucky, by w4iom he had six 
children. His second companion was Edith Jacob, to 
whom he was married on October 21, 1847. Nine chil- 
dren were born to this union, Clarence, our subject, being 
the fourth in the order of birth. He was born in Clark 
county, Indiana, August 15, 1855. Receiving his early 
education at Barnett Academy he followed it with a 
course in the College of Pharmacy, Louisville, Kentucky. 


He then went to Illinois, buying- a portion of land that 
his father had previously entered, and remained there 
four years, and then returned to Clark county, pur- 
chasing farming interests and for the next nineteen years 
was engaged in the managing of agricultural affairs, also 
becoming connected with the Louisville Cement Company, 
and still retains that relationship. In order to secure 
better educational facilities for his children he removed to 
Hanover, Indiana, where the opportunities of Hanover 
College were available. This purpose being realized he 
moved on a sixty-three acre fann near Worthington, and 
put upon it almost all of the present improvements. 

In Januai-y, 1877, he was joined in marriage to Mary 
Foster, of Owen county, Indiana, daughter of Orlando 
E. and Louisa (Archer) Foster, natives of Kentucky, who 
after coming to Indiana, ended their days at Worthing- 

Mr. and Mrs. Barnett have been the parents of two 
children, Edith, the first boiii, was called hence in 1902. 
She was a junior in Hanover College. The second 
daughter, Mary, is a junior (1908) in DePauw Univer- 
sity, where she is held in high esteem by both students 
and faculty. Mr. and Mrs. Bamett are active workers 
in the Methodist church. Mr. Barnett is a Republican in 
politics, but places principle above party, standing first 
of all for an honest and impartial discharge of public 
duties. A half brother of Mr. Barnett's was a soldier 
during the Civil war, being a member of the Thirty- 
ninth Indiana V^olunteer Artiller}'. He was wounded at 
the battle of Stone River, and on this account was honor- 
ably discharged. Two years later he succumbed to the 
effects of the wound thus received. 


By Mrs. Hugh A. Owen. 

The history of the Bucher family, as far back as in- 
formation can be obtained, begins with Henry Bucher, 
born 1/75 '^^^'^^^ ^""^^^^ hved to be seventy-six years old. He 
married Catharine Hickman, who w-as born in 1776 and 
lived eighty-eight years. 

To Henry and Catharine (Hickman) Bucher were 
born Michael (1800-1883). John (1802-1883), Elizabeth 
(Banner) (1804-1884), Henry ( 1806-1884), David 
(1809-1898), Andrew^ ( 1812-1869). John Bucher. 
second son of Henry and Catharine Bucher, married Eda 
Ann Winkler. The earliest information obtainable in the 
history of this branch of the Bucher family is that of 
Lawrence Winkler and his wife, Eanny Payne. Law- 
rence Winkler was bom near ARjrgantown, Burk county. 
North Carolina, January 15. 1771. He was married to 
Fanny Payne in the year 1795, who was born in Wayne 
county, Virginia, November 18, 1775. To this union were 
born the following children: Rebecca ( Aloller) (1795- 
1887). John (1799-1886), George ( 1801-1876), James 
(1804-1844), Lydia (Hudson) ( 1806- 1878), Mary 
(1809-1826). Eda Ann (Bucher) ( 1812-1893), Jacob 
(1815-1890), Enoch ( 1819-1871). The average of this 
generation reached sixty-six years. 

To John Bucher and Eda Ann ( \\'inkler) Bucher 

were born Elizabeth (Crail) 1837 ), Jacob (1840- 

), John B. (1842 ). Andrew M. (1849 ), 

Mary Ellen (Owen) (1854 ). Not a death has 

occurred in a familv of five children, the eldest aged 


seventy-one years, a remarkable thing to be able to say. 
The native state of this family of children is Ohio. The 
family moved from that state to Indiana in 1857 and 
settled at the old Bucher home near Liberty church in 
Highland township, Greene county. 

Jacob Bucher, eldest son of John and Eda Ann Buch- 
er, married Mary Clay Stalcup, December 24, 1865. The 
earliest record of this branch of the Bucher family is that 
of William Stalcup, the name of whose wife is not known. 
To them were born six sons ; Peter, William, Isaac, Hon. 
John, Samuel and Eli. Isaac, the third son married Miss 
Osborn. To them were born twelve children, James, Al- 
fred, Isaac, Benjamin, John, L., Susan, Rebecca, 
Elizabeth, Nancy, Polly and Margaret. James, the eld- 
est child, was born August 22, 1786. He married Mar- 
garet Marlin, born December 17, 1795, on the 6th day 
of September, 1812. James was of German descent and 
his wife was Scotch-Irish. She came across the ocean 
when seven years old and settled in North Carolina. They 
moved to Indiana at an early date and settled in Greene 
county. To them were born George B. (1814-1880), 
Catharine (Ballard) (181 5-1897), Isaac (1818-1895), 
Elizabeth (Dixon) (1822-1869), Rebecca (Short) (1825- 
1861), Wilham (1828-1888), Maria Louisa (Burnam) 
(1832-1864), Elvira Josephine (Andrews) (1835 )• 

George B., eldest son, was married to Mai-y Buckner, 
August 28, 1834. The earliest history of thisi branch of 
the Bucher family, is that of Edward Bucher (1784- 
1861) and his wife, Elizabeth (1788-1854). To them 
were born; Jeremiah, Mary, James, Nancy, Louisa and 


To George B. Stalcup and Alary (Buckner) Stalcup 
were born: Nancy (1840-1845), Elizabeth ( 1842- 1842). 
Margaret (1837-1844), Mary Clay (1844 ), Ed- 
ward (1850-1854), Louisa (i848-i850),_ and Josephine 

(1855 )• 

To Jacob Bucher and Alary Clay ( Stalcup) Bucher 
were born eight children: George B. (1867 ), Ara- 
bella (Owen) (1868 ), John ( 1870-1872). W'illiard 

M. and Walter G. (1873-1873). Edward P. (1875 ). 

Jacob Guy ( 1877 ), Blanch Alay (Hays) ( 1883 ">• 

George B. married Thursia Heaton (1872-1900). in 1892. 

To them were born a daughter. Alabel H. ( 1895 ). 

Arabella married Hugh A. Owen (1862 ) in 1902. 

To them was born a son, George B. in 1905. Edward P. 

married Lola Xewsom (1880 ) in 1903. To them 

was born a daughter, Helen Frances, in igo6. Jacob Guy 
married Arle Owen (1881 — ) in 1905. To them was 
born a son, Jac<^b David, in 1907. Blanch May married 

\\'ilbur PLays (1882 ) in 1904. To them a daughter, 

Mary Louise, was born in 1905. 

Jacob Bucher enlisted in Company E. Fifty-ninth 
Indiana Volunteer Infantiy, November 15. 1861, at the 
age of twentv-one. He was in the eng^agement at New 
Madrid, Missouri, and at Island No. 10, Shiloh, Corinth, 
Holly Springs, and Jackson, Mississippi. His regiment 
had the honor of planting the first L'nited States flag on 
the state house at Jackson after the war begun. His 
brother, John B., was wounded in the battle at Jackson. 
The subject was also in the siege of Vicksburg and in all 
the battles in which his regiment was engaged. From 
this place he marched with his regiment to Chattanooga 


and Lookout Mountain, taking part in all these engage- 
ments. From there he went to Missionary Ridge and 
Atlanta, Georgia, later making- the noted march to the 
sea, thence marched to Raleigh, North Carolina, and was 
relieved from duty at Wilmington, that state, which closed 
his active service of three years and five months. He 
was honorably discharged April 22, 1865, at Indianapolis, 

After the war he rented a farm for a number of years 
and finally bought it, living there until the present time 
(1908), in Highland township, Greene county, Indiana, 
where he is influential and highly respected by all. 


This exemplary and popular young business man of 
Linton, Indiana, was bom in Newark, Greene county, 
August 20, 1879, the' son of Joseph and Bertha (Lyons) 
Hart, the former bom in Noble county, Ohio, June 4, 
1850, and the latter was born in Stanford, Greene county, 
Indiana, Februai-y 18, 1861. The father of the subject 
was a mechanic and a flour mill workman of more than 
ordinary skill. To this union was born four children — 
Homer O., the subject of this sketch; Opal is the wife 
of Aaron Arthur, a farmer in Daviess county, Indiana; 
Lloyd, a farmer in the same county; Oscar is in school. 
Joseph Hart died in Greene county, February 18, 1893, 
after a useful and busy life, which was crowned with 


The subject was educated in the common schools 
at Newark and began his business career as a clerk in 
a dry goods store at Bloomfield, where he remained one 
year. He was similarly employed at Spencer, then lie 
clerked in the same kind of a store in Linton for three 
years, having developed into an unusually fine salesman. 

On July T. H}04. he was appointed assistant post- 
master at Linton under Oscar Fitzpatrick. and he is 
still in the office under C. T. Sherwood, the present post- 
master. Mr. Hart is a Republican in political belief, 
and he is a member of the Knights of Pythias; also the 
Elks, holding in 1908 one of the leading offices in thte 
former and taking an active interest in the same. 

Mr. Hart has preferred to tra\-e1 life's pathway 
alone, enjoying single blessedness. 

The Lyons family as rc]:)resented by the mother of 
the subject is one of the ])ii)neer families of Greene coun- 
ty, having l)een well estal)lished there for manv decades, 
where they were well and favorably known. 

Although young in years. I\Ir. Hart has shown what 
persistent indi\i(luality, cou])led with honestv of ])ur]iose. 
can accom]ilish when rightlv directed. 


Distinguished as possessing a most unselfish loyalty 
in the sennce of his country, we have in the character 
of Captain Joseph T. Oliphant a true type of the American 
patriot. He was born March 31, 1833, in Monroe county. 



Indiana, being the son of Lawson and Ruth (Penning- 
ton) Oliphant, emigrants to Indiana from North Car- 
oHna, having settled in Monroe county in 1820. Here 
Lawson Ohphant entered a one hundred and sixty acre 
tract of government land and addressed himself assidu- 
ously to its cultivation. The timber was heavy and the 
wild animals of the forests were still in evidence. Mr. 
Oliphant killed many bears, as well as other wild game 
that was in abundance, while his wife often shot wild 
turkeys from their cabin door. Their first home was the 
usual log structure common to the times. In 1835 the 
family removed to Lawrence county, remaining there 
upon a farm until 1846, at which time they came to Greene 
county, finding here conditions for farming similar to 
what they were elsewhere. Here they cleared and im- 
proved some land and spent the remainder of their days. 
Mr. Oliphant departed this life in 1881, and was followed 
by his companion in 1886. They were active workers in 
the Old. School Baptist church, and were regarded as mod- 
els of uprightness by all who knew them. They were 
the parents of nine children, five of whom are still surviv- 
ing: Francis M., a merchant of Bloomington. died in 
1905; Louisa departed this life while in Texas; Nancy, 
deceased, had her home in Dubois county; Jefferson L., 
a farmer, died in Bloomfield in 1907; Joseph T., our sub- 
ject; Parthena D., now living at Lincoln, Nebraska;" 
Sarah has her home at Dugger, Indiana ; Mary Ann, now 
living at Linton, Indiana ; Belinda, residing at Dugger, 

The Reverend Thomas Oliphant, grandfather of our 
subject, was a minister of the Old School Baptist faith. 


and formed what is known as the A\'hite River Baptist 
Association. He was thrice married, and completed his 
days in ]\Ionroe county. 

Joseph Pennington, maternal grandfather of our 
subject, a native of X^orth Carolina, emigrated to ]\Ion- 
roe countA', Indiana, in 1820. He married a Miss Martin- 
dale, and followed farming, rounding out his days at 
that occupation, and was g'athered to rest in the above 
mentioned county. 

Joseph T. Oliphant received but a limited schooling, 
but managed to broaden his outlook upc^n life by means 
of reading and obsen-ation, and in this way acquired a 
training that was both practical and effective. He re- 
mained uj)(»n the linmc farm until he acquired his major- 
ity, and was married July 6, 1S54, to Mary M. Alexander, 
of r)loomington, Indiana, a daughter of A\'illiamson and 
Elizal)eth Shcrley Alexander, the former a native of 
Kentucky and the latter of Indiana. Williamson Alex- 
ander's parents, William D. and ]\lartha (Dunn) Alex- 
ander, settled in Monroe county in 181 7, and were closely 
connected w-ith the early history of the county. William 
D. Alexander assisted in laying out the city of Bloom- 
ington, and was made the first treasurer of that county. 
A Whig and later a Republican, he proved a leader and 
moulder of public thought. He was also a licensed physi- 
cian and practiced medicine in Greene county, coming 
later to Bloomfield, where he departed this life in 1871, 
followed by his companion in 1886. They were members 
of the old Presbyterian denomination. Seven children 
were born into this family, three of whom still survive. 
They are Mary E. ; Martha of Bloomington, Indiana, and 
\A'illiam, of Chicago. 


Mr. Oliphant and wife became the parents of seven 
children, six of whom reached maturity : Elizabeth, de- 
ceased, married Joseph Armstrong, and to this union 
were born seven children : Harrison, a farmer and real 
estate dealer in Harrison county, Missouri; Francis, a 
lumber dealer, at Harrisburg, Indiana; Darwin, a post- 
master at Cainsville, in Harrison county, Missouri ; Mary 
A., wife of F. M. Carmichael, of Bloomfield; Bertha, wife 
of Grant Wilson, also of Bloomfield; the seventh child, 
Mary D., died at the age of three years. 

In 1862 Mr. Oliphant responded to the call of his 
country and enlisted in Company E, Ninety-seventh Indi- 
ana Volunteer Infantry, and was speedily promoted from 
the rank of private to the lieutenancy, and then to the rank 
of captain of the company. Soon after going into camp 
at Terre Haute, the troops were sent to Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, and later to Bardstown and Memphis, Tennessee. 
They took part in the siege of Vicksburg, and later in the 
v.-ar marched with Sherman to the sea. 

On June 27, 1864, Mr. Oliphant was wounded at 
Kenesaw Mountain, a bullet passing through the left 
ankle bone, making it necessary for him to return to his 
home where he was confined to his house for over twelve 

He later established a general store at Jonesboro, 
Greene county, from where he was elected county record- 
er. He was subsequently engaged in business in Law- 
rence county at Harrisburg, and in 1890 came to Bloom- 
field, serving since that time at pension attorney. For 
ten successive years he was treasurer of the State Grange. 


He is a member of the Grand Army of the RepubHc, 
and was commander of the post at Hobbyville. He has 
taken an active part in the Grand Army of the Repubhc 
work and has assisted materially in the organization of 
the work in the surrounding country. He is an active 
Mason, is a member of excellent reputation in the county 
for straightforwardness and integritv. 


William Nelson Darnell was born in North 
Carolina, October 2^ , 1830. His father was 

John Darnell and his mother's maiden name was 
Martha Fields. The family came from England in 
1664, part of them settling- in Maryland and part in Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina. Grandfather Fields was bom 
in England and came to America when a young man, 
settling in Maryland. Afterwards he came to North 
Carolina. Several members of the family were soldiers 
in the earlv American wars. The subject's great grand- 
father Fields was a whale fisherman and the grandfather 
of the subject, John Darnell, was a mechanic and farmer 
and he spent his life on the place he settled in North Caro- 
lina. John P. Darnell, the father of the subject, grew to 
manhood in that state, working on a farm and at the shoe- 
maker's trade. In 1834 he UKwed to Lawrence county, 
Indiana, and took up government land, where he lived 
during the balance of his life. The well known Darnell 
cave is adjoining this farm. The father of the subject 
had four children, all of whom g-rew to maturitv, three 


of them now (1908) living-. One of the Damehs and one 
of the Fields were Confederate soldiers, while others 
fought for the Union. One of the Fields, a Confederate 
soldier, was killed in the battle of Gettysburg. Mary Dar- 
nell was the wife of Charles Carroll, of Charrolton, the 
last survivor of the signers of the Declaration of Inde- 

William Darnell received his education in the com- 
mon schools of his native township. He was taught by 
his mother and did not enter school until he was eight 
years old. He remained on his father's fami, going- to 
school and teaching until he was twenty-one years old, 
having taught his first school when but sixteen years old 
and he taught two terms after he w^as twenty-one. He 
learned the carpenter's trade which he worked at three 
years. He attended the Bedford Academy when seven- 
teen years old, then he attended school at the old Bedford 
Academy and county seminary. In 1854 he entered the 
ministry of the Methodist Episcopal church, remaining 
in the Indiana conference for two and one-half years, then 
he went tO' Minnesota where he joined the conference and 
was a pastor for five years. Then he enlisted in Company 
I, Seventh Regiment Minnesota Volunteer Infantrv^ in 
August, 1862, and was in the wars against the Sioux 
Indians. His first service was guarding the Chippewa 
Indians on the frontier. He was burned out by Sioux 
Indians at Painsville, Minnesota, in which fire he lost his 
library and household goods and although his family es- 
caped, the death of two children which followed w^ere no 
doubt due tO' exposure. He went to Mankato and guard- 
ed the Indians during the winter of 1862. He was present 


1863 he was in the Sibley expedition in Dakota. He had 
charg-e of the sick men and the field hospital for a short 
time. He then went overland to Fort Snelling, Minne- 
sota, and from there to St. Louis and remained at Scho- 
field's barracks for a short time, here he was promoted to 
First Lientenant of Company F, Sixty-fifth United 
States colored troops, and was sent to Louisiana under 
Generals Banks and Canby. He was engaged in garri- 
son duty there for some time. After hostilities ceased he 
was on garrison duty at Baton Rouge. The regiment was 
one of fine discipline and drill. Only one other was said to 
be as good. He continued in service from the day he en- 
listed until Januaiw 10, 1867. when the regiment was 
mustered out. He was promoted to captain a year and a 
half before he was discharged. 

After closing- his military career Mr. Darnell entered 
the Alississippi Mission conference. His professional 
work was looking after the freed men of the South. He 
was stationed at Jackson, Mississippi. He traveled, look- 
ing after the interests of the church and organizing 
churches, in which work he was very successful. Li his 
district he increased the membership from two to six 
thousand and added $10,000 in value to the church 
property. During all this time his family remained in 
Minnesota. He was then transferred to the Missouri 
conference and was pastor for three years at De Soto and 
for two years at Lebanon, Missouri. He finished the 
work of one church while there and paid it entirely 
out of debt. He was then appointed presiding elder of 
the Kansas Citv district in, which work he continued for 


two years. During- this time the farmers were cursed 
with grasshoppers. In order to do what he could to re- 
Heve the situation, the Reverend Darnell came to Indiana 
and got four hundred bushels of seed com and distributed 
it among the fanners whose early corn crops had been 
destroyed by the insects. He considered this one of the 
best acts of his life as to results. 

Reverend Darnell resigned from his work in 1875 
on account of the pople being too impoverished to stand 
the expenses of his sendees and came to Indiana, settling 
in Smith township, Greene county, near Worthington, 
where he has since resided. He settled on wild land, 
which he had cleared and improved until it is now an 
excellent farm. 

He has given much attention to horticulture. His 
orchard contains all kinds of fruit that this climate will 
grow. He has three hundred acres of land. 

The subject was married July 4, 1855, to Mary 
Adams, a native of Tennessee, and was brought to In- 
diana by her parents when young, living in Morgan and 
Putnam counties. She had a brother who was a soldier 
in General Harrison's regiment. Four children have been 
bom to this union, namely: Alice, who was born in 1866, 
died when six years old; Martha, who was born in 1859, 
died within a few days of her sister; John, who was born 
in 1862 is living on his father's farm. He is married and 
has one son. Edward, the subject's fourth child, was born 
in 1868, is living in Kansas City, engaged in the rail- 
road business. He is married and has three sons. The 
wife of the subject has always been an active worker in 
the church. The oldest son belongs to the Alethodist 


Reverend Darnell is a member of the Grand Amiy 
of the Republic, post at Worthington. Indiana. He is a 
Republican, and was representative in the legislature the 
year General Harrison was elected President. He was 
nominated by the Republican party for congress, but was 
defeated by his opponent on the Democratic ticket, and 
he was a member of the county council for four years. 
The subject is holding two ctimmissions signed by Presi- 
sident Lincoln, which he prizes very highly. The colored 
regiment wliicn ne sen-ed. had the largest list of mortanr_y 
of any regiment. There were eight hundred twenty 
deaths in three years from disease. 

The life of the subject of this sketch has been one 
of unusual activity and is worthy of emulation and com- 
mendation. He is a remarkable man in many respects and 
a \'aluable citizen. 


Not a few of the most interesting citizens, especially 
agriculturists of Greene county, are either natives of Ger- 
many or direct descendants of the thrifty sons of that 
country, and of this class our subject, who was bom in 
Clay county, Lidiana, Febiaiary 12. 1861. is a w^orthy rep- 
resentative, having been born of German parents, Henry 
and Elizabeth (Croft) Wolf, the former being brought 
from that country to Ohio in his youth where he received 
his education. He finally came to Clay county, Indiana, 
when he entered eighty acres of land and in 1885 came to 


Greene county, and purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres which has since been divided among his heirs. He 
is nO'W (1908) Hving at the age of seventy-six, his wife 
having died July 7, 1907, at the age of seventy-six years. 
In his early life he was a shoemaker, later a farmer. 
Grandfather Henry Wolf, who was born in Germany, 
came tO' America, settling on a farm in Owen county, 
this state, and spent the balance of his life there, dying in 
1858, at the age of sixty-seven years, having been surviv- 
ed several years by his wife who was seventy years old 
when she joined her husband on the "undiscovered 
bourne." Grandfather George Croft was a Gennan who 
settled in Owen county among the first settlers whO' en- 
tered land there. He was in Pennsylvania and later in 
Ohio, having spent his last days on a farm in the last 
named state. Adam Wolf, the subject's uncle, was an 
Indian soldier in the Union army and was killed in battle. 

The subject of this sketch was no less industrious 
from the first than his ancestors and he spent his youth 
working on his father's farm and attending the common 
schools until he was twenty-one years old when he rented 
a farm which he managed a few years, then he bought 
eighty acres which has been his home to the present day. 
having added forty acres, all of which is in cultivation 
with the exception of fifteen acres. The subject carries 
on a general farming, raises cattle and hogs and feeds all 
his grain toi his stock in preparing it for the market. He 
exercises splendid judgment in the rotation of crops, us- 
ing clover as a fertilizer, and in' the general management 
of his farm which is well improved and a valuable place. 

Mr. Wolf was married in 1883 to Rozena Yegerleh- 



iier, daughter of Christian and Elizabeth (Swartz) Yeger- 
lehner, both natives of Switzerland, who settled first in 
Ohio, later in Owen county, Indiana, then in Clay county, 
where they owned a farm and where the father died, be- 
ing yet sun-ived by his widow. Eight children have 
been bom to the subject and wife, as follows: 
Emma was born in 1884; Anna was born in 
1886; Ella, bom in 1888; Minnie, born in 1890; 
William Heniy, born 1892; Samuel, bom in 1894; Pearl, 
bom in 1896; Grace, born in 1898. All the children of 
the subject are at home most of the time. Mr. Wolf is a 
Democrat politically, and while he does not find time to 
devote his attention to local political affairs, yet he is al- 
ways ready to lend his aid in furthering any cause that 
will benefit the countv in which he resides. 


Metaphorically speaking, we are told that success 
treads on the heels of every right effort, and amid all 
the theorizing as to the cause of success, there can be 
no doubt that this aphorism has its origin in the fact 
that character is the real basis in any field of thought or 
action. He of whom the biographer now writes is a 
successful farmer of Greene county, where he was bom 
February 14, 1863, the son of Philander A. Buskirk, and 
a man whom his fellow citizens have honored with their 
fullest confidence and esteem. The subject's grandpar- 
ents were Alfred and Lithia (Dayhofif) Buskirk. natives 


of Spencer county, Kentucky, who came to Greene 
county, Indiana, in 1823, settleing- in Highland township, 
among the first pioneers. Later they moved to Smith 
township where Mr. Buskirk operated a pottery kihi for 
a number of years. He died in Highland township in 
1829 and in 1835 his widow married Joseph Myers, with 
whom she removed to Butler county, Kentucky, where 
she died in 1845. Philander A. Buskirk, the subject's fa- 
ther, went to his mother in Kentucky, but when eighteen 
years old returned to his native community in Greene 
county, Indiana, living with an uncle until 1848, when he 
began farming in Smith township, soon owning a good 
fami of one hundred and sixty acres which he divided up 
among his children, having moved bo Worthington in 
1902 and retiring from business. In August, 1862, the 
subject's father responded to the President's call for 
troops to suppress the great rebellion that was threatening 
the Union enlisting in Company H, Seventy-first In- 
diana Infantry, but' shortly afterward he was transferred 
tO' the Sixth Indiana Cavaliy. At the battle 
of Richmond, Kentucky, Mr. Buskirk was captured 
and paroled. His parole having expired while 

he was at Terre Haute, he again enlisted and was 
sent to the fn~)nt. but was soon afterward captured 
a second time in Kentucky. However, he was ex- 
changed and when his parole had expired went to Tennes- 
see, later returning to Kentucky, thence to Georgia, where 
he took part in the campaign around Atlanta, and on De- 
cember 15 and 16. 1864, was in tlie battle of Xashville 
against Hood's forces. He was honorably discharged June 
21, 1865. The subject's father was first married to Nancy 


Elgin. April g. 184S. Alfred 1). was the only child Ixirn 
t(» this nni(in. His second wife was Alartha Godfry, 
(langhlcr of l^lijah and Theodosia (Clark) Godfry. Six 
children were born to this union. 1\. M. Buskirk. our sub- 
ject, being the young'est in the order of birth, having been 
raised on the same farm wdiere he has ever since resided 
ami from which he walked some distance to the neighbor- 
hood school during the winter months. His social busi- 
ness and religious life ha\e always been lived in perfect 
harmony with the strict teachings of his just and wise 
parents. ]\Ir. Buskirk is now the owner of a well im- 
proved fami of one hundred and sixty acres, all but eight 
acres of which are in cultivation. Although the superin- 
dence of the work in his fields requires a great deal of 
thought and attention, his time is taken up veiy largely 
with the breeding of and faising live stock. i)rincipally 
liorses and mules for the market, raising l)oth draft and 
road horses, the former being Percherons. He not only 
feeds all the corn that the place produces, which is a very 
large amount, l)ut he buys large quantities of corn which 
he also feeds, and as a consequence of his sound business 
principles and his judgment in the rotation of crops, to- 
gether with s}-stematic methods of tile drainage, the soil 
on his land is now in higher state of productiveness than 
when it came into his possession many years ago. It is 
interesting to note that his first tax receipts were only 
thirty-four cents: those for 1908 were for $163.50 cents. 
Xone other than a man of extraordinary ability could 
have made the great success that has attended the efforts 
of Mr. Buskirk. Besides his farm of one hundred and 
sixty acres he owns \aluable ])roperty in Linton. 


The subject was united in marriage in 1894 to Har- 
riet Inman, daughter of Robert and Rhoda (Wines) In- 
man, natives of Ireland, the former having come to 
America when twenty-one years of age and settled in 
Greene county, Indiana, having spent his life on a farm 
and dying in 1864, at the age of sixty-one years, leaving a 
wife and seven children, one of whom, John, was a sol- 
dier in the Union army, a member of the Sixty-seventh 
Indiana Volunteer Infantiy, having died of disease in a 
St. Louis hospital while in the anny. Mrs. Buskirk was 
for thirteen years a teacher in the public schools, five 
years of that time having been spent in Nebraska. There 
has not been any issue from this union, but the subject and 
wife are raising an orphan boy. Mr. Buskirk is a Repub- 
lican and a member of the Baptist church, while his wife 
is affiliated with the Presbyterian church. No people liv- 
ing in the vicinity of Linton, Indiana, are spoken of in 
any higher terms than they, everyone admiring the"n- up- 
right lives and their congenial dispositions. 


The popular and efficient ])r()priet()r of "Murray's 
Annex," the finest confectionery store in Linton, Indiana, 
is regarded as one of the prominent young business men 
of this vicinity and is well entitled to representation in 
this work, for a biographer delights to write a sketch that 
shows the worthy traits in a man's nature, shows how 
the subject has overcome obstacles that beset his early 


life and at last landed in a pleasant and well ])ayino' bnsi- 
ness and established a comfortable home. These are 
some of the things that ]\Ir. ]\Iurray has accomplished in 
his youth and early manhood years, all of which augurs 
a prosperous and l)right future. 

William A. Alurry was born in Rockport, Spencer 
county. Indiana, December 27. 1870. the son of John S. 
and Sarah C. (Ebright) ]\Iurray. the former ha\'ing been 
born in ^^'estern Tennessee. April 17. 1S40. and the latter 
in Ohio, April 12, 1841. Both are living at Boon\ille. 
Warrick county, Indiana, wdiere the father held many 
political offices of minor importance. He also held several 
important offices in the gift of the people in Spencer 
county. He has a family of se\-en sons and five daughters ; 
three of the sons having died in infancy: James N. is a 
miner at Boonville, Indiana; Joseph is a farmer in Okla- 
homa; \\^illiam A., the subject of this sketch; Felix P. is 
a first sergeant in the United States army. One Hundred 
Forty-eighth Coast Artillen-, at present stationed at Fort 
Baker, California. He has spent the past fifteen years in 
the ami}-. ha\ing been in Cuba and the Philippines during 
the Spanish-American war. The following daughters 
were bom after the seven sons : Sarah and Clara, twins ; 
the former having married \\'illiam Collins, and the lat- 
ter. Malcomb Strain, a tobacco merchant. Both sisters 
live in Boonvilk?. Ida. the third daughter, is the wife of 
James Hemenway, a miner. Ada. the fourth daughter, 
is single and living at home. Laura is the fifth daughter. 

W^illiam A. Murray lived in Spencer county. Indiana, 
until he was fourteen years old. He felt the "call of tlie 
wild" early in life and permitted himself to be led out by 


the wanderlust until he visited nearly every state in the 
Union. He talks fluently and interestingly of his travels 
and he has become broad minded and generally educated 
by reason of his contact with the world. After returning 
from his tour of the United States, Mr. Murray located in 
Daviess county, in 1895, eng-aging- in mining for a period 
of eight years, during which time he accumulated consid- 
erable money by habits of industiy. 

The subject was married June 22, 1897, tO' Anna B. 
Brown, the accomplished daughter of George B. and Anna 
Brown, of Montgomei-}'. Daviess county. Mrs. Murray 
is a native of Blinois. Her parents were born in Scotland, 
where two of their six children were born. Mr. and Mrs. 
Murray have five children, namely : Maude, Avery, 
Jessie, Johnny and Russell. 

In 1902 the subject of this sketch came to Linton, 
Indiana, where he was employed in the mines for three 
years. Finding that his business ability and opportunity 
lay in a more profitable and pleasanter field, he abandoned 
the mines and engaged in the confectionery business on 
Main street for a year. Then he moved to his present lo- 
cation, which is an annex to the Grand Opera House, a 
conveniently situated business point, in fact, one of the 
best locations in the city, on A street, northeast. It opens 
into the lobby of the opera house, and a crowd of custo- 
mers is to be found gathered at the place most of the time. 
He serves ice cream, fruits and confectionery of his own 
excellent manufacture ; also carries a choice line of cigars 
and tobacco, and he has a fine trade in his line, in fact, the 
largest in Linton — everybody knows where "Murray's 
Annex" is, and it has long ago l^ecome generally popular. 


Fraternally Mr. ^Murray is a member of the Free 
and Accepted ]\Iasons, Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows encampment, and also a member of the Rebekahs. 
His wife is also a member of the latter. He is indepen- 
dent in politics, always voting for the best man. regard- 
less of party prejudice. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the First Presbyterian church, and no members 
in that congregation stand higher than they. 


William Axe. the worthy subject of this sketch, is 
a prosperous farmer living in Bloomfield, Indiana, who 
was born in Wayne county, Ohio, April 22, 1837, and 
who traces his ancestors back to Germany, from which 
country his grandfather, Jacob Axe, came to America 
before the Revolutionary war and settled in Pennsylvania, 
where he followed the profession of charcoal burner. He 
spent his life in the Keystone state and raised the follow- 
ing children: Jacob, father of the subject of this sketch; 
Isaac, John, William, Reuben, Sarah and Katherine. The 
subject's father, Jacob Axe. married Eliza Darrough, both 
natives of Schuylkill county, Pennsylvania, but they were 
married in Wayne county, Ohio. About 1855 they moved 
to Greene county, Indiana, and settled in Richland town- 
ship, where they bought one hundred and thirty acres of 
land, mostly unimproved, from Jacob Moore, but the 
father and son soon cleared the land and had a comfort- 
able home. He and his wife were members of the Church 

>19 ^it -3 



of God and were good Christians. Jacob was a Demo- 
crat. They had the following children : Catherine, Mar- 
garet, William, Thomas, John, Daniel, all living; Jacob, 
Elizabeth, Reuben and Almeda, all deceased. The sub- 
ject's father died in 1866. His wife died in 1871. 

The subject of this sketch was seventeen years old 
when the family came to Greene county, Indiana. Hav- 
ing remained at home until he was twenty-one years old, 
he was able to obtain a limited education in subscription 
schools, taught in log school houses with puncheon floors 
and seats. In 1858 he married Mary Henry, and soon 
afterwards hired out, working by the day for fifty cents. 
He split rails for fifty cents per hundred, splitting five 
thousand five hundred in one spring at fifty cents per day 
for Alfred Cutch in Richland township. He finally 
bought a team and rented ground until 1878, when he 
bought a , twenty acre farm in Fair Play town- 
ship, Greene county, Indiana, which he still owns. 
In 1884 he bought another forty acre farm in the same 
township, which he still owns. He also owns thirty acres 
in the White River bottom in Washington township and 
his home place in Bloomfield, Indiana. In 1896 he retired 
and moved to town, to enjoy the rest he had so well 
earned by an unusually active career. 

The wife of the subject is a native of Richland 
county, Ohio. She is the daughter of Lewis and Susie 
Henry, who came to Greene county, Indiana, about 1851, 
where they farmed and spent the remainder of their lives. 
The Henry family was highly respected, and took great 
interest in the work in the Church of God. Mary (Henry) 
Axe, wife of the subject, was called to her reward March 


27, 1908. The subject and wife had the following chil- 
dren : Elizabeth, deceased, who was the wife of William 
Briles. She had five children, namely; the first, died in 
infancy, Everet, Oscar, Walter, Lela. Lewis was the 
subject's second child, who died in early life; William 
lives in Kansas. He is a farmer and married Rachel 
Terrell. They have four children. Jacob, the fourth 
child of the subject, has been deceased for some time. He 
married j\Iary Bond. They had one child. Maiy E. 
John, the fifth son of the subject, lives on his father's 
farm in Fair Play township, Greene county, Indiana. He 
first married Rettie Sheppard. who died, leaving one child, 
Harold. He married the second time, his last wafe being 
jMinnie Rusher. They have three children, Naoma, Her- 
bert and Esther. Thomas, the sixth son of the subject, 
is living in Grant township, Greene county, Indiana, on 
a farm, having married Catherine ^luterspaugh. They 
have seven children. Rettie, the seventh child of the sub- 
ject, is the wife of William Daily, who lives in Richland 
township on a farm. He has three children, Mary, 
Robert and Renie. Catherine is the eighth child. She is 
the wife of William Retter, a dairyman, who lives in Rich- 
land township. They have three children. Morris. Mary 
and Paul. The subject's wife was a member of the Pres- 
byterian church. 

The subject of this sketch gladly oft'ered his seiwices 
in the defense of his country, and enlisted in August, 
.1862. as a recruit to the Sixty-ninth Indiana Volunteer 
Infantiy, Company C, and participated in the following 
battles: Corinth, Raymond. Mississippi; Jackson, Cham- 
pion Hill, Vicksburg, where he was wounded in the right 


ann from which over six inches of bone had to be re- 
moved. He was sent to a hospital where he remained 
until the close of the war, having- been discharged at 
Madison, Indiana, in June, 1865. 

The subject is a member of the Independent Order 
of Foresters and of the Grand Army of the Republic, 
and he is a loyal Republican. He was coroner of Greene 
county, Indiana, for twelve years, having performed the 
duties of this important office with the greatest satisfac- 
tion. Mr. Axe is not only well but favorably known for 
his honesty and sound business principles. 


Among the prominent and successful citizens of 
Greene county may be mentioned the subject, who is a 
prosperous farmer and a respected and useful member of 
society. His valuable estate, which is located in Smith 
township, attracts attention and favorable comment. His 
entire life has been, spent on the same farm, in the same 
house, of which fact he is justly proud, for many and 
obvious reasons. 

Thomas Franklin Bahard was bom August 29, 
1865, the son of James F. and Mahulda (Danley) Bal- 
lard. The great-grandfather of the subject spent his life 
in Kentucky. His grandfather was born in that state 
but later moved to Greene county, Indiana, settling on a 
farm which his father had given him and where he spent 
the remainder of his life, raising four children by his first 


wife of which the father of the subject was the second 
in order of birth, having been bom in Kentucky but was 
brought to Greene county, Indiana, and spent part of 
his hfe on a fann which is now owned by John J. Ballard. 
Three children were born to the subject's grandfather by 
his second wife. The subject's father was always a farm- 
er, remaining in Greene county after he first took up his 
residence there until his death, which occurred in 1880, 
when he was fifty years old. Five children were born to 
this union, three of whom are now living, namely : Benja- 
min, deceased; Columbus, connected with the Citizens' 
State Bank at Bloomfield ; he has been county treasurer 
for two tenris. William was the third son ; he is in the 
elevator business at \\^orthington. Indiana. Ella, the 
fourth child, is deceased; T. F., our subject, was the 

The subject spent his youth working on the farm 
and attending the country schools. Inheriting his fa- 
ther's homestead of twO' hundred acres, he has added 
eighty acres, all of which comprises one of the most de- 
sirable farms in the county. Much of this large farm 
was cleared and put under the plow by Mr. Ballard ; in 
fact, his unexcelled judgment as- an agriculturist has 
transformed this naturally excellent tract of land into a 
model fami that would bring a high figure if thrown on 
the market. It is now practically all in grass and pasture, 
over which range larg-e herds of cattle, droves of sheep 
and hogs, all of good quality. His sheep are sold for 
mutton and he also sells much wool, while he is prepar- 
ing- his other stock for market. All of this farm is nat- 
urally drained, being rolling for the most part, and the 


soil not only rich but in perfect order, the fencing- be- 
ing mostly of wire. 

Mr. Ballard was united in marriage to Laura Sim- 
mers in 1892, a native of Greene county and the daughter 
of William and Mary (Gamble) Simmers, the former 
having been a soldier in the Union: army, as was also his 
brother John. Thomas Ballard, an uncle of the subject, 
was a member of an Indiana regiment, and was lost in 
battle. The wife of the subject was called to her reward 
in 1907. There was no issue from this union. Mrs. Bal- 
lard was a consecrated Christian, being a member of the 
Christian church, of which the subject is also a member. 
Politically he is a stanch Republican. His probity, fidel- 
ity and sterling worth have won him the unqualified con- 
fidence of his fellow citizens and he receives the respect 
and esteem which ever follow an upright career. 


While Professor Louis H. Martin, the worthy gen- 
tleman whose brief life history we are glad to give repre- 
sentation in this volume, is not skilled in versification, yet 
he is, in a way, a representative of the same class of men 
as the great poet, John Milton, who, because he became 
blind, did not despair and curse his fate, as many a weak- 
er soul has done, similarly afflicted, but he accomplished 
gigantic things and wrote regarding himself that "they 
also serve who only stand and wait." He fulfilled the 
mission of the strange God "who moves often in mys- 


terious ways," as William Cowper, a lesser genius, but no 
less a consecrated man wrote after reco\'ering- from a 
temporary attack of mental aberration. And our own 
Fannie Crosby, the noted American hymn writer, who 
went blind in early youth as the result of an attack of 
scarlet fever, said only recently that she regarded it as the 
most fortunate thing that could have happened to her, 
owing to the fact that she saw in it the workings of a 
Divine force which resulted in her being able to do an 
incalculable amount of good through her inspirations giv- 
en to the world in the form of songs. So the subject of 
this sketch is doing what good he can with his music, 
teaching the young and inspiring them to develop the es- 
thetic. He soothes the aged and comforts them uhr< 'Ugh 
his splendid interpretations, and all those who hear him 
can certainly attest to the ancient saying that "music 
hath power to charm." He did not let his mistortune dis- 
courage him, but rather help him to higher achievement, 
and today he is loved and admired by a large proportion 
of the inhabitants of Linton. Indiana, where he resides. 
Professor Louis H. Martin was born March 4, 1880, 
near Washington, Lidiana. When a small child he was 
afflicted with a disease which deprived him of his sight. 
He was educated at the state insitution for the blind at 
Lidianapolis, having made a remarkable record there, 
from which institution he graduated with honor in 1904. 
since which time he has been engaged in teaching music 
in Linton. He is proficient both on the piano and the or- 
gan, especially the pipe organ, and he has been very suc- 
cessful with his work, instructing large classes in music. 
He is org-anist at the First Methodist church, a position 


he has held since the installation of the pipe organ there. 
He is considered one of the most proficient as well as one 
of the most popular music teachers in Linton. He has 
developed wonderful skill with his hands, his technique 
being beyond criticism, and he can operate a typewriter 
with ease, accuracy and dexterity. Professor Martin is 
a favorite with all classes in Linton. 


Prominently identified with the industrial, business 
and civic affairs of Greene county is the subject of this 
sketch, who is a well known and highly respected citi- 
zen of Bloomfield. He was born December 13, 1861, at 
Madison. Lidiana, while his mother and some friends 
were on their way to Indianapolis, where Mrs. Jackson 
later made her home with a family that had been resid- 
ing there for some time, having remained with them sev- 
eral years until she was married a second time. When 
the subject was five months old he was placed in an or- 
phans' home, where he remained four montlis. when he 
was taken by a family in Greene county, with whom he 
made his home until eighteen years old, on a farm in 
Ricliland township, two miles north of Bloomfield. Hav- 
ing been ambitious to become a skilled workman he ap- 
prenticed himself at the stone cutter's trade for three 
years, showing from the first that he had unusual nat- 
ural talent — in fact, an artistic bent — that would eveiUu- 
ally lead to great success if properly drawn out. After 


he had thoroughly mastered the rudiments of this trade 
and became fairly skillful he engaged in general work, 
following this trade for ten years, when he began busi- 
ness for himself in Bloomfield under the firm name of 
Jackson & Neidigh, which continued with marked suc- 
cess until 1903, when the subject sold his interest and 
engaged in the restaurant and bakery business, which 
he has since conducted with a pronounced degree of suc- 
cess as the result of careful and straightforward business 
methods which he has employed in the management of 
his establishment. 

On October 7, 1883. in Bloomfield, Mr. Jackson 
was united in marriage with Carrie B. Neidigh, daugh- 
ter of Levi and Maria Neidigh, old settlers of this county. 
By this union one child was born, Floyd R., who mar- 
ried Lou Hannum, of ^^\^rthington, and who has one 
child, born May 26, 1908. 

The Jackson family affiliates with the Methodist 
Episcopal church. The subject is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias, Accolade Lodge, No. 63. He has 
held all the chairs in this organization. He is also a 
member of the Court of Honor, District Court, No. 336, 
and he bears out the teachings of these orders and those 
of the church to which he belongs in his daily life, as 
all who know him can attest. 

Mr. Jackson owns a comfortable home on Mechanic 
street in Bloomfield and he is otherwise well fixed, while 
yet scarcely past the ag'e when one is called a young man. 
He is a collector of curios and old coins, having a very 
beautiful and valuable collection. He has found time 
during his busv life to travel, and, being a man who sees 


things as they are, he has become broad-minded and gen- 
erahy educated in the things of the world. He enjoys 
sports of all kinds, believing that there is much good in 
the present-day recreations tO' both body and mind. 

He can write fluently with either hand in opposite 
directions at the same time, a feat seldom accomplished. 
He is a pen and ink artist of no mean ability and he does 
a very high grade of artistic carving on stone, being nat- 
urally gifted by nature, having received only a common 
school education in Greene county. He is enjoying the 
esteem and respect of a wide circle of friends as well as 
a good patronage. 


We now take under review the career of one of the 
sterling citizens of Greene county, where he has resided 
upwards of half a century, or the major part of his ac- 
tive and useful life, and where he has ever commanded 
unequivocal confidence and esteem, being one of the suc- 
cessful and influential farmers of Smith township, where 
he owns one of the most attractive and productive farms 
in this favored section of the state. Mr. Miller was boiTi in 
Owen county, Indiana, April 5. i860, but before proceed- 
ing to recount a few of the important facts counected 
with his life it will be well to study the characters of 
sorne of his ancestors and immediate relatives in order to 
obtain a more comprehensive understanding of the prin- 
ciples that have been dominating factors in his career. 



His grandfather, Samuel Miller, was born in Somerset 
county, Pennsylvania, March 3, 1798, but was raised 
in Westmoreland county, where he worked at the shoe- 
maker's trade, devoting- the latter part of his life to farm- 
ing, coming tO' Owen county, Indiana, in 1853, wdiere he 
spent the remainder of his life. He married his first wife 
in 1822, and after her death he married again in Co- 
shocton county, Ohio, July 4, 1833, his last wife being 
Anna Richey, who was a native of Switzerland, where 
she was bom May 18, 1809, and who came with her par- 
ents (her father being Samuel Richey) to America when 
seven years old. Samuel Miller died in 1874, having 
been regarded in Owen county as a man worthv of the 
highest esteem. Adam Miller was the father of the sub- 
ject and the son of Samuel Miller by his second marriage, 
his birth occurring in Coshocton county, Ohio, July 8, 
1834, being the eldest of ten children. When four years 
old he was taken by his parents to Holmes county. Ohio, 
and from there to Indiana. About 1853 he entered forty 
acres of canal land, which he disposed of in 1864 and 
moved to Greene county, wdiere, by diligence and econ- 
omy, he secured a valuable tract of six hundred acres, 
wdiich he improved. Adam Miller and six brothers were 
in service at one time. His brother Samuel is described 
as a man of unusual physical strength, being almost a 
giant, measuring six feet and six inches, and mau)^ feats 
of strength and endurance are told of him. Responding 
to his oountiy's call for loyal citizens to save the flag he 
enlisted in the Nineteenth Indiana Volunteer Infantiy, 
and after three years of service he re-enlisted and 
served in Company F, One Hundred and Forty-ninth 


Indiana Volunteer Infantiy until mustered out early in 
1865, and was detailed on garrison duty at Decatur, Ala- 
bama. He had many holes shot in his clothing, being a 
fine target for the enemy owing to his great size, but he 
was never seriously wounded. He was mustered out at 
Nashville, Tennessee, and was finally discharged at In- 
dianapolis. Peter Miller served in an Ohio regiment; 
Jacob Miller was in the One Hundred and Forty-ninth 
Indiana Regiment, and died oi smallpox while a soldier ; 
John \'V. Miller served through three enlistments, receiv- 
ing an honorable discharge each time; Samuel Miller 
served three years in the Nineteenth Indiana Infantry and 
then in the One Hundred and Forty-ninth Regiment; 
Henry H. Miller also 'enlisted from Indiana and was 
with Sherman's anny on its march to the sea and in all 
his campaigns, and is now living in the state of \\'ash- 
ington; Noah Miller enlisted from Owen county in the 
One Hundred and Forty-ninth Infantry. He received an 
honorable discharge before his enlistment expired owing 
to the fact that he contracted a disease while in line of 
duty, which finally caused his death. Adam Miller, the 
subject's father, was married in Owen county Februarys 
14, 1856, to Sarah A. Hubbel, daughter of Oliver and 
Delilah (Middleton) Hubble, natives of Ohio and North 
Carolina, respectively, Mrs. Miller having been bom in 
Owen county, Indiana, September 14, 1834, and to her 
union with Mr. Miller nine children were born, as fol- 
lows: Marion, Madison, our subject; Marilda, Julia A.. 
Amanda, Merinda, Anna, Samuel O. and Delilah; the 
six last named are deceased. Adam Miller was a prac- 
tical and progressive man, an active member of the Chris- 


tian clinrch, for many years being an ordained elder, and 
also sensed as pastor of his church. 

Madison Miller's boyhood was spent on his father's 
fami and in the district school, having- remained with 
his father until he was twenty-one years old, after Avhich 
he still associated with his father in farming- and stock 
raising, which association continued for fifteen years. 
Then he and his father bought a farm together, which 
the subject moved to and managed, needless to say in a 
most satisfactory manner. It was later divided up and 
our subject managed a fami of his own, which he still 
owns. In 1906 he moved to his present fine farm in 
Smith township, which is owned jointly by his mother 
and himself. It consists of one hundred and sixty acres, 
under an excellent state of cultivation, being at present 
largely in meadow and pasture. It is naturallv drained 
and well fenced with wood and wire. Mr. Miller feeds 
all the grain that the place produces, preparing cattle for 
the market, also raising- and feeding hogs. He uses ex- 
cellent judgment in the selection of his stock, keeping- 
fine Hereford cattle, which are eligible for register ; also 
Poland China hogs, crossed with thoroughbred Chester 

In October, 1882, our subject was united in mar- 
riag-e with Margaret E. Fry, daughter of Samuel A. and 
Lucinda (Pigg) Fry, the former a native of Greene 
county and the latter a native of Sullivan county. Mrs. 
Miller's brothers and sisters are: Sarah, Elizabeth, wife 
of our subject; Lydia Ann. Hannah. Benjamin, William, 
Effie Alice, Rosa. Ephraim. Nolten and Stella. 

Eleven children have been bom to our subject and 


wife, as follows: Salina M., born June i8, 1884, is liv- 
ing- at home; Galen G., born in 1887, is also at home- 
Marion D., born October 27, 1888, and died January 23, 
1889; Eva A., born October 26, 1889; Franklin Clifford, 
born July 14, 1891 ; Nellie E., born June 22, 1893 ; Sam- 
uel A., born February 20, 1895; William C, born Jan- 
uary 23, 1896; Jesse W., born December 13, 1897; Paris 
R., born August 7, 1901 ; Oma Marie, born October 
19, 1903. 

Mr. and Mrs. Miller and their oldest daughter are 
members of the Church of Christ, in which the former 
was a deacon for several years. The church organization 
was discontinued in his neighborhood. Politically Mr. 
Miller is a Republican. He is honored by all who know 
him for his honesty and integrity and admired for his 
business ability, and his entire family is well spoken of by 
every one in the vicinity where they live. 


Admired and respected for his general intelligence 
and his progressive spirit, as well as for his sterling qual- 
ities as a neighbor and citizen, no man in the township of 
Grant, Greene county, Indiana, stands higher in public 
esteem than the worthy individual, the salient facts in 
whose life and characteristics are herein set forth. He 
has by patient effort and persistent endeavor worked his 
way from an humble beginning to a comfortable exist- 


ence, at the same time always retaining the utmost re- 
spect of his neighbors. 

Thomas F. Secrest was born in Grayson county, 
Kentucky. July 30. 1848. but he had occasion to migrate 
to Sullivan county. Indiana, early in life and later to 
Greene county, in each of which he availed himself of the 
opportunities to train his mind in various studies, which 
has greatly aided him in his after career, causing" him to 
avoid mistakes in the formulation and carrying out of 
plans necessary in carrying on life's work. 

By his industi-y and good management the subject 
was soon able to purchase a farm, which he selected in 
Greene county, in the southwest corner of Grant town- 
ship. It consisted of fifty-three acres. Finding it to his 
advantage in 1892 to dispose of this farm and purchase 
another consisting- of seventy-nine acres in a better sec- 
tion of this township, the transfer was made, and Mr. 
Secrest mn-ed on the sj^lcndid farm which he now ijwns. 
It is considered excellent land and is always kept in first- 
class condition. 

On February 14, 1868. Mr. Secrest was united in 
marriage with Polly A. McPeak, who was born near 
Dugger. Sullivan county. She is the daughter of Wil- 
liam and Sally McPeak. natives of Sullivan county, and 
the parents of three children, namely : Xancy Jane, Wil- 
liam and Polly, the last named being the subject's wife. 
Eig-ht children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Secrest, 
as follows : Jane, wife of Daniel Templeton, of Linton, 
Indiana; James, a farmer, who married Flossie Hime- 
brook, living in Grant township; John \\\, who died in 
earlv infancv; Mar\dl, a barber residing in Linton; Rosa, 


the wife of Harley Smith, of Linton ; Juha, who is de- 
ceased; George, a farmer in Grant township, who mar- 
ried Laura Moss ; Ida, who' Hves at home. 

The well ordered life of the subject is doubtless large- 
ly due to the fact that he united with the Methodist 
church when eig'hteen years old and has ever since taken 
a great pleasure in living up to its creeds. Politically Mr. 
Secrest is a Socialist and is well infonned on socialistic 

The subject's parents were David and Polly (Thom- 
as) Secrest, natives of Kentucky. David came to Greene 
county, Indiana, in 1824, remaining one year. He re- 
turned to Kentucky, where he remained until 1851, when 
he returned to Greene county, making the trip in "prairie 
schooners" together with eight other families, but they 
soon aftei-ward went on to Sullivan county, where the 
parents of our subject purchased a faiTn, where he worked 
successfully. During his first visit to Greene county in 
1824 he had the honor of helping tO' erect the first log 
hut in the now thriving city of Linton. David Secrest 
and W'ife had eleven children, namely: Jacob, deceased, 
served as a soldier in the Union amiy ; Rebecca, Lucy, 
Martha. George and Wesley, all deceased; Mar>' Ann, 
the wife of Lester Burris, lives in Sullivan county, In- 
diana; Elizabeth is deceased; Caroline is the widow of 
Wyatt Johnson and resides in Missouri ; Thomas, the 
subject of this sketch, and Sarah. The parents were both 
members of the Methodist church and highly respected by 
their neighbors. Our subject has always tried to live 
up to the high ideals he set his children, and he has 
gained many loyal friends by virtue of this fact. 



A clearly-defined purpose, consecutive and persistent 
effort in the affairs of life, will almost surely result in the 
attainment of a due measure of success, such as the sub- 
ject of this sketch, whose photograph accompanies this 
review, has achieved, without ostentation or display, be- 
ing now regarded by his fellow countrymen as a leading 
and representative citizen of Greene county, where his 
life work has been confined for many years, and it is a 
pleasure as well as profitable to contemplate the career 
of a man who, by his own unaided efforts, has started 
from humble beginnings and none too favorable environ- 
ment, and by sheer force of his personality, will power, 
courage and soundness of judgment, forged his way to 
the front, building up a splendid business by the most 
honorable methods, as our subject has done, until today 
he stands as one of the foremost business men of this 
county, in fact, the business he is at the head of is of 
such magnitude that few in the vicinity of \\^oii;hington, 
his place of residence, have an adequate conception of 
its importance and far-reaching influence, a business into 
which he has put his best thought, painstaking care and 
energy, until his splendid system is now well nigii perfect 
and growing rapidly from year to year — all due to the 
unexcelled executive genius of Mr. Jean. 

Charles Wesley Jean, who was born September 14, 
1866, in Owen county, this state, is the son of George 
Jean, who was born in North Carolina, where he fol- 
lowed farming, and married in October. 1864, after com- 
ing to this state, Julia Bartholomew, daughter of Ed- 


ward and Susan (Heaton) Bartholomew, natives of 
Connecticut, who later moved to Georgia. They 
later moved with their seven children to Owen county, 
Indiana, where they resumed agricultural pursuits, and 
from which state Mr. Jean enlisted as a soldier in the 
Civil war. The subject's maternal grandfather, Edward 
Bartholomew, a farmer and minister, came to Indian- 
apolis, later removing to Owen county, where he reared 
his family of seven children, one of whom, Addison, 
joined the ranks in the war between the states and was 
made captain. Edward Jean was the grandfather of our 
subject and the father of George Jean. He was a native 
of North Carolina who moved to Greene county, In- 
diana, and entered a section of land in Jefterson township 
when this state was yet a territory. 

Our subject received his education in the public 
schools of Greene county and worked on his father's 
farm until his marriage, when he bought an unimproved 
farm, which he soon brought up to the standard in pro- 
ductiveness fend general improvements, but having a 
longing to try his fortune in the mercantile field, he con- 
ducted a hardware store in Freedom, Indiana, with fair- 
ly good success for two years, at the end of which time he 
returned to farming. However, he again returned to 
the mercantile business, spending two successful years 
at Farmer, this state, and then removed to Worthington 
and engaged in general merchandising, which was a fail- 
ure. He later became engaged in the poultry and produce 
business, beginning with but fifty dollars, in which he is 
still interested, having demonstrated his unusual business 
insight and sagacity, building up an immense trade, having 

838 HlOt'.U AIMI ILAI. .M1:M(IIKS 

estal)lislic(l pnitUahlc l)ranc1i Ikuiscs in surrouiuliii!;- conn- 
ties. l)a\icss. l\iK)X. Owen and dlliers, at present do- 
ing" a business of half a million dollars annually. He 
managed liis business alone for I'oin- years. lie then 
went in partnerslii]) with James X. Xorris. n\ Xcw \'ork 
City, and while thus eni.;-ai;-ed ilie business was built up 
t:) three hundred thousand dollars jjer year. Then the 
su1)iect ])urchase(l Mr. Xorris's iiUerest. since which time 
he has mana^-ed the business alone, increasinj^- il by two 
hundred thousand dollars annnall}'. lie bu_\s ])oultr_\". 
butter, ei^-.i^'s. hides and junk, his market being- principal- 
ly in the east. The people of Greene county doubtless 
do not fully realize the magnitude of Mr. Jean's business 
through the home oflice. alone, but the branch offices 
which he controls fnrm no small part of his income. 

On Xoveml)er 7. i88(S. ^Mr. jean was happily mar- 
ried to I-di/.abeth Xelson. who was born in Owen county, 
this state. July 6. 1869. the daughter of John and Sarah 
Ann ( Kelsey) .Xelson. Henr_\- Kelsey and hXther .Sanford 
Edwards were married March 4. J8J7, in Saratoga coun- 
ty. X'ew York, to whom were born the following chil- 
dren: Sarah .\nn, T'alius, Charles, .^^ary. Henry Kel- 
sey migrated to IMainheld. Indiana, in 183O. where he 
died ten }-ears afterward. Then, in a few }'ears. his 
widow became the wife of Stc]:)hen I.ockwood and re- 
mo\ed t:i W'orlhington. Indiana, where he resided until 
liis death. Sarah Ann Kelsey was married to I'arlos R. 
Kelsey. October 3, 1854, and the following children were 
])om to them: Esther h^dwards. ^Fary. Kate and Carlos 
E. Mr. Kelsey practiced law in .Mount \'ernon. this 
state, where he died, leaving a widow and four small 


children. After the death of her husband, Mrs. Kelsey 
came to the old home in Worthington, where she re- 
sided five years previous to her marriag-e to John Nelson, 
who was born in Ohio April 15, 1820. His father, John 
Nelson, moved to Floyd county, Indiana, near New Al- 
bany, when John, Jr., was very young, remaining there 
until the fomier's death, when Mrs. Nelson, with her 
family of five children, William, Nancy, Elizabeth, John, 
Junius and Isabel, moved from Floyd county to Owen 
county, where John spent the major part of his life, hav- 
ing been married to Maiy Ccckran February 16, 1843, 
and rearing the following children : Louisa, Anderson 
J., Hannah, Leonard and Isabel Nelson. Mr. Nelson lost 
his life June 3, 1863. 

John Nelson and Sarah Ann Kelsey were married 
September i, 1868, and to this union these children were 
born: Elizabeth, on July 6, 1869; Frederick, on March 
24, 1870; Harriet died in infancy. Mr. Nelson was a 
successful farmer. The home which he owned at the 
time of his death, which lies a few miles northeast of 
Worthington, comprised a large tract of valuable river- 
bottom land, and also his residence was a commodious 
one, which is now owned by Charles Arthur. Mr. Nel- 
son is described as a man of excellent mental attainments, 
a kind husband, good father and respected citizen. 

Two children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. C. 
W. Jean, Ralph and Charles Arthur. They are all sul> 
scribers to the Methodist church, t(3 which they make 
liberal contributions for its support. Mr. Jean takes a 
great pride in his home, which is, indeed, a ver\^ attract- 
ive place, being one of the handsomest residences in this 


part of the state, nuKlern in every detail and the most 
imposint;- on Jefferson street, or in all \\'« >rthino;-ton. He 
is trustee oi the town board, heiiif;- president tif the 
same, which ofhce he fills with his usual careful (lelil)era- 
tion and foresi.i^-ht. lie is takini^- a i^reat interot in the 
education of h\> two children, who are very proniis- 
in,i;-. lie is a Republican in his jx'litical beliefs, and fra- 
ternally he is identified with the Masonic order and the 
Odd h'ellows. also the Modern Woodmen of America. 

Mr. jean is a man of handsome presence. s|)lendi<l 
physi(|ue and enj^a.^inii^ personality. lie is pleasant to 
meet, bein^- courteous, genteel and kind to all, and he has 
won the undi\iilcd esteem of the citizens of ( Ireene 
county for his honest business methods, upri.i,dn and cle.ui 
principles, and he justly st.inds in the front rank <»f the 
p.atriotic and worthy citizens of the IJoosier state. 

].\CiW. A. 11 Aid-. 

J;ic>>b A. Ilale. a well known citizen of Gmnt town- 
ship, owns .and operates ;i \;iluable farm, whose neat 
and thrifty appearance well indicates his careful super- 
\ision. Subst.uUial im])n •vements are surrounded with 
well tilled lields, and .all of the accessories :\u<\ conve- 
niences of a luodel f.arm .are there found. Mr. 1 f.ale 
was born in Stockton townshi]). this c<»unty, March iS. 
1841. the son of b^nathan and Mary (Walker) ll.ile, 
both natives of X'irminia. who came t<» Greene couiUy, 
Tndi.m.i, in ;i \er\- early daw when they were yount;- in 



years, having married here and settled in Stockton town- 
ship, wliere they Hved in comfort and compara- 
tive affluence until the death of Jonathan Hale in 
1848. His widow survived until 1894. when she 
died in Edwardsport, Knox county, Indiana. Both 
were members of the Methodist Episcopal church. 
Thev raised eight children, namely: Richard M., who 
lives in Arizona; Charlotte and Celia, both deceased; 
Debra lives in Newberry, Indiana; John lives in Illi- 
nois ; Lafayette is deceased ; Mary lives in Knox county ; 
Jacob, our subject. After the death of Jonathan Hale 
the widow managed the farm and raised the children 
with the exception of the subject, who went to live with 
an uncle. T. P>. Walker, in Scott county, Missouri, re- 
maining on Mr. Walker's farm for a period of six years. 
ThQu he went to Colorado and was a prospector, later re- 
turning to Missouri and working at the potter's trade, 
later learning the plasterer's trade, having sensed an ap- 
prenticeship. Then the Civil war broke out and an ef- 
fort was made to force the subject into the Confederate 
army, but he left the state and returned to Greene county. 
His sympathies being with the Union, he enlisted in its 
defense in Company D, Fourteenth Indiana Volunteer 
Infantry, at Linton, in March. 1864. and served until 
the close of the war. having fought gallantly in the bat- 
tle of the Wilderness and the siege of Petersburg, after 
which his regiment was under fire every day until Lee 
surrendered. Aftr the war he returned to Greene county 
and worked at the plasterer's trade, later operating a 
threshing machine until he bought a farm of forty-three 
acres in 1882. 


Mr. Hale was married in 1864 to Rebecca Hime- 
brook, a native of Grant township, and the daughter of 
Frederick and Mary Jane (Harrah) Himebrook. Xo 
children were born to this union, but the subject and wife 
took Robert Carpenter when he was nearly two years 
old and kept him until he reached manhood, when he 
married Eliza Howell. They have the following chil- 
dren : May, John, Mray and James. Mr. Carpenter li\-es 
on a farm in Grant township. 

The subject has always been a hard worker and he 
has succeeded reasonably well at whatever he has under- 
taken. He tells many interesting- stories of the pioneer 
days in Missouri and of his experiences later in life, for 
Mr. Hale is a close observer and the ludicrous side of 
life always appeals to him. But few men in his township 
are better liked or regarded with any greater respect than 
he. ]\Ir. and ]\Irs. Hale are members of the Christian 
church, and the subject is a Republican, taking a great 
interest in national politics, but is not active in local 


The office of biography is not to give ^'oice of a 
man's modest estimate of himself and his accomplish- 
ments, but rather to leave upon the record the verdict 
establishing his character by the consensus of opinion on 
the part of his neig'hbors and fellow citizens. In touch- 
ing upon the life history of the subject of this sketch, the 
memorv of whom is cherished bv a wide circle of ac- 


qiiaiiitances who are yet traveling life's pathway of shad- 
ows and sunshine, the writer aims to- avoid fulsome en- 
comium and extravagant praise. Yet he desires to hold 
up for consideration those facts which have shown the 
distinction of a true, useful and honorable life — a life 
that was characterized by perseverance, energy, broad 
charity and well defined purpose. To do this will be 
but to reiterate the dictum pronounced upon the man by 
the people who knew him long and well. 

Frederick William Himebrook was born in Ger- 
many in 1830 and he was called from his labors here to 
a higher life in August, 1906, after an unusually active 
career in Grant township, Greene county, Indiana. He 
was the son of William and Elizabeth (Kreuger) Hime- 
brook, both natives of Germany, who came to America 
about 1844, settling in Greene county, where they re- 
mained the rest orf their useful and active lives, rearing 
the following children : Frederick, the subject of this 
sketch ; Charles, Minnie, William, Milton and, Sarah. 

The subject was fourteen years of age when the 
family came to the United States. He was an industrious 
boy and worked on his father's farm, attending the com- 
mon schools during the winter months until he reached 
his majority. He naturally took- to fanning, having been 
trained in agriculture, and consequently followed this 
pursuit all his life, remaining in Greene county. He also 
owned and operated a threshing machine for many years, 
which was a successful undertaking. This, in connec- 
tion with his farm, kept him busy, but both were remu- 
nerative to a high degree, owing to the careful and hon- 
orable methods which he always employed in all his 
business afifairs. 


In 1848 our subject was united in marriage with 
Mrs. Polly Harrah, the widow of Willianii Harrah. (A 
history of the Harrah family is to be found elsewhere 
in this work in the Dr. Harrah sketch.) To this uniou 
six childi-en were bom, as follows : Rebecca, wife of 
Jacob Hale; Joseph, who lives in Midland, Indiana; Ste- 
phen, who lives in Grant township, Greene county ; Marv^, 
now deceased, was the wife of John Carpenter; Marshall, 
the youngest son; Ellen is the wife of William Boyd, liv- 
ing in this township. The wife of the subject passed to 
her rest in 1896. Both Mr. and Mrs. Himebrook w^ere 
members of the Christian church. The subject was a Re- 
publican. He served two terms as trustee of Grant town- 
ship. He was highly esteemed by his many acquaint- 
ances, who regarded him as a thoroughly honest and con- 
scientious man. 

Marshall Himebrook lives on the old home place in 
Grant township, which he successfully conducts. He 
was born April 8, i860, and has remained single. He is 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Bee 
Hunter Lodge, No. 507, at Switz City. He is also a 
member of the Rebekahs, and politically a Republican.